Myanmar (Burma) - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Myanmar remains poised for the entry of a Fourth Mobile Operator

The big change in Myanmar’s telecom sector has been the entry of two foreign operators in the local mobile market, joining the former monopoly operator, Myanmar Post and Telecommunications (MPT). Buoyed by the success of the arrival of Qatar’s Ooredoo and Norway’s Telenor. A license for a fourth mobile licence is scheduled to be awarded during 2016. The joint venture will be 51% owned by the SPV, whilst the foreign partner will hold the remaining 49%.

Much work remains to be done however, with Myanmar being the last underdeveloped telecommunication markets in Asia. Despite the fresh new focus on mobile services and the exploding growth in that sector, by 2016 only a few people had access to a fixed telephone line.

Although the first internet connections were established back in 2000, internet services in Myanmar still remain slow and unstable. The fixed broadband market remains highly underdeveloped, mainly due to the dominance of the mobile platform and an unwillingness by operators to invest in fixed broadband infrastructure. Penetration stood at just 0.5% in 2016 and is predicted to increase at a slow rate during the five years to 2021.

Fixed line telephone penetration remains very low at just under 1% and has been gradually declining since 2014 due to the dominance and maturity of the mobile market. Penetration decreased from 1.00% in 2013 to 0.96% in 2016.

Mynanmar’s mobile market has experienced very strong growth from 2013 to 2016. Penetration has risen from 7% in 2013 to 85% by 2016, by which time the market reached 46 million subscribers. Further strong growth is also predicted over the next five years to 2021. By 2018 the market is expected to reach mobile penetration of over 90%.

Mobile broadband has experienced very strong growth, driven by high rapid growth in the mobile sector. Penetration has increased from 15% in 2014, to 26% in 2015 and 35% in 2016. Strong growth is predicted over the next five years however at a slower rate.

International internet bandwidth continues to grow strongly reaching 43,400 Mb/s in 2015 and 53,000Mb/s in 2016.

In April 2016 Vietnamese military-owned group Viette lannounced its plans for its operations in Myanmar in securing the nation’s fourth mobile licence. It expects to spend USD1.5 billion on the construction of a 3G network using the 900MHz and 2100MHz bands, with coverage due to reach 95% of the population within three years. It will also introduce 1800MHz LTE services if the government opts to license the additional spectrum.

Key developments:

  • MPT is expanding its 3G mobile network to cover 90% of the south east Asian country’s population and increase its mobile broadband footprint to around 95%, in order to double internet access speeds.
  • Ooredoo Myanmar launched the country’s first commercial 4G LTE service in selected parts of Naypyidaw, Yangon and Mandalay.
  • Ericsson signed a five-year contract with Telenor Group for the design and implementation of 4G LTE networks.
  • Telenor Myanmar carried out tests of 4G technology in five major cities.
  • Myanmar’s Ministry of Transport and Communications (MoTC) signed an agreement with Intelsat to use two of its satellites to aid the expansion of wireless networks
  • KBZ Gateway, a subsidiary of Myanmar-based KBZ Group, partnered with Asia Satellite Telecommunications (AsiaSat) and Hughes Network Systems to provide high speed broadband services for government, business and consumer customers.
  • Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp (NTT Corp’s) ICT solutions and international communications business NTT Communications were awarded a
  • The Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) announced that all unregistered SIM cards will be blocked from 31 March 2017.

Companies mentioned in this report

Myanmar Post and Telecommunications (MPT); Telenor Myanmar; Ooredoo Myanmar; KDDI; Sumitomo; SingTel, China Mobile; Axiata Group; Digicel; Qatar Telecom; Viettel Group; Vodafone.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
    • 3.1.1 Background
    • 3.1.2 Economy
    • 3.1.3 Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
    • 3.1.4 Political and social changes in Myanmar
    • 3.1.5 Censorship
    • 4. Telecommunications market
      • 4.2 Market Overview and Analysis
      • 4.3 Investment in telecom sector
    • 5. Regulatory environment
      • 5.1 Historical overview
      • 5.2 Regulatory authority
      • 5.3 Market liberalisation process
      • 5.4 Telecommunications Law - 2013
      • 5.5 Telecom Master Plan
      • 5.6 Licensing – Fixed Services
      • 5.7 Corruption investigations
      • 5.8 Government control of the internet
      • 5.9 Fibre access
    • 6. Competition issues
    • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
        • 7.1.1 Background
        • 7.1.2 Fixed-line statistics
        • 7.1.3 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
        • 7.1.4 National backbone network
        • 7.1.5 Mobile towers
      • 7.2 International infrastructure
        • 7.2.1 Satellite
        • 7.2.2 Submarine
        • 7.2.3 Terrestrial cables
        • 7.2.4 Other developments
    • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
      • 8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 8.2 Market Developments
      • 8.3 Internet statistics
      • 8.4 Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
        • 8.4.1 Bagan Cybertech - Background
        • 8.4.2 Yatanarpon Teleport (YTP)
      • 8.5 Broadband statistics
      • 8.6 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
        • 8.6.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
      • 8.7 Fixed-line broadband technologies
        • 9. Mobile market
          • 9.1 Market Overview and Analysis
          • 9.2 Mobile service pricing
          • 9.3 Mobile statistics
          • 9.4 Mobile data
          • 9.5 Mobile broadband
          • 9.6 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
          • 9.7 Mobile Regulatory issues
            • 9.7.1 Licensing
            • 9.7.2 SIM cards
            • 9.7.3 Mobile operators - 2013
            • 9.7.4 Spectrum
        • 10. Mobile infrastructure
          • 10.1 3G
          • 10.2 4G LTE
        • 11. Major mobile operators
          • 11.1 Operators
            • 11.1.1 Potential Fourth Operator
          • 11.2 Myanmar P&T (MPT)
          • 11.3 Ooredoo
            • 11.3.1 Overview
            • 11.3.2 Financials
            • 11.3.3 4G Network
          • 11.4 Telenor
            • 11.4.1 Overview
            • 11.4.2 Service launch and expansion
            • 11.4.3 4G Network
            • 11.4.4 Financials
        • 12. Digital economy
          • 12.1 e-Banking
        • 13. Digital Media
          • 13.1 Broadcasting market
        • 14. Related reports
        • Table 1 – Country statistics Myanmar – 2016
        • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2016
        • Table 3 – Broadband statistics – 2016 (e)
        • Table 4 – Mobile statistics – 2016
        • Table 5 – National telecommunications authorities
        • Table 6– Myanmar’s GDP real growth rate – 2006 - 2016
        • Table 7 – Historical - fixed-line subscribers, penetration, annual change – 1990, 1995 - 2005
        • Table 8 – Fixed-line subscribers, penetration and annual change – 2006 - 2016
        • Table 9 – Internet users and penetration (historical) – 1999 – 2014
        • Table 10 – Internet access by household – 2003 - 2016
        • Table 11 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2016
        • Table 12 – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2016
        • Table 13 – Forecast fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rates – 2011 - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table 14 – Historical - mobile subscribers, penetration and annual change – 1995 - 2005
        • Table 15 – Mobile subscribers, penetration and annual change – 2006 - 2016
        • Table 16 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2016
        • Table 17 – Forecast mobile subscribers and penetration rates – 2011 - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table 18 – Mobile operator by system launch by operator
        • Table 19 – Mobile market share by operator – 2016
        • Table 20 – Historical - MPT mobile subscribers and annual change by service type – 2008
        • Table 21 – MPT subscribers, annual change and market share – 2008 - 2016
        • Table 22 – Ooredoo mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2016
        • Table 23 – Ooredoo mobile ARPU – 2014 - 2015
        • Table 24 – Telenor mobile subscribers – 2014 – 2016
        • Table 25 – Telenor mobile ARPU – 2014 - 2015
        • Table 26 – Telenor – quarterly capital expenditure – 2014 - 2015
        • Table 27 – Key broadcasting statistics
        • Chart 1 - Fixed-line subscribers, penetration and annual change - 2006 - 2016
        • Chart 2 - Fixed broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2016
        • Chart 3 - Mobile subscribers and annual change - 2006 - 2016

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      Number of pages 39

      Status Current

      Last updated 24 Aug 2016

      Analyst: Phil Harpur

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