2011 Europe - Telecommunications Infrastructure and NGNs

Publication Overview

This report covers developments in Europe’s mobile data market, providing key analyses on emerging technologies and the growing consumer use of services.

The countries covered in this report include: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine , United Kingdom.

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- December 2011 (7th Edition)

Executive Summary

Europe’s fibre infrastructure requiring consistent regulatory pressure in 2012

During the last few years Europe has made considerable progress towards building national Next Generation Networks based on fibre infrastructure. The timetable for this exercise differs between countries, but most will have completed the migration from legacy copper networks to an All-IP architecture by 2020.

Governments have duly acknowledged that socio-economic welfare and prosperity, as well as securing advantages in an increasingly globalised employment market, depend on reliable telecom services and a fast delivery platform, both fixed and mobile.

The global economic crash which began in late 2008 and has since morphed into a regional Eurozone crisis initially encouraged governments to undertake considerable public investments in telecom infrastructure under the guise of stimulus packages. Yet existing constraints on public finances have now placed greater emphasis on the private sector for future infrastructure development. To this end, the onus is firmly on regulators to develop measures which encourage investment while providing unhindered and fair access to new fibre networks.

An additional pressure on telecoms infrastructure during the next decade will emerge from national requirements to reduce carbon emissions, requiring more intelligent electricity grids managed through upgraded telecom networks.

European governments are committed to generating at least 20% of electricity from renewable energy sources by 2020 (though countries such as Germany have aimed at 30%). In conjunction with the energy sector, the concept of trans-sector synergies will also come into play; governments will be among the principal beneficiaries by utilising telecoms infrastructure to deliver – more cheaply and more efficiently – the services under their remit. Principally, these include various health, education and transport services, as well as a wide range of socially-inclusive enterprises.

Governments recognise telecoms as the key driver for extending such services and thereby closing the gap between well-served urban areas and under-served rural communities.

Revenue from the traditional markets such as fixed and mobile voice will remain under consistent pressure, as consumers adopt VoIP and Voice of Cable Broadband alternatives as well as mobile-only solutions for voice calls. Mobile voice revenue has fallen across the region for several quarters in response to regulatory measures on termination rates and roaming as well as stiffening competition from low-cost MVNOs. Prices for mobile services have fallen by an average of 11-13% annually since 2006

In conjunction with this declining revenue, consumer demand for high-end data applications and services, both fixed and mobile, is continually taxing network capabilities. This has led to the fixed-line broadband and mobile data sectors being the key drivers for telecom investment, a scenario which will be reinforced during the next decade.

The mobile sector in particular is crucial for the region’s future economic growth: the industry contributed an estimated €175 billion to GDP in 2011, employing about 1.7 million people directly or indirectly. Capex, at about 12% of revenue, is among the highest in any industry.

The emphasis on fibre networks being built by incumbents, altnets and a growing number of municipalities has gradually migrated from FttC to FttH. This reflects the declining cost of FttH builds, as well as consumer demand for faster data throughput. Although initial take-up has been slow in some markets, this is expected to increase rapidly during the next few years, with the result that the DSL sector, which has already begun to decline in some of the more fibred countries, will wither further as customers are migrated to new FttH networks.

The cable sector, which is expected to be consolidated further in 2012-13, is likely to hold its own during the next few years as customers begin to be provided with services of up to 200Mb/s or higher.

The European Union’s programme that member states provide 30Mb/s broadband to all citizens by 2013, and 50Mb/s services by 2020, has provided the impetus and momentum for regional infrastructure upgrades. It has also given the impetus for the numerous spectrum auctions, in several bands, which are needed to realise the 2020 targets. These auctions may generate up to €20 billion for European governments to 2015.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Albania
    • 1.1 National telecom network
    • 1.2 International infrastructure
  • 2. Austria
    • 2.1 National telecom network
    • 2.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 2.3 Structural separation
    • 2.4 Wholesaling
    • 2.5 International infrastructure
      • 2.5.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 2.5.2 Satellite networks
  • 3. Belarus
    • 3.1 National telecom network
    • 3.2 International infrastructure
  • 4. Belgium
    • 4.1 National telecom network
    • 4.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 4.3 International infrastructure
  • 5. Bosnia-Herzegovina
    • 5.1 National telecom network
  • 6. Bulgaria
    • 6.1 Telecommunications Infrastructure
  • 7. Croatia
    • 7.1 Overview
    • 7.2 Telecoms and IT
    • 7.3 Wholesaling
      • 7.3.1 Overview
  • 8. Cyprus
    • 8.1 National telecom network
    • 8.2 International infrastructure
      • 8.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 8.2.2 Satellite networks
  • 9. Czech Republic
    • 9.1 Overview
    • 9.2 Telefónica O2 CR
    • 9.3 Alternative operators
    • 9.4 Telecoms & IT
    • 9.5 Wholesaling
      • 9.5.1 Overview
  • 10. Denmark
    • 10.1 National telecom network
    • 10.2 Alternative networks
    • 10.3 International
      • 10.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 10.3.2 Satellite networks
  • 11. Estonia
    • 11.1 National telecom network
      • 11.1.1 Elion
      • 11.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 11.2 Telecoms and IT
    • 11.3 Wholesaling
  • 12. Finland
    • 12.1 National telecom network
    • 12.2 Next Generation Network
    • 12.3 International infrastructure
  • 13. France
    • 13.1 National telecom network
    • 13.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 13.3 International infrastructure
      • 13.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 13.3.2 Satellite networks
    • 13.4 Wholesaling
      • 13.4.1 Naked DSL
  • 14. Germany
    • 14.1 National telecom network
    • 14.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 14.3 International infrastructure
      • 14.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 14.3.2 Satellite networks
    • 14.4 Regulatory issues
    • 14.5 Wholesaling
  • 15. Greece
    • 15.1 National telecom network
      • 15.1.1 OTE
      • 15.1.2 Alternative operators
      • 15.1.3 Satellite networks
      • 15.1.4 Submarine cables
  • 16. Hungary
    • 16.1 National telecom network
      • 16.1.1 Magyar Telekom
      • 16.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 16.2 International infrastructure
    • 16.3 Wholesaling Overview
  • 17. Iceland
    • 17.1 National telecom network
    • 17.2 International infrastructure
  • 18. Ireland
    • 18.1 National telecom network
    • 18.2 Structural separation issues
    • 18.3 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 18.4 International
      • 18.4.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 18.4.2 Satellite networks
  • 19. Italy
    • 19.1 National telecom network
    • 19.2 International
      • 19.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 19.2.2 Satellite networks
    • 19.3 Next Generation Network (NGN)
      • 19.3.1 Cooperative agreements
      • 19.3.2 Major network contracts
  • 20. Kosovo
    • 20.1 Telecommunications infrastructure
  • 21. Latvia
    • 21.1 National telecom network
    • 21.2 Telecoms and IT
  • 22. Lithuania
    • 22.1 National telecom network
      • 22.1.1 TEO
      • 22.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 22.2 International infrastructure
    • 22.3 Wholesaling
      • 22.3.1 Overview
  • 23. Luxembourg
    • 23.1 National telecom network
  • 24. Macedonia
    • 24.1 Telecommunications infrastructure
  • 25. Malta
    • 25.1 National telecom network
    • 25.2 International infrastructure
  • 26. Moldova
    • 26.1 National telecom network
    • 26.2 International infrastructure
  • 27. Montenegro
    • 27.1 National telecom network
  • 28. Netherlands
    • 28.1 National telecom network
    • 28.2 International infrastructure
    • 28.3 Wholesaling
      • 28.3.1 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
  • 29. Norway
    • 29.1 National telecom network
    • 29.2 IP migration
    • 29.3 International infrastructure
      • 29.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 29.3.2 Satellite networks
    • 29.4 Wholesaling
  • 30. Poland
    • 30.1 Fixed-line statistics
    • 30.2 TP
    • 30.3 Alternative operators
    • 30.4 Wholesaling
      • 30.4.1 Overview
  • 31. Portugal
    • 31.1 National telecom network
    • 31.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 31.3 International infrastructure
  • 32. Romania
    • 32.1 National telecom network
      • 32.1.1 Romtelecom
      • 32.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 32.2 International infrastructure
  • 33. Russia
    • 33.1 Introduction
    • 33.2 Local
      • 33.2.1 Regional operators
      • 33.2.2 Central Telegraph
      • 33.2.3 Comstar/MGTS
      • 33.2.4 Golden Telecom
      • 33.2.5 PeterStar
    • 33.3 National
      • 33.3.1 Golden Telecom
      • 33.3.2 Rostelecom
      • 33.3.3 TransTeleCom
    • 33.4 Satellite networks
    • 33.5 Telecoms and IT
  • 34. Serbia
    • 34.1 National telecom network
    • 34.2 International infrastructure
    • 34.3 Telecoms and IT
  • 35. Slovakia
    • 35.1 National telecom network
    • 35.2 Alternative operators
    • 35.3 Wholesaling
      • 35.3.1 Overview
  • 36. Slovenia
    • 36.1 Telekom Slovenije
    • 36.2 Alternative operators
    • 36.3 Wholesaling
  • 37. Spain
    • 37.1 National telecom network
    • 37.2 International infrastructure
      • 37.2.1 Satellite networks
      • 37.2.2 Submarine cable
    • 37.3 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
  • 38. Sweden
    • 38.1 National telecom network
    • 38.2 International infrastructure
      • 38.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 38.2.2 Satellite networks
  • 39. Switzerland
    • 39.1 National telecom network
  • 40. Ukraine
    • 40.1 National Telecom Network
      • 40.1.1 Ukrtelecom
      • 40.1.2 Datagroup
      • 40.1.3 Eurotranstelecom
      • 40.1.4 Beeline Ukraine
      • 40.1.5 Vega
    • 40.2 International infrastructure
    • 40.3 Telecoms and IT
  • 41. United Kingdom
    • 41.1 National telecom network
    • 41.2 Next Generation Networks
      • 41.2.1 BT’s 21CN
    • 41.3 International
      • 41.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 41.3.2 Satellite networks
  • 42. Glossary of Abbreviations
  • Table 1 – Fixed-line and mobile traffic in Albania – 2002 - 2012
  • Table 2 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Albania – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 3 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Austria – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 4 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Belarus – 1999 - 2011
  • Table 5 – Total international Internet bandwidth in Belarus – 2000 - 2010
  • Table 6 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Belgium – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2012
  • Table 7 – Fixed lines by type in Belgium – 2006 - 2012
  • Table 8 – Altnet fixed lines in Belgium – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 9 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bosnia-Herzegovina – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 10 – Fixed lines in service per incumbent operator in Bosnia-Herzegovina – 2001 - 2010
  • Table 11 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bulgaria – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 12 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Croatia – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 13 – Workplace network usage by network type in Croatia – 2008 - 2010
  • Table 14 – T-HT unbundled local loops in Croatia – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 15 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Cyprus – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 16 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in the Czech Republic – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 17 – Workplace network usage by network type in the Czech Republic – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 18 – Telefónica naked DSL lines in the Czech Republic – 2009 - 2011
  • Table 19 – Wholesale lines by type in the Czech Republic – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 20 – Cost of local loop unbundling and share access in the Czech Republic – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 21 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Denmark – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 22 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Estonia – 1995 - 2011
  • Table 23 – Elion PSTN/ISDN outgoing call minutes in Estonia – 2006 - 2010
  • Table 24 – Elion PSTN/ISDN subscribers in Estonia – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 25 – Workplace network usage by network type in Estonia – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 26 – Wholesale lines by type in Estonia – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 27 – Elion wholesale broadband subscribers in Estonia – 2004 - 2010
  • Table 28 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Finland – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 29 – France Telecom wholesale broadband lines – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 30 – Fixed lines in service, DT and altnets in Germany – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 31 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Greece – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 32 – OTE PSTN lines in service in Greece – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 33 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Hungary – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 34 – Total international Internet bandwidth in Hungary – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 35 – Cost of local loop unbundling and shared access in Hungary – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 36 – Fixed-line access channels in Iceland: PSTN and ISDN – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2010
  • Table 37 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Iceland – 1995; 1997; 1999; 2000 - 2011
  • Table 38 – Telecom Italia access lines in Italy – 2008 - 2011
  • Table 39 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Kosovo – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 40 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Latvia – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 41 – Workplace network usage by network type in Latvia – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 42 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Lithuania – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 43 – TEO – fixed-line subscribers in Lithuania – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 44 – Total international internet bandwidth in Lithuania – 2000 - 2010
  • Table 45 – Dark fibre lines in Lithuania – 2008 - 2010
  • Table 46 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Luxembourg – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2012
  • Table 47 – Telephony-lines by type in Macedonia –2009 - 2011
  • Table 48 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Macedonia – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 49 – Fixed lines in service and penetration rate in Malta – 2001 - 2012
  • Table 50 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Moldova – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 51 – Total international internet bandwidth in Moldova – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 52 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Montenegro – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 53 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in the Netherlands – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2012
  • Table 54 – Fixed lines in service and penetration in Norway – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2012
  • Table 55 – Fixed subscriptions in Norway – VoIP, cable – 2001 - 2012
  • Table 56 – Fixed subscriptions in Norway – PSTN/ISDN – 2000 - 2010
  • Table 57 – Telenor wholesale lines in Norway – PSTN, DSL, LLU – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 58 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Poland – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 59 – Wholesale lines by type in Poland – 2009 - 2010
  • Table 60 – Cost of local loop unbundling and shared access in Poland – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 61 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Portugal – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 62 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) in Romania – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 63 – Fixed-line teledensity (by household) in Romania – 2006 - 2012
  • Table 64 – Total international Internet bandwidth in Romania – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 65 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Russia – 1998 - 2012
  • Table 66 – Russian IT market revenue – 2005 - 2010
  • Table 67 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Serbia – 2004 - 2012
  • Table 68 – Annual requests for new fixed lines in Serbia – 2004 - 2010
  • Table 69 – Fixed line traffic in Serbia – 2004 - 2012
  • Table 70 – Total international internet bandwidth in Serbia – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 71 – Workplace network usage by network type in Serbia – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 72 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Slovakia – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 73 – Total international internet bandwidth in Slovakia – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 74 – Cost of local loop unbundling and share access in Slovakia – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 75 – Wholesale access lines by type in Slovenia – 2009 – 2010
  • Table 76 – Cost of Local loop unbundling and shared access in Slovenia – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 77 – Telkom Slovenije wholesale connections in Slovenia – 2006 – 2009
  • Table 78 – Fixed lines in service and penetration in Spain – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 79 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Sweden – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 80 – Fixed lines in service, teledensity and traffic in minutes in Switzerland – 1997; 1999 - 2011
  • Table 81 – ISDN subscribers in Switzerland – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2009
  • Table 82 – Fixed lines in service in Ukraine - 1995 - 2011
  • Table 83 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in United Kingdom – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 84 – Forecast NGA coverage in United Kingdom – 2009 - 2012
  • Chart 1 – Fixed-line and mobile traffic in Albania – 2002 – 2012
  • Chart 2 – Fixed lines in service by operator in Albania – 2002 – 2012
  • Chart 3 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Belgium – 1999 - 2012
  • Chart 4 – Fixed lines by type in Belgium – 2006 – 2012
  • Chart 5 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bulgaria – 2000 – 2012
  • Chart 6 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Estonia – 2000 - 2011
  • Chart 7 – Elion PSTN/ISDN outgoing call minutes in Estonia – 2006 - 2010
  • Chart 8 – Elion PSTN/ISDN subscribers in Estonia – 2002 - 2010
  • Chart 9 – Elion wholesale broadband subscribers in Estonia – 2004 - 2010
  • Chart 10 – France Telecom wholesale broadband lines – 2005 – 2011
  • Chart 11 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Iceland – 1999 - 2011
  • Chart 12 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Latvia – 1999 - 2012
  • Chart 13 – TEO – fixed-line subscribers in Lithuania – 2005 - 2011
  • Chart 14 – Dark fibre lines in Lithuania – 2008 - 2010
  • Chart 15 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Macedonia – 2000 – 2012
  • Chart 16 – Telenor wholesale lines in Norway – PSTN, DSL, LLU – 2004 – 2011
  • Chart 17 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Romania – 2000 – 2012
  • Chart 18 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Russia – 1998 - 2012
  • Chart 19 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Serbia – 2004 – 2011
  • Chart 20 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Slovakia – 2000 – 2012
  • Chart 21 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Sweden – 1995 - 2012
  • Chart 22 – Fixed lines in service in Ukraine – 2000 - 2013
  • Exhibit 1 - Principal backbone providers in Italy – 2011
  • Exhibit 2 – Principal submarine cables from the UK – 2010

Related Reports

Purchase this Report

US$250.00

Licence Information

Annual Publication Profile

Technologies

Broadband Fixed
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 127

Status Archived

Last updated 14 Dec 2011
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

Share this Report

Purchase with Confidence

I have both worked with Paul and valued his opinion on many occasions. Following, his many comments on the telecommunications industry has been rewarding and insightful. His reports have always been of value and help guide us through the maze of jargon, politics and defined the real road map of this complex industry.

David Hayes, Country Manager - Australia at Bulletin Wireless

Special Offers

Denmark - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses
US$575.00 until 2 Oct 2019
(normal price US$1,150.00)

Ukraine - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses
US$575.00 until 2 Oct 2019
(normal price US$1,150.00)

Sample Reports

A selection of downloadable samples from our Annual Publications catalogue.


Download a Sample Report

More than 4,000 customers from 140 countries utilise BuddeComm Research

Are you interested in BuddeComm's Custom Research Service?

News & Views

Have the latest telecommunications industry news delivered to your inbox by subscribing to Paul's FREE weekly News & Views.