Africa - Fixed Broadband Market - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

Report highlights:

  • Key developments in the internet and broadband sectors of African countries;
  • Profiles of major Internet Service Providers (ISPs);
  • Overview of DSL services and WiMAX networks, with pricing comparisons;
  • Updates on CDMA-2000 network rollouts;
  • Market developments relating to international and national infrastructure projects;
  • FttP developments;
  • Regulatory policies affecting investment strategies
  • Africa Telecoms Maturity Index.

The countries covered in this report include: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- June 2019 (12th Edition)

Executive Summary

African broadband markets being strengthened with upgrades to national telecom networks

The development of the fixed-line broadband market in Africa has long been stymied by the lack of fixed-line infrastructure in rural and semi-rural regions, as well as by the poor quality of networks in those urban areas where they are concentrated. As a result, mobile networks provide the principal platform for voice and data connectivity. Depending on the market, between 90% and 98% of all internet connections are via mobile networks and thus governments and regulators alike are concentrating on this platform to deliver on their broadband targets.

However, progress is being made to increase backhaul capacity on both the international and national levels. This backhaul is being used to improve fixed-line telecoms as well as to support growing mobile data traffic. New submarine cables are being built to provide direct links to southern Europe and Brazil (the latter with onward connectivity to the US east coast).

Many countries are tapping into existing submarine or terrestrial cables to provide improved links to underserved regions. In Nigeria, for example, the newly commissioned Glo-2 cable will connect Lagos to cities on the south coast with extensions to the existing terrestrial backbone network, while two branching lines will provide onward connectivity to Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea. For its part, the government is committed to building an additional 18,000km of fibre in a bid to extend the reach of broadband from urban areas to rural parts of the country. Although the national network at the start of the project ran to about 38,000km the telecom regulator perceives that the country needs at least 120,000km of fibre to provide national coverage.

These projects are supported by sympathetic regulatory regimes as well as by governments which understand the key functions of broadband connectivity for economic growth. Through this awareness countries are placing greater focus on their fibre-based national broadband plans. These efforts are supplemented by small-scale fibre operators which are expanding their investments beyond the wealthy suburbs and business districts.

These efforts aimed at increasing the use of ICTs and developing broadband penetration are crucial to augmenting economic productivity and GDP growth, and further driving a range of benefits based on enhanced social inclusion.

Henry Lancaster
June 2019

Table of Contents

  • Regional fixed broadband market overview

    • Africa Telecoms Maturity Index (TMI)
      • Market analysis
    • Africa Telecom Maturity Index by tier
      • Market Leaders
      • Market Challengers
      • Market Emergents
    • Africa Telecom Maturity Index by region
      • North Africa
      • West Africa
      • Southern Africa
      • Central Africa
      • East Africa
    • TMI versus GDP
      • North Africa
      • West Africa
      • Southern Africa
      • Central Africa
      • East Africa
    • Africa fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Algeria

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
      • Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • Fibre
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Wireless broadband
  • Angola

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Market analysis
    • Broadband statistics
    • Forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Benin

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • Public Internet Access Locations
      • Telecentres
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Other fixed broadband services
      • Benin Internet Service Providers Association (AFAIB)
      • Benin Internet Society
      • Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
  • Botswana

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Market analysis
    • Public internet access facilities
    • Botswana Internet Exchange (BINX)
    • White space spectrum
    • Broadband statistics
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Other fixed broadband services
    • E-health, E-learning
  • Burkina Faso

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • Public Internet access locations
    • Other ISPs
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • WiMAX
      • Broadband via satellite
  • Cameroon

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Public access locations
    • Broadband statistics
      • ISP market
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Chad

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
      • Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
      • Satellite broadband
  • Cote d’Ivoire

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • Public Internet access locations
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
  • Democratic Republic of Congo

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • ISP market
    • Internet exchange points (IXP)
    • Internet satellite
  • Djibouti

    • Telecommunications market
    • Broadband and Internet statistics
  • Egypt

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Free Internet project
      • National Broadband Plan
      • Public internet access locations
      • Broadband statistics
      • Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Vodafone Egypt
      • EgyNet
      • LINKdotNET
      • Nile Online (NOL)
      • TE Data
      • Other ISPs
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Wireless broadband
      • Broadband via satellite
      • Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
  • Eritrea

    • Telecom, mobile and internet market overview
      • Privatisation of EriTel
    • Broadband and Internet statistics
  • Ethiopia

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
      • Forecast – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Public internet access locations
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fixed wireless
  • Gabon

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Market analysis
    • Broadband statistics
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Gambia

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Market analysis
    • Broadband statistics
    • Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Ghana

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
      • Forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Public Internet Access Venues (PAVs)
    • Shared access centres
    • Mobile Telecentre To-Go
      • Ghana Internet Service Providers Association (GISPA)
      • Ghana Internet Exchange Point (GIX)
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Fixed wireless broadband
      • Powerline Communication (PLC)
      • Satellite broadband
      • O3b
    • Domestic backbone network infrastructure
      • Ghana National Public Data Network (DataNet)
      • FastNet
      • VoltaCom
      • Internet Solutions (IS)
      • Phase3 Telecom
      • Electronic Data Interchange
  • Guinea

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband subscribers
    • Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
    • Satellite broadband
  • Kenya

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Internet backbone infrastructure
      • Broadband statistics
      • Forecasts – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
      • Public internet access locations
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
      • Kenya Network Information Centre (KENIC)
      • National broadband strategy
      • ISP market
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Wireless broadband
      • Broadband via satellite
      • Project Loon
  • Lesotho

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Liberia

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Broadband statistics
      • Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
  • Libya

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Madagascar

    • Market analysis
    • Broadband statistics
    • Public internet access locations
    • Data licensees
    • Broadband infrastructure
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
      • Other fixed-line broadband services
  • Malawi

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
  • Mali

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
  • Mauritania

    • Statistical overview
  • Mauritius

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • Broadband infrastructure
      • Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Other fixed-line broadband services
      • Satellite broadband
  • Morocco

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Maroc Telecom (Menara)
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Satellite broadband
      • Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
      • Wireless broadband
  • Mozambique

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • Public internet access locations
    • Mozambique Internet Exchange Point (MOZ-IX)
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
  • Namibia

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Other fixed-line broadband services
  • Niger

    • Market overview and statistics
  • Nigeria

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
      • National Broadband Plan
      • Broadband statistics
      • Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Providers
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
      • Fixed wireless
  • Rwanda

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
      • ISP market
    • Rwanda Internet Exchange Point (RIXP)
    • Cybercafes and telecentres
    • One Laptop per Child (OLPC)
    • Other initiatives
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Senegal

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Sierra Leone

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Broadband statistics
      • Fixed-wireless
      • ISPs and converged service providers
  • Somalia

    • Market analysis
    • Broadband statistics
  • South Africa

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Community access projects
      • Internet Service Providers Association (ISPA)
      • Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
      • Broadband statistics
      • Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Introduction
      • Wholesale
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
      • Fixed wireless
  • South Sudan

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband infrastructure
      • EV-DO
      • WiMAX and Wi-Fi
      • Broadband via satellite
  • Sudan

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Sudan Internet Society (SiS)
    • Broadband statistics
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • Fixed wireless broadband services
      • EV-DO
      • WiMAX
      • Satellite broadband
  • Swaziland

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
      • Swaziland Internet Exchange Point
      • Public internet access locations
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Tanzania

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
      • Public internet access locations
      • ISP market
      • Tanzania Internet Exchange (TIX, AIXP)
    • Broadband infrastructure
      • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
      • EV-DO
      • Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
      • Satellite broadband
  • Tunisia

    • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Broadband statistics
    • Public Internet access locations
    • Agence Tunisienne d’Internet (ATI)
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • VDSL
      • G.fast
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Uganda

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
      • Public Internet access locations
      • Uganda Internet Exchange Point (UiXP)
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • Fixed wireless
  • Zambia

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
      • Public internet access locations
      • Community telecentres
    • Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • Leased lines
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Zimbabwe

    • Introduction and statistical overview
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
      • Zimbabwe Internet Exchange (ZINX)
      • National Broadband Project
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
      • ISP market
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • WiMAX
      • Wi-Fi
      • Satellite broadband

List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Africa – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 2 - African countries – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 3 – African countries – Fixed broadband penetration (%) – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 4 – Algeria - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 5 – Algeria - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Algeria - Fixed-line (DSL) broadband subscribers and penetration – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 7 – Algeria - Forecast broadband subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2023
  • Table 8 – Algeria - WiMAX broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 9 – Angola - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Angola – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 10 – Angola - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2022
  • Table 11 – Angola - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 12 – Angola - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 13 – Angola - DSL broadband subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 14 – Angola - Fibre broadband subscribers– 2012 – 2018
  • Table 15 – Angola - Satellite broadband subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 16 – Benin - International internet bandwidth – 2000 – 2016
  • Table 17 – Benin - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 18 – Benin - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 19 – Benin - Internet subscribers by technology – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 20 – Benin - Fixed internet subscribers by main operator – 2014 – 2017
  • Table 21 – Benin - DSL subscribers – 2004 – 2017
  • Table 22 – Benin - Isocel broadband subscribers – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 23 – Benin - WiMAX broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2016
  • Table 24 – Botswana - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Botswana - 2000-2009
  • Table 25 – Botswana - Internet users and penetration rate in Botswana – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 26 – Botswana - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 27 – Botswana - DSL broadband subscribers – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 28 – Botswana - Fixed wireless broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 29 – Burkina Faso - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 30 – Burkina Faso - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 31 – Burkina Faso - Fixed internet subscribers – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 32 – Burkina Faso - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 33 – Burkina Faso - Public telecentres – 2009 – 2017
  • Table 34 – Burkina Faso - DSL subscribers – 2005 – 2017
  • Table 35 – Burkina Faso - Onatel fixed broadband subscribers – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 36 – Burkina Faso - Wireless broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2013
  • Table 37 – Cameroon - Fixed internet market revenue – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 38 – Cameroon - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1997 – 2009
  • Table 39 – Cameroon - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 40 – Cameroon - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 41 – Cameroon - Total fixed and mobile internet subscribers – 2014 – 2017
  • Table 42 – Cameroon - CamNet fixed broadband subscribers (DSL, EVDO and CDMA – 2012 – 2017
  • Table 43 – Cameroon - Fibre broadband subscribers – 2014 – 2017
  • Table 44 – Cameroon - WiMAX subscribers – 2012 – 2017
  • Table 45 – Chad - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1998 – 2009
  • Table 46 – Chad - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 47 – Chad - Fixed-line internet subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 48 – Chad - Fixed-line internet subscribers by alternative operators – 2010 – 2015
  • Table 49 – Chad - Total internet subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 50 – Chad - Internet sector revenue – 2011 – 2015
  • Table 51 – Côte d'Ivoire Internet access market revenue – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 52 – Côte d'Ivoire Internet access market investment – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 53 – Côte d'Ivoire - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 54 – Côte d'Ivoire - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 55 – Côte d'Ivoire - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 56 – Côte d'Ivoire - ISP market share of subscribers – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 57 – Côte d'Ivoire - Broadband subscribers by ISP – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 58 – Côte d'Ivoire - DSL broadband subscribers – 2015 – 2017
  • Table 59 – Côte d'Ivoire - Aviso DSL broadband subscribers – 2012-14; 2016-2017
  • Table 60 – Côte d'Ivoire - Fibre broadband subscribers – 2015 – 2017
  • Table 61 – Côte d'Ivoire - Fixed-wireless (WiMAX) broadband subscribers – 2015 – 2017
  • Table 62 – DRC - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 63 – DRC - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 64 – DRC - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 65 – Djibouti - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 66 – Djibouti - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 67 – Djibouti - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 68 – Egypt - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 69 – Egypt - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 70 – Egypt - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 71 – Egypt - Dial-up internet subscribers – 2003 – 2016
  • Table 72 – Egypt - Forecast – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 73 – Egypt - DSL subscribers – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 74 – Vodafone Egypt broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 75 – Orange Egypt broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2018
  • Table 76 – Egypt - TE DSL subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 77 – Eritrea - Telecom services revenue by platform – 2001 – 2015
  • Table 78 – Eritrea - Telecom services investment – 2001 – 2015
  • Table 79 – Eritrea - Historic - Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 80 – Eritrea - Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 81 – Eritrea - Fixed-line internet and broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 82 – Eritrea - International Internet bandwidth – 1999 – 2016
  • Table 83 – Ethiopia - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 – 2009
  • Table 84 – Ethiopia - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 85 – Ethiopia - Proportion of households with internet access – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 86 – Ethiopia - Historic - Internet subscribers – 1997 - 2009
  • Table 87 – Ethiopia - Broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 88 – Ethiopia - Forecast broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 89 – Ethio Telecom DSL subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 90 – Gabon - Market share of internet subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 91 – Gabon - Fixed internet users and penetration – 2000 – 2018
  • Table 92 – Gabon - Fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 93 – Gabon - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 94 – Gabon Telecom internet subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 95 – Gambia - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 96 – Gambia - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 97 – Gambia - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 98 – Ghana - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 99 – Ghana - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2022
  • Table 100 – Ghana - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 101 – Ghana - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 102 – Vodafone Ghana broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 103 – Ghana - DSL subscribers – 2005 – 2016
  • Table 104 – Ghana - Broadband wireless access subscribers by operator – 2016 – 2017
  • Table 105 – Ghana - Broadband wireless access market share by operator– 2005 – 2017
  • Table 106 – Guinea - Historic – Fixed-line internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 107 – Guinea - Fixed-line internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 108 – Guinea - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 109 – Kenya - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 110 – Kenya - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 111 – Kenya - Internet subscriptions – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 112 – Kenya - Wireless internet subscriptions by access technology – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 113 – Kenya - Fixed-line broadband subscriptions by access technology – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 114 – Kenya - Broadband subscriptions – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 115 – Kenya - Internet services revenue and investments – 2009 – 2015
  • Table 116 – Kenya - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 117 – Kenya - DSL broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 118 – Kenya - Fixed/fixed wireless market share of subscribers by operator – 2017
  • Table 119 – Kenya - Fixed/fixed wireless market share of subscribers by operator – Sept 2018
  • Table 120 – Kenya - Safaricom fixed broadband subscribers – 2015 – 2017
  • Table 121 – Kenya - Safaricom fixed broadband premises covered – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 122 – Kenya - Fibre broadband subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 123 – Lesotho - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 124 – Lesotho - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 125 – Lesotho - Proportion of households with internet access – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 126 – Lesotho - Fixed-line internet subscribers – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 127 – Lesotho - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 128 – Lesotho - DSL broadband subscribers – 2011- 2018
  • Table 129 – Liberia - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 130 – Liberia - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 131 – Liberia - Fixed broadband subscribers – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 132 – Libya - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 133 – Libya - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 134 – Libya - Fixed broadband subscribers – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 135 – Madagascar - Fixed-line internet users and penetration rate – 2000 – 2018
  • Table 136 – Madagascar - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 137 – Madagascar - DSL broadband subscribers – 2006 – 2017
  • Table 138 – Madagascar - Fibre broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 139 – Malawi - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 140 – Malawi - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 141 – Malawi - Fixed broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 142 – Orange Mali broadband fixed-internet subscribers– 2008 – 2016
  • Table 143 – Mali - Sotelma internet subscribers – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 144 – Mali - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 145 – Mali - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 146 – Mali - Fixed-line internet and broadband subscribers – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 147 – Mali - DSL subscribers – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 148 – Mauritania - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 149 – Mauritania - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2022
  • Table 150 – Mauritania - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 151 – Mauritel fixed broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 152 – Mauritius - Historic - Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 153 – Mauritius - Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 154 – Mauritius - Internet subscribers by type – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 155 – Mauritius - Broadband subscribers by type – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 156 – Mauritius - Dial-up internet subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 157 – Mauritius - Broadband penetration (fixed and mobile) – 2006 – 2018
  • Table 158 – Mauritius - my.t DSL and dial-up subscribers – 2005 - 2015
  • Table 159 – Mauritius - Wireless broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 160 – Morocco - Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 – 2018
  • Table 161 – Morocco - Dial-up internet subscribers – 2004 – 2017
  • Table 162 – Morocco - Internet subscribers and penetration – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 163 – Morocco - Household penetration of internet by platform – 2014 – 2016
  • Table 164 – Morocco - Market share of overall internet subscribers by ISP – 2012 – 2017
  • Table 165 – Morocco - Average revenue per internet subscriber – 2012 – 2017
  • Table 166 – Morocco - Fixed-line broadband (DSL) subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 167 – Distribution of ADSL access in Morocco by speed– 2012 – 2017
  • Table 168 – Morocco - Internet subscriber market share: DSL and mobile – 2009 – 2017
  • Table 169 – Morocco - Fixed-line broadband penetration – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 170 – Maroc Telecom internet subscribers by access technology – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 171 – Mozambique - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 – 2009
  • Table 172 – Mozambique - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 173 – Mozambique - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 174 – Mozambique - Cable broadband subscribers – 2011 -2017
  • Table 175 – Mozambique - DSL broadband subscribers – 2006 – 2017
  • Table 176 – Namibia - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 – 2009
  • Table 177 – Namibia - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 178 – Namibia - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 179 – Namibia - DSL broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 180 – Namibia - DSL connections by data rate – 2013 – 2016
  • Table 181 – Telecom Namibia fixed broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 182 – Namibia - Fixed-wireless broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2016
  • Table 183 – Niger - Internet users and penetration – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 184 – Niger - Fixed broadband connections by type– 2012 – 2016
  • Table 185 – Niger - Fixed broadband subscribers – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 186 – Nigeria - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 187 – Nigeria - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2022
  • Table 188 – Nigeria - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 189 – Nigeria - Fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers by operator – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 190 – Nigeria - Fixed-wired broadband subscribers by operator – 2017 – 2018
  • Table 191 – Nigeria - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 192 – Nigeria - Fixed and-fixed wireless broadband lines – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 193 – Rwanda - Historic - Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 194 – Rwanda - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010- 2018
  • Table 195 – Rwanda - Internet subscribers by platform – 2009- 2018
  • Table 196 – Rwanda - Dial-up internet subscribers by operator – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 197 – Rwanda - Fixed broadband (>256kb/s) subscribers by operator – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 198 – Rwanda - Internet subscribers by major ISP – 2011 – 2017
  • Table 199 – Senegal - Internet penetration by platform – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 200 – Senegal - Internet users – 2000 – 2018
  • Table 201 – Senegal - Internet user penetration – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 202 – Senegal - Market share of internet connections by platform – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 203 – Senegal - Internet subscribers by platform – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 204 – Senegal - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 205 – Senegal - Market share of internet subscribers by operator – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 206 – Senegal - DSL and fibre subscribers – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 207 – Senegal - Fixed wireless internet subscribers – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 208 – Senegal - Fixed wireless broadband market share by operator (keys and data cards) – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 209 – Sierra Leone - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 210 – Sierra Leone - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 211 – Somalia - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 212 – Somalia - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 213 – Somalia - Fixed broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 214 – South Africa - National Broadband Policy penetration targets to 2030
  • Table 215 – South Africa - Average internet access speed – 2010 – 2015
  • Table 216 – South Africa - Internet revenue by type – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 217 – South Africa - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
  • Table 218 – South Africa - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2022
  • Table 219 – South Africa - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 220 – South Africa - Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 221 – Telkom South Africa broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 222 – South Africa - Telkom fixed data traffic – 2014 – 2018
  • Table 223 – South Africa - Telkom DSL subscribers – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 224 – South Africa - Telkom fixed broadband subscribers by type– 2016 – 2018
  • Table 225 – South Africa - DSL subscriptions – 2015 – 2018
  • Table 226 – Telkom South Africa fibre broadband subscribers – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 227 – Telkom South Africa fibre premises passed – 2016 – 2018
  • Table 228 – Telkom South Africa fibre ports by type – 2017 – 2018
  • Table 229 – South Africa - Fibre broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 230 – Telkom South Africa WiMAX subscribers – 2008 – 2014
  • Table 231 – South Sudan - Broadband subscriptions, fixed and wireless – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 232 – South Sudan - Historic - Internet users – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 233 – South Sudan - Internet users – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 234 – Sudan - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1997 - 2009
  • Table 235 – Sudan - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 236 – Sudan - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 237 – Sudan - DSL subscribers – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 238 – Eswatini - Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 – 2018
  • Table 239 – Eswatini - Proportion of households with internet access – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 240 – Eswatini - Broadband subscribers – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 241 – Tanzania - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009\
  • Table 242 – Tanzania - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 243 – Tanzania - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 244 – Tanzania - Fixed-line internet subscribers – 2001 – 2018
  • Table 245 – Tanzania - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2018
  • Table 246 – Tanzania - Cable modem broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2016
  • Table 247 – Tanzania - Fixed wireless internet subscribers – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 248 – Tunisia - Proportion of fixed-line broadband connections: lower data speed – 2014 - 2019
  • Table 249 – Tunisia - Proportion of fixed-line broadband connections: higher data speed – 2014 - 2019
  • Table 250 – Tunisia - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 251 – Tunisia - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 252 – Tunisia - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2019
  • Table 253 – Tunisia - PC household penetration – 1999 - 2017
  • Table 254 – Tunisia - Public internet kiosks – 2015 - 2019
  • Table 255 – Tunisia - DSL subscribers – 2002 - 2019
  • Table 256 – Tunisia - ADSL markets share by operator – 2013 - 2019
  • Table 257 – Tunisia - DSL subscribers by operator – 2013 - 2019
  • Table 258 – Tunisia - FttP/B subscribers – 2008 - 2019
  • Table 259 – Tunisia - Satellite internet subscribers – 2015 - 2019
  • Table 260 – Uganda - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 – 2009
  • Table 261 – Uganda - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 262 – Uganda - Fixed vs. mobile internet subscriptions – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 263 – Zambia - International bandwidth – 2000 – 2016
  • Table 264 – Zambia - Fixed-line internet subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 265 – Zambia - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 266 – Zambia - Historic - Internet users – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 267 – Zambia - Internet users – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 268 – Zambia - Internet connections by data rate – 2011 – 2015
  • Table 269 – Zambia - DSL subscribers – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 270 – Zambia - FttB subscribers – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 271 – Zimbabwe - Internet access revenue and investment – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 272 – Zimbabwe Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 273 – Zimbabwe Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2018
  • Table 274 – Zimbabwe - DSL broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 275 – Zimbabwe - Ecoweb broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2017
  • Table 276 – Zimbabwe - Ecoweb broadband revenue – 2013 – 2019
  • Table 277 – Zimbabwe - Fibre internet subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 278 – Zimbabwe - WiMAX internet subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 279 – Zimbabwe - Satellite internet subscribers – 2013 – 2018

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Africa Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Leaders (top tier)
  • Chart 2 – Africa Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Challengers (middle tier)
  • Chart 4 – North Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country
  • Chart 5 – West Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country
  • Chart 6 – Southern Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country
  • Chart 7 – Central Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country
  • Chart 8 – East Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index by country
  • Chart 9 – Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita - 2018
  • Chart 10 – North Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
  • Chart 11 – West Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
  • Chart 12 – Southern Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
  • Chart 13 – Central Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
  • Chart 14 – East Africa –Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
  • Chart 15 – North Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
  • Chart 16 – West Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
  • Chart 17 – Southern Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
  • Chart 18 – Central Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
  • Chart 19 – East Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
  • Chart 20 – Algeria - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 21 – Algeria - Fixed-line (DSL) broadband subscribers and penetration – 2003 – 2018
  • Chart 22 – Angola - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2022
  • Chart 23 – Angola - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration - 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 24 – Benin - Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 25 – Botswana - Internet users and penetration rate in Botswana – 2000 – 2018
  • Chart 26 – Burkina Faso - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 27 – Cameroon - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 28 – Cameroon - CamNet fixed broadband subscribers (DSL, EVDO and CDMA – 2012 – 2017
  • Chart 29 – Chad - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 30 – DRC - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 31 – Djibouti - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 32 – Egypt - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2002 – 2018
  • Chart 33 – Egypt - Internet users and penetration rate – 2003 - 2018
  • Chart 34 – Eritrea - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 35 – Ethiopia - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 36 – Gabon - Fixed internet users and penetration – 2000 – 2018
  • Chart 37 – Gambia - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 38 – Ghana - Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2022
  • Chart 39 – Guinea - Fixed-line internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
  • Chart 40 – Kenya - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 41 – Lesotho - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 42 – Lesotho - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2018
  • Chart 43 – Liberia - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 44 – Libya - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 45 – Madagascar - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 46 – Malawi - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 47 – Mali - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 48 – Mauritania - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2022
  • Chart 49 – Mauritius - Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 50 – Mauritius - Internet subscribers by type – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 51 – Mauritius - Broadband subscribers by type – 2006 – 2018
  • Chart 52 – Morocco - Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 – 2018
  • Chart 53 – Morocco - Internet subscribers and penetration – 2004 – 2018
  • Chart 54 – Morocco - Internet subscribers, DSL and total – 2003 – 2018
  • Chart 55 – Distribution of ADSL access in Morocco by speed– 2012 – 2017
  • Chart 56 – Maroc Telecom internet subscribers by access technology – 2003 – 2018
  • Chart 57 – Mozambique - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 58 – Namibia - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 59 - Nigeria - Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 – 2022
  • Chart 60 – Nigeria - Fixed-line broadband subscribers by operator – 2014 – 2018
  • Chart 61 – Rwanda - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005- 2018
  • Chart 62 – Sierra Leone - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 63 – Somalia - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 64 – South Africa - Internet revenue by type – 2015 – 2018
  • Chart 65 – South Africa - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2022
  • Chart 66 – South Africa - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 67 – Sudan - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 68 – Eswatini - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 69 – Tunisia - Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2019
  • Chart 70 – Uganda - Internet users and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 71 – Zimbabwe Internet subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 72 – Zimbabwe Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2018

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment

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Annual Publication Profile

Technologies

Broadband Fixed
Digital Media
Internet
Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media

Number of pages 541

Status Current

Last updated 25 Jun 2019
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

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