Brazil - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Brazil’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- January 2018 (16th Edition)

Executive Summary

Brazil’s investment in LTE sees subscriber base reach 100 million

The Brazilian telecom market has been adversely affected by the country’s economic difficulties in recent years. The fixed-line sector has seen consumers substituting services for mobile and VoIP solutions, while the number of mobile subscribers has fallen steadily as competitive pricing and regulatory measures have weakened the demand for customers to have multiple SIM cards.

Brazil is connected through submarine cables to the USA, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. A number of new cable systems are due to come into service by the end of 2018 which will increase bandwidth and push down broadband prices for end-users. The government has entrusted the state-owned Telebrás with the construction of the Atlantic Cable System (ACSea) cable network linking Brazil with the USA, Europe, Africa, and several Latin American countries. Telebrás has also been charged with building a satellite to be used for military communications and to boost the country’s national broadband program.

The bulk of the fixed-line market is divided between three our key operators: Telefónica, América Móvil and Oi.

Brazil has one of the largest mobile markets in Latin America, with four major mobile operators offering a range of voice and data services: Telefónica’s Vivo, Claro Brasil, TIM Brasil, and Oi. All four operators have secured spectrum in the 2.5GHz band with which they are expanding their LTE networks to capitalise on consumer demand for mobile data services. The government has also made available the 700MHz band (previously allocated to TV broadcasters) for mobile broadband use.

The mobile subscriber base grew rapidly for a number of years, in line with the increasing footprint of mobile networks, but since late 2015 the subscriber base has fallen steadily. This has partly been due to operators cancelling dormant SIM cards, as also to pricing competition which eroded the need among some consumers to hold SIM cards from different providers so take advantage of cheaper on-net offers. Another factor has been the economic recession, which has dampened consumer spend on telecom services.

Brazil also has one of the largest broadband markets in Latin America. Substantial investments and regulatory reforms were implemented before the FIFA World Cup was held in 2014 and again before the 2016 Olympic Games. The Games stimulated investment in infrastructure, though the chief beneficiaries were the host cities rather than the country at large. This telecom infrastructure is one of the positive legacies of the Games.

This report provides a background to Brazil’s telecom market including details of infrastructure and the regulatory environment. It profiles the main fixed-line operators and provides relevant statistics and market analyses. The report also covers the broadband market, accompanied by subscriber forecasts to 2022. In addition the report reviews the mobile voice and data markets and assesses regulatory measures and emerging technologies.

Key developments:

  • Oi creditors agree on restructuring plan;
  • ACSea submarine cable linking Brazil and Europe contracted by Telebrás and IslaLink;
  • Seabras-1 cable to provide direct route between the US and Brazil;
  • Nextel aiming to close down its iDEN network in March 2018;
  • Algar Telecom launches LTE-A services;
  • EU and Brazil sign cooperation agreement to develop 5G technologies;
  • Ericsson contracted by América Móvil to pave a path to 5G;
  • LTE subscriber approaches 100 million at end-2017;
  • Oi and Banco do Brazil launch an NFC-based m-payment platform;
  • Government approves an additional R$15.1 billion for National Broadband Plan;
  • Net Serviços launches a 500Mb/s service for the residential market;
  • More operators launch FttP services;
  • Report update includes telcos’ operating and financial data to Q3 2017, regulator’s market data to November 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Vivo (Telefônica Brasil), TIM Brasil, Oi, Embratel, Net Serviços, GVT, CTBC, Global Crossing, Star One, TelesatBrasil, Hispamar, Telebrás, Claro, Intelig, Algar Telecom, Sercomtel, Nextel Brasil, Universo Online (UOL), Neovia, Eletropaulo Telecom, Copel, BuscaPé.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Historical overview
    • 2.2 Market analysis
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Regulatory developments
    • 3.2 General Plan for Updating Telecom Regulations (PGR)
    • 3.3 Regulatory authority
      • 3.3.1 Anatel
    • 3.4 Privatisation of Telebrás
    • 3.5 Telecom sector liberalisation in Brazil
    • 3.6 General Competition Plan
    • 3.7 Concessions and authorisations
    • 3.8 Mirror companies
    • 3.9 Universal service goals
    • 3.10 Government telecom funds (Fust, Fistel, and Funttel)
    • 3.11 Number Portability (NP)
    • 3.12 Access
    • 3.13 Interconnection
    • 3.14 Fixed-line contract renewal – 2006
    • 3.15 Fixed-line contract renewal – 2011
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Overview of fixed network market
    • 4.2 Oi (Telemar)
    • 4.3 Vivo (Telefônica Brasil)
    • 4.4 Embratel (Claro)
    • 4.5 Global Village Telecom (GVT)
    • 4.6 TIM Brasil
    • 4.7 CTBC/Algar Telecom
    • 4.8 Sercomtel
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 National telecom network
    • 5.2 International infrastructure
      • 5.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 5.2.2 Satellite networks
    • 5.3 Infrastructure developments
      • 5.3.1 Amazon cable
      • 5.3.2 Very small aperture terminal (VSAT) networks
    • 5.4 Smart infrastructure
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.3 Forecasts – fixed broadband market 2018; 2020; 2022
      • 6.1.4 Digital inclusion and GESAC
      • 6.1.5 National broadband plan
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Fixed wireless
  • 7. Mobile communications
    • 7.1 Market analysis
    • 7.2 Mobile statistics
      • 7.2.1 General statistics
      • 7.2.2 Mobile data
      • 7.2.3 Mobile broadband
      • 7.2.4 Forecasts – mobile market - 2018; 2020; 2022
    • 7.3 Regulatory issues
      • 7.3.1 Mobile spectrum allocation and concession areas
      • 7.3.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 7.3.3 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 7.3.4 Network sharing
      • 7.3.5 Tower infrastructure
    • 7.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 7.4.1 Analogue networks
      • 7.4.2 Digital networks
      • 7.4.3 Other infrastructure developments
      • 7.4.4 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
    • 7.5 Mobile Network Operators (MNOs)
      • 7.5.1 Introduction
      • 7.5.2 Vivo (Telefónica Brasil)
      • 7.5.3 TIM Brasil
      • 7.5.4 Claro Brazil
      • 7.5.5 Oi
      • 7.5.6 Nextel Brasil
      • 7.5.7 CTBC/Algar Telecom
      • 7.5.8 Sercomtel Celular
      • 7.5.9 Unicel/Aeiou (defunct)
      • 7.5.10 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • 7.5.11 Porto Seguro
      • 7.5.12 Vodafone Brazil (Datora)
      • 7.5.13 Virgin Mobile
      • 7.5.14 Correios
    • 7.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 7.6.1 M-commerce
      • 7.6.2 M-banking
      • 7.6.3 Mobile games
    • 7.7 Mobile handsets
    • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2017
    • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2017
    • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
    • Table 7 – Evolution of GDP in Brazil – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 8 – Telecommunications revenue – 2000 - 2018
    • Table 9 – Proportion of telecom revenue by segment – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 10 – Telecom revenue by segment – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 11 – Telecommunications investment – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 12 – Proportion of telecom investment by segment – 2000 - 2014
    • Table 13 – Fixed lines in service – operators’ market share – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 14 – Oi revenue by service – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 15 – Oi EBITDA, capex (Brazil) – 2012- 2017
    • Table 16 – Oi – fixed lines in service – 1999 - 2017
    • Table 17 – Vivo – fixed lines in service – 1999 - 2017
    • Table 18 – Claro Brazil – fixed lines in service – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 19 – Claro Brazil – fixed-line RGUs – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 20 – Claro Brazil – fixed-line revenue – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 21 – Vivo (GVT) financial data (historic) – 2012 - 2014
    • Table 22 – Vivo (GVT) revenue by service (historic) – 2012 - 2013
    • Table 23 – Vivo (GVT) – fixed lines in service (historic) – 2006 - 2015
    • Table 24 – TIM Brasil – fixed lines in service – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 25 – Algar Telecom – fixed lines in service – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 26 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2009
    • Table 27 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 28 – Historic - Internet users and penetration – 1998 - 2009
    • Table 29 – Internet users and penetration – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 30 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 - 2018
    • Table 31 – Internet access market share by platform – 2005 - 2015
    • Table 32 – Share of fixed/fixed wireless broadband subscriptions by platform – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 33 – Broadband operators’ market share – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 34 – Fixed broadband connections by speed – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 35 – Forecast broadband subscribers –2018; 2020, 2022
    • Table 36 – Average broadband access speed (download) – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 37 – Cable modem subscribers and penetration – 2001 - 2018
    • Table 38 – DSL subscribers and penetration – 2001 - 2018
    • Table 39 – Oi – broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2017
    • Table 40 – Net – broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2017
    • Table 41 – Vivo – broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2017
    • Table 42 – GVT – broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2015
    • Table 43 – TIM Brazil broadband subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 44 – Algar Telecom broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 45 – Telefónica/Vivo FttP homes passed and connected – 2008 - 2015
    • Table 46 – Telefónica/Vivo FttP/C connections – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 47 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 48 – Wi-Fi hotspots in service – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 49 – Satelite broadband connections – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 50 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1997 - 2009
    • Table 51 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010- 2018
    • Table 52 – Mobile prepaid/postpaid ratio – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 53 – Evolution of mobile ARPU in Brazil – major operators – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 54 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 55 – Average mobile broadband speed – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 56 – Mobile broadband accesses by major operator – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 57 – Mobile broadband accesses by minor operator – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 58 – 3G/mobile broadband market share by operator – 2009 – 2016
    • Table 59 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
    • Table 60 – Mobile market share by technology – 2004 - 2017
    • Table 61 – GSM subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 62 – 3G municipal coverage – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 63 – 3G subscribers and market share of all mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 64 – LTE subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 65 – LTE subscribers by operator – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 66 – LTE subscriber market share by operator – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 67 – LTE geographic and population coverage by operator – 2017
    • Table 68 – M2M terminals – 2008 – 2017
    • Table 69 – Mobile operators’ market share – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 70 – LTE subscriber market share by operator – 2014 – 2017
    • Table 71 – Vivo mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 72 – Vivo/Telemig– mobile subscribers (historic) – 2002 - 2007
    • Table 73 – Vivo mobile revenue (R$) – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 74 – Vivo financial data (€) – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 75 – TIM Brasil – mobile financial data – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 76 – TIM Brasil – mobile financial data (€) – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 77 – TIM Brasil – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 78 – Claro Brazil mobile revenue – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 79 – Claro Brazil – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 80 – Oi mobile revenue – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 81 – Oi – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 82 – Oi/Amazônia/BrT – mobile subscribers –2002 - 2008 (historic)
    • Table 83 – NII Holdings mobile revenue (R$) – 2012 - 2015
    • Table 84 – Nextel Brazil revenue ($) – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 85 – Nextel Brazil – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 86 – Nextel Brazil – mobile subscribers by type – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 87 – Algar Telecom mobile revenue – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 88 – Algar Telecom mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 89 – Sercomtel – mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 90 – MVNO subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 91 – Port Seguro mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 92 – Datora mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 93 – Handset and smartphones sales – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 94 – Domestic mobile handset production – 2003 – 2014
    • Chart 1 – Evolution of telecom revenue in Brazil – 2010 - 2018
    • Chart 2 – Telecom revenue by segment – 2005 – 2017
    • Chart 3 – Oi revenue by service – 2012 - 2017
    • Chart 4 – Evolution of fixed lines in service – 2005 - 2018
    • Chart 5 – Internet users and penetration – 2005 – 2018
    • Chart 6 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2018
    • Chart 7 – Broadband market share at a glance – 2007 - 2017
    • Chart 8 – Cable modem subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2018
    • Chart 9 – DSL subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2018
    • Chart 10 – Evolution of Brazil’s mobile subscriber base – 2000 - 2018
    • Chart 11 – Evolution of mobile ARPU in Brazil – major operators – 2009 – 2017
    • Exhibit 1 – Map of Brazil
    • Exhibit 2 – Regions and states of Brazil
    • Exhibit 3 – Regions and states of Brazil
    • Exhibit 4 – Regions and States of Brazil
    • Exhibit 5 – Atlantic Cable System – planned
    • Exhibit 6 – Geostationary satellites operating in Brazil
    • Exhibit 7 – Regions and states of Brazil
    • Exhibit 8 – Subdivision of Brazil into regions and areas
    • Exhibit 9 – H-band for 3G services – lots, areas, and spectrum winners
    • Exhibit 10 – Bands for 4G services – blocks, winners, and price/MHz/population
    • Exhibit 11 – LTE TDD deployments
    • Exhibit 12 – LTE deployments
    • Exhibit 13 – 700MHz auction results - 2014
    • Exhibit 14 – 1800MHz, 1900MHz, 2.5GHz auction bids – December 2015
    • Exhibit 15 – 3G network launches by operator – 2007 - 2008
    • Exhibit 16 – Subdivision of Brazil into regions and areas for mobile licensing
    • Exhibit 17 – Vivo – concessions
    • Exhibit 18 – TIM Brasil – concession awards for frequency bands A, B, D, E
    • Exhibit 19 – Claro Brazil – concessions
    • Exhibit 20 – Oi – concession awards for frequency bands A, D, E, M

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