2007 Western European Broadband Market

Publication Overview

This annual report offers the latest data, statistics and analysis on the Broadband and Internet markets in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Malta, The Netherlands, Luxembourg, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Subjects include:

  • Broadband Infrastructure, Analyses and Developments;
  • Policies and models in broadbanding Western Europe;
  • Municipal, Regional and International Copper and Fibre Networks;
  • Internet Market, Broadband Market shares;
  • Research, Marketing, Benchmarking;
  • Government, municipal and regional support infrastructure;
  • Network Operators, Wholesalers and Retailers;
  • xDSL, Satellite Internet, Cable Modems, Cable Telephony;
  • Technological developments – ADSL2+, VDSL;
  • Wireless Broadband;
  • Fibre networks;
  • Regulatory issues;
  • Broadband Powerline Strategies and Deployments.

Executive Summary

This report covers recent developments in Western Europe’s fixed and wireless broadband market. It presents the latest statistics on both a regional and national level, assesses the relative strengths of the principal delivery platforms, and analyses the market conditions which will affect how broadband is likely to progress to the end of the decade. During 2007 cable consolidation in a number of important markets, notably the UK, Germany and The Netherlands, strengthened the position of the major cablecos as they compete against DSL providers. DSL still dominates the provision of broadband in all European Union markets to a greater of lesser extent. Technological developments and the large-scale deployments of faster ADSL2+ and VDSL networks throughout the region have driven broadband into a greater number of homes as entertainment becomes increasingly dependent on IP-delivered content. Municipal and national governments have also encouraged broadband infrastructure upgrades as a means of securing local jobs and improving social access to a range of services including education and health care. Cable operators have responded to the growing reach of ADSL2+ by upgrading networks and developing the DOCSIS 3.0 standard to provide broadband at up to 100Mb/s, sufficient to meet foreseeable home bandwidth requirements and to match competing DSL offers. The markets covered in this report include:


Finland

Finland is ahead of most of Europe in the use and development of broadband. Broadband penetration, even though the country’s multi-platform competitive environment is not as strong as in other markets: in 2007 cable represented only 12.6% of all broadband connections. In 2007 Internet use was the third highest in Europe, while more than half of all households had a computer. Internet growth has been driven by access prices which are among the lowest in the OECD and below the EU average. The popularity of DSL is partly explained by fast download speeds as the main providers continue to invest in network upgrades. A few companies have invested in VDSL networks, including the regional telco Päijät-Hämeen Puhelin in March 2007 and the ISP Nebula in Helsinki (July 2007). While broadband availability has become near-universal the focus has shifted to the quality and speed of connections: about 30% of broadband subscriptions have a transfer speed of 2Mb/s or higher, and the government has aimed for the majority of connections to reach at least 8Mb/s by early 2008. In addition, spectrum in the 450MHz band which was freed up with the closure of analogue NMT 450 mobile systems has been turned over for digital wireless services operated by Digita: about 80% population coverage was expected by June 2008, and the entire territory by December 2009. This would make Finland the world’s first country with a national wireless broadband network. For the country overview, see chapter 5, page 50.


France

France has the third largest broadband subscriber base in Europe. Growth in 2007 was bolstered by demand for high bandwidth applications, considerable investment in fibre infrastructure, and a pro-competitive regulator which has provided easy access to the incumbent’s network for new entrants through local loop unbundling. By June 2007 LLU was available to around 63% of installed lines, making France the second largest ADSL market in Europe. Growth in the broadband market has slowed since 2006 as penetration has increased, but remained a healthy 30% in 2007. During the next few years the focus for investment and customer acquisition is likely to move to fibre: France has one of the most vibrant fibre markets in Europe with the main providers such as Free and neuf Cegetel investing billions of Euro in networks in and around Paris and major cities. Their activities have forced France Telecom to rethink its fibre strategy in a bid to keep up with the new entrants, and to call for all fibre deployments to be open access. For the country overview, see chapter 6, page 59.


Germany

Germany has the second largest Internet and broadband market in Europe, supported by a large and wealthy population which has been a strong catalyst for driving IP-delivered content and services. On a European level, Germany has fallen behind its neighbours in broadband penetration. Heel-dragging by the incumbent DT, though still evident in its VDSL plans, has been more aggressively challenged by the regulator than hitherto, with positive results for wholesale and bitstream access. The vast majority of broadband connections in 2007 are via DSL, with while cable accounted for less than 3% of subscribers despite the extensive cable networks. However, the cable sector has been further consolidated through mergers and acquisitions: in October 2007 KDG bought 1.2 million subscribers from Orion Group in eight States. These moves have helped positioned cablecos to compete with DT through network upgrades and triple play offers. Municipal networks such as NetCologne offer effective alternatives to DT, resulting in the incumbent being squeezed out of a growing number of communities: DT has lost millions of fixed-line customers since 2006. The company’s contentious regulatory holiday on its hybrid fibre / VDSL network has (temporarily) locked out competitor access, but legal action from the EC may force though wholesale access during 2008, so stimulating broadband development through encouraging greater competition. For the country overview, see chapter 7, page 82.


Ireland

Ireland’s Internet and broadband markets are underdeveloped by European standards, partly due to poor competition and limited coverage in many non-urban areas. However, government efforts to improve local loop unbundling and wholesale access has meant that growth in 2007 was strong. DSL accounted for about 72% of total broadband subscribers in 2007. In terms of broadband cost, Ireland compared well relative to the EU27 for entry-level DSL in 2007, ranking fifth. Nevertheless, data speeds remain comparatively slow. In May 2007 the government launched its National Broadband Scheme, a five-year technology-neutral contract worth some €435 million aimed at providing broadband for the 15-20% of citizens who would be unable to access broadband even if all exchanges were upgraded. For the country overview, see chapter 9, page 104.


Italy

The Italian broadband landscape differs from other major European countries because of the absence of cable infrastructure, yet nevertheless a high take-up of local loop unbundling has promoted considerable competition within the DSL sector, while the fibre sector is among the most vibrant in Europe - companies such as FASTWEB are aggressively built out fibre networks, supplemented by WiMAX and DSL based on LLU for areas not covered by fibre. This strong competition brought Telecom Italia’s share of broadband connections down to 63% by July 2007. For the country overview, see chapter 10, page 120.


Netherlands

Dutch broadband penetration is one of the highest in the world, the result of large-scale government and municipal investment in broadband deployments. The country has effective inter-platform competition, with a strong DSL and cable presence. In 2007 KPN agreed an alternative to the MDFs being phased-out as part of its national Next Generation Network, covering unbundled access, wholesale broadband access and SDF backhaul. The company negotiated a Memorandum of Understanding with three of its main retail customers for access to the All-IP network. The cable sector has seen considerable consolidation, providing synergies to present a stronger competitive force to KPN. In mid-2007 Casema, Multikabel and @Home merged part of their operations to form Zesko. For the country overview, see chapter 13, page 144.


Norway

The number of Internet users and broadband subscribers has grown sharply during the last two years. Most of the population is densely urban, which makes it more economically viable for providers to upgrade networks. Remote communities are generally served by municipal investments in local networks. DSL accounted for about 79% of all broadband connections in 2007, with cable taking 14%. Norway’s topography is suited to wireless access, and the country is a leader in Europe in this sector, with a wireless broadband market share of about 3%. More than 50 municipalities and as many local hydro power electricity companies offered broadband in 2007. For the country overview, see chapter 14, page 160.


Spain

In 2007 Spain’s broadband penetration reached the European average. Telefónica dominates the DSL infrastructure and commanded 61% of broadband revenue in mid-2007. The country is still plagued by high access prices, while relatively few subscribers have fast services despite extensive ADSL2+ upgrades during the year. In July 2007 the EC fined Telefónica €151.9 million for breaking anti-trust laws. The move heightened regulatory efforts the increase competitive pressure in the sector. For the country overview, see chapter 16, page 177.


Sweden

Sweden has one of the highest broadband penetration rates in Europe, the result of an effective government broadband policy and a population quick to adopt emerging technologies. Considerable investment in fast mobile networks has also made mobile broadband a realistic proposition. The share of dial-up revenue fell from 72% in 2001 to 9% in 2006, and in 2007 TeliaSonera stopped providing dial-up for new subscribers. Most of Sweden’s 289 municipalities operate their own networks, all of which will be interconnected with fibre by 2010. Sweden is one of the world’s leading countries for fibre deployment, largely due to the population density in a small geographical area - more than 50% of the country’s workforce lives within the three main cities, many in apartment buildings. TeliaSonera in early 2007 committed itself to building a 100Mb/s fibre service to Sweden’s 15 largest cities. For the country overview, see chapter 17, page 189.


Switzerland

Switzerland retains one of the highest Internet and broadband penetration rates in Europe. Most connections are through DSL: the country’s mountainous terrain, which prevented adequate terrestrial reception, encouraged investments in cable networks but by mid-2007 cable broadband accounted for about 35% of all broadband connections, down from about 75% in 2000. Broadband data speeds remain relatively slow - the fastest speed from Cablecom in 2007 was 10Mb/s while Swisscom offered up to 15Mb/s. Swisscom has begun to build out municipal fibre in the main cities, providing 20Mb/s via its hybrid VDSL network. May 2007 the In Confederation and cantons agreed on a broadband strategy to 2010, focussed on e-heath and e-government initiatives. For the country overview, see chapter 18, page 202.


The UK

The UK has a fiercely competitive broadband market, with comprehensive DSL complemented by 50% population coverage from Virgin Media. The country pioneered the ‘free’ broadband model, while during 2007 broadband has also been provided by broadcasters (BSkyB) and mobile operators (O2, Vodafone). The market has been characterised by falling prices and increasing consumer migration to services of at least 2Mb/s, while 10Mb/s will become increasingly common in 2007. Nearly all exchanges have been upgraded either by the incumbent or through local government initiatives, while local loop unbundling has shown spectacular growth, allowing more than 200 service providers to compete with BT. In October 2007 Ofcom launched a consultation on whether the country should develop a nationwide fibre network to accommodate consumer demand for bandwidth. A national fibre network would have a major impact on the economy, and would require up to £15 billion to build. For the country overview, see chapter 19, page 210.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Table of Contents

1.OVERVIEW OF WESTERN EUROPE’S BROADBAND MARKET
1.1Europe’s broadband market
1.1.1Overview
1.1.2Market forecasts
1.2Analysis of Europe’s broadband market
1.2.1Regulatory and government support
1.3Cable broadband in Europe
1.3.1Standards
1.3.2Analysis of Europe’s cable broadband market
1.4Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) in Europe
1.4.1Market overview
1.4.2Availability
1.4.3Costs
1.4.4Naked DSL
1.4.5ADSL2+
1.5Wireless broadband
1.5.1Market overview
1.5.2WiFi/WiMAX
1.5.3Internet via satellite
1.5.4Local Multipoint Distribution Service (LMDS)
2.AUSTRIA
2.1Overview
2.1.1Regulating wholesale access
2.1.2Wholesale market
2.1.3Broadband statistics
2.1.4Regional broadband
2.2Cable modems
2.2.1UPC Austria
2.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
2.4Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
2.5Broadband Powerline (BPL)
2.6Wireless broadband
2.6.1Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
2.6.2450MHz frequency band
2.6.3Wireless LANs/WiFi
2.6.4WiMAX
2.6.5Internet via satellite
2.7Broadband forecasts to 2017
2.7.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
2.7.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
2.7.3Government support
3.BELGIUM
3.1Overview
3.1.1Broadband statistics
3.2Cable modems
3.2.1Telenet
3.2.2UPC (chello)
3.2.3Interkabel
3.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
3.3.1Belgacom’s DSL services
3.3.2Versatel/Tele2
3.3.3Mobistar
3.4Other DSL developments
3.4.1SDSL
3.4.2VDSL
3.4.3G.SHDSL
3.5Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
3.5.1Digital Metropolis Antwerp
3.6Broadband Powerline (BPL)
3.7Wireless broadband
3.7.1Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
3.7.2WLAN/WiFi
3.7.3WiMAX
3.8Broadband forecasts to 2017
3.8.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
3.8.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
4.DENMARK
4.1Overview
4.1.1Regulatory issues
4.1.2Broadband statistics
4.2Cable modems
4.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
4.3.1Very High Speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
4.4Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
4.4.1Community networks
4.5Broadband Powerline (BPL)
4.6Wireless broadband
4.6.1WiMAX
4.6.2Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
4.6.3Satellite
4.7Broadband forecasts to 2017
4.7.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
4.7.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
5.FINLAND
5.1Overview
5.1.1Regional broadband
5.1.2Government support
5.1.3Broadband statistics
5.2Cable modems
5.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
5.3.1Very High Speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
5.4Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
5.5Broadband Powerline (BPL)
5.6Wireless broadband
5.6.1Wireless LANS
5.6.2WiMAX/WiFi
5.6.3Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
5.7Broadband forecasts to 2017
5.7.1Scenario 1 –stronger broadband subscriber growth
5.7.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
6.FRANCE
6.1Overview
6.1.1Local Loop Unbundling (LLU)
6.1.2Wholesale access
6.1.3Pricing
6.1.4Government support
6.1.5Leased line market
6.1.6Broadband statistics
6.2Internet market
6.2.1Overview
6.3Cable modems
6.3.1Cable consolidation
6.3.2Numéricable
6.3.3France Telecom Cable
6.3.4UPC France
6.4Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
6.4.1ADSL2+
6.4.2France Telecom
6.4.3Free (Iliad)
6.4.4Telecom Italia
6.4.5neuf Cegetel
6.5Other DSL developments (xDSL)
6.5.1READSL2
6.5.2Very High Data Rate Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
6.5.3Symmetric Digital Subscriber Lines (SDSL)
6.6Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
6.6.1Overview
6.6.2Regulatory issues
6.6.3France Telecom
6.6.4Iliad (Free)
6.6.5neuf Cegetel
6.6.6Municipal drive – Paris
6.6.7The Pau Project
6.7Broadband Powerline (BPL)
6.8Wireless broadband
6.8.1Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
6.8.2WiMAX players
6.8.3WLAN/WiFi
6.8.4Public Analogue Mobile Radio (PAMR)
6.8.5Internet via satellite
6.9Broadband forecasts to 2017
6.9.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
6.9.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
7.GERMANY
7.1Overview
7.1.1Government support
7.1.2Broadband statistics
7.2Cable modems
7.2.1Cable market consolidation
7.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
7.3.1T-DSL
7.3.2Other service providers
7.3.3ADSL2+
7.3.4VDSL
7.4Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
7.4.1Deutsche Telekom (DT)
7.4.2Other operators
7.5Broadband Powerline (BPL)
7.5.1Energie Baden-Wurttemberg
7.5.2Vype (Mannheim)
7.5.3Power Plus Communications (PPC. AG)
7.5.4DREWAG (Dresden)
7.6Wireless broadband
7.6.1Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
7.6.2WiMAX/WiFi
7.6.3Operators
7.6.4Wireless LANS
7.6.5Broadband Wireless Access (BWA)
7.6.6PAMR
7.6.7Internet via satellite
7.7Broadband forecasts to 2017
7.7.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
7.7.2Scenario 2 – slower broadband subscriber growth
8.ICELAND
8.1Overview
8.1.1Broadband statistics
8.2Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
8.3Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
8.4Broadband Powerline (BPL)
8.5Wireless broadband
8.5.1Local Multipoint Distribution Services (LMDS)
8.5.2WiFi/WiMAX
8.6Broadband forecasts to 2017
8.6.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
8.6.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
9.IRELAND
9.1Overview
9.1.1Delivering access
9.1.2National Development Plan to 2013
9.1.3Resistance to broadband
9.1.4Addressing the problem
9.1.5Government networks
9.1.6Other providers
9.1.7Broadband statistics
9.1.8Government support
9.1.9Wholesale bitstream
9.2Cable modems
9.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
9.3.1Alternative operators
9.3.2ADSL2+
9.3.3Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
9.3.4Broadband Powerline (BPL)
9.3.5Wireless broadband
9.3.6WiFibre
9.3.7Internet via satellite
9.4Broadband forecasts to 2017
9.4.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
9.4.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
10.ITALY
10.1Overview
10.1.1Broadband statistics
10.1.2Government support
10.1.3Regional development
10.2Cable modems
10.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
10.3.1Wholesale market
10.3.2Telecom Italia
10.3.3FASTWEB
10.3.4Tiscali
10.3.5Wind
10.3.6ADSL2+
10.3.7Naked DSL
10.4Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
10.4.1FASTWEB
10.5Wireless broadband
10.5.1Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
10.5.2Wireless LANs/WiFi
10.5.3WiMAX
10.5.4Internet via satellite
10.6Broadband forecasts to 2017
10.6.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
10.6.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
11.LUXEMBOURG
11.1Overview
11.1.1Broadband statistics
11.2Cable modems
11.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
11.4Wireless broadband
11.4.1Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
11.4.2WLAN/WiFi
11.5Internet via satellite
11.6Broadband forecasts to 2017
11.6.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
11.6.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
12.MALTA
12.1Overview
12.1.1Broadband statistics
12.1.2Bitstream access: DSL and cable networks
12.2Cable modems
12.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
12.4Satellite
12.5Wireless broadband
12.5.1WiFi
12.5.2WiMAX
12.6Wholesaling
12.7Broadband forecasts to 2017
12.7.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
12.7.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
13.NETHERLANDS
13.1Overview
13.1.1Wholesale broadband access
13.1.2Broadband statistics
13.1.3Government support
13.2Cable modems
13.2.1Casema
13.2.2UPC Broadband
13.2.3Essent Kabelcom
13.2.4Multikabel
13.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
13.3.1Leased lines
13.3.2ADSL2+
13.3.3VDSL
13.3.4Rival networks
13.4Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
13.4.1Government, councils and telcos involved
13.5Broadband Powerline (BPL)
13.6Wireless broadband
13.6.1‘Peoples’ network
13.6.2Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
13.6.3Wireless LANS/WiFi
13.6.4WiMAX
13.6.5Internet via satellite
13.7Broadband forecasts to 2017
13.7.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
13.7.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
14.NORWAY
14.1Overview
14.1.1Broadband in regional Norway
14.1.2Høykom program
14.1.3Broadband statistics
14.2Cable modems
14.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
14.3.1Telenor
14.3.2NextGenTel
14.4Other DSL developments
14.4.1Symmetric High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line (SHDSL)
14.4.2ADSL2+
14.5Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
14.6Broadband Powerline (BPL)
14.7Wireless broadband
14.7.1Wireless broadband 2.3GHz band
14.7.2Wireless LANs
14.7.3WiFi
14.7.4WiMAX
14.7.5Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
14.7.6Internet via satellite
14.8Broadband forecasts to 2015
14.8.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
14.8.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
15.PORTUGAL
15.1Overview
15.1.1Broadband statistics
15.2Cable modems
15.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
15.3.1ADSL2+
15.3.2Wholesale
15.3.3Wholesale prices and retail price difference
15.4Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
15.5Broadband over Powerline (BPL)
15.6Wireless broadband
15.6.1Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
15.6.2WiFi
15.7Broadband forecasts to 2017
15.7.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
15.7.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
16.SPAIN
16.1Overview
16.1.1Broadband statistics
16.1.2Government initiatives
16.2Cable modems
16.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
16.3.1ADSL2+
16.4Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
16.4.1Asturcón network
16.4.222@Barcelona project
16.5Wireless broadband
16.5.1Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
16.5.2WiFi
16.5.3WiMAX
16.5.4Internet via satellite
16.6Broadband Powerline (BPL)
16.7Broadband forecasts to 2017
16.7.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
16.7.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
17.SWEDEN
17.1Overview
17.1.1Government support
17.1.2Broadband strategy – 2010
17.1.3Competition
17.1.4Broadband statistics
17.2Cable modems
17.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
17.3.1Regulatory concerns
17.3.2ADSL2+
17.3.3VDSL2+
17.4Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
17.4.1Overview
17.4.2Bredbandsbolaget
17.4.3PiteEnergi
17.5Broadband Powerline (BPL)
17.6Wireless broadband
17.6.1Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
17.6.2Wireless LANS
17.6.3WiFi/WiMAX
17.6.4Satellite
17.7Broadband forecasts to 2017
17.7.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
17.7.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
18.SWITZERLAND
18.1Overview
18.1.1Government strategy
18.1.2Broadband statistics
18.2Cable modems
18.2.1Cablecom
18.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
18.3.1Swisscom
18.3.2TDC Switzerland
18.3.3Cybernet
18.3.4VDSL
18.4Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
18.4.1Broadband Powerline (BPL)
18.4.2Wireless broadband
18.5Broadband forecasts to 2017
18.5.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
18.5.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
19.UNITED KINGDOM
19.1Overview
19.1.1Emerging trends
19.1.2Broadband statistics
19.1.3Government support
19.2Cable modems
19.3Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
19.3.1BT products
19.3.2‘Free’ broadband offers
19.3.3Broadband faster and cheaper
19.3.4Broadband providers
19.3.5ADSL2+
19.3.6SDSL
19.3.7VDSL
19.4Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
19.4.1Fibre access and Community Broadband Access networks
19.4.2BT’s FttH trial
19.4.3Other developments
19.5Broadband Powerline (BPL)
19.5.1Broadband over the Electricity Network (BoEN)
19.5.2Scottish and Southern Energy (SSE)
19.6Wireless broadband
19.6.1Regulatory environment
19.6.2Spectrum 2.6GHz
19.6.3Spectrum 3.4GHz
19.6.4Spectrum 3.5-4.2GHz
19.6.5Spectrum 5.8GHz
19.6.6Spectrum 28GHz
19.6.7Spectrum 71-86GHz
19.6.8WLAN/WiFi
19.6.9WiMAX
19.6.10Internet via satellite
19.7Broadband forecasts to 2017
19.7.1Scenario 1 – stronger broadband subscriber growth
19.7.2Scenario 2 – weaker broadband subscriber growth
20.GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS
Exhibit 1 – DSL services and equivalent data rates - 2007
Exhibit 2 – WLL licences in 3.5GHz spectrum in Austria – 2004
Exhibit 3 – 450MHz frequency allocation procedure in Austria – 2006
Exhibit 4 – WiMAX spectrum licenses in Belgium – 2001 - 2005
Exhibit 5 – Orange and SFR WiFi plans compared
Exhibit 6 – Plan of action and targets in the Netherlands – 2003 - 2015
Exhibit 7 – Narrowband and broadband wireless licensees in Spain – 2005
Exhibit 8 – BT wholesale DSL products – 2007
Exhibit 9 – Wireless opportunities in the UK
Exhibit 10 – WLAN operator business models in the UK - 2007


Table 1 – Incumbents’ broadband market share, DSL and resale – October 2006
Table 2 – Internet users, growth and penetration – June 2007
Table 3 – Broadband access lines and growth in Europe – 2002 - 2007
Table 4 – Broadband access lines by type; penetration – March 2007
Table 5 – Other broadband access lines by type – June 2007
Table 6 – Why the average home will soon require 50Mb/s to the home
Table 7 – Broadband top speed and cost per Mb/s – April 2007
Table 8 – LLU and shared access lines – 2004 - 2007
Table 9 – Average monthly LLU and shared access cost in Europe – 2004 - 2006
Table 10 – Broadband access lines by type – June 2007
Table 11 – EU wholesale access lines - 2003 - 2007
Table 12 – New entrants’ DSL lines by type of access - July 2007
Table 13 – Incumbents’ broadband, DSL, non-DSL market share – 2003 - 2007
Table 14 – Cable modem subscribers in select countries – 2002 - 2007
Table 15 – Public hotspots per 100,000 population select Western European countries – 2006
Table 16 – Main broadband satellite markets – 2006 – 2007
Table 17 – Bitstream access lines in Austria – 2005 - 2006
Table 18 – Unbundled loops and access lines in Austria – 2004 - 2007
Table 19 – Telekom Austria wholesale and retail broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2007
Table 20 – Leased line revenue by segment in Austria – 2005*
Table 21 – Internet user growth and penetration in Austria – 1995 - 2007
Table 22 – Total broadband subscribers by access type in Austria – 2002 - 2007
Table 23 – Retail broadband connections by infrastructure in Austria – 2004 - 2007
Table 24 – Wholesale broadband connections by infrastructure in Austria – 2004 - 2007
Table 25 – Revenue from retail and wholesale broadband connections (€) in Austria – 2004 - 2007
Table 26 – Wholesale broadband connections in Austria – 2004 - 2006
Table 27 – Telekom Austria market share of broadband lines – 2004 - 2006
Table 28 – Telekabel broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2007
Table 29 – UPC Austria broadband revenue – 2006 - 2007
Table 30 – Telekom Austria ADSL subscribers – 2004 - 2007
Table 31 – ADSL subscribers and annual change in Austria – 2000 - 2007
Table 32 – Telekom Austria Internet subscribers and annual change – 2000 - 2006
Table 33 – Telekom Austria broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2007
Table 34 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Austria – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 35 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Austria – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 36 – New broadband lines per year/day in Belgium – 2004 - 2007
Table 37 – Internet users and penetration in Belgium – 1995 – 2007
Table 38 – Broadband subscribers and penetration (cable modem & DSL) in Belgium – 2000 - 2007
Table 39 – Broadband market share by sector in Belgium – 2002 - 2005
Table 40 – Cable modem subscribers in Belgium – 2000 - 2006
Table 41 – Telenet broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2007
Table 42 – UPC Belgium subscribers – 2006
Table 43 – ADSL subscribers in Belgium – 2000 - 2007
Table 44 – Belgacom ADSL subscribers – 2000 - 2007
Table 45 – Bitstream and wholesale subscribers in Belgium – 2002 - 2007
Table 46 – WLL broadband subscribers in Belgium – 2005 - 2007
Table 47 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Belgium – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 48 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Belgium – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 49 – Broadband coverage by technology in Denmark – 2001; 2003; 2007
Table 50 – ADSL, cable and LAN penetration - municipalities and penetration of households / businesses in Denmark – 2002 - 2005
Table 51 – Municipal broadband availability by access type in Denmark - 2006
Table 52 – New entrant broadband lines by type in Denmark – October 2006
Table 53 – Internet users and penetration in Denmark – 1996 - 2007
Table 54 – Internet subscriptions by customer type in Denmark – 2004 - 2006
Table 55 – Internet subscriptions by customer type - market share in Denmark – 2004 - 2006
Table 56 – Total broadband subscribers per cable modem, xDSL and penetration in Denmark – 2001 - 2007
Table 57 – Broadband subscribers by alternative technologies in Denmark – 2005 - 2006
Table 58 – Broadband subscriber market shares by operator in Denmark – 2004 - 2006
Table 59 – Broadband subscribers by operator in Denmark – 2003 - 2006
Table 60 – Cable download speed by subscriber in Denmark – 2004 - 2006
Table 61 – Cable broadband service provider market shares by operator in Denmark – 2004 - 2006
Table 62 – TDC broadband subscribers (thousand) & annual change – Q2 2007
Table 63 – TDC broadband accesses by type – October 2006
Table 64 – TeliaSonera Denmark broadband subscribers and ARPU – 2002 - 2007
Table 65 – Proportion of DSL subscribers by data rate in Denmark – 2004 - 2006
Table 66 – DSL subscribers by data rate in Denmark – 2005 - 2006
Table 67 – DSL market share by operator in Denmark – 2004 - 2006
Table 68 – DSL subscriptions by access type in Denmark – 2004 - 2006
Table 69 – Fibre broadband subscribers in Denmark – 2005 - 2007
Table 70 – BPL subscribers in Denmark – 2005
Table 71 – Wireless broadband subscribers by technology in Denmark – 2005 - 2006
Table 72 – TDC subscribers per ADSL and cable modem – 2005
Table 73 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Denmark – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 74 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Denmark – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 75 – Broadband access prices (€) by speed in Finland – 2003 - 2006
Table 76 – Internet users and penetration in Finland – 1995 - 2007
Table 77 – Broadband subscribers and penetration – cable, DSL in Finland – 2000 - 2007
Table 78 – Broadband subscribers by technology (regulator data) in Finland – 2000 - 2007
Table 79 – Broadband subscribers - WLAN, BPL and cable in Finland – 2004 - 2007
Table 80 – Broadband penetration by technology in Finland – 2004 - 2006
Table 81 – Broadband lines by technology in Finland – October 2006
Table 82 – Broadband market share by operator in Finland – June 2007
Table 83 – TeliaSonera Internet and broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2007
Table 84 – WLAN subscribers in Finland – 2004 - 2007
Table 85 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Finland – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 86 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Finland – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 87 – Internet user ARPU in France – 2004 - 2006
Table 88 – Internet users and penetration in France – 1995 - 2007
Table 89 – Percentage of households with Internet access in France – 1997 - 2007
Table 90 – Access lines, LLU and bitstream (regulator data) in France – 2006 - 2007
Table 91 – Average monthly broadband and dial-up subscription cost in France – 2002 - 2006
Table 92 – Internet revenue by access type in France - 1998 - 2006
Table 93 – Dial-up Internet and broadband revenue and annual change in France – 2005 - 2006
Table 94 – Internet subscribers by type and annual change (regulator data) in France – 2005 - 2006
Table 95 – Broadband subscribers by type and penetration in France – 2000 - 2007
Table 96 – Broadband subscribers by type – incumbent or other provider in France – 2006 - 2007
Table 97 – Broadband subscribers, share of Internet subscribers (regulator data) in France – 2000 - 2007
Table 98 – Broadband market share by provider in France – 2005 - 2006
Table 99 – Narrowband Internet subscriptions and annual change in France – 2005 - 2006
Table 100 – Narrowband Internet revenue and annual change in France – 2005 - 2006
Table 101 – Cable modem subscribers in France – 2000 - 2007
Table 102 – Numéricable TV Internet and telephony subscribers – June 2007
Table 103 – UPC France cable Internet and telephony subscriber statistics – 2005
Table 104 – ADSL subscribers in France – 2000 - 2007
Table 105 – Principal broadband providers – subscribers and market share in France – 2006
Table 106 – France Telecom broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2007
Table 107 – Free revenue, EBITDA, profit and annual change – 2005 - 2006
Table 108 – Free broadband and telephony revenue and annual change – Q1 2006 - Q1 2007
Table 109 – Free DSL, LLU subscribers – 2005 - 2007
Table 110 – Liberty Surf DSL and narrowband subscribers – 2006 - 2007
Table 111 – neuf Cegetel broadband subscribers – 2007
Table 112 – Free market projections: Paris fibre - 2006; 2008; 2010; 2012; 2014
Table 113 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in France – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 114 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in France – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 115 – New entrant broadband market share, by type in Germany – October 2006
Table 116 – Internet users and penetration in Germany – 1991 - 2007
Table 117 – Broadband subscribers by access type and market penetration in Germany – 2001 - 2007
Table 118 – Broadband subscribers by access type in Germany – October 2006
Table 119 – Broadband subscribers as share of Internet users in Germany – 2002 - 2007
Table 120 – Narrowband Internet traffic in Germany – 1999 - 2006
Table 121 – Broadband Internet traffic in Germany – 2001 - 2006
Table 122 – Cable operator subscribers by sector in Germany – 2005 - 2006
Table 123 – Cable subscribers in Germany – 2000 - 2007
Table 124 – Unitymedia fixed, broadband subscribers – 2006
Table 125 – Unitymedia financial statistics and annual change – 2005 - 2006
Table 126 – DSL household penetration in Germany – 2005 - 2007
Table 127 – DSL traffic in gigabytes in Germany – 2001 - 2006
Table 128 – Deutsche Telekom broadband subscribers and annual change – 2006 - 2007
Table 129 – Deutsche Telekom narrowband subscribers and annual change - 2006 - 2007
Table 130 – DSL market share by operator in Germany – 2006 - 2007
Table 131 – Arcor broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2007
Table 132 – Arcor fixed-line, broadband financials and annual change – (year to March) 2007
Table 133 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Germany – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 134 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Germany – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 135 – Internet download speed (businesses) in Iceland – 2006
Table 136 – Internet users and penetration in Iceland – 1996 - 2007
Table 137 – Total broadband subscribers and penetration in Iceland – 2001 - 2006
Table 138 – Broadband penetration by access type in Iceland – 2004 - 2006
Table 139 – Internet access by type in Iceland – 2002 - 2005
Table 140 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Iceland – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 141 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Iceland – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 142 – Broadband penetration by technology in Ireland – 2006
Table 143 – Share of home Internet connections by technology in Ireland – June 2007
Table 144 – Share of corporate Internet connections by technology in Ireland – 2005 - 2006
Table 145 – Share of home Internet connections by ISP in Ireland – June 2007
Table 146 – Total broadband subscribers by access type in Ireland – 2002 - 2007
Table 147 – Narrowband subscribers; metered and flat rate in Ireland - 2005 - 2007
Table 148 – Internet share by platform in Ireland - 2004 - 2007
Table 149 – Broadband and Internet growth by platform in Ireland - 2006 - 2007
Table 150 – Share of total broadband market by operator in Ireland - 2004 - 2007
Table 151 – Proportion of DSL access by type in Ireland - 2004 - 2006
Table 152 – UPC Broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2007
Table 153 – DSL access provision by type and operator in Ireland – 2002 - 2007
Table 154 – eircom’s ADSL and bitstream lines – 2004 - 2007
Table 155 – Wireless hotspots and access points in Ireland - March 2007
Table 156 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Ireland – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 157 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Ireland – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 158 – Broadband market share and unbundled exchanges by operator in Italy – June 2007
Table 159 – Internet subscribers and penetration in Italy – 1991 - 2007
Table 160 – Total fixed broadband subscribers by access type in Italy – 2002 - 2006
Table 161 – Broadband penetration by technology in Italy – 2004 - 2006
Table 162 – Broadband penetration in Italy – 2001 - 2006
Table 163 – Market share of broadband lines by operator in Italy – 2005 - 2006
Table 164 – Broadband lines by operator and technology in Italy – October 2006
Table 165 – ADSL subscribers in Italy – 2002 - 2006
Table 166 – Telecom Italia broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2006
Table 167 – FASTWEB revenue and EBITDA – 2005 - 2006
Table 168 – FASTWEB subscribers – 2005 - 2007
Table 169 – Tiscali Group (Italy and UK) ADSL subscribers – 2004 - 2006
Table 170 – Tiscali retail subscribers (Italy) – 2005 - 2007
Table 171 – Tiscali revenue by sector (Italy) and annual change – 2006 - 2007
Table 172 – Tiscali ARPU (Italy) – 2006 - 2007
Table 173 – Wind revenue, EBITDA, net income and annual change – 2005 - 2006
Table 174 – Wind broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2007
Table 175 – Naked DSL access charges in Italy – 2006
Table 176 – Fibre accesses in Italy – 2004 - 2007
Table 177 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Italy – 2007 - 2012; 2017
Table 178 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Italy – 2007 - 2012; 2017
Table 179 – Broadband market revenue – 2003 - 2005
Table 180 – Internet users and penetration in Luxembourg – 1995 - 2007
Table 181 – Total broadband subscribers and penetration in Luxembourg – 2001 - 2007
Table 182 – Broadband lines by type/provider in Luxembourg – October 2006
Table 183 – LuxDSL subscribers and annual change – 2004 - 2005
Table 184 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Luxembourg – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 185 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Luxembourg – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 186 – Total Internet subscribers in Malta – 2002 - 2007
Table 187 – Internet subscribers by technology in Malta – 2006 - 2007
Table 188 – Broadband technologies: availability and coverage in Malta – 2007
Table 189 – Dial up traffic in Malta – 2004 - 2007
Table 190 – Internet users and penetration in Malta – 2001 - 2006
Table 191 – Households with Internet access in Malta – 2005 - 2006
Table 192 – Broadband penetration in Malta – 2002 - 2007
Table 193 – Broadband subscribers by access type in Malta – 2002 - 2007
Table 194 – Broadband subscribers by operator in Malta – 2006 - 2007
Table 195 – Proportion of Internet connections by type in Malta – 2005 - 2006
Table 196 – Cable broadband penetration in Malta – 2001 - 2007
Table 197 – Forecast WiMAX network national coverage timetable, by operator in Malta – 2007 - 2009
Table 198 – Wholesale broadband access market shares by operator in Malta – 2003 - 2005
Table 199 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Malta – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 200 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Malta – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 201 – Broadband household and IP-VPN penetration in the Netherlands – 2002 - 2007
Table 202 – Main ISPs and subscriber base in the Netherlands – June 2007
Table 203 – Share of broadband market in the Netherlands – September 2006
Table 204 – Broadband market share in the Netherlands – 2004 - 2005
Table 205 – Broadband penetration in Internet households in the Netherlands – 2004 - 2007
Table 206 – Total broadband subscribers (cable modem, xDSL, fibre) in the Netherlands – 1999 - 2007
Table 207 – Broadband penetration in the Netherlands – 1999 - 2007
Table 208 – Broadband subscribers by operator in the Netherlands – June 2007
Table 209 – Cable modem subscribers in the Netherlands – 2000 - 2007
Table 210 – UPC Nederland cable and Internet subscribers – 2004 - 2007
Table 211 – KPN consumer retail broadband subscribers and annual change – June 2007
Table 212 – ADSL subscribers – 2000 - 2007
Table 213 – KPN consumer DSL subscribers – 2005 - 2007
Table 214 – Analogue / digital leased line use in the Netherlands – 2003 - 2005
Table 215 – KPN broadband accesses – 2005 - 2006
Table 216 – Forecast fibre subscriber growth in the Netherlands – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 217 – WiFi hotspots by major players in the Netherlands – 2005
Table 218 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in the Netherlands – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 219 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in the Netherlands – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 220 – Internet users and penetration in Norway – 1995 - 2007
Table 221 – Total broadband subscribers in Norway – 1999 - 2006
Table 222 – Residential / business broadband subscribers in Norway – 2002 - 2005
Table 223 – Broadband household penetration in Norway – 2000 - 2007
Table 224 – Broadband revenue by sector in Norway – 2006
Table 225 – Operator share of broadband subscribers in Norway – 2003 - 2006
Table 226 – Broadband penetration by technology in Norway – 2004 - 2006
Table 227 – Data transmission turnover by technology in Norway – 2003 - 2005
Table 228 – Cable subscribers in Norway – 1999 - 2006
Table 229 – Get subscribers and operating statistics – 2005 - 2006
Table 230 – ADSL subscribers in Norway – 2000 - 2006
Table 231 – Telenor broadband subscribers and local loops – 2005 - 2007
Table 232 – TeliaSonera broadband subscribers and ARPU – 2006 - 2007
Table 233 – Fibre and radio access subscribers in Norway – 2005 - 2006
Table 234 – WLAN subscribers in Norway – 2000 - 2006
Table 235 – Forecast broadband subscribers – Telenor – 2006 - 2008
Table 236 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Norway – 2005 - 2010; 2015
Table 237 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Norway – 2005 - 2010; 2015
Table 238 – Internet users and penetration in Portugal – 1997 - 2007
Table 239 – Internet subscribers by access type in Portugal – 2005 - 2006
Table 240 – Annual change in access type by Internet subscribers in Portugal – 2005 - 2006
Table 241 – Broadband and dial-up subscribers by access type and annual change in Portugal – 2006 - 2007
Table 242 – Broadband subscribers by type, provider in Portugal – 2006 - 2007
Table 243 – Total broadband subscribers by type and penetration in Portugal – 2000 - 2007
Table 244 – Internet subscribers by access type: broadband, dial-up and annual change in Portugal – 2007
Table 245 – Broadband penetration growth by access type: xDSL and cable in Portugal – 2004 - 2007
Table 246 – Share of broadband accesses by operator in Portugal – 2005 - 2007
Table 247 – PT Multimedia cable broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2007
Table 248 – Portugal Telecom wholesale accesses – 2004 - 2007
Table 249 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Portugal – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 250 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Portugal – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 251 – Broadband revenue by technology in Spain – 2003 - 2006
Table 252 – Broadband revenue and market share by operator in Spain – 2006 - 2007
Table 253 – Internet access lines by technology in Spain – 2005 - 2007
Table 254 – Internet users and penetration in Spain – 1996 - 2007
Table 255 – Total broadband subscribers by access type and penetration in Spain – 2001 - 2007
Table 256 – Annual growth of broadband by technology in Spain – 2004 - 2007
Table 257 – Proportion of lines by data speed in Spain – October 2007
Table 258 – Lines by data speed in Spain – 2005 - 2007
Table 259 – Share of broadband lines by operator/technology in Spain – 2003 - 2006
Table 260 – Share of broadband accesses by operator in Spain – June 2007
Table 261 – Broadband lines and market share by operator in Spain – 2006 - 2007
Table 262 – Broadband penetration by technology in Spain – 2004 - 2007
Table 263 – Broadband subscribers by type – incumbent or other provider in Spain – 2006 - 2007
Table 264 – Operator share of cable accesses in Spain – 2005 - 2006
Table 265 – Cable modem subscribers in Spain – 2000 - 2007
Table 266 – Cable subscriber growth and annual change in Spain – 2006 - 2007
Table 267 – ONO broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2007
Table 268 – ONO broadband monthly ARPU – 2006 - 2007
Table 269 – Telefónica de España broadband and dial-up subscribers - 2005 - 2007
Table 270 – Telefónica wholesale broadband accesses - 2005 - 2007
Table 271 – ADSL subscriber growth and annual change in Spain – 2006 - 2007
Table 272 – ADSL subscribers in Spain – 2000 - 2007
Table 273 – DSL market share by operator in Spain – 2006
Table 274 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Spain – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 275 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Spain – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 276 – Internet access revenue by household (SEK million) in Sweden – 2003 - 2006
Table 277 – TeliaSonera broadband and dial-up subscribers – 2005 - 2007
Table 278 – Fixed broadband accesses by speed in Sweden – 2000 - 2006
Table 279 – Internet access types as a proportion of households in Sweden – 1997 - 2006
Table 280 – Broadband ARPU (SEK/subscriber/month) in Sweden – 2002 - 2006
Table 281 – ISP market share in Sweden – 2002 - 2006
Table 282 – End user Internet revenue and annual change in Sweden - 2000 - 2006
Table 283 – Proportion of Internet revenue by access type in Sweden - 2000 - 2006
Table 284 – Growth in Internet access by type in Sweden – 1996 - 2006
Table 285 – Internet users and penetration in Sweden – 1996 - 2007
Table 286 – Broadband subscribers by type, provider in Sweden – October 2006
Table 287 – Internet subscribers (dial-up, ISDN) in Sweden – 2000 - 2006
Table 288 – Broadband subscribers by access type and penetration in Sweden – 2004 - 2007
Table 289 – Broadband penetration by technology in Sweden – 2006
Table 290 – Broadband penetration in Sweden – 2001 - 2006
Table 291 – Total Internet subscribers by type and annual change in Sweden – 2004 - 2006
Table 292 – Com Hem subscriber statistics (thousand) – 2005 - 2007
Table 293 – Com Hem financial statistics (SEK million) – 2006 - 2007
Table 294 – UPC Sweden subscribers and operating statistics – 2005
Table 295 – Cable modem subscribers in Sweden – 2000 - 2006
Table 296 – TeliaSonera broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2007
Table 297 – xDSL subscribers in Sweden – 2000 - 2007
Table 298 – Bredbandsbolaget statistics – 2004 - 2006
Table 299 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Sweden – 2007 - 2012; 2017
Table 300 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Sweden – 2007 - 2012; 2017
Table 301 – Internet users and penetration in Switzerland – 1996 - 2007
Table 302 – Total broadband subscribers and penetration in Switzerland – 2000 - 2007
Table 303 – Broadband penetration by technology in Switzerland – 2004 - 2006
Table 304 – Cablecom operational data: home and subscriber statistics – 2006 - 2007
Table 305 – Swisscom ADSL subscribers – 2003 - 2007
Table 306 – Swisscom dial-up subscribers – 2003 - 2007
Table 307 – TDC Switzerland Internet subscribers – 2006 - 2007
Table 308 – Broadband powerline connections in Switzerland – 2003 - 2004
Table 309 – Broadband satellite connections in Switzerland – 2003 - 2004
Table 310 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in Switzerland – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 311 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in Switzerland – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 312 – Broadband retail revenue in the UK – 2000 - 2007
Table 313 – ISP market share of broadband subscribers in the UK – 2006 - 2007
Table 314 – Broadband connections by type in the UK – 2002 - 2007
Table 315 – Market share of broadband subscribers in the UK – 2002 - 2007
Table 316 – Broadband availability by households in the UK – 2000 - 2007
Table 317 – Internet / broadband service revenue in the UK – 2001 - 2006
Table 318 – UK broadband market overview in the UK – 2003 - 2006
Table 319 – Broadband penetration by technology in the UK – 2004 - 2006
Table 320 – Total broadband subscribers and penetration by type in the UK – 2004 - 2007
Table 321 – Percentage Internet access by dial-up and broadband in the UK – 2000 - 2006
Table 322 – Residential Internet and broadband connections in the UK – 2002 - 2007
Table 323 – PC, broadband and Internet household penetration in the UK – 2000 - 2007
Table 324 – Broadband and narrowband share of connections in the UK – 2004 - 2006
Table 325 – Broadband lines by type: DSL, LLU, cable; wholesale in the UK – 2006
Table 326 – Virgin Media subscriber statistics – 2006 - 2007
Table 327 – Virgin Media cable revenue statistics – 2006 - 2007
Table 328 – xDSL subscribers in the UK – 2000 - 2007
Table 329 – Average UK residential broadband subscription prices – 2001 - 2006
Table 330 – BT retail and wholesale broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2007
Table 331 – Pipex revenue and pre-tax loss – 2006 - 2007
Table 332 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – stronger market growth scenario in the UK – 2007 - 2011; 2017
Table 333 – Forecast broadband subscriber growth – weaker market growth scenario in the UK – 2007 - 2011; 2017

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Number of pages 272

Status Archived

Last updated 20 Dec 2007
Update History

Analyst: Stephen McNamara

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