2010 European Telecommunications Infrastructure and NGNs

Publication Overview

This report covers developments in Europe’s emerging Next Generation Networks based on FttH, FttC and upgraded DOCSIS3.0 technologies. The report assesses regulatory measures to facilitate access to network infrastructure, as well as operator strategies to secure respectable returns on investments. The importance of mobile broadband, facilitated by upgraded networks and spectrum auctions, is analysed in the context of universal broadband provision across the region by 2013.

The countries covered in this report include: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine , United Kingdom.

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- September 2010 (6th Edition)
Next publication date:- On request

Executive Summary

Europe on track for comprehensive fibre-based NGNs by 2020

During the last few years all countries in the European Union have made considerable progress towards building Next Generation Networks based on fibre infrastructure. The timetable for this exercise differs between countries, but most will have completed the migration from legacy copper networks to an All-IP architecture by 2020. The importance of this development has been made more evident since the global economic crash began in late 2008 – since then, a number of European governments undertook large financial commitments to underwrite investment in telecom infrastructure under the guise of various stimulus packages. Governments thus acknowledged that socio-economic welfare and prosperity, as well as securing advantages in an increasingly globalised employment market, depended on reliable telecom services and a fast delivery platform, both fixed and mobile.

An additional pressure on telecoms infrastructure during the next decade will emerge from national requirements to reduce carbon emissions, requiring more intelligent electricity grids managed through upgraded telecom networks. European governments are committed to generating at least 20% of electricity from renewable energy sources by 2020 (though countries such as Germany have aimed at 30%). In conjunction with the energy sector, the concept of trans-sector synergies will also come into play; governments will be among the principal beneficiaries by utilising telecoms infrastructure to deliver – more cheaply and more efficiently – the services under their remit. Principally, these include various health, education and transport services, as well as a wide range of socially-inclusive enterprises. Governments recognise telecoms as the key driver for extending such services and thereby closing the gap between well-served urban areas and under-served rural communities.

Revenue from the traditional markets such as fixed and mobile voice will come under increasing pressure in coming years, the former resulting from the VoIP and mobile phone sectors as well as from cable operators who generally include voice services within their bundled offers, and the latter from competition among mobile operators as well as regulated tariffs on termination rates. In conjunction with this declining revenue, consumer demand for high-end data applications and services is continually taxing network capabilities. This has led to the fixed-line broadband and mobile data sectors being the key drivers for telecom investment, a scenario which will be reinforced during the next decade.

Fibre networks are being built across the region by a growing number of municipally-driven programmes, as well as by a variety of alternative telcos such as Fastweb and Iliad. At the same time, many incumbent operators have shifted their network construction and upgrade programmes from FttC to FttH architectures – this requires considerably higher investment yet in the long-term is considered the only viable solution to deliver sufficient bandwidth to meet consumer demand. In the mobile data sector, most EU governments have sought to increase spectrum allocation in a bid to secure mobile broadband connectivity in areas deemed uncommercial or impractical for fixed-line operators, and so fulfil the EC’s objective of providing reliable broadband to all EU citizens by 2013. To this end, several governments have already auctioned 2.6GHz spectrum, and have allowed 2G spectrum in the 900MHz and 1800MHz bands to be refarmed for 3G services. Most licensees plan to utilise this spectrum for mobile broadband based on LTE technology – Europe’s first commercial services in Sweden and Norway at the end of 2009 will be joined by a proliferation of similar services in 2011, while analogue switchover in 2012 will enable operators to use sub-GHz digital dividend spectrum for mobile broadband as well.

The changing landscape for Europe’s telecom infrastructure during the next decade is thus based on fibre-centred fixed networks complemented by mobile networks centred on newly-released spectrum and focussed on mobile data applications and services. Investments in these areas will be crucial for Europe’s telecoms sector to prosper. The sector was worth an estimated €351 billion in both 2008 and 2009, accounting for about half of the ICT sector overall, and may be worth €360 billion in 2011. By then, perhaps 41% of sector revenues will be driven by fixed voice telephony and broadband, and 49% by mobile voice and data services, with the remainder mainly from pay TV.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Albania
    • 1.1 National telecom network
    • 1.2 International infrastructure
  • 2. Austria
    • 2.1 National telecom network
    • 2.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 2.3 Structural separation
    • 2.4 Wholesaling
    • 2.5 International infrastructure
      • 2.5.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 2.5.2 Satellite networks
  • 3. Belarus
    • 3.1 National telecom network
    • 3.2 International infrastructure
  • 4. Belgium
    • 4.1 National telecom network
      • 4.1.1 Fixed-line statistics
    • 4.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 4.3 International infrastructure
  • 5. Bosnia-Herzegovina
    • 5.1 National telecom network
  • 6. Bulgaria
    • 6.1 National telecom network
    • 6.2 Telecoms & IT
  • 7. Croatia
    • 7.1 National and international infrastructure
    • 7.2 Telecoms & IT
    • 7.3 Wholesaling
  • 8. Cyprus
    • 8.1 National telecom network
    • 8.2 International infrastructure
      • 8.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 8.2.2 Satellite networks
    • 8.3 Telecoms & IT
    • 8.4 Wholesaling
  • 9. Czech Republic
    • 9.1 National and international infrastructure
    • 9.2 Telefónica O2 CR
    • 9.3 Alternative operators
    • 9.4 Telecoms & IT
    • 9.5 Wholesaling
  • 10. Denmark
    • 10.1 National telecom network
    • 10.2 Alternative networks
    • 10.3 International
      • 10.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 10.3.2 Satellite networks
    • 10.4 Infrastructure developments
      • 10.4.1 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH)
  • 11. Estonia
    • 11.1 National telecom network
      • 11.1.1 Elion
      • 11.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 11.2 Telecoms & IT
    • 11.3 Wholesaling
  • 12. Finland
    • 12.1 National telecom network
    • 12.2 Next Generation Network
    • 12.3 International infrastructure
  • 13. France
    • 13.1 National telecom network
    • 13.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 13.3 International infrastructure
      • 13.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 13.3.2 Satellite networks
      • 13.3.3 Wholesaling
  • 14. Germany
    • 14.1 National telecom network
    • 14.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 14.3 International infrastructure
      • 14.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 14.3.2 Satellite networks
    • 14.4 Regulatory issues
      • 14.4.1 Wholesaling
  • 15. Greece
    • 15.1 National telecom network
      • 15.1.1 OTE
      • 15.1.2 Alternative operators
      • 15.1.3 Satellite networks
      • 15.1.4 Submarine cables
    • 15.2 Wholesaling
    • 15.3 Unbundled services – LLU
    • 15.4 Bitstream access
    • 15.5 Telecoms & IT
  • 16. Hungary
    • 16.1 National telecom network
      • 16.1.1 Magyar Telekom
      • 16.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 16.2 International infrastructure
    • 16.3 Telecoms and IT
      • 16.3.1 Overview
    • 16.4 Wholesaling
      • 16.4.1 Overview
  • 17. Iceland
    • 17.1 National telecom network
    • 17.2 International infrastructure
  • 18. Ireland
    • 18.1 National telecom network
    • 18.2 Structural separation issues
    • 18.3 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 18.4 International infrastructure
      • 18.4.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 18.4.2 Satellite networks
  • 19. Italy
    • 19.1 National telecom network
    • 19.2 International infrastructure
      • 19.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 19.2.2 Satellite networks
    • 19.3 Infrastructure developments
      • 19.3.1 Next Generation Network (NGN)
  • 20. Kosovo
    • 20.1 National telecom infrastructure
  • 21. Latvia
    • 21.1 National telecom network
    • 21.2 Telecoms & IT
  • 22. Lithuania
    • 22.1 National telecom network
      • 22.1.1 TEO
      • 22.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 22.2 International infrastructure
    • 22.3 Telecoms & IT
    • 22.4 Wholesaling
  • 23. Luxembourg
    • 23.1 National telecom network
  • 24. Macedonia
    • 24.1 National and international infrastructure
  • 25. Malta
    • 25.1 National telecom network
    • 25.2 International infrastructure
  • 26. Moldova
    • 26.1 National telecom network
    • 26.2 International infrastructure
  • 27. Montenegro
    • 27.1 National telecom network
  • 28. Netherlands
    • 28.1 National telecom network
    • 28.2 International infrastructure
    • 28.3 Regulatory issues
      • 28.3.1 Wholesaling
      • 28.3.2 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
  • 29. Norway
    • 29.1 National telecom network
    • 29.2 Leased lines
    • 29.3 IP migration
    • 29.4 International infrastructure
      • 29.4.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 29.4.2 Satellite networks
    • 29.5 Wholesaling
  • 30. Poland
    • 30.1 National telecom network
      • 30.1.1 Fixed-line statistics
      • 30.1.2 TPSA
      • 30.1.3 Alternative operators
    • 30.2 Telecoms & IT
      • 30.2.1 Overview
    • 30.3 Wholesaling
  • 31. Portugal
    • 31.1 National telecom network
      • 31.1.1 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 31.2 International infrastructure
  • 32. Romania
    • 32.1 National telecom network
      • 32.1.1 RomTelecom
      • 32.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 32.2 International infrastructure
    • 32.3 Telecoms & IT
  • 33. Russia
    • 33.1 Overview of telecoms infrastructure in Russia
    • 33.2 Local infrastructure
      • 33.2.1 Svyazinvest regional operators
      • 33.2.2 Central Telegraph
      • 33.2.3 Comstar/MGTS
      • 33.2.4 Golden Telecom
      • 33.2.5 PeterStar
    • 33.3 National infrastrucure
      • 33.3.1 Golden Telecom
      • 33.3.2 Rostelecom
      • 33.3.3 TransTeleCom
    • 33.4 Satellite networks
    • 33.5 Telecoms and IT
  • 34. Serbia
    • 34.1 National telecom network
    • 34.2 International infrastructure
    • 34.3 Telecoms and IT
  • 35. Slovakia
    • 35.1 National telecom network
      • 35.1.1 Alternative operators
    • 35.2 Wholesaling
      • 35.2.1 Overview
  • 36. Slovenia
    • 36.1 National telecom network
    • 36.2 Telekom Slovenije
    • 36.3 Alternative operators
    • 36.4 Wholesaling
  • 37. Spain
    • 37.1 National telecom network
    • 37.2 International infrastructure
      • 37.2.1 Satellite networks
      • 37.2.2 Submarine cable
    • 37.3 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
  • 38. Sweden
    • 38.1 National telecom network
    • 38.2 International infrastructure
      • 38.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 38.2.2 Satellite networks
  • 39. Switzerland
    • 39.1 National telecom network
  • 40. Ukraine
    • 40.1 National telecom network
      • 40.1.1 Ukrtelecom
      • 40.1.2 Datagroup
      • 40.1.3 Eurotranstelecom
      • 40.1.4 Beeline Ukraine
      • 40.1.5 Vega
    • 40.2 International infrastructure
    • 40.3 Telecoms and IT
  • 41. United Kingdom
    • 41.1 National telecom network
    • 41.2 Next Generation Networks
      • 41.2.1 BT’s 21CN
    • 41.3 International infrastructure
      • 41.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 41.3.2 Satellite networks
  • 42. Glossary of Abbreviations
  • Table 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Albania – 1999 - 2011
  • Table 2 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Austria – 1999 - 2010
  • Table 3 – Telekom Austria broadband wholesale and LLU lines – 2006 - 2010
  • Table 4 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Belarus – 1999 - 2011
  • Table 5 – Total international Internet bandwidth in Belarus – 2000 - 2010
  • Table 6 – Fixed-line telephony connections by type in Belgium – 2004 - 2008
  • Table 7 – Fixed-line telephony revenue in Belgium – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 8 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Belgium – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2011
  • Table 9 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bosnia-Herzegovina – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 10 – Fixed lines in service per incumbent operator in Bosnia-Herzegovina – 2001 - 2008
  • Table 11 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bulgaria – 1998 - 2009
  • Table 12 – IT market revenue in Bulgaria – 2004 - 2008
  • Table 13 – ICT usage by businesses in Bulgaria – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 14 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Croatia – 1995 - 2009
  • Table 15 – Workplace network usage by network type in Croatia – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 16 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Cyprus – 1995 - 2009
  • Table 17 – Household access to ICT devices in Cyprus – 2005 - 2008
  • Table 18 – Workplace network usage by network type in Cyprus – 2004 - 2008
  • Table 19 – Wholesale lines by type in Cyprus – January 2009
  • Table 20 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in the Czech Republic – 1995 - 2011
  • Table 21 – Workplace network usage by network type in the Czech Republic – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 22 – Wholesale lines by type in the Czech Republic – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 23 – Cost of local loop unbundling and share access in the Czech Republic – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 24 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Denmark – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 25 – Fibre broadband subscribers in Denmark – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 26 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Estonia – 1995 - 2010
  • Table 27 – Elion PSTN/ISDN subscribers and outgoing call minutes – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 28 – Elion VoIP subscribers – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 29 – Workplace network usage by network type in Estonia – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 30 – Wholesale lines by type in Estonia – September 2009
  • Table 31 – Elion wholesale broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 32 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Finland – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 33 – France Telecom wholesale DSL, naked ADSL, WLR – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 34 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Germany – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 35 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Greece – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 36 – OTE fixed lines in service – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 37 – Wholesale lines by type in Greece – January 2009
  • Table 38 – Cost of local loop unbundling and share access in Greece – 2006 - 2008
  • Table 39 – OTE combined unbundled & shared lines – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 40 – Collocation availability and uptake in Greece – 2007 - 2008
  • Table 41 – ICT market revenue in Greece – 2006 - 2010
  • Table 42 – Workplace network usage by network type in Greece – 2009
  • Table 43 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Hungary – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 44 – Total international Internet bandwidth in Hungary – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 45 – Workplace network usage by network type in Hungary – 2004 - 2010
  • Table 46 – Cost of local loop unbundling and shared access in Hungary – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 47 – Fixed-line access channels in Iceland: PSTN and ISDN – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2009
  • Table 48 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Ireland – 1995; 1997; 1999; 2000 - 2010
  • Table 49 – Direct/indirect access paths in Ireland – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 50 – Fixed telephony and broadband market forecasts for Italy – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 51 – Telecom Italia access lines – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 52 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Kosovo – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 53 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Latvia – 1999 - 2010
  • Table 54 – Workplace network usage by network type in Latvia – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 55 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Lithuania – 1995 - 2010
  • Table 56 – TEO – fixed-line subscribers & outgoing call minutes – 2005 - 2010
  • Table 57 – Total international Internet bandwidth in Lithuania – 2000 - 2010
  • Table 58 – Workplace network usage by network type in Lithuania – 2006 - 2010
  • Table 59 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Luxembourg – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2009
  • Table 60 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Macedonia – 1995 - 2011
  • Table 61 – Fixed lines in service and penetration rate in Malta – 2001 - 2011
  • Table 62 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Moldova – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 63 – Total international Internet bandwidth in Moldova – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 64 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Montenegro – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 65 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Netherlands – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2011
  • Table 66 – Fixed lines in service and penetration in Norway – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2011
  • Table 67 – Fixed subscriptions in Norway - VoIP, cable – 2001 - 2008
  • Table 68 – Fixed subscriptions in Norway - PSTN / ISDN – 2000 - 2008
  • Table 69 – Leased line revenue by capacity in Norway – 2005 - 2008
  • Table 70 – Leased lines by capacity in Norway – 2005 - 2008
  • Table 71 – Telenor wholesale lines – PSTN, ISDN, DSL, LLU – 2004 - 2007
  • Table 72 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Poland – 1995; 1997; 1999; 2000 - 2009
  • Table 73 – IT market revenue in Poland – 2004 - 2008
  • Table 74 – Workplace network usage by network type in Poland – 2006 – 2009
  • Table 75 – Wholesale lines by type in Poland – January 2009
  • Table 76 – Cost of local loop unbundling and share access in Poland – 2006 - 2008
  • Table 77 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Portugal – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2009
  • Table 78 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Romania – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 79 – Total international Internet bandwidth in Romania – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 80 – Retail data transmission connections by service type in Romania – 2006 - 2008
  • Table 81 – Workplace network usage by network type in Romania – 2009
  • Table 82 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Russia – 1998 - 2010
  • Table 83 – Rostelecom long distance voice data – 2003 - 2010
  • Table 84 – Russian IT market revenue – 2005 - 2010
  • Table 85 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Serbia – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 86 – Total international Internet bandwidth in Serbia – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 87 – Workplace network usage by network type in Serbia – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 88 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Slovakia – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 89 – Total international Internet bandwidth in Slovakia – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 90 – Cost of local loop unbundling and share access in Slovakia – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 91 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Slovenia – 1995 - 2010
  • Table 92 – Cost of local loop unbundling and shared access in Slovenia – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 93 – Telkom Slovenije wholesale connections – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 94 – Fixed lines in service and penetration in Spain – 1999 - 2010
  • Table 95 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Sweden – 1995 - 2011
  • Table 96 – ISDN channels in Sweden – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 97 – Fixed lines in service, teledensity and traffic in minutes in Switzerland – 1997; 1999 - 2011
  • Table 98 – ISDN subscribers in Switzerland – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2009
  • Table 99 – Fixed lines in service in Ukraine - 1995 - 2010
  • Table 100 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in the UK – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2011
  • Table 101 – Forecast NGA coverage in the UK – 2009 - 2012
  • Exhibit 1 - Principal backbone providers in Italy - 2010
  • Exhibit 2 – Principal submarine cables from the UK – 2010

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Number of pages 129

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Last updated 29 Sep 2010
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

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