2006-2007 Eastern European Mobile Communications and Mobile Data Markets

Publication Overview

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the Mobile communications and Mobile data markets in Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Serbia, Montenegro, Yugoslavia. Subjects include:

  • Trends, Analysis, Players, Revenues, Subscribers, Prepaid;
  • Spectrum Auctions, Developments, Govt. Policies;
  • Infrastructure, GSM, CDMA, 3G\WCDMA;
  • Mobile Data & Content - Market Issue, Paging, Dedicated Services ;
  • SIM, SMS, MMS, GPRS, EDGE, WAP, M-Commerce, Mobile gaming;
  • Telemetry, Location Services, Bluetooth, PMR, TMR.

Executive Summary

Probably the most uniformly dynamic telecoms sector across the whole Eastern European region, the mobile industry continues to grow despite maturing markets in some regions. In saturated markets the good times of high growth will become to harder to imitate during 2007, with revenue growth to be centred on encouraging migration to postpaid plans and 3G services to offer desirable mobile data and content. Operators have their work cut out for them in the mobile data and contents market as SMS and MMS continues to account for the majority of non-voice revenue although the faster network speeds available due to 3G networks and HSDPA, coupled with the falling cost of sophisticated handsets, should be encouraging for operators as it allows delivery of more desirable high-bandwidth content. The Eastern European annual reports have been designed to offer extensive coverage of the region, highlighting regulatory and market developments, introducing the major players and the services on offer, as well as providing a wealth of insightful statistics and forecasts, no doubt making essential reading for anyone holding an interest in the region’s telecoms sector. Data in the reports are the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Central Eastern Europe (CEE)

  • The Czech Republic now has the highest mobile penetration out of the five CEE countries, a position once long-held by Slovenia.
  • MVNO activity should increase in 2007 as analysis of wholesale mobile markets was completed for the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia during 2006. Although this will depend on how rapidly identified SMP operators implement and abide by any obligations placed on them by the regulators.
  • Deutsche Telekom has strengthened its presence in the region, following increased ownership of a major Polish network operator, a move which would allow it to offer the T-Mobile brand in the Polish market.
  • As mobile penetration in all five countries is at or near saturation, operators are now looking to improve ARPU levels by migrating users to postpaid tariffs and 3G services. However 3G is not all it has shaped up to be, with Vodafone Czech Republic halting the rollout of its 3G network, believing the benefits do not justify the cost.

Baltic

  • Mobile subscriber growth in all three countries, despite saturated markets, suggests multiple SIM card ownership. Mobile operators acknowledge there is little room left to grow through new subscriber additions and have been focusing on encouraging postpaid take up among prepaid users as a way to increase ARPU levels. Numerous Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)s offer services in each country although so far they have made little impact due to the short time they have been offering services.
  • Mobile data and content is also being sought to create new revenue growth opportunities. Third generation and HSDPA services are available in each country although widespread usage will be limited for the next two to three years when 3G-capable handsets become more widespread. In the meantime SMS and MMS continue to be the primary mobile data revenue generators. Mobile content available includes streaming mobile TV and mobile music in partnership with record companies. SMS-based mobile commerce (m-commerce) services are available.
  • Developments in sophisticated m-commerce services are underway; Lithuania’s largest mobile operators has launched a mobile digital signature offering that is compatible with conventional Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) products and has concluded agreements with certificate authorities to provide electronic certificate services. Agreements have also been concluded with another mobile operator to develop compatible mobile electronic signature infrastructure to promote usability.

Balkans

  • Strong growth has been recorded across most mobile markets, although low annual growth rates in Bosnia and Greece suggest saturated markets. With numerous markets approaching maturity, operators are attempting to maintain revenue growth momentum through increasing ARPU levels. Strategies used include encouraging migration to postpaid plans, differentiated tariff plans and encouraging mobile data and content usage.
  • 3G will become increasingly important in the near future as the focus shifts to mobile data and content usage. However widespread uptake will be challenged in the short/medium term by the lack of desirable mobile content, lack of awareness/familiarity with mobile content services and penetration of 3G-capable handsets.
  • Commercial 3G services launched during 2006 were witnessed in Romania and Bulgaria, with HSDPA services launched in Romania, Bulgaria and Croatia. Romania’s third and fourth UMTS licences were awarded in October 2006, with an established CDMA operator and the country’s second largest cable operator emerging victorious. The mobile arm of the country’s fixed-line incumbent missed out in the beauty pageant-style tender.

CIS

  • Third generation mobile licences in Russia moved closer towards reality in October 2006 when the State Radio Frequency Commission announced it would offer an unspecified number of concessions in the 1.935GHz-1.980GHz, 2.010GHz-2.025GHz and 2.125GHz-2.170GHz frequency spectrum bands. MTS and VimpelCom have confirmed their interest in acquiring 3G licences. A temporary operating concession was issued in September 2005 to mobile group Skylink for the launch of trial 3G services.
  • Ukraine’s regulator released plans in April 2006 to award a second 3G licence by 2007. The state-owned fixed-line incumbent already holds a 3G licence has plans to launch services by June 2007.
  • A number of MVNOs offer services in Russia, including Corbina, Central Telegraph, Matrix Mobile and Megatel. Ukrainian MVNO Privat has gone from gone from strength to strength.
  • Mobile penetration levels in all four countries are still growing rapidly despite approaching maturity. Consequently the major Russian mobile operators have expanded internationally in search of new revenue growth opportunities. Despite attempts to expand into Asia, the Middle East and Eastern Europe, most success has been found within the CIS region.
  • Mobile data usage in Russia it is expected to account for 20% of mobile revenue during 2006. MMS interoperability was launched in Ukraine in late 2005 while EDGE services were launched in Belarus and Moldova during 2005. However setbacks have been encountered, with MTS acknowledging i-mode has not been as popular as originally anticipated.

Table of Contents

1.OVERVIEW OF EASTERN EUROPE’S MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS AND MOBILE DATA MARKET
1.1Key developments in the Eastern European telecom market
1.2Market overview
1.3Mobile communications
1.3.1Mobile operators
1.4Mobile data
1.5Mobile content and applications
2.ALBANIA
2.1Overview of Albania’s mobile market
2.1.1Mobile statistics
2.2Regulatory issues
2.2.1Second digital mobile licence
2.2.2Third digital mobile licence
2.3Mobile technologies
2.4Major mobile operators
2.4.1Albanian Mobile Communications (AMC)
2.4.2Vodafone
2.5Mobile voice services
2.5.1Prepaid
2.6Mobile data services
2.6.1Short Message Service (SMS)
2.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
2.6.3General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
3.BELARUS
3.1Overview of Belarus’ mobile market
3.1.1Mobile statistics
3.2Regulatory issues
3.2.1Analogue licence
3.2.2First GSM licence
3.2.3Second GSM licence awarded
3.2.4Interconnection problems
3.2.5CDMA licence awarded and more interconnection problems
3.2.6Third GSM licence
3.2.7Radio frequency usage fees introduced
3.3Mobile technologies
3.3.1Analogue
3.3.2Digital - GSM
3.3.3Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)
3.3.4Third Generation (3G) mobile
3.4Major mobile operators
3.4.1Belcel / Diallog
3.4.2Mobile Digital Communications (MDC) / Velcom
3.4.3Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
3.4.4BeST
3.5Mobile data services
3.5.1Short Message Service (SMS)
3.5.2WAP, MMS and GPRS
3.5.3Broadband wireless data service (1x EVDO)
3.5.4Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
4.BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA
4.1Overview of Bosnia-Herzegovina’s mobile market
4.1.1Mobile statistics
4.2Regulatory issues
4.2.1HT Mobile ownership dispute
4.2.2National licences
4.3Mobile technologies
4.3.1Digital
4.3.2Third Generation (3G) mobile
4.4Mobile operators
4.4.1GSM BiH
4.4.2Mobilna Srpske
4.4.3HT Mobile
4.5Mobile voice services
4.5.1Prepaid
4.6Mobile data services
4.6.1Short Message Service (SMS)
4.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
4.6.3Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
4.6.4General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
4.6.5Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
5.BULGARIA
5.1Overview of Bulgaria’s mobile market
5.1.1Mobile statistics
5.2Regulatory issues
5.2.1Second GSM licence
5.2.2Third GSM licence
5.2.3Third Generation (3G) licences
5.3Mobile technologies
5.3.1Analogue
5.3.2Digital
5.3.3Third Generation mobile (3G)
5.4Major mobile operators
5.4.1RTC Mobikom / Vivatel
5.4.2MobilTel / M-Tel
5.4.3Cosmo Bulgaria Mobile / GloBul
5.5Mobile voice services
5.5.1Prepaid
5.6Mobile data services
5.6.1Short Message Service (SMS)
5.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
5.6.3Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
5.6.4General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
5.6.5Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
5.6.6i-Mode
5.6.7BlackBerry
5.6.8Mobile TV
5.7Mobile content and applications
6.CROATIA
6.1Overview of Croatia’s mobile market
6.1.1Mobile statistics
6.2Regulatory issues
6.2.1Third GSM licence and 3G licences
6.2.2Fourth GSM licence
6.3Mobile technologies
6.3.1Analogue
6.3.2Digital
6.3.3Third Generation (3G) mobile
6.4Major mobile operators
6.4.1T-Mobile Hrvatska
6.4.2VIPnet
6.4.3Tele2
6.5Mobile voice services
6.5.1Prepaid
6.6Mobile data services
6.6.1Short Message Service (SMS)
6.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
6.6.3Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
6.6.4General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
6.6.5Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
6.6.6BlackBerry
6.7Mobile content and applications
6.7.1M-Commerce
7.CYPRUS
7.1Overview of the Cypriot mobile market
7.1.1Mobile statistics
7.2Regulatory issues
7.2.1Mobile tariffs
7.2.2Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
7.2.3Second GSM licence
7.3Mobile technologies
7.3.1Analogue
7.3.2Digital
7.3.3Third Generation (3G) mobile
7.4Major mobile operators
7.4.1Cytamobile-Vodafone
7.4.2Scancom Cyprus / Areeba
7.4.3KKTCell
7.5Mobile voice services
7.6Mobile data services
7.6.1Short Message Service (SMS) and Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
7.6.2General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
7.6.3Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
7.6.4Push-to-Talk (PTT)
7.6.5Mobile TV
7.7Mobile content and applications
8.CZECH REPUBLIC
8.1Overview of the Czech Republic’s mobile market
8.1.1Mobile statistics
8.2Regulatory issues
8.2.1GSM licences
8.2.2UMTS licences
8.2.3Third UMTS licence
8.2.4Mobile data network tender
8.2.5CDMA controversy
8.2.6Competition enforced
8.2.7Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
8.3Mobile technologies
8.3.1Analogue
8.3.2Digital
8.3.33G UMTS
8.4Major mobile operators
8.4.1Telefónica O2 Czech Republic
8.4.2T-Mobile
8.4.3Vodafone Czech Republic
8.5Mobile voice services
8.5.1Prepaid
8.6Mobile data services
8.6.1Short Message Service (SMS)
8.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
8.6.3General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
8.6.4Push-to-Talk (PTT)
8.6.5Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
8.6.6Broadband wireless data service
8.6.7BlackBerry
8.6.8High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)
8.6.9Mobile TV
8.7Mobile content and applications
8.7.1Location-based services
9.ESTONIA
9.1Overview of Estonia’s mobile market
9.1.1Mobile statistics
9.2Regulatory issues
9.2.1Third Generation (3G) licences
9.2.2Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.2.3Significant market power & termination fees
9.3Mobile technologies
9.3.1Analogue
9.3.2Digital
9.3.33G mobile
9.4Major mobile operators
9.4.1Eesti Mobiltelefon (EMT)
9.4.2Radiolinja Eesti / Elisa
9.4.3Tele2 Eesti
9.4.4Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
9.5Mobile voice services
9.5.1Prepaid
9.6Mobile data services
9.6.1Short Message Service (SMS)
9.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
9.6.3Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
9.6.4General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
9.6.5Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
9.6.6Mobile TV
9.7Mobile content and applications
9.7.1M-commerce
10.GREECE
10.1Overview of Greece’s mobile market
10.2Regulatory issues
10.2.1Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
10.2.2Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
10.2.3Mobile statistics
10.3Mobile technologies
10.3.1Digital
10.3.2Third Generation (3G)
10.4Major mobile operators
10.4.1TIM Hellas
10.4.2Q-Telecom
10.4.3Vodafone Greece
10.4.4CosmOTE
10.5Mobile voice services
10.5.1Prepaid
10.6Mobile data services
10.6.1Short Messaging Service (SMS)
10.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
10.6.3Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
10.6.4General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
10.6.5Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA)
10.6.6Mobile TV
10.6.7i-Mode
10.6.8BlackBerry
10.7Mobile content and applications
11.HUNGARY
11.1Overview of Hungary’s mobile market
11.1.1Mobile statistics
11.2Regulatory issues
11.2.1GSM licences
11.2.2Third Generation (3G) licences
11.2.3Mobile termination fees
11.2.4Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
11.3Mobile technologies
11.3.1Analogue
11.3.2Digital
11.3.3Third Generation (3G) mobile
11.4Major mobile operators
11.4.1T-Mobile
11.4.2Pannon GSM
11.4.3Vodafone Hungary
11.5Mobile voice services
11.5.1Prepaid
11.6Mobile data services
11.6.1Short Message Service (SMS)
11.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
11.6.3Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
11.6.4General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
11.6.5Push-to-talk (PTT)
11.6.6Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
11.6.7High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)
11.7Mobile content and applications
11.7.1M-commerce (micropayments)
12.LATVIA
12.1Overview of Latvia’s mobile market
12.1.1Mobile statistics
12.2Regulatory issues
12.2.1CDMA licence awarded
12.2.2Third Generation (3G) licences
12.2.3Third GSM/3G licence
12.3Mobile technologies
12.3.1Analogue
12.3.2Digital
12.3.33G mobile
12.4Mobile operators
12.4.1Latvia Mobilais Telefons (LMT)
12.4.2Tele2
12.4.3Telekom Baltija / Triatel
12.4.4Bite
12.4.5Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
12.5Mobile voice services
12.5.1Prepaid
12.6Mobile data services
12.6.1Short Message Service (SMS) / Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
12.6.2Wireless Access Protocol (WAP)
12.6.3High-Speed Circuit-Switched Data (HSCSD)
12.6.4General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
12.6.5Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
12.6.6Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA)
12.6.7Broadband wireless data service (1x EVDO)
12.6.8Mobile TV
12.7Mobile content and applications
13.LITHUANIA
13.1Overview of Lithuania’s mobile market
13.1.1Mobile statistics
13.2Regulatory issues
13.2.1GSM licences
13.2.2Number portability
13.2.3Third GSM licence awarded
13.2.43G licences awarded
13.3Mobile technologies
13.3.1Third Generation (3G)
13.4Major mobile operators
13.4.1Omnitel
13.4.2Bite GSM
13.4.3Tele2
13.4.4Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MNVOs)
13.5Mobile voice services
13.5.1Prepaid
13.6Mobile data services
13.6.1Short Message Service (SMS)
13.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
13.6.3Wireless Applications Protocol (WAP)
13.6.4General Packet Radio Services (GPRS)
13.6.5Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
13.6.6Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA)
13.6.7Mobile TV
13.7Mobile content and applications
13.7.1M-commerce (micropayments)
14.MACEDONIA (FYROM)
14.1Overview of Macedonia’s mobile market
14.1.1Mobile statistics
14.2Regulatory issues
14.2.1Expressions of interest for GSM 900/1800 and UMTS 2100 frequencies
14.2.2Radiofrequency fee dispute
14.3Mobile technologies
14.4Mobile operators
14.4.1Mobimak
14.4.2Cosmofon
14.5Mobile voice services
14.5.1Prepaid
14.6Mobile data services
14.7Mobile content and applications
15.MOLDOVA
15.1Overview of Moldova’s mobile market
15.1.1Mobile statistics
15.2Regulatory issues
15.2.1First and second GSM licences awarded
15.2.2Third mobile licence awarded to MoldTelecom
15.2.3Licence revoked
15.2.4Licence awarded to InterDnestrCom
15.2.5Licence revoked
15.3Mobile technologies
15.3.1Analogue
15.3.2Digital
15.4Major mobile operators
15.4.1Voxtel
15.4.2Moldcell
15.4.3InterDnestrCom
15.5Mobile voice services
15.5.1Prepaid
15.6Mobile data services
15.7Mobile content and applications
16.POLAND
16.1Overview of Poland’s mobile market
16.1.1Mobile statistics
16.2Regulatory issues
16.2.1Significant Market Power (SMP)
16.2.2GSM licences
16.2.3Fourth GSM licence/fourth 3G licence auction
16.2.4Third Generation (3G) licences awarded
16.2.5Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
16.2.6Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
16.3Mobile technologies
16.3.1Analogue
16.3.2Digital
16.3.3Third Generation (3G) mobile
16.4Major mobile operators
16.4.1PTK Centertel/Orange
16.4.2Polkomtel/Plus GSM
16.4.3Polska Telefonia Cyfrowa (PTC)/Era
16.5Mobile voice services
16.5.1Prepaid
16.6Mobile data services
16.6.1Short Messaging Service (SMS)
16.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
16.6.3Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
16.6.4General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
16.6.5Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
16.6.6BlackBerry
16.6.7Mobile TV
16.7Mobile content and applications
17.ROMANIA
17.1Overview & analysis of Romania’s mobile market
17.1.1Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
17.1.2Mobile statistics
17.2Regulatory issues
17.2.1Third Generation (3G) licences
17.2.2Additional 3G licences awarded
17.2.3Interconnection tariffs
17.3Mobile technologies
17.3.1Analogue
17.3.2Digital
17.3.3Third Generation (3G) mobile
17.4Major mobile operators
17.4.1Telemobil / Zapp
17.4.2Vodafone
17.4.3Mobil Rom / Orange Romania
17.4.4Cosmote Romania
17.5Mobile voice services
17.5.1Prepaid services
17.6Mobile data services
17.6.1Short Message Service (SMS)
17.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
17.6.3Wireless Applications Protocol (WAP)
17.6.4General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
17.6.5Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
17.6.6Broadband wireless data service (1x EVDO)
17.6.7WCDMA/HSDPA
17.6.8Mobile TV
17.6.9BlackBerry
17.7Mobile content and applications
18.RUSSIA
18.1Overview of Russia’s mobile market
18.1.1Mobile statistics
18.2Regulatory issues
18.2.1Regulatory disputes
18.2.2Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
18.2.3Radio frequency reallocation
18.2.43G licences
18.2.5Calling Party Pays (CPP) legislation
18.3Mobile technologies
18.3.1Analogue
18.3.2Digital
18.3.3Third Generation (3G) mobile
18.4Major mobile operators
18.4.1Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
18.4.2Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
18.4.3Vimpel Communications (VimpelCom)
18.4.4MegaFon
18.4.5Tele2 Russia
18.4.6SMARTS Group
18.4.7Ekaterinburg-2000 / MOTIV
18.4.8New Telephone Company (NTC)
18.4.9Skylink / Delta Telecom / Moscow Cellular Communications (MCC)
18.4.10Svyazinvest regional operators
18.5Mobile voice services
18.5.1Prepaid
18.5.2Satellite mobile
18.6Mobile data services
18.6.1General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
18.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
18.6.3Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
18.6.4Broadband wireless data service (1x EV-DO)
18.6.5i-Mode
18.6.6BlackBerry
18.6.7Mobile TV
18.7Mobile content and applications
18.7.1Location-based services
18.7.2Gaming
19.SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO
19.1Overview of Serbia and Montenegro’s mobile market
19.1.1Mobile statistics
19.2Regulatory issues
19.2.1First mobile licence for Kosovo
19.2.2Second mobile licence for Kosovo
19.2.3Third mobile licence for Serbia
19.2.4Mobtel ownership dispute
19.3Mobile technologies
19.3.1Analogue
19.3.2Digital
19.3.3Third Generation (3G) mobile
19.4Major mobile operators
19.4.1Mobtel/Mobi 63 (Serbia)
19.4.2Telekom Srbija / Mobilna Telefonija Srbija (MTS) (Serbia)
19.4.3ProMonte (Montenegro)
19.4.4Monet (Montenegro)
19.4.5Vala900 (Kosovo)
19.4.6Mobikos (Kosovo)
19.5Mobile voice services
19.5.1Prepaid
19.6Mobile data services
19.6.1Short Message Service (SMS)
19.6.2Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
19.6.3Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
19.6.4General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
19.6.5Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
20.SLOVAKIA
20.1Overview of Slovakia’s mobile market
20.1.1Mobile statistics
20.2Regulatory issues
20.2.1GSM licences
20.2.2UMTS licences and third GSM licence
20.3Mobile technologies
20.3.1Analogue
20.3.2Digital
20.3.3Third Generation (3G) mobile
20.4Major mobile operators
20.4.1T-Mobile Slovensko
20.4.2Orange Slovensko
20.5Mobile voice services
20.5.1Prepaid
20.6Mobile data services
20.6.1Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
20.7Mobile content and applications
21.SLOVENIA
21.1Overview of Slovenia’s mobile market
21.1.1Mobile statistics
21.2Regulatory issues
21.2.1GSM licences
21.2.2First 3G licence awarded
21.2.3Tender for additional 3G licences
21.3Mobile technologies
21.3.1Analogue
21.3.2Digital
21.3.3Third Generation (3G) mobile
21.4Major mobile operators
21.4.1Mobitel
21.4.2Si.mobil
21.4.3Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO)
21.5Mobile voice services
21.5.1Prepaid
21.6Mobile data services
21.6.1General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
21.6.2Push-to-Talk (PTT)
21.6.3Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
21.6.4BlackBerry
21.7Mobile content and applications
22.UKRAINE
22.1Overview of Ukraine’s mobile market
22.1.1Alfa Group and Telenor feud
22.1.2Mobile statistics
22.2Regulatory issues
22.2.1Licences awarded
22.2.2Third Generation (3G) mobile licences
22.3Mobile technologies
22.3.1Analogue
22.3.2Digital
22.3.3Third Generation (3G) mobile
22.4Major mobile operators
22.4.1Ukrainian Mobile Communications (UMC)
22.4.2Kievstar
22.4.3Golden Telecom
22.4.4Ukrainian Radio Systems (URS) / Wellcom
22.4.5Astelit / Life:)
22.4.6Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
22.5Mobile voice services
22.5.1Prepaid
22.5.2Satellite mobile
22.6Mobile data services
22.6.1Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
22.7Mobile content and applications
23.GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS
Exhibit 1 – 2G spectrum awarded in Czech Republic
Exhibit 2 – 2G auction results in Greece – July 2001
Exhibit 3 – 3G auction results in Greece – July 2001
Exhibit 4 – 2G spectrum awarded in Hungary
Exhibit 5 – 2G spectrum awarded in Lithuania
Exhibit 6 – 2G spectrum awarded in Poland
Exhibit 7 – 2G spectrum awarded in Slovakia
Exhibit 8 – 2G spectrum awarded in Slovenia


Table 1 – Mobile statistics in Albania – June 2006
Table 2 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Albania – June 2006
Table 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Albania – 1996 - 2006
Table 4 – Mobile statistics in Belarus – June 2006
Table 5 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Belarus – June 2006
Table 6 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Belarus – 1995 - 2006
Table 7 – Mobile statistics in Bosnia-Herzegovina – June 2006
Table 8 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual growth in Bosnia-Herzegovina – June 2006
Table 9 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Bosnia-Herzegovina – 1998 - 2006
Table 10 – Prepaid subscribers by operator in Bosnia-Herzegovina – 2003 - 2005
Table 11 – Mobile statistics in Bulgaria – June 2006
Table 12 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual growth in Bulgaria – June 2006
Table 13 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Bulgaria – 1995 - 2006
Table 14 – Mobile operator market share by revenue in Bulgaria – 2003 - 2005
Table 15 – Total mobile sector revenue by service in Bulgaria – 2003 - 2005
Table 16 – Geographic and population coverage by operator in Bulgaria – 2002 - 2005
Table 17 – GloBul Financial data and annual change – 2004 - 2005
Table 18 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers in Bulgaria – 2000 - 2005
Table 19 – Total SMS sent and annual change in Bulgaria – 2003 - 2005
Table 20 – Total MMS sent and annual change in Bulgaria – 2003 - 2005
Table 21 – Mobile statistics in Croatia – June 2006
Table 22 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Croatia – June 2006
Table 23 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Croatia – 1995 - 2006
Table 24 – T-Mobile Hrvatska prepaid subscribers – 2000 - 2005
Table 25 – Mobile statistics in Cyprus – June 2006
Table 26 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Cyprus – June 2006
Table 27 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Cyprus – 1995 - 2006
Table 28 – Market share by operator based on turnover in Cyprus – 2005
Table 29 – Market share by operator based on subscribers in Cyprus – 2005
Table 30 – Areeba financial data and annual change – 2004 - 2005
Table 31 – SMS and MMS traffic by operator in Cyprus – 2005
Table 32 – Mobile statistics in Czech Republic – June 2006
Table 33 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Czech Republic – June 2006
Table 34 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Czech Republic – 1995 - 2006
Table 35 – Telefónica O2 operational data – January - June 2006
Table 36 – T-Mobile operational data – 2003 - 2005
Table 37 – Vodafone CR ARPU breakdown by quarter – 2004 - 2005
Table 38 – Telefónica O2 CR prepaid subscribers – 2004 - 2006
Table 39 – SMS usage by mobile phone users in Czech Republic – January - March 2005
Table 40 – SMS information usage by mobile phone users in Czech Republic – January - March 2005
Table 41 – Average number of SMS sent per week in Czech Republic – January - March 2005
Table 42 – MMS usage by mobile phone users in Czech Republic – January - March 2005
Table 43 – WAP usage by mobile phone users in Czech Republic – January - March 2005
Table 44 – Mobile banking usage by GSM mobile phone users in Czech Republic – January - March 2005
Table 45 – Mobile users engaged in purchasing goods & services in Czech Republic – January - March 2005
Table 46 – Mobile statistics in Estonia – June 2006
Table 47 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Estonia – June 2006
Table 48 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Estonia – 1998 - 2006
Table 49 – EMT financial data, January to September and annual change – 2005 - 2006
Table 50 – EMT financial data and annual change – 2004 - 2005
Table 51 – Radiolinja Eesti financial data and annual change – Q3 2005 - Q3 2006
Table 52 – Radiolinja Eesti financial data and annual change – 2004 - 2005
Table 53 – EMT prepaid subscribers and percentage of total subscribers– 2002 - 2006
Table 54 – Mobile statistics in Greece – June 2006
Table 55 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Greece – June 2006
Table 56 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Greece – 1996 - 2006
Table 57 – Mobile market share by operator in Greece – 2004 - 2005
Table 58 – Share of new subscribers by operator in Greece – Q4 2005
Table 59 – TIM Hellas operating statistics and annual change – 2004 - 2005
Table 60 – TIM Hellas voice traffic statistics – 2001 - 2005
Table 61 – CosmOTE consolidated financial statistics – 2005 - 2006
Table 62 – CosmOTE financial statistics by operator – January - June 2006
Table 63 – CosMOTE financial statistics – 2005
Table 64 – CosMOTE mobile subscribers and annual change – June 2006
Table 65 – Mobile statistics Hungary – June 2006
Table 66 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Hungary – June 2006
Table 67 – Mobile subscribers and penetration Hungary – 1990 - 2006
Table 68 – T-Mobile postpaid & prepaid ARPU – 2003 - 2006
Table 69 – T-Mobile postpaid & prepaid churn rate – 2003 - 2006
Table 70 – T-Mobile MOU – 2003 - 2006
Table 71 – Pannon ARPU – 2004 - 2006
Table 72 – Prepaid subscribers in Hungary – 2004 - 2006
Table 73 – T-Mobile prepaid subscribers – 2003 - 2006
Table 74 – Pannon GSM Prepaid subscribers – 2002 - 2006
Table 75 – Vodafone prepaid subscribers – 2004 - 2006
Table 76 – T-Mobile mobile data services ARPU – 2003 - 2006
Table 77 – Mobile statistics in Latvia – June 2006
Table 78 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Latvia – June 2006
Table 79 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Latvia – 1995 - 2006
Table 80 – Bite financial data and annual change – 2005 - 2006
Table 81 – LMT prepaid subscribers – 2002 - 2006
Table 82 – Mobile statistics in Lithuania – June 2006
Table 83 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Lithuania – June 2006
Table 84 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Lithuania – 1998 - 2006
Table 85 – Revenue by mobile service offered in Lithuania – March - June 2006
Table 86 – Operator market share of postpaid residential market in Lithuania – June 2006
Table 87 – Operator market share of postpaid business market in Lithuania – June 2006
Table 88 – Percentage of prepaid subscribers in Lithuania – 2003 - 2006
Table 89 – Prepaid subscribers by operator and market share in Lithuania – June 2006
Table 90 – Omni Prepaid subscribers – 2002 - 2006
Table 91 – Total SMS sent and annual change in Lithuania – 2004 - 2006
Table 92 – Total MMS sent and annual change in Lithuania – 2004 - 2006
Table 93 – Mobile statistics in Macedonia – June 2006
Table 94 – Mobile subscribers and annual change in Macedonia – June 2006
Table 95 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Macedonia – 1997 - 2006
Table 96 – Mobimak MOU and ARPU – 2004 - 2006
Table 97 – Mobimak prepaid subscribers and total subscribers – 2004 - 2006
Table 98 – Mobile statistics in Moldova – June 2006
Table 99 – Mobile subscribers and annual change by operator in Moldova – June 2006
Table 100 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Moldova – 1998 - 2006
Table 101 – Percentage of prepaid and postpaid subscribers in Moldova – 2000 - 2005
Table 102 – WAP subscribers by operator in Moldova – March 2006
Table 103 – Mobile statistics in Poland – June 2006
Table 104 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Poland – June 2006
Table 105 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Poland – 1995 - 2006
Table 106 – PTK Centertel prepaid subscribers – 2003 - 2006
Table 107 – Mobile statistics in Romania – June 2006
Table 108 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Romania – June 2006
Table 109 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Romania – 1995 - 2006
Table 110 – Market share by operator in Romania – 2003 - 2006
Table 111 – Orange Romania revenue, monthly ARPU and annual change – 2003 - 2005
Table 112 – Cosmorom financial data and annual change – 2005 - 2006
Table 113 – SMS traffic and annual change in Romania – 2002 - 2005
Table 114 – MMS traffic and annual change in Romania – 2003 - 2005
Table 115 – WAP Internet access connections and annual change in Romania – 2003 - 2004
Table 116 – Mobile statistics in Russia – September 2005
Table 117 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual growth in Russia – June 2006
Table 118 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Russia – 1995 - 2006
Table 119 – MTS ARPU, MOU & churn in Russia – 2001 - 2005
Table 120 – MTS subscriber acquisition costs – 2001 - 2005
Table 121 – VimpelCom ARPU, MOU & churn – 2001 - 2005
Table 122 – Mobile statistics in Serbia and Montenegro – June 2006
Table 123 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Serbia and Montenegro – June 2006
Table 124 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Serbia and Montenegro – 1998 - 2006
Table 125 – Promonte prepaid subscribers – 2004 - 2006
Table 126 – Mobile statistics in Slovakia – June 2006
Table 127 – Mobile subscribers by operator in Slovakia – June 2006
Table 128 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Slovakia – 1995 - 2006
Table 129 – T-Mobile Slovensko revenue and net profit – 2003 - 2005
Table 130 – T-Mobile monthly ARPU and average churn – 2004 - 2005
Table 131 – T-Mobile Slovensko GSM subscribers – 1998 - 2006
Table 132 – Orange Slovensko revenue & net profit – 2003 - 2005
Table 133 – Orange Slovensko revenue breakdown – 2005
Table 134 – Orange Slovensko monthly ARPU – 2003 - 2005
Table 135 – Orange subscribers- 1998 - 2005
Table 136 – T-Mobile Slovenkso prepaid subscribers – 2004 - 2006
Table 137 – Mobile statistics in Slovenia – June 2006
Table 138 - Mobile subscribers by operator in Slovenia – June 2006
Table 139 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Slovenia – 1995 - 2006
Table 140 – Prepaid subscribers and penetration in Slovenia – 2003 - 2005
Table 141 – Mobile statistics in Ukraine – June 2006
Table 142 – Mobile subscribers and annual change by operator in Ukraine – June 2006
Table 143 – Mobile subscribers in Ukraine – 1995 - 2006
Table 144 – MTS ARPU, MOU & churn in Ukraine – 2003 - 2005
Table 145 – Kievstar prepaid, postpaid & blended ARPU – 2004 - 2006
Table 146 – Kievstar monthly minutes of use – 2004 - 2006
Table 147 – Kievstar prepaid subscribers – 2004 - 2006

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Number of pages 189

Status Archived

Last updated 13 Dec 2006
Update History

Analyst: Stephen McNamara

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