2013 Peru - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts

Publication Overview

Peru is one of the most promising telecom markets in Latin America, with strong growth predicted for the coming years. This annual report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Peru’s fixed-line, mobile, broadband, and pay-TV sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses and overviews;
  • Facts, figures, and statistics;
    • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Telecom infrastructure;
  • International satellites and submarine fibre optic cables;
  • Major players, revenues, subscribers, mobile ARPU;
  • Fixed broadband (ADSL, cable modem, WiMAX);
  • Internet and VoIP;
  • Convergence and triple play solutions;
  • Pay TV market;
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Next generation mobile (mobile broadband, 3G/UMTS, 4G/LTE);
  • Scenario forecasts for the fixed-line, mobile, and broadband markets for the years 2015 and 2020.

Key developments:

The Telecommunications Investment Fund FITEL provides subsidies for telecom services in rural areas and other places that are marginal to private providers; to increase competition, the telecom regulator Osiptel has cut certain interconnection fees by 68%, with rural operators being charged the lower rate; Movistar’s fixed-line subscriber base has been shrinking, while Claro has been posting double-digit growth rates; Viettel has pledged to invest US$324 million in infrastructure and set-up costs to roll out mobile services; the government's national broadband plan aims to provide internet connectivity via a fibre-optic backbone to the more remote regions of Peru; text messaging in Peru is undeveloped compared with other Latin American countries; more than half of Peru’s internet users access the internet through privately owned telecentres known as cabinas públicas; cable broadband is poorly developed in Peru, with only about 2% household penetration, but the number of subscribers is growing annually at double-digit rates.

Companies covered in this report include:

Telefónica del Perú (trading as Movistar), América Móvil Perú (trading as Claro), Nextel del Perú, Americatel Perú, Viettel Peru, Virgin Mobile, Gamacon, IDT, Convergia, Gilat To Home Perú, Rural Telecom, Valtron, Terra Perú, EMax, Yota del Perú (trading as Olo), VelaTel Peru (formerly Perusat), Star Global Com, Best Cable Peru, DirecTV.

Researcher:- Lucia Bibolini
Current publication date:- September 2013 (12th Edition)

Executive Summary

Peru’s mobile market livens up with new players and LTE rollout

BuddeComm’s yearly update of Peru - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband, and Forecasts provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications market of Peru, including the regulator’s market data for the first quarter of 2013, mobile operator data to mid-2013, other industry data, and expected market developments in the coming years.

Economic conditions

Peru’s economic expansion has made it a star performer in Latin America, but GDP per capita is still far lower than the regional average. Telecom penetration reflects the country’s poverty map. Fixed-line and mobile subscribers are highly concentrated in urban areas – particularly the capital city. Besides poverty, another challenge for Peru is the rugged topography of the Andean mountains and Amazon jungles.

Investment opportunities

Peru’s single concession regime allows for the provision of all telecom services, including fixed-line, mobile, pay TV, and internet. The government favours foreign investment and follows pro-business, pro-growth policies. With GDP expected to expand 6% annually over the next several years, Peru’s telecom sector is a promising arena for investors.

Fixed line market

Peru’s fixed-line teledensity is the third lowest in South America after Bolivia and Paraguay. Obstacles to fixed-line growth include widespread poverty, fixed-to-mobile substitution, expensive telephone services, and geographical inaccessibility in the rugged Andean mountains and lowland Amazon jungles. Trading as Movistar, Telefónica del Perú (TdP) dominates the basic telephone market. América Móvil’s Claro occupies a distant second place, and Americatel is third with only about 1% of the market.

Mobile market

Although Peru’s mobile penetration is below the regional average, it measures up favourably with the country’s GDP per capita, which is comparatively lower. Nevertheless, the country’s penetration data hides the fact that about one quarter of the population has no mobile phone at all, while many Peruvians – especially urban dwellers – have multiple mobile subscriptions.

Mobile operators

Three companies compete in the mobile market: TdP’s Movistar is the leader, América Móvil’s Claro is in second place; and third is Nextel Perú. Vietnam’s Viettel is due to become Peru’s fourth mobile network operator, with service launch expected in the second half of 2013, while Virgin Mobile plans to enter the market as a Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO).

Mobile broadband and 3G

Due to the country’s low fixed broadband penetration, 3G services are likely to boom in the coming years. With the expansion of UMTS networks and the declining price of laptops and smartphones, we expect mobile broadband and 3G phone-based internet browsing to escalate.

Broadband market

Fixed broadband subscriber penetration in Peru is considerably lower than average for Latin America. In a country where internet user penetration used to be remarkably high in the days of dial-up, the poor development of fixed broadband may seem surprising. Reasons for the shortcoming are several. Besides the obvious barriers – such as poverty, limited levels of literacy, low computer penetration, and rugged topography – perhaps the biggest problems is the lack of competition, which has made broadband in Peru one of the slowest and most expensive in the region. However, the government's national broadband plan, enacted into law in July 2012, is expected to drive strong market growth in the coming years.

Peru’s fixed-line, broadband, and mobile statistics – 2011 - 2013

Sector

2011

2012

2013 (e)

Fixed-lines in service

Teledensity per capita

9.8%

10.2%

10.2%

Broadband

Penetration per capita

4.0%

4.7%

5.3%

Mobile telephony subscribers

Penetration per capita

89.1%

98.1%

99.5%

(Source: BuddeComm based on industry data)

Market Highlights

  • Movistar and Entel won spectrum for LTE services at a public auction held in July 2013, and are required to roll out LTE services by mid-2014.
  • Entel Chile, already owner of fixed-line operator Americatel Peru, completed the acquisition of Nextel Peru in August 2013.
  • Following the successful implementation of Mobile Number Portability, the government has ruled that Fixed Number Portability will be launched by mid-2014.
  • Conditions for the renewal of Movistar’s licence, concluded in January 2013, include investments of about US$1.15 billion to expand coverage to unserviced areas as well as the provision of free broadband connections to state schools, healthcare centres, and police stations.
  • The Telefónica group approved the merger by absorption of TdP’s three subsidiaries TEM Perú, Telefónica Multimedia, and Star Global Com into TdP, but regulatory approval is still pending.
  • China’s VelaTel is looking to sell WiMAX (LTE ready) operator VelaTel Peru (formerly Perusat).

This report is essential reading for those needing high-level strategic information and objective analysis on the telecom sector in Peru. It provides further information on:

  • Regulatory environment;
  • Economic trend and its impact on telecommunications;
  • Telecoms operators – consolidations, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Company performances and ARPU statistics;
  • Analyses of Peru’s broadband and mobile sectors, including future outlook;
  • 3G developments, regulatory issues and technologies including HSPA and LTE;
  • Law for the Promotion of Broadband and for the Construction of a National Fibre-Optic Backbone;
  • Historical and current subscriber statistics and forecasts.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key Statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
      • 1.1.1 Outlook
  • 2. Telecommunications Market
    • 2.1 Overview of Peru’s telecom market
    • 2.2 Market analysis – 2012
  • 3. Regulatory Environment
    • 3.1 Background
    • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
      • 3.2.1 Ministry of Transport, Communications, Housing and Construction (MTC)
      • 3.2.2 Osiptel
    • 3.3 Telecommunications Investment Fund (FITEL)
    • 3.4 Multicarrier system
    • 3.5 Interconnect
    • 3.6 Differentiated interconnection charges
    • 3.7 Access
    • 3.8 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • 3.9 Fixed-line tariffs
    • 3.10 Single concession regime
    • 3.11 Telefónica del Perú’s contract
  • 4. Fixed Network Operators
    • 4.1 Overview of operators
      • 4.1.1 Local fixed-line service
      • 4.1.2 Long-distance fixed-line service
    • 4.2 Movistar Perú (Telefónica)
    • 4.3 Claro Perú (América Móvil)
    • 4.4 Americatel Perú
    • 4.5 Gilat To Home Perú (GHP)
  • 5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
    • 5.1 National telecom network
      • 5.1.1 Fixed-line statistics
      • 5.1.2 Public payphones
      • 5.1.3 Rural telephony and FITEL
      • 5.1.4 Copper cable theft
    • 5.2 International infrastructure
      • 5.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 5.2.2 Satellite networks
    • 5.3 Infrastructure developments
      • 5.3.1 Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT)
      • 5.3.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 5.3.3 CDMA 450
      • 5.3.4 IP and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
    • 5.4 Wholesale
  • 6. Broadband Market
    • 6.1 Overview
      • 6.1.1 Fixed broadband statistics
      • 6.1.2 Fixed broadband market analysis
      • 6.1.3 Cabinas públicas
    • 6.2 Government initiatives
      • 6.2.1 One Laptop per Child project
      • 6.2.2 FITEL broadband plans
      • 6.2.3 National Fibre-Optic Backbone
    • 6.3 ISPs and broadband players
    • 6.4 Cable modems
    • 6.5 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
    • 6.6 Wireless broadband
      • 6.6.1 WiMAX
    • 6.7 Fibre-to-the-home (FttH) networks
    • 6.8 Media convergence
    • 6.9 E-commerce
  • 7. Digital Media / Digital Economy
    • 7.1 Broadcasting
      • 7.1.1 Pay TV overview
      • 7.1.2 Cable TV
      • 7.1.3 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
      • 7.1.4 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
  • 8. Mobile Communications
    • 8.1 Overview of Peru’s mobile market
      • 8.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 8.2 Regulatory issues
      • 8.2.1 Spectrum regulations
      • 8.2.2 Spectrum auctions and awards
      • 8.2.3 Mobile licence renewals
      • 8.2.4 SIM card registration
    • 8.3 Mobile technologies
      • 8.3.1 Overview
      • 8.3.2 Second Generation (2G) mobile (GSM/CDMA/iDEN)
      • 8.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile (UMTS)
      • 8.3.4 Long Term Evolution (LTE)
    • 8.4 Major mobile operators
      • 8.4.1 Movistar Perú (Telefónica Móviles Perú)
      • 8.4.2 Claro Perú (América Móvil)
      • 8.4.3 Nextel Perú (Entel Chile)
      • 8.4.4 Viettel Peru
    • 8.5 Mobile Messaging
      • 8.5.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
    • 8.6 Mobile broadband
    • 8.7 Mobile satellite
  • 9. Forecasts
    • 9.1 Forecasts – fixed-line market 2015; 2020
      • 9.1.1 Scenario 1 – higher fixed line growth
      • 9.1.2 Scenario 2 – lower fixed line growth
    • 9.2 Forecasts – fixed broadband market 2015; 2020
      • 9.2.1 Scenario 1 – higher broadband growth
      • 9.2.2 Scenario 2 – lower broadband growth
    • 9.3 Forecasts – mobile market 2015; 2020
      • 9.3.1 Scenario 1 – higher mobile market growth
      • 9.3.2 Scenario 2 – lower mobile market growth
      • Table 1 – Country statistics Peru – 2012
      • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2012
      • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2012
      • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2012
      • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2012
      • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
      • Table 7 – Evolution of GDP in Peru – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 8 – Fixed and mobile market share - 1997 - 2012
      • Table 9 – Percentage of households with access to ICT services - 2005 - 2012
      • Table 10 – Telecommunications revenue – 2001 - 2016
      • Table 11 – Number of licences per service – 1997; 2001; 2007; 2010; 2011
      • Table 12 – Fixed lines in service – operator market share – 2001 - 2013
      • Table 13 – Domestic long distance traffic – operator market share – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 14 – International long distance traffic (outgoing ) – operator market share – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 15 – Movistar – fixed lines in service – 2001 - 2013
      • Table 16 – Claro – fixed lines in service – 2001 - 2013
      • Table 17 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1997 - 2013
      • Table 18 – Public telephones – 1997 - 2013
      • Table 19 – Internet users and user penetration rate – 1997 - 2013
      • Table 20 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rates – 1999 - 2013
      • Table 21 – Fixed broadband technologies – market share – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 22 – Broadband operators’ market share – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 23 – Cable modem subscribers – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 24 – ADSL subscribers – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 25 – Peru – B2C e-commerce spending – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 26 – Pay TV subscribers and penetration rates – 1998 - 2013
      • Table 27 – Pay TV operators’ market share – 2002 - 2013
      • Table 28 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1997 - 2013
      • Table 29 – Mobile market share by operator – 1997 - 2013
      • Table 30 – Mobile ARPU in Peru – major operators – 2009 - 2012
      • Table 31 – Mobile prepaid/postpaid ratio – 2001 - 2013
      • Table 32 – Movistar – mobile subscribers – 2001 - 2013
      • Table 33 – Claro – mobile subscribers – 2001 - 2013
      • Table 34 – Nextel subscribers – 2001 - 2013
      • Table 35 – SMS by operator – 2004 - 2013
      • Table 36 – Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 37 – Forecast fixed line growth – higher growth scenario – 2015; 2020
      • Table 38 – Forecast fixed line growth – lower growth scenario – 2015; 2020
      • Table 39 – Forecast broadband subscribers – higher growth scenario – 2015; 2020
      • Table 40 – Forecast broadband subscribers – lower growth scenario – 2015; 2020
      • Table 41 – Forecast mobile subscribers – higher growth scenario – 2015; 2020
      • Table 42 – Forecast mobile subscribers – lower growth scenario – 2015; 2020
      • Chart 1 – Fixed and mobile subscribers at a glance – 2000 - 2012
      • Chart 2 – Evolution of telecom revenue at a glance – 2003 – 2014
      • Chart 3 – Fixed-line market share at a glance – March 2013
      • Chart 4 – Evolution of fixed lines in Peru – 2000 – 2013
      • Chart 5 – Fixed broadband technologies – market share at a glance – 2003 - 2013
      • Chart 6 – Operators’ market share at a glance – 2013
      • Chart 7 – Pay TV market share at a glance – 2009 - 2013
      • Chart 8 – Mobile operators’ market share at a glance – March 2013
      • Exhibit 1 – Map of Peru
      • Exhibit 2 – Telefónica del Perú at a glance
      • Exhibit 3 – Movistar rebranding
      • Exhibit 4 – Claro Perú at a glance
      • Exhibit 5 – América Móvil Perú/Telmex Perú – company history
      • Exhibit 6 – Bands and spectrum
      • Exhibit 7 – Telefónica Móviles Perú at a glance
      • Exhibit 8 – Claro Perú at a glance
      • Exhibit 9 – Nextel Perú at a glance

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