Last updated: 14 Jul 2011 Update History
Report Status: Archived
Report Pages: 11
Analyst: Lucia Bibolini
Until the early 1990s, two state-owned operators – the Compañía Peruana de Teléfonos (CPT) and the Empresa Nacional de Telecomunicaciones (ENTEL) – provided all telecom services in Peru. The first steps towards privatisation and liberalisation took place in 1991, when the government set up a Commission for the Promotion of Private Investment, and created the telecom regulatory authority, Osiptel. In February 1994, the government auctioned 35% of ENTEL Peru and 20% of CPT. The auction winner was Spain’s Telefónica. In January 1995, CTP and ENTEL were merged into a single company, named Telefónica del Perú. With privatisation, Telefónica del Perú received exclusive rights until the middle of 1999. In 1998, however, the company agreed to bring the deadline forward, and so the Peruvian telecom market became officially liberalised in August 1998.
A Telecommunications Investment Fund (FITEL) was established in 1994 to finance telecom services in rural areas and other places that are marginal to private providers. One of FITEL’s projects was the creation of the Rural Projects Program (PPR), which divided the country into six areas for auction. The first PPR (FITEL I tender) started in 1999 and was for the northern border of the country.
This report provides background information for the more regularly updated Peru - Telecom Market Trends, Key Statistics and Regulatory Overview. As such, it covers details on the history and development of Peru’s telecom market and regulatory framework that are absent from the more up-to-date report, but it does not contain current market trends, analyses, or statistics.
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