2013 Europe - Telecommunications Infrastructure and NGNs

Publication Overview

This report covers developments in Europe’s mobile data market, providing key analyses on emerging technologies and the growing consumer use of services.

The countries covered in this report include: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine , United Kingdom.

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- April 2013 (8th Edition)

Executive Summary

Europe’s fibre infrastructure gaining pace through investment stimuli

During the last few years Europe has made considerable progress towards building national Next Generation Networks based on fibre infrastructure. The timetable for this exercise differs between countries, but most will have completed the migration from legacy copper networks to an All-IP architecture by 2020.

There are a number of stimuli which have encouraged investments in NGNs. The European Union’s programme that member states provide 30Mb/s broadband to all citizens by 2013, and 50Mb/s services by 2020, has provided the impetus and momentum for regional infrastructure upgrades. It has also given the impetus for the numerous spectrum auctions, in several bands, which are needed to realise the 2020 targets. These auctions may generate up to €20 billion for European governments to 2015.

In addition, all operators have been encouraged to build out networks through encouragement from governments keen to exploit the internet as a vehicle for socio-economic development, while competitive pressure from altnets has pushed some incumbents to invest in their networks at a faster pace than they may otherwise have chosen.

Regulatory aspects will also prove crucial to the sector’s development in coming years. The global economic crash which began in late 2008 and has since morphed into an ongoing regional Eurozone crisis looks set to continue into 2015 at least. The GFC initially encouraged governments to undertake considerable public investments in telecom infrastructure under the guise of stimulus packages. Yet existing constraints on public finances have now placed greater emphasis on the private sector for future infrastructure development. To this end, the onus has shifted to regulators’ abilities to develop measures which encourage investment while providing unhindered and fair access to new fibre networks. As such, much attention has been focussed on issues relating to access (for FttX as well as VDSL networks), RoI and maintaining competition,

An additional pressure on telecoms infrastructure during the next decade will emerge from national requirements to reduce carbon emissions, requiring more intelligent electricity grids managed through upgraded telecom networks: governments are committed to generating at least 20% of electricity from renewable energy sources by 2020. In conjunction with the energy sector, the concept of trans-sector synergies have also come into play, with governments being among the principal beneficiaries by utilising telecoms infrastructure to deliver services. Principally, these include various health, education and transport services, as well as a wide range of socially-inclusive enterprises.

NGNs are also addressing the continuing decline in revenue from traditional fixed telephony and mobile voice services. This decline will continue inexorable as a greater proportion of calls are made through VoIP and mobile VoIP. In addition, revenue basic from SMS services are being affected by online and alternative messaging services fostered by community portals and emerging platforms. Given these pressures, future revenue growth will come from high-end data services which require more capable networks offering higher bandwidth. Most mobile data is sent through fixed-line IP backhaul from the work or home environments, further enforcing the need for network upgrades as operators concentrate on their mobile divisions.

Investments in fibre networks are migrating from FttC to FttH in most markets, though a number of operators, particularly Belgacom and Telekom Deutschland, are exploiting the potential of copper technologies such as VDSL vectoring to deliver sufficient services to meet their governments’ broadband targets. However, these are short-term solutions which are not a substitute FttH, which will require subsequent investment: the timeline among different operators is largely determined by the capex potential based on declining revenue and by concerns for shareholder compliance. These considerations partly explain a slow initial take-up in some markets, though more rapid take-up is expected during the next few years, with the result that the DSL sector, which has already begun to decline in some of the more fibred countries, will wither further as customers are migrated to new FttH networks.

The cable sector, which is expected to be consolidated further in 2013, is likely to hold its own during the next few years as customers begin to be provided with services of up to 200Mb/s or higher. However, some small players are beginning to build FttH networks directly rather than investing in further DOCSIS3.0 upgrades or in the potential of DOCSIS3.1

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Table of Contents

  • 1. National Comparisons
    • 1.1 Overview
    • 1.2 Fixed line operations
  • 2. Albania
    • 2.1 National telecom network
    • 2.2 International infrastructure
  • 3. Austria
    • 3.1 National telecom network
    • 3.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 3.3 Structural separation
    • 3.4 Wholesaling
    • 3.5 International infrastructure
      • 3.5.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 3.5.2 Satellite networks
  • 4. Belarus
    • 4.1 National telecom network
    • 4.2 International infrastructure
  • 5. Belgium
    • 5.1 National telecom network
    • 5.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
  • 6. Bosnia-Herzegovina
    • 6.1 National telecom network
  • 7. Bulgaria
    • 7.1 Telecommunications infrastructure
  • 8. Croatia
    • 8.1 Overview
    • 8.2 Telecoms and IT
    • 8.3 Wholesaling
      • 8.3.1 Overview
  • 9. Cyprus
    • 9.1 National telecom network
    • 9.2 International infrastructure
      • 9.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 9.2.2 Satellite networks
  • 10. Czech Republic
    • 10.1 Telefónica O2 CR
    • 10.2 Alternative operators
    • 10.3 Telecoms & IT
    • 10.4 Wholesaling
      • 10.4.1 Overview
  • 11. Denmark
    • 11.1 National telecom network
    • 11.2 Alternative networks
    • 11.3 International
      • 11.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 11.3.2 Satellite networks
  • 12. Estonia
    • 12.1 National telecom network
      • 12.1.1 Elion
      • 12.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 12.2 Telecoms and IT
    • 12.3 Wholesaling
  • 13. Finland
    • 13.1 National telecom network
    • 13.2 Next Generation Network
    • 13.3 International infrastructure
  • 14. France
    • 14.1 National telecom network
    • 14.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 14.3 International infrastructure
      • 14.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 14.3.2 Satellite networks
      • 14.3.3 Wholesaling
  • 15. Germany
    • 15.1 National telecom network
    • 15.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 15.3 International infrastructure
      • 15.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 15.3.2 Satellite networks
    • 15.4 Regulatory issues
      • 15.4.1 Wholesaling
  • 16. Greece
    • 16.1 National telecom network
      • 16.1.1 OTE
      • 16.1.2 NGN
      • 16.1.3 Alternative operators
      • 16.1.4 Satellite networks
      • 16.1.5 Submarine cables
  • 17. Hungary
    • 17.1 National telecom network
      • 17.1.1 Magyar Telekom
      • 17.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 17.2 International infrastructure
    • 17.3 Wholesaling
      • 17.3.1 Overview
  • 18. Iceland
    • 18.1 National telecom network
    • 18.2 International infrastructure
  • 19. Ireland
    • 19.1 National telecom network
    • 19.2 Structural separation issues
    • 19.3 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 19.4 International
      • 19.4.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 19.4.2 Satellite networks
  • 20. Italy
    • 20.1 National telecom network
    • 20.2 International
      • 20.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 20.2.2 Satellite networks
    • 20.3 Infrastructure developments
      • 20.3.1 Next Generation Network (NGN)
  • 21. Kosovo
    • 21.1 Telecommunications infrastructure
  • 22. Latvia
    • 22.1 National telecom network
    • 22.2 Telecoms and IT
  • 23. Lithuania
    • 23.1 National telecom network
      • 23.1.1 TEO
      • 23.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 23.2 International infrastructure
    • 23.3 Wholesaling
      • 23.3.1 Overview
  • 24. Luxembourg
    • 24.1 National telecom network
    • 24.2 International network
  • 25. Macedonia
    • 25.1 Telecommunications infrastructure
  • 26. Malta
    • 26.1 National telecom network
    • 26.2 International infrastructure
  • 27. Moldova
    • 27.1 National telecom network
    • 27.2 International infrastructure
  • 28. Montenegro
    • 28.1 National telecom network
  • 29. Netherlands
    • 29.1 National telecom network
    • 29.2 International infrastructure
    • 29.3 Regulatory issues
    • 29.4 Wholesaling
      • 29.4.1 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
  • 30. Norway
    • 30.1 National telecom network
    • 30.2 IP migration
    • 30.3 International infrastructure
      • 30.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 30.3.2 Satellite networks
    • 30.4 Smart grids
    • 30.5 Wholesaling
  • 31. Poland
    • 31.1 Fixed-line statistics
    • 31.2 Orange Poland
    • 31.3 Alternative operators
    • 31.4 Wholesaling
      • 31.4.1 Overview
  • 32. Portugal
    • 32.1 National telecom network
      • 32.1.1 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 32.2 International infrastructure
  • 33. Romania
    • 33.1 National telecom network
      • 33.1.1 RomTelecom
      • 33.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 33.2 International infrastructure
  • 34. Russia
    • 34.1 Introduction
    • 34.2 Local
      • 34.2.1 Central Telegraph
      • 34.2.2 MTS
      • 34.2.3 Golden Telecom
      • 34.2.4 PeterStar
    • 34.3 National
      • 34.3.1 Golden Telecom
      • 34.3.2 Rostelecom
      • 34.3.3 TransTeleCom
      • 34.3.4 ER Telecom
    • 34.4 Satellite networks
    • 34.5 Telecoms and IT
  • 35. Serbia
    • 35.1 National telecom network
      • 35.1.1 Electric Energy Transmission and Transmission System Control (EMS)
      • 35.1.2 EPS network
    • 35.2 International infrastructure
    • 35.3 Telecoms and IT
  • 36. Slovakia
    • 36.1 National telecom network
      • 36.1.1 Alternative operators
    • 36.2 Wholesaling
      • 36.2.1 Overview
  • 37. Slovenia
    • 37.1 Telekom Slovenije
    • 37.2 Alternative operators
    • 37.3 Wholesaling
  • 38. Spain
    • 38.1 National telecom network
    • 38.2 International infrastructure
      • 38.2.1 Satellite networks
      • 38.2.2 Submarine cable
    • 38.3 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
  • 39. Sweden
    • 39.1 National telecom network
    • 39.2 International infrastructure
      • 39.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 39.2.2 Satellite networks
  • 40. Switzerland
    • 40.1 National telecom network
  • 41. Ukraine
    • 41.1 National telecom network
      • 41.1.1 Ukrtelecom
      • 41.1.2 Datagroup
      • 41.1.3 Eurotranstelecom
      • 41.1.4 Beeline Ukraine
      • 41.1.5 Vega
    • 41.2 International infrastructure
    • 41.3 Telecoms and IT
  • 42. United Kingdom
    • 42.1 National telecom network
    • 42.2 Next Generation Networks
      • 42.2.1 BT’s 21CN
    • 42.3 International
      • 42.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 42.3.2 Satellite networks
      • Table 1 – Fixed lines in service in selected European countries – 2008 - 2012
      • Table 2 – Fixed line teledensity in selected European countries – 2008 - 2012
      • Table 3 – Albania - Fixed-line and mobile traffic – 2002 - 2012
      • Table 4 – Albania - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2013
      • Table 5 – Austria - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2013
      • Table 6 – Belarus - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2013
      • Table 7 – Belarus - Total international internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2012
      • Table 8 – Belgium - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2012
      • Table 9 – Belgium - Fixed lines by type – 2006 - 2012
      • Table 10 – Belgium - Altnet fixed lines – 2000 - 2012
      • Table 11 – Bosnia-Herzegovina - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2012
      • Table 12 – Bosnia-Herzegovina - Fixed lines in service per incumbent operator – 2001 - 2010
      • Table 13 – Bulgaria - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2012
      • Table 14 – Croatia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 15 – Croatia - T-HT unbundled lines – 2006 - 2012
      • Table 16 – Cyprus - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2011
      • Table 17 – Czech Republic - Workplace network usage by network type – 2006 - 2011
      • Table 18 – Czech Republic - Telefónica naked DSL lines – 2009 - 2012
      • Table 19 – Czech Republic - Wholesale lines by type – 2008 - 2009
      • Table 20 – Czech Republic - Cost of local loop unbundling and share access – 2006 - 2009
      • Table 21 – Denmark - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2013
      • Table 22 – Estonia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
      • Table 23 – Estonia - Elion PSTN/ISDN outgoing call minutes – 2006 - 2010
      • Table 24 – Estonia - Elion PSTN/ISDN subscribers – 2002 - 2010
      • Table 25 – Estonia - Workplace network usage by network type – 2006 - 2011
      • Table 26 – Estonia - Elion wholesale broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2011
      • Table 27 – Finland - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2012
      • Table 28 – France Telecom wholesale broadband lines – 2005 - 2011
      • Table 29 – Germany - Fixed lines in service by type – 2005 - 2012
      • Table 30 – Germany - Market share of fixed lines by type – 2006 - 2012
      • Table 31 – Greece - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 32 – Greece - OTE PSTN lines in service – 2005 - 2012
      • Table 33 – Hungary - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 34 – Hungary - Total international internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2012
      • Table 35 – Iceland - Fixed-line access channels: PSTN and ISDN – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2013
      • Table 36 – Ireland - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995; 1997; 1999; 2000 - 2012
      • Table 37 – Italy - Fixed-line accesses (Telecom Italia and altnets) – 2008 - 2012
      • Table 38 – Italy - Fixed-line access market share by operator – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 39 – Italy - Altnet fixed-line accesses by type – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 40 – Kosovo - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2004 - 2012
      • Table 41 – Latvia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2013
      • Table 42 – Lithuania - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 43 –Lithuania - VoIP subscribers – 2010 - 2011
      • Table 44 – Lithuania - TEO – fixed-line subscribers – 2005 - 2012
      • Table 45 – Lithuania - Total international internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2012
      • Table 46 – Lithuania - Dark fibre lines – 2008 - 2010
      • Table 47 – Luxembourg - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2012
      • Table 48 – Macedonia - Telephony-lines by type –2009 - 2012
      • Table 49 – Macedonia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 50 – Macedonia - Wholesale leased lines in service, by type – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 51 – Malta - Fixed lines in service and penetration rate – 2001 - 2012
      • Table 52 – Moldova - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 53 – Moldova - Total international internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2012
      • Table 54 – Montenegro - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2004 - 2013
      • Table 55 – Netherlands - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2013
      • Table 56 – Norway - Fixed lines in service and penetration – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2013
      • Table 57 – Norway - Fixed subscriptions – VoIP, cable – 2001 - 2012
      • Table 58 – Norway - Fixed lines – PSTN/ISDN – 2000 - 2011
      • Table 59 – Norway - Telenor wholesale lines – PSTN, DSL, LLU – 2004 - 2012
      • Table 60 – Poland - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 61 – Poland - Cost of local loop unbundling and shared access – 2006 - 2009
      • Table 62 – Poland - Wholesale lines by type – 2009 - 2010
      • Table 63 – Portugal - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2013
      • Table 64 – Portugal - Fibre infrastructure – 2007 - 2011
      • Table 65 – Romania - Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) – 2000 - 2012
      • Table 66 – Romania - Fixed-line teledensity (by household) – 2006 - 2012
      • Table 67 – Romania - Total international Internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2011
      • Table 68 – Russia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1998 - 2012
      • Table 69 – Russian IT market revenue – 2005 - 2012
      • Table 70 – Serbia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2004 - 2013
      • Table 71 – Serbia - Annual requests for new fixed lines – 2004 - 2012
      • Table 72 – Serbia - VoIP users and traffic – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 73 – Serbia - Fixed line traffic – 2004 - 2012
      • Table 74 – Serbia - Total international internet bandwidth – 2004 - 2010
      • Table 75 – Serbia - Workplace network usage by network type – 2006 - 2011
      • Table 76 – Slovakia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 77 – Slovakia - VoIP lines – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 78 – Slovakia - Total international internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2011
      • Table 79 – Slovakia - Cost of local loop unbundling and share access – 2006 - 2009
      • Table 80 – Slovenia - Wholesale access lines by type – 2009 – 2011
      • Table 81 – Spain - Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2003 - 2012
      • Table 82 – Sweden - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 83 – Switzerland - Fixed lines in service, teledensity and traffic in minutes – 1997; 1999 - 2012
      • Table 84 – Switzerland - ISDN subscribers – 1999 - 2010
      • Table 85 – Ukraine - Fixed lines in service - 1995 - 2013
      • Table 86 – United Kingdom - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2012
      • Table 87 – United Kingdom - Forecast NGA coverage – 2009 - 2012
      • Chart 1 – Albania - Fixed-line and mobile traffic – 2002 – 2012
      • Chart 2 – Albania - Fixed lines in service by operator – 2002 – 2013
      • Chart 3 – Belarus - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2003 – 2013
      • Chart 4 – Belgium - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2002 - 2012
      • Chart 5 – Belgium - Fixed lines by type – 2006 – 2012
      • Chart 6 – Denmark - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2002 – 2013
      • Chart 7 – Estonia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2002 - 2012
      • Chart 8 – France Telecom wholesale broadband lines – 2005 – 2011
      • Chart 9 – Hungary - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2013
      • Chart 10 – Ireland - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2002 - 2012
      • Chart 11 – Kosovo - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2004 – 2012
      • Chart 12 – Latvia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2003 - 2013
      • Chart 13 – Macedonia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2003 – 2013
      • Chart 14 – Malta - Fixed lines in service and penetration rate – 2001 – 2012
      • Chart 15 – Montenegro - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2004 – 2013
      • Chart 16 – Norway - Telenor wholesale lines – PSTN, DSL, LLU – 2004 – 2012
      • Chart 17 – Portugal - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2003 – 2013
      • Chart 18 – Romania - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2012
      • Chart 19 – Russia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2002 - 2012
      • Chart 20 – Serbia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2004 – 2013
      • Chart 21 – Slovakia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2013
      • Chart 22 – Sweden - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2003 - 2013
      • Exhibit 1 - Italy - Principal backbone providers – 2012
      • Exhibit 2 – Principal submarine cables from the UK

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Number of pages 126

Status Archived

Last updated 3 Apr 2013
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

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