Technology - Infrastructure - Long Distance 3 - SDH SONET OTN RPR GMPLS

Synopsis

SDH/SONET and now OTN are the primary technologies for long-distance fibre links. This report also discusses digital cross-connects, Resilient Packet Rings, all-optical switching and Generalised Multiprotocol Label Switching, which enable the creation of large, flexible, WDM-based optical mesh networks.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. SDH / SONET fibre optic links
    • 2.1 Historical background
    • 2.2 Development
    • 2.3 PDH
    • 2.4 Infrared lasers
    • 2.5 Fibre links
    • 2.6 Link management
    • 2.7 SDH rings
    • 2.8 SDH benefits
  • 3. SDH / SONET data rates
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 DSO
    • 3.3 Circuit switched foundation
    • 3.4 Circuit versus packet switched
    • 3.5 Common data rates
  • 4. Enhancements to SDH / SONET
    • 4.1 Improved electronics
      • 4.1.1 Multiple streams of packet data
      • 4.1.2 ATM and TCP/IP
      • 4.1.3 Virtual concatenation
      • 4.1.4 Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme (LCAS)
      • 4.1.5 Generic Framing Procedure (GFP)
      • 4.1.6 SDH equipment interfacing to other protocols
    • 4.2 Digital Cross Connect
    • 4.3 SDH interfaces on routers and switches
    • 4.4 Single datastreams per fibre or wavelength without SDH
    • 4.5 Redundancy without SDH
  • 5. Resilient Packet Ring (RPR)
    • 5.1 Packet rings for MAN
    • 5.2 Similar structure to SDH rings
      • 5.2.1 Data in both directions at once
      • 5.2.2 Spatial reuse - drop the packet at the receiver
      • 5.2.3 CIR and other QoS provisions
      • 5.2.4 Bandwidth management
      • 5.2.5 Redundancy - two protection mechanisms
      • 5.2.6 Auto-discovery and management
      • 5.2.7 Physical media
  • 6. Optical switching and GMPLS
    • 6.1 Dynamic optical wavelength conversion
      • 6.1.1 Heterodyning
      • 6.1.2 Coherent wave mixing
      • 6.1.3 Optical gating
    • 6.2 Optical cross-connects
      • 6.2.1 GMPLS
    • 6.3 Reconfigurable Optical Add Drop Multiplexers (ROADMs)
      • 6.3.1 Optical ADMs
      • 6.3.2 Ideal ROADM functionality
      • 6.3.3 Practical ROADMs
      • 6.3.4 Coloured and colourless inputs and outputs
  • 7. Optical Transport Network (OTN)
  • 8. Related reports
  • Table 1 ā€“ Virtual Concatenation Base Container Approximate Bandwidths
  • Exhibit 1 ā€“ SDH and SONET Data Rates

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Focus Report Profile

Technologies

Broadband Fixed
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 18

Status Archived

Last updated 4 May 2008
Update History

Analyst: Robin Whittle

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