2015 New Zealand - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts

Publication Overview

This report provides an overview of the New Zealand telecoms market as its moves into 2015, with analysis on a range of market developments, including digital TV and the digital economy, the mobile and broadband markets, recent regulatory measures, and the progress of the UFB.

Researchers: Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- January 2015 (18th Edition)

Executive Summary

UFB connecting over half a million homes while industry pushes for universal 1Gb/s service

New Zealand’s Ultra-Fast Broadband/Rural Broadband Initiative (UFB/RBI) is continuing to make steady progress. This significant infrastructure development, scheduled to be completed by about 2020, will provide the necessary network capabilities to propel the country’s digital economy, enabling key sectors such as e-government, e-commerce and digital media to flourish across the country. By late 2014 about 536,000 premises were connected to the UFB, with some 55,000 premises having signed up for services. About 1.2 million premises will be connected when the project is complete. Rolling out the UFB, undertaken by Chorus and other local operators, has helped to drive investment in telecom infrastructure, which increased from $1.24 billion in 2010/11 to $1.58 billion in 2012/13, before falling to $1.48 billion in 2013/14.

New Zealand has experience steady growth in fixed broadband penetration in recent years. The overall number of broadband subscribers grew by just under 10% in 2013, maintaining the momentum seen since 2010. The principal growth areas have been in the mobile broadband and fibre sectors. The number of fibre subscribers will continue to increase substantially over the coming years as the ultra-fast broadband service for urban dwellers sees increased uptake among consumers.

The uptake of mobile broadband has been bolstered by the expansion of mobile technologies based on LTE, offered by all three network operators. It has also been supported by the RBI rollout, which will add a number of mobile cell sites to rural areas. By late 2014 Vodafone NZ reported that more than 500,000 subscribers were on its LTE-enabled plans, and that LTE-capable devices accounted for a third of all device sales during the previous 12 months.

New Zealand’s mobile market continues to undergo significant developments. Mobile penetration, at around 120-125%, is growing steadily as operators provide add-on packs attracting increased usage at a lower cost. The award of digital dividend spectrum has placed 2degrees at some disadvantage, given that it can make use of only half of the 700MHz allocation secured by Spark. Competition among players has also driven down prices, while a range of messaging OTT services have lowered the volume SMS and MMS traffic, and with it the revenue derived from MNOs. At the same time, operators are having to adapt their business models and invest in network upgrades to keep pace with growing consumer demand for mobile data services.

Key developments:

  • Spark secures the remaining spectrum block in the 700MHz band,
  • expands the reach of LTE,
  • signs MoU with Huawei to upgrade its 3G network and provide CA technology; Vodafone sees slight rise in customer base,
  • doubles data allowance for RBI customers; Census showing continuing shift from landline telephone to mobile; Dunedin named as New Zealand’s ‘Gigatown’; Vocus Communications acquires FX Networks,
  • secures Spark’s 10% interest in the Sea-Me-We 3 Perth-Asia cable; Orcon sold to CallPlus; Northpower Fibre completes fibre network build,
  • passing over 19,000 premises; Google trials high-altitude balloon-based WiFi; 50GB data plans adopted by half of all broadband subscribers; fibre broadband connections increased 90% in the year to June 2014; report includes ComCom’s 2013 Monitoring Report,
  • Statistics New Zealand data to June 2014,
  • operator data updates,
  • recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Vodafone New Zealand, Spark New Zealand, 2degrees, Skinny, Clear Mobitel, TelstraClear, Black+White, CallPlus, Compass, Gemalto, Orcon, Paymark, Trade Me, TVNZ, Fairfax, Groupon, Ziln TV, CallPlus, CityLink, Vector, TelstraClear, Fyx, NOW, Airnet, WorldxChange Communications, , Maxnet, Vocus, CFH, Enable, Ericsson, WEL, Huawei, Northpower, Velocity Networks, Snap.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table of Contents

  • 1. The Market Moving into 2015
    • 1.1 Competitive landscape
      • 1.1.1 New Zealand’s 2nd tier players still under pressure
      • 1.1.2 Is consolidation needed for future survival
      • 1.1.3 Fibre will provide more and better access to services
    • 1.2 The UFB and RBI
      • 1.2.1 UFB analysis
    • 1.3 Mobile market
      • 1.3.1 Will TelstraClear’s new owner add value to the market
    • 1.4 Developments in cloud services and big data
      • 1.4.1 Growth in crowdsourced data collection
      • 1.4.2 Big data and the growth in M2M
    • 1.5 Consumer prices
      • 1.5.1 Higher price points leads to lower uptake
  • 2. Statistical Overview of the Market
    • 2.1 Key statistics
    • 2.2 Local access and fixed voice overview
      • 2.2.1 Fixed-line voice market
      • 2.2.2 Smaller players operate in niche markets
      • 2.2.3 Payphones
    • 2.3 VoIP market
      • 2.3.1 Market overview
      • 2.3.2 Market size and estimates
      • 2.3.3 Residential sector
      • 2.3.4 Business sector
    • 2.4 Fixed-Mobile Convergence (FMC)
      • 2.4.1 Introduction
      • 2.4.2 Service bundling
      • 2.4.3 Dual-mode services
      • 2.4.4 Network convergence
      • 2.4.5 International cable updates
      • 2.4.6 Other developments
    • 2.5 Smart grid developments
  • 3. Regulatory Overview
    • 3.1 History
    • 3.2 UBA, UCLL, LLU and UBS access market developments
      • 3.2.1 Determination on wholesale services
      • 3.2.2 Minor changes post Spark and Chorus demerger
    • 3.3 Mobile regulation developments
      • 3.3.1 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 3.3.2 Micropayments using PayforitNZ approved
    • 3.4 Spectrum market
      • 3.4.1 Background information
      • 3.4.2 Spectrum and auctions
      • 3.4.3 Analogue Switchover (ASO)
    • 3.5 Telecommunications Service Obligations (Kiwi Share)
      • 3.5.1 Background
      • 3.5.2 Telecommunications Development Levy – 2010 - 2017
      • 3.5.3 TDL changes
    • 3.6 Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS)
      • 3.6.1 Overview
      • 3.6.2 Cost of the TRS
    • 3.7 Telecommunications Dispute Resolution (TDR)
      • 3.7.1 Scheme overview
    • 3.8 Number Portability (NP)
      • 3.8.1 Overview
      • 3.8.2 Statistics
  • 4. Market Forecasts 2015, 2020
    • 4.1 Market overview
      • 4.1.1 Media market
      • 4.1.2 Total overhaul of the telecoms industry
      • 4.1.3 Infrastructure market
      • 4.1.4 The retail market
      • 4.1.5 The trans-sector market
    • 4.2 The fixed broadband market
      • 4.2.1 Setting the scene
      • 4.2.2 Fixed broadband market forecasts
    • 4.3 The mobile market
      • 4.3.1 Overview of changes
      • 4.3.2 Mobile market scenarios
  • 5. Mobile Communications
    • 5.1 Mobile market overview
    • 5.2 Major mobile operators
      • 5.2.1 Spark Mobile
      • 5.2.2 Vodafone New Zealand
      • 5.2.3 2degrees Mobile
    • 5.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • 5.3.1 TelstraClear
      • 5.3.2 Black+White
      • 5.3.3 CallPlus/Slingshot
      • 5.3.4 Compass
      • 5.3.5 Orcon
    • 5.4 Mobile market analysis
      • 5.4.1 700MHz Spectrum auction
    • 5.5 Statistics
      • 5.5.1 Operating statistics
      • 5.5.2 Historic statistics
      • 5.5.3 Revenue analysis
      • 5.5.4 Mobile revenue statistics
      • 5.5.5 Number Portability (NP)
      • 5.5.6 Smart device market
    • 5.6 Mobile Messaging
      • 5.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
    • 5.7 Mobile content and applications
      • 5.7.1 Mobile data growth
      • 5.7.2 International Mobile Roaming (IMR)
      • 5.7.3 NFC payments
      • 5.7.4 Joint venture for Trusted Service Manager (TSM)
      • 5.7.5 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
  • 6. The Broadband Market
    • 6.1 Statistics, Overview and Providers
      • 6.1.1 Market overview
      • 6.1.2 The ISP market
      • 6.1.3 Broadband statistics and forecasts
      • 6.1.4 Major broadband service providers
    • 6.2 Fibre developments
    • 6.3 WiFi developments
    • 6.4 Mobile broadband
    • 6.5 Satellite broadband developments
    • 6.6 Ultra-Fast Broadband Market
      • 6.6.1 The UFB and RBI
      • 6.6.2 BuddeComm analysis
      • 6.6.3 Overview of involved parties
    • 6.7 Wireless Broadband
      • 6.7.1 Overview
      • 6.7.2 WiFi
      • 6.7.3 WiMAX
      • 6.7.4 Satellite
      • 6.7.5 Major wireless broadband providers
  • 7. Digital Economay and Digital Media
    • 7.1 The digital economy – a key market driver
    • 7.2 Policies and infrastructure
      • 7.2.1 E-government
      • 7.2.2 The Ultra-Fast Broadband network – getting connected
      • 7.2.3 New Zealand’s current broadband network
    • 7.3 Digital economy in New Zealand
      • 7.3.1 Overview of the indicators
    • 7.4 E-commerce
      • 7.4.1 Overview and statistics
      • 7.4.2 Daily-deal coupon sites still growing in popularity
      • 7.4.3 Trade Me
      • 7.4.4 Global newcomers to e-commerce in New Zealand
      • 7.4.5 Online music
    • 7.5 E-health
      • 7.5.1 Overview
      • 7.5.2 Personal health care records
      • 7.5.3 E-learning
    • 7.6 Smart meters/smart grids
      • 7.6.1 Overview
      • 7.6.2 Renewable energy use target set for 2025
      • 7.6.3 Electric vehicles trials and wireless chargers
      • 7.6.4 Pilots and trials
      • 7.6.5 Smart meters finally getting smart
      • 7.6.6 Smart grids starting to roll out
      • 7.6.7 Auckland network smart meters
      • 7.6.8 Google PowerMeter installed in New Zealand
      • 7.6.9 Smart networks
      • 7.6.10 Smart homes
      • 7.6.11 Time shifting of power usage
    • 7.7 Digital media
      • 7.7.1 IPTV (DSL TV)
      • 7.7.2 Mobile TV
      • 7.7.3 Social networking
  • 8. Major Operators
    • 8.1 Spark New Zealand
      • 8.1.1 Company overview
      • 8.1.2 Background information on the demerger of Chorus and assets
      • 8.1.3 Recent developments – free WiFi, 4G, data roaming reduced
      • 8.1.4 Rebranding
      • 8.1.5 Operations statistical information
      • 8.1.6 Company divisions
      • 8.1.7 Products and services
      • 8.1.8 Subsidiary and associate companies
      • 8.1.9 Environmental developments
      • 8.1.10 Company history
      • 8.1.11 Financial results FY2014
      • 8.1.12 Financial results FY2013
    • 8.2 Vodafone New Zealand
      • 8.2.1 Company overview
      • 8.2.2 Global and Oceania operations
      • 8.2.3 TelstraClear purchased by Vodafone
      • 8.2.4 Company analysis
      • 8.2.5 The networks
      • 8.2.6 Products and services
      • 8.2.7 Wholesale, roaming and partnerships
      • 8.2.8 Financial results
      • 8.2.9 Operating results
      • 8.2.10 Company history
    • 8.3 Overview of the 2nd Tier Telcos
      • 8.3.1 New Zealand’s 2nd tier players squashed
      • 8.3.2 CallPlus
      • 8.3.3 M2 NZ Limited
      • 8.3.4 Southern Cross Cable Network
      • 8.3.5 WxC (WorldxChange Communications)
  • 9. Broadcasting - FTA, Pay TV, Digital TV and Radio - Insights and Statistics
    • 9.1 Overview
    • 9.2 Free-to-Air TV
      • 9.2.1 Television New Zealand (TVNZ)
      • 9.2.2 Maori TV
      • 9.2.3 MediaWorks NZ
      • 9.2.4 Prime Television New Zealand
      • 9.2.5 New Zealand Racing Board
    • 9.3 Digital FTA TV
      • 9.3.1 Freeview
      • 9.3.2 Digital TV changeover
    • 9.4 Pay and cable TV (digital)
      • 9.4.1 Market overview
      • 9.4.2 Igloo
      • 9.4.3 SKY Network Television
      • 9.4.4 TelstraClear (separate report)
    • 9.5 IPTV
      • 9.5.1 Overview
      • 9.5.2 Quickflix
      • 9.5.3 Lightbox TV
      • 9.5.4 TiVo
    • 9.6 Digital radio
      • 9.6.1 Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB)
      • 9.6.2 Digital radio trials
      • Table 1 – Telecom services revenue and investment statistics – 2008 – 2014
      • Table 2 – Estimated cost of building the UFB
      • Table 3 – Spark mobile subscribers – 2001 - 2014
      • Table 4 – Vodafone mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 5 – 2degrees mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 6 – Country statistics – 2014 (e)
      • Table 7 – Telecom services revenue and investment statistics – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 8 – Telephone network statistics – 2014 (e)
      • Table 9 – Internet statistics – 2014 (e)
      • Table 10 – Broadband statistics – 2014 (e)
      • Table 11 – Mobile statistics – 2014 (e)
      • Table 12 – Broadcasting statistics – Pay TV and FTA TV – 2014 (e)
      • Table 13 – Local access lines by sector – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 14 – Local access lines and local service and calling revenues – 2002 - 2014
      • Table 15 – Fixed-line voice traffic use per connection – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 16 – Fixed-line retail revenue – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 17 – VoIP plans and calling rates by major provider
      • Table 18 – Regulated UCLL and UBA pricing – 2014
      • Table 19 – Spark and Vodafone network termination rates (Cents per minute) – 2011 - 2014
      • Exhibit 7 – Anticipated ASO timetable
      • Table 20 – Annual cost of TDL – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 21 – Sprint payments from TRS/TSO – 2004 - 2014
      • Table 22 – Size of fixed trans-sector market – 2020
      • Table 23 – Size of mobile trans-sector market – 2020
      • Table 24 – Telecommunications services revenue by market – 2010; 2015; 2020
      • Table 25 – Telecommunications services revenue share by market – 2010; 2015; 2020
      • Table 26 – Forecast DSL subscribers – 2008 - 2015; 2020
      • Table 27 – Forecast mobile voice subscribers – 2008 - 2015; 2020
      • Table 28 – Spark mobile service revenue – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 29 – Spark mobile subscribers – 2001 - 2014
      • Table 30 – Vodafone mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 31 – Vodafone company revenue – 2012 - 2014
      • Table 32 – 2degrees mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2014
      • Table 33 – 2degrees key financial performance figures – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 34 – Mobile data traffic – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 35 – Mobile data use per connection – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 36 – Mobile voice traffic – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 37 – Mobile voice traffic use per connection – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 38 – Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration rate – 2001 - 2014
      • Table 39 – Annual change in mobile subscribers per major operator – 2002 - 2013
      • Table 40 – Historic - Market share of mobile subscribers per operator – 1995 - 2004
      • Table 41 – Market share of mobile subscribers per operator – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 42 – Spark and Vodafone prepaid versus postpaid subscribers – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 43 – Market share of prepaid subscribers by MNO – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 44 – Mobile subscribers per major operator (historic) – 2001 - 2007
      • Table 45 – Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration rate (historic) – 1995 - 2000
      • Table 46 – Spark and Vodafone network termination rates – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 47 – Mobile market revenue – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 48 – Annual change in mobile market revenue by MNO – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 49 – Mobile revenue market share by MNO – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 50 – Mobile market revenue by MNO (historic) – 1997 - 2007
      • Table 51 – Annual change in mobile market revenue by MNO (historic) – 1998 - 2007
      • Table 52 – Mobile revenue market share by MNO (historic) – 1997 - 2007
      • Table 53 – SMS messages sent – 2009 - 2015
      • Table 54 – SMS revenue – 2009 - 2015
      • Table 55 – Fixed-broadband penetration by access method – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 56 – Fixed-broadband connections by data cap (per month) – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 57 – Fixed-broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2015
      • Table 58 – Dial-up internet subscribers – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 59 – Average data consumption– 2011 - 2015
      • Table 60 – Proportion of broadband subscriptions by data rate – 2012 - 2013
      • Table 61 – Unbundled lines – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 62 – DSL and cable broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 63 – Wholesale broadband lines (excl. Spark) – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 64 –Estimated number of ISPs and internet penetration rate – 2000 - 2014
      • Table 65 – Internet users and subscribers – 2000 - 2014
      • Table 66 – ISP share of broadband subscribers – 2012 - 2013
      • Table 67 – Internet subscribers by market segment – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 68 – Market share of ISPs by size – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 69 – Proportion of internet subscribers by download speed – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 70 – Internet subscriber numbers by download speed (historic) – 2007 - 2009
      • Table 71 – Internet subscribers by download speed (historic) – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 72 – Internet subscribers by upload speed (historic) – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 73 – Internet subscribers by download plan limits – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 74 – Proportion of internet subscribers by download plan limits – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 75 – Estimates of retail broadband subscribers by major provider – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 76 – Annual change of residential retail subscribers by major provider – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 77 – Fixed-broadband subscribers by platform – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 78 – Broadband penetration – wireless versus fixed-line access – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 79 – Spark retail broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 80 – Spark broadband subscribers (retail and wholesale) – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 81 – Wireless broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 82 – Wireless broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 83 – Mobile broadband revenue – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 84 – Mobile broadband traffic – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 85 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 86 – Overview of UFB rollout by premise type and users available – 2013 - 2019
      • Table 87 – Fixed wireless broadband penetration – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 88 – Mobile handset internet connections – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 89 – Woosh Wireless subscribers – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 90 – Woosh Wireless key financial results overview (historic) – 2004 - 2011
      • Table 91 – Woosh Wireless capex versus opex – 2009 - 2011
      • Table 92 – Zenbu subscribers, WiFi zones and data throughput – 2007 - 2012
      • Table 93 – Budget allocation for UFB investment – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 94 – Estimated New Zealand population shopping online – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 95 – Top 5 e-commerce sites in New Zealand by popularity – 2011 – 2013; 2015
      • Table 96 – Information, e-commerce or social media websites in New Zealand in top 20 – 2011 – 2012; 2015
      • Table 97 – Overview of Facebook users in New Zealand – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 98 – Fixed lines in operation by division – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 99 – Annual change in fixed lines by division – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 100 – Spark Digital revenue by type -line subscribers by type – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 101 – Spark Digital fixed-line subscribers by type – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 102 – Spark mobile monthly ARPU – pre/postpaid voice and data – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 103 – Annual change in monthly ARPU by market sector – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 104 – Spark fixed lines and market share – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 105 – Environmental KPIs – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 106 – Spark key financial operating highlights – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 107 – Spark key financial operating highlights by annual change – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 108 – Spark revenue by service division – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 109 – Spark expenses – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 110 – Spark capital expenditure – 1999 - 2014
      • Table 111 – AAPT operations revenue by service – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 112 – AAPT operations expenses – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 113 – Historic - Vodafone NZ revenue and annual change – 1996 - 2004
      • Table 114 – Vodafone NZ revenue and annual change – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 115 – Vodafone NZ annual profit and annual change – 2003 - 2014
      • Table 116 – Historic - Vodafone subscriber statistics – 1998 - 2004
      • Table 117 – Vodafone subscriber statistics – 1998 - 2014
      • Table 118 – Vodafone prepaid versus postpaid subscribers – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 119 – Vodafone fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 120 – M2 NZ Limited key financial statistics overview – 2009 - 2011
      • Table 121 – Cost of accessing the protected circuits of the SX cable – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 122 – Broadcasting statistics overview – FTA TV – 2014
      • Table 123 – TVNZ Ondemand streams – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 124 – Overview of TVNZ key financial parameters – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 125 – Freeview household viewers and penetration rate – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 126 – Percentage of digital TV households by region – 2011 - 2013
      • Table 127 – Digital TV breakup by service provider/technology –- 2010 - 2013
      • Table 128 – Pay TV broadcasting statistics – 2008 - 2014
      • Table 129 – SKY Network Television financial overview – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 130 – SKY Network Television operational overview – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 131 – SKY Network Television operational overview – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 132 – SKY Network Television viewing hours overview – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 133 – Historic - SKY Network Television total UHF, DBS, other subscribers – 1993 - 2004
      • Table 134 – SKY Network Television total UHF, DBS & other subscribers – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 135 – SKY Network Television average monthly ARPU – 2005 - 2008; 2013 - 2014
      • Table 136 – Historic - SKY Network Television revenue, annual change – 1997 - 2004
      • Table 137 – SKY Network Television revenue, annual change – 2005 - 2014
      • Chart 1 – Overview of key telecoms subscribers by sector – 2006 - 2014
      • Chart 2 – Overview of fixed access lines – 2006 - 2014
      • Chart 3 – Overview of 2degrees key financial performance indicators – 2008 - 2013
      • Chart 4 – Overview of mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration rate – 2005 - 2014
      • Chart 5 – Overview of mobile market share by major operator – 2005 - 2013
      • Chart 6 – Internet users and subscribers – 2000 - 2014
      • Chart 7 – Market share of ISPs by market size – 2007 - 2014
      • Chart 8 – Overview of broadband subscribers – annual changes by technology – 2005 - 2013
      • Chart 9 – Overview of Spark broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2014
      • Chart 10 – Overview of key financial results – Woosh Wireless – 2004 - 2011
      • Chart 11 – The rise and fall of renewable energy use in New Zealand – 1987 - 2025
      • Chart 12 – Overview of fixed lines in operation by division – 2008 - 2014
      • Chart 13 – Spark Digital revenue by type -line subscribers by type – 2010 – 2014
      • Chart 14 – Overview of Spark pre/postpaid voice, data mobile monthly ARPU – 2009 - 2014
      • Chart 15 – Overview of Spark key financial operating highlights – 2009 - 2014
      • Chart 16 – Overview of Spark revenue by main service divisions – 2011 - 2014
      • Chart 17 – Overview of AAPT operations revenue by service – 2011 - 2014
      • Chart 18 – Overview of AAPT operations expenses – 2009 - 2014
      • Chart 19 – Overview of Vodafone NZ revenue and annual change – 2005 - 2014
      • Chart 20 – Overview of Vodafone NZ subscribers and annual change – 2005 - 2014
      • Chart 21 – Overview of Vodafone NZ prepaid versus postpaid subscribers – 2006 - 2014
      • Chart 22 – Overview of TVNZ key performance indicators – 2011 - 2014
      • Chart 23 – SKY Network Television financial overview – 2010 – 2014
      • Chart 24 – Overview of Sky key performance indicators – 2005 - 2014
      • Exhibit 1 – Livestock, farmers and the IoT
      • Exhibit 2 – Smartphones and realtime traffic updates
      • Exhibit 3 – UBA services background information
      • Exhibit 4 – Regulatory timeline – scheduled UBA and other services launch by service variant
      • Exhibit 5 – Overview of licensed versus unlicensed spectrum
      • Exhibit 6 – Overview of managed spectrum parks
      • Exhibit 8 – Liable people (operators) for the TDL levy
      • Exhibit 9 – 2degrees Mobile at a glance
      • Exhibit 10 – 2degrees background start-up information
      • Exhibit 11 – Frequencies of mobile network operators in Australia and New Zealand – 2013
      • Exhibit 12 – Orcon company acquisitions – 2000 - 2010
      • Exhibit 13 – The 33 UFB candidature regions by UFB LFC deployment company
      • Exhibit 14 – Brief overview of UFB deployment by area
      • Exhibit 15 – Brief overview of RBI deployment
      • Exhibit 16 – The Retail Service providers by LFC Chorus Limited
      • Exhibit 17 – The Retail Service providers of LFC Enable Networks
      • Exhibit 18 – The Retail Service providers of LFC Northpower Fibre
      • Exhibit 19 – The Retail Service providers of LFC Ultrafast Fibre
      • Exhibit 20 – Background information on IPSTAR deployment in New Zealand
      • Exhibit 21 – Compass Communications at a glance
      • Exhibit 22 – Compass Communications – brief company history
      • Exhibit 23 – Kordia at a glance
      • Exhibit 24 – Woosh at a glance
      • Exhibit 25 – Brief history timeline of e-government strategies in New Zealand
      • Exhibit 26 – Previous government initiatives (historic) – Digital Strategy 2.0
      • Exhibit 27 – Historical overview of IPTV developments
      • Exhibit 28 – Spark New Zealand at a glance including key highlights
      • Exhibit 29 – Spark’s five-year strategic plan historic overview
      • Exhibit 30 – Overview of the operational separation strategy
      • Exhibit 31 – Overview of Spark New Zealand initial demerger details
      • Exhibit 32 – The Internet Protocol/Multiprotocol Label switched network
      • Exhibit 33 – Overview of the AAPT network
      • Exhibit 34 – AAPT – PowerTel – historical background information
      • Exhibit 35 – Background information on the Unbundled Bitstream Access (UBA) service
      • Exhibit 36 – Overview of subsidiary companies – 2014
      • Exhibit 37 – Overview of associate companies – 2014
      • Exhibit 38 – Vodafone New Zealand at a glance
      • Exhibit 39 – Pacific Fibre, the second submarine cable fails to materialize
      • Exhibit 40 – Background on Vodafone UFB / RBI
      • Exhibit 41 – CallPlus at a glance
      • Exhibit 42 – M2 Telecommunications Group Limited (M2) at a glance
      • Exhibit 43 – Major submarine cable networks landing in Zealand
      • Exhibit 44 – Television New Zealand (TVNZ) at a glance
      • Exhibit 45 – Television and Radio available as Freeview services
      • Exhibit 46 – Digital TV conversion from analogue – shutdown by region – 2012 - 2013
      • Exhibit 47 – SKY Network Television at a glance – 2013
      • Exhibit 48 – SKY Network Television – brief company history – 1990 - 2014
      • Exhibit 49 – ALT TV (historic) – brief company history – 2005 - 2009

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