2007 African - Broadband and Internet Markets

Publication Overview

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the Broadband and Internet markets in 34 African countries. Subjects covered include:

  • The broadbanding of Africa - policies, initiatives, projects
  • Internet statistics and market analyses
  • Barriers to Internet development
  • Internet and broadband infrastructure
  • International bandwidth and local connectivity
  • Community telecentres
  • The emergence of ADSL in Africa
  • Internet via satellite
  • Wireless Broadband
  • Local, national and regional ISPs
  • The role of the mobile networks and 3G
  • VoIP telephony liberalisation and grey markets

Executive Summary

Africa’s data traffic is on the rise, fuelled by rapid growth of ADSL and wireless broadband services. Massive efforts are under way to adapt the continent’s underdeveloped infrastructure to the growing need, both on the national and international level. Broadband has begun to rapidly replace dial-up as the preferred access method, and this process is already virtually completed in the continent’s more developed markets. Overall market penetration is still low, leaving ample room for further growth in the coming years.

Africa is still the least connected continent in the world, both from an Internet penetration perspective and in terms of the total bandwidth feeding the continent. Growth has, however, accelerated in recent years due to improvements in infrastructure, the arrival of wireless access technologies and lower tariffs. The introduction of competition and increasing regulatory pressure on monopolistic pricing by incumbent telcos for international bandwidth is beginning to have a positive effect.

VoIP continues to gain ground in Africa with growth rates in excess of 100% per year, following steady improvements in Internet bandwidth and deregulation in several key markets. Nevertheless, at least 10% of international calls in almost every country on the continent are still carried by unlicensed grey market players, because many operators are not yet passing on the full cost savings from VoIP to their customers. Profit margins are still very healthy in this emerging market.

More than half of all African countries now have commercial DSL services, but their growth is limited by the poor geographical reach of the fixed-line networks. The rapid growth of Internet access has therefore been mostly confined to the capital cities so far. The introduction of mobile data services is changing this as Africa’s mobile network operators are moving into the ISP business, bringing Internet access to many areas outside of the main cities for the first time.

Key highlights:

  • Internet user forecasts to 2010 and 2015 for 16 African countries;
  • Broadband is rapidly replacing dial-up Internet access;
  • Commercial DSL services are now available in at least 30 African countries;
  • Mobile network operators are pushing into the ISP space;
  • Wireless and mobile broadband is set to overtake ADSL;
  • Several new submarine fibre projects currently under development will improve the supply of international bandwidth at drastically reduced prices;
  • WiMAX trials, rollouts or commercial services in at least 20 African countries;
  • The number of African countries where VoIP can be regarded as open to private operators has more than doubled to around 20 in 2007.

Telkom South Africa ADSL, dial-up and satellite Internet subscribers - 2003 - 2007

Year ADSL Dial-up and satellite
2003 2,700 96,000
2004 20,300 121,900
2005 58,300 168,400
2006 143,500 141,400
2007 255,600 49,400
(Source: BuddeComm based on company data)

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Table of Contents

1.FORECASTS
1.1Internet market forecasts
1.1.1Notes on scenario forecasts
1.1.2Algeria forecasts – Internet services
1.1.3Angola forecasts – Internet services
1.1.4Benin forecasts – Internet services
1.1.5Cameroon forecasts – Internet services
1.1.6Egypt forecasts – Internet services
1.1.7Egypt forecasts – broadband services
1.1.8Ethiopia forecasts – Internet services
1.1.9Gabon forecasts – Internet services
1.1.10Ghana forecasts – Internet services
1.1.11Kenya forecasts – Internet services
1.1.12Madagascar forecasts – Internet services
1.1.13Morocco forecasts – Internet services
1.1.14Morocco forecasts – broadband services
1.1.15Nigeria forecasts – Internet services
1.1.16Rwanda forecasts – Internet services
1.1.17Senegal forecasts – Internet services
1.1.18South Africa forecasts – Internet services
1.1.19South Africa forecasts – broadband subscribers
1.1.20Swaziland forecasts – Internet services
2.OVERVIEW OF THE BROADBAND AND INTERNET MARKET
2.1Overview of Africa’s Internet market
2.1.1Internet statistics
2.2African Internet developments
2.2.1Barriers to Internet development
2.2.2Internet access locations
2.2.3African Internet projects sponsored by international agencies
2.2.4Internet connectivity
2.2.5African Internet exchange points
2.2.6African Network Information Center (AfriNIC)
2.3Africa’s ISP market
2.3.1Africa’s largest ISP – Africa Online
2.3.2Internet Solutions (IS)
2.3.3Average cost of Internet access accounts
2.3.4Payment models for dial-up Internet access
2.3.5Email-only services
2.3.6African ISP Association (AfrISPA)
2.4VoIP telephony
2.4.1VoIP cost savings
2.4.2VoIP regulatory restrictions
2.5Broadband Market
2.5.1An emerging market
2.5.2ADSL
2.5.3Wireless broadband
2.5.4Powerline Communication (PLC)
2.5.5Internet via satellite
3.ALGERIA
3.1Internet market
3.1.1Overview
3.1.2Internet cafes
3.1.3Algeria’s ISP market
3.1.4VoIP telephony
3.1.5E-services
3.1.6E-learning
3.1.7E-health
3.1.8E-government
3.2Broadband market
3.2.1Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
3.2.2Wireless broadband
3.2.3Satellite broadband
4.ANGOLA
4.1Internet market
4.1.1Initial development
4.1.2Overview
4.1.3Angola’s ISP market
4.1.4Internet access locations
4.1.5Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
4.2Broadband market
5.BENIN
5.1Internet market
5.1.1Overview
5.1.2Internet access locations
5.1.3Benin’s ISP market
5.2Broadband market
5.2.1Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
5.2.2VoIP telephony
6.BOTSWANA
6.1Internet market
6.1.1Overview
6.1.2Botswana’s ISP market
6.2Broadband market
7.BURKINA FASO
7.1Internet market
7.1.1Overview
7.1.2Internet projects
7.1.3Burkina Faso’s ISP market
7.1.4Broadband market
7.1.5Internet via satellite
7.1.6E-government
8.CAMEROON
8.1Internet market
8.1.1Overview
8.1.2Internet access locations
8.1.3Cameroon’s ISP market
8.2Broadband market
8.2.1Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
8.2.2Wireless broadband
8.2.3WiFi
9.CHAD
9.1Internet market
9.1.1Overview
9.1.2VoIP telephony
10.CÔTE D’IVOIRE
10.1Internet market
10.1.1Overview
10.1.2USAID Leland project
10.1.3Internet access locations
10.1.4Cote d’Ivoire’s ISP market
10.1.5Major ISPs
10.1.6Internet via satellite
10.2Broadband market
10.2.1Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
10.2.2WiFi
10.2.3VoIP telephony
10.2.4E-commerce
11.DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
11.1Internet market
11.1.1Overview
11.1.2Internet access locations
11.1.3DRC’s ISP market
12.EGYPT
12.1Internet market
12.1.1Overview
12.1.2Deterrents to Internet growth
12.1.3Free Internet project
12.1.4Affordable Personal Computer (APC) program
12.1.5Internet gateways
12.1.6Cairo Regional Internet Exchange (CRIX)
12.1.7Internet access locations
12.1.8Egypt’s ISP Market
12.1.9Overview of selected ISPs
12.2Broadband market
12.2.1Broadband initiative
12.2.2xDSL
12.2.3Wireless broadband
12.2.4Broadband via satellite
13.ETHIOPIA
13.1Internet market
13.1.1Overview
13.1.2National connectivity
13.1.3Regulatory issues
13.1.4Internet access locations
13.1.5Ethiopia’s ISP market
13.2Broadband market
13.2.1Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
13.2.2Direcway broadband satellite network
13.3Wholesale
14.GABON
14.1Broadband and Internet market
14.1.1Overview
14.1.2Gabon’s ISP market
15.GAMBIA
15.1Internet market
15.1.1Overview
15.1.2Internet connectivity
15.1.3Internet access locations
15.1.4Gambia’s ISP market
15.1.5Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
15.2Broadband market
15.2.1Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
15.2.2WiFi
16.GHANA
16.1Internet market
16.1.1Overview
16.1.2Internet regulations
16.1.3Internet access locations
16.1.4Ghana’s ISP market
16.1.5Ghana Internet Exchange Point (GIX)
16.1.6Distance learning
16.1.7E-government
16.2Broadband market
16.2.1Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
16.2.2Wireless broadband
16.2.3Powerline Communication (PLC)
16.2.4Internet via satellite
16.2.5VoIP telephony
17.KENYA
17.1Internet market
17.1.1Overview
17.1.2Internet access locations
17.1.3Internet backbone
17.1.4Kenya Internet exchange Point (KIXP)
17.1.5Kenya Network Information Centre (KENIC)
17.1.6Kenya’s ISP market
17.2Broadband market
17.2.1Overview
17.2.2Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
17.2.3ADSL2
17.2.4Wireless broadband
17.2.5Mobile data services
17.2.6VoIP telephony
18.LESOTHO
18.1Internet market
18.1.1Overview
18.1.2National Internet hub
18.1.3Lesotho’s ISP market
18.1.4Broadband
19.LIBYA
19.1Internet market
19.1.1Overview
19.1.2Computer initiatives - One Laptop per Child (OLPC)
19.1.3Very Small Aperture Terminals (VSATs)
19.1.4VoIP telephony
20.MADAGASCAR
20.1Internet market
20.1.1Overview of the Internet in Madagascar
20.1.2Internet access locations
20.1.3Madagascar’s ISP market
20.2Broadband market
20.2.1VoIP telephony
21.MALAWI
21.1Internet market
21.1.1Overview
21.1.2Malawi’s ISP market
21.2Broadband market
21.2.1Overview
21.2.2VoIP telephony
22.MAURITIUS
22.1Internet market
22.1.1Overview
22.1.2Internet access locations
22.1.3Mauritius ISP market
22.1.4Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
22.2Broadband market
22.2.1Overview
22.2.2ADSL
22.2.3Wireless broadband
22.2.4VoIP telephony
23.MOROCCO
23.1Internet market
23.1.1Overview
23.1.2MARWAN network
23.1.3Internet connectivity
23.1.4Morocco’s ISP market
23.2Broadband market
23.2.1Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
23.2.2Wireless broadband
24.MOZAMBIQUE
24.1Internet market
24.1.1Overview
24.1.2Internet connectivity
24.1.3Internet access locations
24.1.4E-government
24.1.5Mozambique’s ISP market
24.2Broadband market
24.2.1Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
24.2.2TV Cabo
24.2.3Wireless broadband
25.NAMIBIA
25.1Internet market
25.1.1Overview
25.1.2Internet connectivity
25.1.3Namibia’s ISP market
25.1.4Overview of selected ISPs
25.1.5SchoolNet Namibia
25.2Broadband market
25.2.1Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
25.2.2Wireless broadband
26.NIGERIA
26.1Internet market
26.1.1Overview
26.1.2Internet access locations
26.1.3Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
26.1.4Nigerian Internet Group (NIG)
26.1.5Nigeria’s ISP market
26.1.6Selected ISPs
26.1.7VoIP telephony
26.2Broadband market
26.2.1Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
26.2.2Wireless broadband
26.2.3Internet via satellite
26.2.4Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
27.RWANDA
27.1Internet market
27.1.1Overview
27.1.2Rwanda’s ISP market
27.1.3Rwanda Internet Exchange Point (RIXP)
27.1.4Cybercafes and telecentres
27.1.5One Laptop Per Child (OLPC)
27.1.6VoIP telephony
27.2Broadband market
27.2.1Overview
27.2.2Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
27.2.3E-government
28.SENEGAL
28.1Internet market
28.1.1Overview
28.1.2Internet connectivity
28.1.3World Links for Development (WorLD)
28.1.4Senegal’s ISP market
28.1.5VoIP telephony
28.1.6E-health
28.2Broadband market
28.2.1Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
28.2.2WiFi
28.2.3Internet via satellite
29.SOUTH AFRICA
29.1Internet market
29.1.1Overview
29.1.2Internet demographics
29.1.3Online retail
29.1.4Community access projects
29.1.5South Africa’s ISP market
29.1.6Internet access providers
29.2Broadband market
29.2.1Overview
29.2.2ADSL
29.2.3Broadband over powerlines (BPL)
29.2.4Wireless broadband
30.SUDAN
30.1Internet market
30.1.1Overview
30.1.2Sudan Internet Society (SiS)
30.1.3Sudan’s ISP market
30.2Broadband market
30.2.1Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
30.2.2EV-DO
30.2.3Broadband via satellite
31.SWAZILAND
31.1Internet market
31.1.1Overview
31.1.2Internet initiatives
31.1.3Internet access locations
31.1.4E-banking
31.1.5Swaziland’s ISP market
31.1.6Swaziland Internet Exchange Point
32.TANZANIA
32.1Internet market
32.1.1Overview
32.1.2Internet access locations
32.1.3Tanzania’s ISP market
32.2Broadband market
32.2.1Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
32.2.2Wireless broadband
32.2.3VoIP telephony
33.TUNISIA
33.1Internet market
33.1.1Overview
33.1.2Agence Tunisienne d’Internet (ATI)
33.1.3Internet access locations
33.1.4Tunisia’s ISP market
33.2Broadband market
33.2.1Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
33.2.2WiMAX
33.2.3DSL by satellite
34.UGANDA
34.1Internet market
34.1.1Overview
34.1.2Freenet
34.1.3Internet Easy
34.1.4Uganda Internet Exchange Point (UiXP)
34.1.5Internet access locations
34.1.6Cost of bandwidth
34.1.7Internet initiatives
34.1.8Uganda’s ISP market
34.2Broadband Market
34.2.1Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
34.2.2WiMAX
35.ZAMBIA
35.1Internet market
35.1.1Overview
35.1.2Internet access locations
35.1.3Broadband market
36.ZIMBABWE
36.1Internet market
36.1.1Overview
36.1.2Internet initiatives
36.1.3Zimbabwe’s ISP market
36.1.4Overview of selected ISPs
36.2Broadband market
36.2.1Overview
36.2.2VoIP telephony
37.GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS
Exhibit 1 – JokoClubs
Exhibit 2 – Internet for rural communities
Exhibit 3 – Tiscali's exit from SA
Exhibit 4 – Telkom SA T-Zone
Exhibit 5 – Licensed ISPs in Uganda


Table 1 – Forecast Internet user growth Algeria – 2010; 2015
Table 2 – Forecast Internet user growth Angola – 2010; 2015
Table 3 – Forecast Internet user growth Benin – 2010; 2015
Table 4 – Forecast Internet user growth Cameroon – 2010; 2015
Table 5 – Forecast Internet user growth Egypt – 2010; 2015
Table 6 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth Egypt – 2010; 2015
Table 7 – Forecast Internet user growth Ethiopia – 2010; 2015
Table 8 – Forecast Internet user growth Gabon – 2010; 2015
Table 9 – Forecast Internet user growth Ghana – 2010; 2015
Table 10 – Forecast Internet user growth Kenya – 2010; 2015
Table 11 – Forecast Internet user growth Madagascar – 2010; 2015
Table 12 – Forecast Internet user growth Morocco – 2010; 2015
Table 13 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth Morocco – 2010; 2015
Table 14 – Forecast Internet user growth Nigeria – 2010; 2015
Table 15 – Forecast Internet user growth Rwanda – 2010; 2015
Table 16 – Forecast Internet user growth Senegal – 2010; 2015
Table 17 – Forecast Internet user growth South Africa – 2010; 2015
Table 18 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth South Africa – 2010; 2015
Table 19 – Forecast Internet user growth Swaziland – 2010; 2015
Table 20 – Top five African Internet user markets – 2006
Table 21 – Internet user growth in Africa – 1995 - 2006
Table 22 – Telkom South Africa ADSL, dial-up and satellite Internet subscribers – 2003 - 2007
Table 23 – Morocco Internet and ADSL subscribers – 2004 - 2007
Table 24 – Internet provider statistics in Algeria – 2006
Table 25 – Internet users and penetration in Algeria – 1996 - 2006
Table 26 – Internet provider statistics in Angola – 2006
Table 27 – Internet users and penetration in Angola – 1997 - 2006
Table 28 – Internet provider statistics in Benin – 2006
Table 29 – Internet users and penetration in Benin – 1997 - 2006
Table 30 – Internet provider statistics in Botswana – 2006
Table 31 – Internet users and penetration in Botswana – 1998 - 2006
Table 32 – Internet provider statistics in Burkina Faso – 2006
Table 33 – Internet users and penetration in Burkina Faso – 1996 - 2006
Table 34 – Internet provider statistics in Cameroon – 2006
Table 35 – Internet users and penetration in Cameroon – 1997 - 2006
Table 36 – Internet provider statistics in Chad – 2006
Table 37 – Internet users and penetration in Chad – 1998 - 2006
Table 38 – Internet provider statistics in Cote d’Ivoire – 2005
Table 39 – Internet users, penetration and Internet subscribers in Cote d’Ivoire – 1996 - 2006
Table 40 – Internet provider statistics in Democratic Republic of Congo – 2006
Table 41 – Internet users and penetration in Democratic Republic of Congo – 1996 - 2006
Table 42 – Internet provider statistics in Egypt – 2007
Table 43 – Internet user statistics in Egypt – March 2007
Table 44 – Internet users and penetration in Egypt – 1995 - 2007
Table 45 – ADSL subscribers in Egypt – 2002 - 2007
Table 46 – Internet provider statistics in Ethiopia – 2006
Table 47 – Internet users and penetration in Ethiopia – 1996 - 2006
Table 48 – Internet subscribers in Ethiopia – 1997 - 2006
Table 49 – Internet provider statistics in Gabon – 2006
Table 50 – International Internet bandwidth in Gabon – 1999 - 2005
Table 51 – Internet users and penetration in Gabon – 2002 - 2006
Table 52 – Internet provider statistics in Gambia – 2006
Table 53 – Internet users and penetration in Gambia – 1997 - 2006
Table 54 – Internet provider statistics in Ghana – 2006
Table 55 – Internet users and penetration in Ghana – 1996; 1998 - 2006
Table 56 – Internet provider statistics in Kenya – 2006
Table 57 – Internet users and annual change in Kenya – 1996 - 2006
Table 58 – Internet provider statistics in Lesotho – 2006
Table 59 – Internet users and penetration in Lesotho – 1997 - 2006
Table 60 – Internet provider statistics in Libya – 2006
Table 61 – Internet users and penetration in Libya – 1999 - 2006
Table 62 – Internet provider statistics in Madagascar – 2006
Table 63 – Internet users, penetration, subscribers, hosts, traffic, and revenue in Madagascar – 1996; 1998 - 2006
Table 64 – Internet provider statistics in Malawi – 2006
Table 65 – Internet users and penetration in Malawi – 1997 - 2006
Table 66 – Internet provider statistics in Mauritius – 2006
Table 67 – Internet users and penetration in Mauritius – 1996 - 2006
Table 68 – Dial-up Internet subscribers in Mauritius – 2000 - 2005
Table 69 – Internet provider statistics in Morocco – June 2007
Table 70 – Internet users in Morocco – 1997 - 2006
Table 71 – Internet subscribers, ADSL subscribers (MT and others) in Morocco – 2004 - 2007
Table 72 – Internet provider statistics in Mozambique – 2006
Table 73 – Internet users and penetration in Mozambique – 1996 - 2006
Table 74 – Internet provider statistics in Namibia – 2006
Table 75 – Internet users and penetration in Namibia – 1996 - 2006
Table 76 – Internet provider statistics in Nigeria – 2006
Table 77 – Internet users and penetration in Nigeria – 1996 - 2006
Table 78 – Internet provider statistics in Rwanda – 2006
Table 79 – Internet users and penetration in Rwanda – 1999 - 2006
Table 80 – Internet provider statistics in Senegal – 2006
Table 81 – Internet users and penetration in Senegal – 1996; 1998 - 2006
Table 82 – Internet subscribers in Senegal – 2000 - 2007
Table 83 – ADSL subscribers in Senegal – 2004 - 2007
Table 84 – Internet provider statistics in South Africa – 2006
Table 85 – Internet users and penetration in South Africa – 1995 - 1996; 1998 - 2006
Table 86 – Telkom SA wholesale Internet bandwidth and annual growth – 2002 - 2006
Table 87 – Telkom ADSL, dial-up and satellite Internet subscribers – 2003 - 2007
Table 88 – WAPA industry snapshot – October 2006
Table 89 – Internet provider statistics in Sudan – 2006
Table 90 – Internet users and penetration in Sudan – 1997 - 2006
Table 91 – Internet provider statistics in Swaziland – 2006
Table 92 – Internet users and penetration in Swaziland – 1996 - 2006
Table 93 – Internet provider statistics in Tanzania – 2006
Table 94 – Internet users and penetration in Tanzania – 1996 - 2006
Table 95 – Internet provider statistics in Tunisia – March 2007
Table 96 – Internet users, penetration and subscribers in Tunisia – 1995 - 2007
Table 97 – ADSL subscribers in Tunisia – 2002 - 2007
Table 98 – Internet provider statistics in Uganda – 2006
Table 99 – Internet users and penetration in Uganda – 1995 - 2006
Table 100 – Internet provider statistics in Zambia – 2007
Table 101 – Internet users and penetration in Zambia – 1995 - 2006
Table 102 – Internet provider statistics in Zimbabwe – 2006
Table 103 – Internet users and penetration in Zimbabwe – 1996 - 2006

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Last updated 13 Nov 2007
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Analyst: Stephen McNamara

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