Turkmenistan - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Mobile broadband gains momentum in Turkmenistan in struggling fixed line market

Slow growth in telecom services in Turkmenistan, a predominantly rural country and former Soviet republic, can be attributed to a large extent to the slow development of the private sector and state control over most economic activities.

Turkmen Telecom has been the primary provider of telecommunication services, and through a subsidiary, TM-Cell, it has been operating a GSM mobile network in competition with a private mobile operator, MTS Turkmenistan. Not surprisingly it has been the mobile services that have been dominating the expansion activity.

Turkmenistan’s mobile market has experienced extraordinarily strong growth over 2007 to 2012 period. Over the 2013 to 2017 the mobile market increased at a much slower pace, as the market has moved closer to a saturation phase there has been an inevitable slowing in the growth rate. Slow growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022. The market will be constrained from higher growth due to a further maturing market.

Turkmenistan has experienced a number of problems relating to communications technology. Despite efforts to upgrade the country’s telecom infrastructure, the telephone network remained poorly developed and many villages have been left without telephone services. Fixed line penetration over the past four years has been increasing slowly from a relatively small base.

Fixed broadband penetration in Turkmenistan remains limited in scale and nature and extremely low mainly due to a limited number of fixed lines as well as the dominance of the mobile platform. Market penetration has not grown significantly over the last five years. Over the next five years to 2022 growth is expected to continue but overall market penetration will remain extremely low.

Turkmenistan has seen a strong increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past four years, however the mobile broadband market is still at an early stage of development and penetration remains relatively low compared to other Asian nations. Very strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022. The mobile broadband market will be driven by a rising level of mobile subscribers, increasingly faster speeds offered by the mobile operators as they roll out their 4G networks and falling prices due to strong competition.

Key developments:

  • Turkmenistan’s Ministry of Communication of Turkmenistan was reportedly preparing for the launch of a new mobile service provider.
  • Satellite communications and internet services were launched in the settlement of Kirpili in the Akhal region and in a settlement in the Balkan region in Turkmenistan.
  • The penetration of Internet users in Turkmenistan has been growing moderately over the past four years.
  • MTS Turkmenistan announced plans to expand the coverage of its 3G network with the deployment of additional base stations.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
    • 3.1 Background
    • 3.2 Economy
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market Overview and Analysis
    • 4.2 Regional Asian Market Comparison
    • 4.3 Historical Overview
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Regulatory authority
    • 5.2 Government policies - Censorship
  • 6. Fixed network operators
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 Fibre Networks
    • 7.3 Satellites
  • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 8.1 Background
    • 8.2 Broadband statistics and Forecast
  • 9. Mobile market
    • 9.1 Background
    • 9.2 Mobile Statistics and Forecast
    • 9.3 Mobile Broadband Statistics and Forecast
  • 10. Major mobile operators
    • 10.1 Operator Statistics
    • 10.2 MTS-Turkmenistan
    • 10.3 TM Cell (Altyn Asyr)
    • 10.4 Asgabat Saher Telefon Ulgamy (ASTU) (New Operator)
  • 11. Digital Media
    • 11.1 Music
      • 11.1.1 Introduction
      • 11.1.2 Local Developments
  • 12. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Turkmenistan – 2017 (e)
  • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 3– Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
  • Table 7 – Turkmenistan’s GDP real growth rate – 2003 - 2017
  • Table 8 – Key Metrics - Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) - 2017 - 2022
  • Table 9 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 1991 - 2017
  • Table 10 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Table 11 – Internet users – 1999 - 2017
  • Table 12 – International internet bandwidth capacity – 2002 - 2017
  • Table 13 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Table 14 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1997 - 2007
  • Table 15 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2013 - 2022
  • Table 16 – Mobile operators and systems
  • Table 17 – Mobile subscribers by operator and market share – 2017
  • Table 18 – Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
  • Table 19 – MTS mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2017
  • Table 20 – Historic - MTS mobile ARPU – 2004 - 2005; 2008 - 2014
  • Table 21 – TM Cell mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2017
  • Chart 1 – Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration – 2017; 2022
  • Chart 2 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
  • Chart 3 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index – Central Asia
  • Chart 4 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 5 – Fixed Broadband vs Mobile Penetration - Central Asia (selected countries)
  • Chart 6 - Fixed lines in service and Penetration - 2000 - 2017
  • Chart 7 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Chart 8 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Chart 9 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2013 - 2022
  • Exhibit 1 – Central Asia -Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

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Number of pages 32

Status Current

Last updated 11 Dec 2017
Update History

Analyst: Phil Harpur

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