2015 Australia - Smart Cities - People, Transport, Cars, Buildings

Publication Overview

This report first goes into detail about the two key infrastructure elements needed for smart communities, high-speed telecommunications infrastructure and smart grids. Special attention is give to developments in M2M (Internet of Things) and the potential role of artificial intelligence. It describes the developments that are taking place internationally and in Australia. It also highlights the role of both federal and local government and key elements of smart communities, such as e-health, e-education, e-government, smart transport and smart cars. In addition it addresses policy issues needed to move these developments further and explains how this will have an effect on the social and economic developments of local communities, and indeed on the country as a whole.

Researchers:- Paul Budde, Kylie Wansink
Current publication date:- March 2015 (4th Edition)

Executive Summary

Big data and open governments will spur developments in smart cities

Smart cities are going to be amazing community hubs that will be more sustainable, efficient, and supportive of citizens.

The concept of smart communities is based on intelligent infrastructure such as broadband (FttP) and smart grids, so that connected and sustainable communities can be developed. However, they cannot be built within the silo structure that currently dominates our thinking; a holistic approach is needed – one that includes environmental issues such as energy-self-sufficient buildings, exchanges for renewable energy and e-cars, delivery of e-health, e-education and e-government services, as well as digital media and internet services.

To date, the easiest path to incorporating these concepts into a smart community has been with the development of ‘greenfield’ residential communities. These projects essentially start with no existing legacy utility infrastructure, and involve the construction of new dwellings capable of incorporating a range of new technologies. Greenfield development sites can be used as test beds and lead the way for other existing communities to follow suit.

How data and information is processed and utilised will be a key to the success of smart cities, which is why developments in big data management, M2M communication and cloud computing are of particular importance to smart city developments. The home automation market has certainly caught the interest of some of the industry heavyweights, with Qualcomm, Samsung and Apple all developing their own smart home automation solutions. Reportedly Google acquired Nest in order to develop home automation offerings also.

With the national broadband network slowly becoming a reality, cities, regions and communities are starting to become involved in developing strategies that will see them taking advantage of the social and economic benefits that the NBN can bring. It is therefore vitally important that communities take charge of the development of their knowledge-based environments. A proactive local government is a crucial element in the deployment of broadband to the point where it can begin to deliver community benefits in education, healthcare, community services, job creation and export. To date the lack of infrastructure has led to very limited action being taken by either state or local government in Australia, which is in stark contrast to events overseas.

Under the current Coalition government councils may have to become more actively involved in infrastructure, especially if local councils wish to become involved in smart cities based on gigabit infrastructure.

M2M and the internet of things

With the NBN and LTE now well and truly underway it is important to look at what will be the real value of this new infrastructure.

The infrastructure that is now being built offers a range of features such as ubiquitousness, affordability, low latency, high speed and high capacity. It will link millions of devices, such as sensors, that will enable us to manage our environment, traffic, infrastructures, and our society as a whole much more efficiently and effectively.

This ‘internet of things’ – other names used include M2M, pervasive internet and industrial internet – is going to be a real game-changer. It will transform every single sector of society and the economy; and it will be out of this environment that new businesses – and indeed new industries – will be born. This is one of the reasons so many overseas ICT companies are increasing their presence in Australia. LTE will take a leadership role in the development of M2M but the NBN is also an ideal test-bed for such developments. A great deal of attention is being paid to cloud computing and the NBN can be viewed as one gigantic cloud.

The number of connected M2M devices will grow to somewhere between 25 million and 50 million by 2020

Connected homes

The connected home covers many areas – from data, video and audio delivery, through to smart appliances, security and home automation. The technologies in these domains have existed and been evolving for many years, but implementing connected home solutions has traditionally been costly and complex.

People are becoming more connected, with an ever-increasing number using broadband, wider and deeper uptake of tablets, smartphones and a range of other devices, and the services.

The ‘broadband connected home’ can be viewed as a fixed location/premises where a number of devices share a connection to the outside world. It is recognised that there can be multiple separate networks within the home, and also multiple points of connection to the internet.

Smart transport

Smart transport systems, or intelligent transport systems, encompass a range of wireless and wired communications-based information technologies that can be integrated into transportation infrastructure and vehicles.

Current intelligent transport system technologies use dedicated short-range communications to transfer data over short distances between in-vehicle mobile radio units and roadside units – that is, fixed point-to-point services. Arrangements to facilitate the use of intelligent transport systems have been developed internationally in the 5850-5925MHz band (the 5.9GHz band). However ACMA still classified this as a medium priority for finalisation, and waiting on international standards has made progress fairly slow.

Progress in the sector has been rather slow and new developments are coming from others wanting a share of the new activities. A large number of smartphone apps are now available for drivers to optimise their trips, become more energy-efficient. Car manufacturers are also using the smart car platform as a possibility for additional (energy) services that can be offered to the marketplace.

Smart infrastructure is also looked at in the context of the NBN, the aim of which is to supply the basic telecommunication infrastructure for a range of sectors, including transport. Special access is provided for utilities in the NBN Act. Smart transport systems may be able to reduce the carbon footprint and energy use across many of the transport industries, while at the same time lowering GHG emissions. The government of the time also announced its Managed Motorways project.

However more government leadership is needed to push smart transport deeper into the market.

Electric vehicles

A new generation of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) will start entering the market in larger numbers over coming years. Companies such as Ergon Energy and ChargePoint are among the innovation leaders in this market.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Smart Cities and Smart Communities
    • 1.1 Trends and Insights
      • 1.1.1 Smart cities: sustainable engines for growth
      • 1.1.2 The use of telecommunications in smart cities
      • 1.1.3 Smart city standards
      • 1.1.4 Building smart cities to ease the stress
      • 1.1.5 Key components of smart cities
      • 1.1.6 Smart buildings/Connected homes
      • 1.1.7 Wearable technology (separate report)
      • 1.1.8 Selected examples of smart cites and communities
    • 1.2 Smart Societies based on Artificial Intelligence
      • 1.2.1 The proposition
      • 1.2.2 Philosophy and science
      • 1.2.3 Social and economic developments
      • 1.2.4 Are we reaching another breaking point?
      • 1.2.5 Solutions by using information technology to increase our intelligence
      • 1.2.6 Examples of developments
      • 1.2.7 Conclusion
    • 1.3 Broadband Infrastructure facilitates Economic Transformation through Digital Productivity
      • 1.3.1 Economic prosperity depends on digital productivity
      • 1.3.2 ICT industry has the driver’s seat
      • 1.3.3 Transformation requires open ICT infrastructure
      • 1.3.4 Brief insights into ICT infrastructure developments
      • 1.3.5 Comprehensive infrastructure policies are needed
      • 1.3.6 Collaborative trans-sector policies
      • 1.3.7 Case Study – Australia
      • 1.3.8 Conclusion
    • 1.4 Municipal and Community Networks
      • 1.4.1 Local councils need to take action
      • 1.4.2 Trans-sector thinking and municipal broadband
      • 1.4.3 The role of local councils
      • 1.4.4 Cities are taking charge
      • 1.4.5 How to get started
      • 1.4.6 Broadband development phases
      • 1.4.7 City marketing
      • 1.4.8 Broadband speeding up local governments
  • 2. M2M and The Internet of Things
    • 2.1 Statistical information
      • 2.1.1 Results from early IoT adopters
      • 2.1.2 M2M keeps growing into 2016
      • 2.1.3 High adoption rates for IoT
      • 2.1.4 Ovum/Vodafone study tips the market at A$530 million by 2019
      • 2.1.5 Market forecast network connected devices 2015
      • 2.1.6 M2M statistics from Telstra
      • 2.1.7 Forecast from Telsyte
      • 2.1.8 IoT Moving mainstream
      • 2.1.9 Lack of leadership, standardisation and interoperability
      • 2.1.10 Competitive advantages of Mobile M2M
    • 2.2 Market and Industry Analyses
      • 2.2.1 M2M hype and reality
      • 2.2.2 2014 was the year of M2M, but …
      • 2.2.3 Who will dominate the IoT market?
      • 2.2.4 The Internet of Everything
      • 2.2.5 Electricity companies and the M2M
      • 2.2.6 Data analytics solutions for Smart Grids
      • 2.2.7 Cryptography
    • 2.3 Change in services driven by Sensing and monitoring information
    • 2.4 Smart Projects
      • 2.4.1 Melbourne’s trees are online
      • 2.4.2 Sydney Harbour Bridge – M2M monitoring
      • 2.4.3 Sydney Water
      • 2.4.4 RFID Materials management on massive scale
      • 2.4.5 Vehicle tracking
      • 2.4.6 UniSA satellite system
      • 2.4.7 SenSA
      • 2.4.8 Smart Water
      • 2.4.9 M2M to monitor natural resources
      • 2.4.10 Traffic lights and alarm system go M2M over the NBN
      • 2.4.11 Tsunamis warning system
      • 2.4.12 M2M to save miners lives
      • 2.4.13 Optus
      • 2.4.14 Vodafone
      • 2.4.15 Sense-T
  • 3. Connected Homes
    • 3.1 Overview and introduction
      • 3.1.1 Connected communities
      • 3.1.2 Communication, smart energy and home automation
      • 3.1.3 Overview of new High-tech home devices
    • 3.2 Connected Home Survey
    • 3.3 NBN Co/Ovum Survey
    • 3.4 Smart home automation market growing to nearly $1bn by 2017
    • 3.5 Telstra’s connected home strategies
    • 3.6 Smart Home in Armidale
  • 4. Smart Transport
    • 4.1 Smart transport – introduction
    • 4.2 Smart vehicles
    • 4.3 Electric vehicles
      • 4.3.1 Wireless charging
      • 4.3.2 Connected car market
      • 4.3.3 The upcoming electric vehicle tsunami
      • 4.3.4 Autonomous cars
    • 4.4 Insights from Global Smart Grid Federation (GSGF)
      • 4.4.1 Vehicle deployment - 2014
      • 4.4.2 Fast charger deployment status
    • 4.5 Vehicle to Grid (V2G)
      • 4.5.1 Nearly 100,000 vehicles to be enabled with V2G technologies by 2017
    • 4.6 Dedicated Short-Range Communications
    • 4.7 Freight in the digital age
    • 4.8 Further smart transport project examples
      • 4.8.1 The highway of the future – Oss, The Netherlands
      • 4.8.2 Smart streetlights: gateway to smart cities
      • 4.8.3 Smart parking - SFpark
      • 4.8.4 Google Traffic
      • 4.8.5 Vehicle telematics
      • 4.8.6 e-Call
    • 4.9 Drones and Unmanned Aircraft
      • 4.9.1 Drone companies become hot property
    • 4.10 Smart Transport in Australia
      • 4.10.1 What are intelligent transport systems (ITS)?
      • 4.10.2 ITS Australia
      • 4.10.3 Market and Industry developments
      • 4.10.4 Transformation of the taxi business
      • 4.10.5 Dedicated short-range communications (DSRC)
      • 4.10.6 Smart transport and the National Broadband Network (NBN)
  • 5. Electric Vehicles
    • 5.1 Smart cars
      • 5.1.1 Tesla and Telstra’s Mobile Network
      • 5.1.2 Autonomous cars
      • 5.1.3 Lexus gets online services
      • 5.1.4 Toyota Fun-Vii
      • 5.1.5 Driverless trucks
      • 5.1.6 Alternative Revenue Streams for Automakers
    • 5.2 The Electric Vehicle (EV) market in Australia
      • 5.2.1 Introduction
      • 5.2.2 Smart vehicle technology
      • 5.2.3 Market overview - 2014
      • 5.2.4 Fast charger deployment status
      • 5.2.5 Market predictions
      • 5.2.6 Demand management of electric vehicle charging using Victoria’s Smart Grid
      • 5.2.7 EV recharge networks
      • 5.2.8 Smart Grid integrated electric vehicle charger
      • 5.2.9 Vehicle to Grid (V2G)
      • 5.2.10 Packet based power delivery system for EVs
    • 5.3 The focus shifting to Asia
    • 5.4 Electric vehicles within Smart Grid/Smart City project
      • 5.4.1 The outline of the trial
    • 5.5 Standards
    • Table 1 – Global M2M connections – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 2 - Selection of predictions in BT’s timeline
    • Table 3 - Telstra M2M statistics
    • Table 4 - Status of total EV/PHEV owned (2013)
    • Table 5 - Examples of financial incentives in the GSGF sphere
    • Table 6 - State based parking statistics 2014
    • Table 7 – Status of total EV/PHEV owned (2013)
    • Table 8 - Comparison between the use of an iMiEV and a VW Polo Diesel over a 10 year lifecycle.
    • Exhibit 1 – Smart City Operating System (OS)
    • Exhibit 2 – The Intelligent Communities Forum
    • Exhibit 3 – Insights into Smart Community Conference Tokyo 2014
    • Exhibit 4 – Smart city market size, estimates and projections
    • Exhibit 5 – Smart Homes
    • Exhibit 6 – Examples of HAN technology options
    • Exhibit 7 – Key smart home players
    • Exhibit 8 – Google’s acquisition of Nest and smart homes
    • Exhibit 9 – Smart shopping
    • Exhibit 10 – A snapshot of the Intelligent Nation 2015 (iN2015) project
    • Exhibit 11 – Smart energy project in Amsterdam
    • Exhibit 12 – Artificial Intelligence (AI)
    • Exhibit 13 – Watson in healthcare
    • Exhibit 14 - Transformation – business case examples
    • Exhibit 15 - Global developments that are forcing transformation
    • Exhibit 16 - Regulatory system needs to support transformation
    • Exhibit 17 - Smart communities
    • Exhibit 18- Internet of Things – the next infrastructure inflection point
    • Exhibit 19- Trans-sector vs. Cross-sector
    • Exhibit 20 - Australia – National Broadband Network
    • Exhibit 21 - Broadband Commission for Digital Development
    • Exhibit 22 - How does broadband relate to economic development?
    • Exhibit 23 - Key applications of a digital economy
    • Exhibit 24 – Trans-sector benefits
    • Exhibit 25 – The social and economic benefits of broadband – case study
    • Exhibit 26 – Key broadbanding steps
    • Exhibit 27 – Some application bit rates
    • Exhibit 28 – Home automation systems
    • Exhibit 29 - Learning from e-cars
    • Exhibit 30 – PRT/GRT systems
    • Exhibit 31 – Intelligent transport systems today
    • Exhibit 32 – USA – The I-80 Integrated Corridor Mobility Project
    • Exhibit 33 – In-car information
    • Exhibit 34 - Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS)
    • Exhibit 2 - Noise monitoring in Melbourne
    • Exhibit 35 - Learning from e-cars

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Digital Economy
Smart Infrastructure

Number of pages 151

Status Archived

Last updated 12 Mar 2015
Update History

Lead Analyst: Paul Budde

Contributing Analysts:

Kylie Wansink

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