2014 India - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media markets in India. Subjects covered include:

  • Key statistics;
  • Market and industry overviews;
  • Regulatory environment;
  • Major players (fixed and mobile);
  • Infrastructure development – national and international;
  • Digital media;
  • Mobile voice and data market;
  • Internet, including VoIP and IPTV;
  • Broadband services;
  • Regulatory environment;
  • Telecom market forecasts for selected segments/years to 2020.

Researcher:- Peter Evans
Current publication date:- July 2014 (20th Edition)

Executive Summary

As India’s telecom market recovers from its recent turmoil, it looks towards a fresh period of growth

Growth in India’s huge mobile market had effectively stalled in 2012 and the market was looking very subdued coming into 2013. However, by early 2014 there were positive signs of a recovering market, following some major adjustments. There was also evidence that some serious restructuring was taking place.

Back in 2010/2011, mobile operators in India added around 370 million new subscribers to their networks, an average of 15 million per month over the two years, to bring the total number of subscribers to around 900 million by the start of 2012. However, in the twelve months that followed we saw some erratic behaviour of the subscriber base and by the year end there were just 865 million subscribers. The drop in subscriber numbers was a combination of falling customer demand and the effect of operators ‘cleaning out’ their data bases. The drop was predominantly in the urban markets with the rural subscriber base actually continuing to grow during this period.

Despite the big drop in mobile subscribers the key drivers were considered to still in place; the mobile market was continuing to be driven by cheap call rates, low handset prices and rising incomes among the hundreds of millions of the population that are described as the country’s middle class. While offering some of the lowest mobile tariffs in the world, India’s market had also been running for many years with one of the highest usage rates in the world with the average customer using around 500 minutes per month. (This had dropped to around 350 by 2013.) Additionally, the operators were continuing their push into the rural and remote parts of the country.

One of the reasons for the operators culling their databases was to lift Average Revenue Per User (ARPU). Mobile ARPU in India had been steadily declining over the years as competing operators offered cheaper tariffs; at the same time usage levels have remained reasonably high thus slowing the decline in revenues. At the same time, there had been a major push in recent years to take mobile services into the poorer and rural areas of the country; this inevitably weighed heavily on ARPU. Countering this trend, the long-awaited 3G licensing has seen networks across the country finally delivering mobile data services to customers. Although still struggling with coverage issues, 3G has started to see operators boosting revenue. By 2012/2013 there were positive signs that the decline in ARPU was ‘bottoming out’ as operators began reporting increased ARPUs.

By the end of January 2014 India’s mobile subscriber base was increasing again and had reached 893 million. Figures from the TRAI also showed that Mobile Number Portability (MNP) transfer requests in January stood at a healthy 2.56 million. Most importantly, there was a renewed interest in data services. For example, 4G / LTE networks were being rolled out and this was shaping as a key battleground in the market once newcomer Reliance Jio launches its 4G services in the December 2014 quarter and goes head-to-head with Bharti Airtel.

In the meantime, the fixed-line market, which had grown strongly over a number of years, began experiencing zero and then negative growth. Fixed-line subscriber numbers stood at 28 million by early 2014. With less than 3% fixed-line penetration, India has nevertheless achieved a remarkable national coverage, with 99% of the population having some form of access to a telephone. It has been the heavy investment in telecoms infrastructure over the last decade, plus a number of key regulatory initiatives that have combined to see India’s huge population delivered at least some level of telephone service.

In terms of online access, there have been a number of efforts by the government to promote broadband internet throughout the country; broadband development had long been languishing, but there was new hope for a serious expansion phase in this segment of the market. By early 2014 there were around 15 million fixed broadband subscribers – a lowly penetration (by population) of slightly more than 1%. Meanwhile, the impact of mobile broadband was finally starting to hit the market and in the medium term this was expected to lift broadband penetration significantly.

Although facing serious functional and regulatory challenges, there is much that is positive to be found in India’s telecom industry. Sweeping reforms introduced by successive governments over the last decade or so have dramatically changed the nature of telecommunications in the country. A number of factors have been responsible for the amazing growth in India’s telecom sector; apart from the obvious booming economy and the rapid expansion in the country’s middle class, the growth drivers include low tariffs, low handset prices and most notably a highly competitive market created by the government and the regulators. The government continued its commitment to opening up the market to more and more competition and investment. The launch of Mobile Number Portability (MNP) in 2011 added yet another dimension to what was already an intensely competitive market. The anticipated removal of the cap on foreign investment in the telecom sector in 2013 was yet another strong signal to the market of the government’s intentions. The government has been continuing to push on a broad front to advance the restructuring of the telecommunications regulatory regime.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key Statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
      • 1.1.1 Background
      • 1.1.2 Economy
      • 1.1.3 Red tape and local testing policy
      • 1.1.4 2G scandal
  • 2. Telecommunications Market
    • 2.1 Overview
    • 2.2 Competition and prices
    • 2.3 Value Added Services (VAS)
    • 2.4 Third Generation (3G) auction
    • 2.5 WiMAX/wireless broadband spectrum auction
    • 2.6 Foreign investment
    • 2.7 Universal service
  • 3. Regulatory Environment
    • 3.1 Telecommunications authorities
      • 3.1.1 Ministry for Communications (MoC)
      • 3.1.2 Department of Telecommunications (DoT)
      • 3.1.3 Telecom Commission
      • 3.1.4 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
      • 3.1.5 Telecom Dispute Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT)
      • 3.1.6 Telecom Sector Ombudsman (TSO)
      • 3.1.7 Communications Commission of India (CCI)
    • 3.2 Licensing circles
    • 3.3 Regulatory developments
      • 3.3.1 Overview
      • 3.3.2 Mobile phone taxes
      • 3.3.3 Planned spectrum auctions
      • 3.3.4 Operators fighting TDSAT decision
      • 3.3.5 Broadband speed
      • 3.3.6 Cartel allegations rejected
      • 3.3.7 Mobile intercept rules
      • 3.3.8 Nokia tax disputes
      • 3.3.9 Value Added Services (VAS)
      • 3.3.10 Blackberry
      • 3.3.11 Subscriber Local Dialling (SLD)
      • 3.3.12 Spectrum fees
      • 3.3.13 Spectrum sharing
      • 3.3.14 ‘Local content’ rules
      • 3.3.15 Censorship issues
      • 3.3.16 Spectrum policy shift - 2011
      • 3.3.17 Tariffs
      • 3.3.18 The Blackberry privacy case
    • 3.4 National Telecom Policies
      • 3.4.1 National Telecom Policies 1999 (NTP-99)
      • 3.4.2 Addendum to NTP-99
      • 3.4.3 New National Telecom Policy
      • 3.4.4 National Broadband Policy 2004
      • 3.4.5 Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)
      • 3.4.6 12th Five Year Plan (2012 – 2017)
    • 3.5 National security
      • 3.5.1 Import of Chinese telecom equipment
  • 4. Major Operators
    • 4.1 Market overview
    • 4.2 Unified Access Service Licences (UASL)
    • 4.3 Mergers and acquisitions
    • 4.4 BSNL/MTNL
    • 4.5 Operator and market statistics
      • 4.5.1 Mobile market
      • 4.5.2 Fixed-line market
    • 4.6 Aircel
    • 4.7 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
      • 4.7.1 Overview
      • 4.7.2 Mobile business
      • 4.7.3 Fixed-line business
      • 4.7.4 Broadband business
    • 4.8 Bharti Airtel
      • 4.8.1 Overview
      • 4.8.2 Financials
      • 4.8.3 Corporate structure
      • 4.8.4 Mobile business
      • 4.8.5 Fixed-line and broadband businesses
      • 4.8.6 International businesses
    • 4.9 Data Access
    • 4.10 Hughes Telecom
    • 4.11 Idea Cellular
      • 4.11.1 Overview
      • 4.11.2 Financials
      • 4.11.3 Background
      • 4.11.4 Corporate structure
      • 4.11.5 3G development
    • 4.12 Loop Mobile (formerly BPL Mobile)
      • 4.12.1 Overview
      • 4.12.2 Background
    • 4.13 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
      • 4.13.1 Overview
      • 4.13.2 Corporate structure
      • 4.13.3 Mobile business
      • 4.13.4 Fixed-line and broadband business
    • 4.14 Quadrant
    • 4.15 Reliance Communications
      • 4.15.1 Overview
      • 4.15.2 Financials
      • 4.15.3 Corporate structure
      • 4.15.4 Mobile business
      • 4.15.5 Fixed-line business
      • 4.15.6 International business
    • 4.16 Reliance Jio Infocomm
    • 4.17 Sistema
      • 4.17.1 Overview
      • 4.17.2 Mobile business
      • 4.17.3 Fixed-line business
    • 4.18 Tata Teleservices
      • 4.18.1 Overview
      • 4.18.2 Corporate structure
      • 4.18.3 Mobile business
      • 4.18.4 Fixed-line business
      • 4.18.5 International business: Tata Communications
    • 4.19 Telewings (formerly Uninor)
      • 4.19.1 Overview
      • 4.19.2 Problems following 2G licence cancellation
    • 4.20 Videocon
    • 4.21 Vodafone
      • 4.21.1 Overview
      • 4.21.2 Corporate structure
      • 4.21.3 Tax dispute
      • 4.21.4 Background
      • 4.21.5 Strategic development
      • 4.21.6 3G plans
    • 4.22 Other operators and service providers
      • 4.22.1 Mobile operators
      • 4.22.2 Fixed network operators
      • 4.22.3 Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
      • 4.22.4 Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT)
    • 4.23 Former operators
      • 4.23.1 Etisalat DB Telecom (Swan Telecom)
      • 4.23.2 Spice Telecom
      • 4.23.3 S Tel
  • 5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
    • 5.1 National infrastructure
      • 5.1.1 Overview
      • 5.1.2 Statistics
      • 5.1.3 Background to network development
      • 5.1.4 Infrastructure sharing
      • 5.1.5 Rural and regional networks
      • 5.1.6 Fibre optic cable projects
      • 5.1.7 National optical fibre network
      • 5.1.8 Wireless Local Loop (WLL) - background
    • 5.2 Infrastructure developments
      • 5.2.1 IP networks
      • 5.2.2 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
      • 5.3.1 Background
      • 5.3.2 Interconnect agreements
      • 5.3.3 India-Pakistan
      • 5.3.4 International service disruption
      • 5.3.5 Submarine cable networks
      • 5.3.6 Satellite communications
  • 6. Internet Market
    • 6.1 Overview
    • 6.2 Internet statistics
      • 6.2.1 Growth issues
    • 6.3 Aspects of the internet market
      • 6.3.1 E-medicine
      • 6.3.2 IPv4/IPv6
      • 6.3.3 Cloud services
    • 6.4 Regulatory issues
      • 6.4.1 Internet policy: background
      • 6.4.2 Internet policy: development
      • 6.4.3 National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI)
      • 6.4.4 Control of the internet in India
      • 6.4.5 International connectivity
    • 6.5 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
      • 6.5.1 Foreign Exchange transactions
  • 7. Broadband Market
    • 7.1 Overview
    • 7.2 Background
    • 7.3 Broadband statistics
    • 7.4 National Broadband Policy
      • 7.4.1 Implementation of National Broadband Policy
    • 7.5 National Broadband Plan
    • 7.6 Broadband technologies
      • 7.6.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
      • 7.6.2 Cable modem
      • 7.6.3 Wireless broadband
      • 7.6.4 WiMAX
      • 7.6.5 WiMAX spectrum auctions
      • 7.6.6 Long Term Evolution (LTE)
      • 7.6.7 Mobile wireless
    • 7.7 Satellite
  • 8. Digital Media
    • 8.1 Overview
    • 8.2 Digital media
    • 8.3 Market statistics
    • 8.4 Regulatory issues
      • 8.4.1 Background
      • 8.4.2 Cable Television Networks (Amendment) Bill
      • 8.4.3 Convergence Bill 2001
      • 8.4.4 Foreign investment
      • 8.4.5 Conditional Access System (CAS)
      • 8.4.6 Viacom – Network18 joint venture
    • 8.5 TV and the transition to digital
      • 8.5.1 Overview
      • 8.5.2 Internet Protocol TV (IPTV)
      • 8.5.3 Pay TV
      • 8.5.4 Cable TV
      • 8.5.5 Satellite TV
      • 8.5.6 Major cable and pay TV operators
      • 8.5.7 Free-to-Air TV
  • 9. Mobile Communications
    • 9.1 Overview of India’s mobile market
    • 9.2 Improved regulatory environment - 2014
    • 9.3 Dramatic drop in mobile subscribers - 2012
    • 9.4 Mobile statistics
    • 9.5 Mobile handset / smartphone / tablet market
    • 9.6 Mobile market - geographic segments
    • 9.7 Development issues
      • 9.7.1 Reporting of revenue
      • 9.7.2 Tariffs for wireless broadband
      • 9.7.3 Spectrum allocations and spectrum auctions
      • 9.7.4 Rural expansion
    • 9.8 Regulatory issues
      • 9.8.1 Background
      • 9.8.2 Regulatory developments in 2013
      • 9.8.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 9.8.4 Regulatory developments in 2012
    • 9.9 2G corruption scandal
      • 9.9.1 Allegations
      • 9.9.2 Cancelled licences
      • 9.9.3 Charges
      • 9.9.4 Court decision, appeal and aftermath
    • 9.10 Preparation for re-auctioning of 2G spectrum
    • 9.11 Re-auctioning of 2G spectrum
    • 9.12 Mobile technologies
      • 9.12.1 Overview of mobile technologies used in India
      • 9.12.2 GSM
      • 9.12.3 CDMA
      • 9.12.4 Third Generation (3G) mobile
      • 9.12.5 Fourth Generation (4G) / Long Term Evolution (LTE)
      • 9.12.6 Voice-over-Long Term Evolution (VoLTE)
    • 9.13 Mobile voice services
      • 9.13.1 Prepaid
    • 9.14 Mobile data services
      • 9.14.1 Market overview
      • 9.14.2 Short Message Service (SMS)
      • 9.14.3 i-mode
      • 9.14.4 BlackBerry
      • 9.14.5 Mobile TV
      • 9.14.6 Mobile content
  • 10. Forecasts
    • 10.1 Forecasts - fixed-line services – 2015; 2020
    • 10.2 Forecasts- internet services – 2015; 2020
    • 10.3 Forecasts - Mobile services – 2015; 2020
    • Table 1 – Country statistics India – 2013
    • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2011
    • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – March 2014
    • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2013
    • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – March 2014
    • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – March 2014
    • Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
    • Table 8 – India’s GDP real growth rate – 2006 - 2015
    • Table 9 – Fixed-line services versus mobile services and penetration – March 2014
    • Table 10 – Foreign Direct Investment in telecom sector – 2004 - 2014
    • Table 11 – Telephone services to villages – 2013
    • Table 12 – Number of telecom licences issued by category – 2007 - 2008
    • Table 13 – Number of telecom licences issued by category – November 2013
    • Table 14 – Mobile operators and subscribers – 2013
    • Table 15 – Mobile operators and subscribers – 2012
    • Table 16 – Total mobile subscribers (GSM / CDMA) by operator and market share – 2013
    • Table 17 – GSM mobile operators, subscribers and market share – 2013
    • Table 18 – CDMA mobile operators, subscribers and market share – 2013
    • Table 19 –Overall mobile ARPU – 2005 - 2012
    • Table 20 – Mobile ARPU by technology, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2012
    • Table 21 – Mobile ARPU by technology, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2013
    • Table 22 – Mobile ARPU (blended) for selected operators – March 2013
    • Table 23 – Fixed-line subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2013
    • Table 24 – Aircel mobile subscribers – 2004 - 2014
    • Table 25 – BSNL mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 26 – BSNL fixed-line subscribers – 2002; 2012 - 2013
    • Table 27 – Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 28 – Bharti Airtel mobile ARPU – 2004 - 2005; 2007 - 2014
    • Table 29 – Bharti fixed-line subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 30 – Idea Cellular mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 31 – Idea Cellular 3G mobile subscribers – 2013
    • Table 32 – Idea Cellular mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2011; 2013
    • Table 33 – Loop Mobile (BPL) mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 34 – MTNL mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 35 – MTNL fixed-line subscribers – 2004; 2007; 2010 - 2013
    • Table 36 – Quadrant mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2013
    • Table 37 – Quadrant fixed-line subscribers – 2012 - 2013
    • Table 38 – Reliance mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 39 – Reliance mobile ARPU – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 40 – Reliance fixed-line subscribers – 2005 - 2013
    • Table 41 – Sistema mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2013
    • Table 42 – Sistema fixed-line subscribers – 2010 - 2013
    • Table 43 – Tata Teleservices mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 44 – Tata fixed-line subscribers – 2011 - 2013
    • Table 45 – Telewings (formerly Uninor) mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2014
    • Table 46 – Videocon mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2014
    • Table 47 – Vodafone Essar mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2014
    • Table 48 – Vodafone Essar mobile ARPU – 2008 - 2013
    • Table 49 – Number of licensed ISPs – 2002 – 2003; 2005; 2008 - 2013
    • Table 50 – ISP market – leading operators, subscribers and market share – 2012
    • Table 51 – ISP market – top 10 operators, subscribers and market share – 2013
    • Table 52 – VSAT service providers, subscribers and market share – 2013
    • Table 53 – Etisalat mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2012
    • Table 54 – Spice Telecom mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2008
    • Table 55 – S Tel mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2012
    • Table 56 – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2005 - 2014
    • Table 57 – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) – 1995 - 2005
    • Table 58 – Fixed-line subscribers and market share by operator – 2013
    • Table 59 – Growth of VPT scheme – 2001 - 2013
    • Table 60 – PCOs in operation – 2003 – 2004; 2007 - 2013
    • Table 61 – PCOs in operation and market share by operator – 2013
    • Table 62 – Fixed WLL subscribers (historical) – 2004 - 2006
    • Table 63 – Internet users – 1995 - 2014
    • Table 64 – Fixed internet subscribers and penetration – 1995 - 2014
    • Table 65 – Fixed internet subscribers by access type – 2012
    • Table 66 – Dial-up internet subscribers – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 67 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2014
    • Table 68 – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2014
    • Table 69 – Fixed broadband subscribers - market share by access type – 2012
    • Table 70 – Fixed broadband subscribers and households – March 2014
    • Table 71 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2014
    • Table 72 – India - Broadband and internet subscriber targets – 2005; 2007; 2010
    • Table 73 – DSL subscribers – 2001 - 2013
    • Table 74 – Cable modem subscribers – 2001 - 2013
    • Table 75 - Broadcasting market overview - 2013
    • Table 76 – Cable and TV households – 1995 - 2013
    • Table 77 – Total TV industry revenue – 2000 - 2013
    • Table 78 – Pay TV subscribers by technology – 2003- 2013
    • Table 79 – Number of channels carried by cable operators – 2010 - 2013
    • Table 80 – DTH subscribers – 2008 - 2013
    • Table 81 – Overview of India’s mobile market – 2011 - 2014
    • Table 82 – Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration – 2006 - 2014
    • Table 83 – Mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 84 – GSM mobile subscribers and annual change – 1997 - 2014
    • Table 85 – Mobile penetration in urban and rural areas – 2007; 2009 - 2014
    • Table 86 – Mobile services revenue – 1996 - 2013
    • Table 87 – Mobile ARPU by technology, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2012
    • Table 88 – Mobile ARPU by technology, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2013
    • Table 89 – Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) – 2005 - 2013
    • Table 90 –GSM mobile subscribers by region/circle – 2012 – 2014
    • Table 91 – GSM ARPU – 2003 - 2013
    • Table 92 – GSM ARPU by region/circle, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2013
    • Table 93 – GSM mobile operators, subscribers and market share – 2013
    • Table 94 – GSM ARPU by operator grouping, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2012
    • Table 95 – GSM ARPU by operator grouping, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2013
    • Table 96 – CDMA mobile operators, subscribers and market share – 2013
    • Table 97 – CDMA ARPU – 2003 - 2013
    • Table 98 – CDMA ARPU by region/circle, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2013
    • Table 99 – 3G auction (2010): Number of licences and total fees paid by operators
    • Table 100 – Prepaid mobile subscribers: share of total market – 2003 - 2013
    • Table 101 – SMS traffic by technology and subscriber – 2011 - 2013
    • Table 102 – Forecast fixed line subscribers and penetration rates – 2015; 2020
    • Table 103 – Forecast fixed internet subscribers – 2015; 2020
    • Table 104 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2015; 2020
    • Chart 1 - Mobile operators and subscribers - 2013
    • Chart 2 - Mobile operators’ market share by subscribers – 2013
    • Chart 3 – Market share of fixed-line basic services by operator – 2013
    • Chart 4 - ISP market - leading operators, subscribers and market share - 2013
    • Chart 5 - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2005 - 2014
    • Chart 6 - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) – 1995 - 2005
    • Chart 7 - PCOs in operation and market share by operator - 2013
    • Chart 8 – Fixed internet subscribers and penetration 2000 – 2014
    • Chart 9 - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2005-2014
    • Chart 10 - Fixed broadband market share by access type - 2012
    • Chart 11 - DSL subscribers – 2005-2013
    • Chart 12 - Cable modem subscribers - 2001-2013
    • Chart 13 – Cable and TV households and TV industry revenue: 2000 - 2013
    • Chart 14 - Pay TV subscribers by technology 2003-2013
    • Chart 15 - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2006 - 2014
    • Chart 16 - Mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) - 2002-2014
    • Chart 17 - GSM mobile subscribers and annual change - 2000-2014
    • Chart 18 - Mobile penetration urban and rural - 2007; 2009-2014
    • Chart 19 - Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) - 2005-2013
    • Chart 20 – GSM mobile operator market share – 2013
    • Chart 21 – CDMA mobile operator market share – 2013
    • Exhibit 1– Fixed-line basic services by operator – 2013
    • Exhibit 2 – Major shareholders in Bharti Airtel – April 2012
    • Exhibit 3 – Bharti Airtel – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 4 – Idea Cellular – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 5 – Reliance Communications linked with Reliance Industries Ltd – 2013
    • Exhibit 6 – Reliance Communications – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 7 – Tata Teleservices – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 8 – Vodafone Essar – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 9 – International submarine cable systems with landing points in India - 2012
    • Exhibit 10 – ISRO satellite network – September 2012
    • Exhibit 11 – Schedule for migration to Digital Addressable Cable TV System (DAS) – 2012 - 2014
    • Exhibit 12 – Broadcasting Standard and major broadcasters
    • Exhibit 13 – Information on FTA turned Pay and New Pay Channels
    • Exhibit 14 – Overview of major channels available to consumers in India
    • Exhibit 15 – Operators issued DTH licences – December 2013
    • Exhibit 16 – Operators / licences affected by 2G licensing process cancellation – February 2012
    • Exhibit 17 – CDMA 3G commercial deployment in India
    • Exhibit 18 – 3G auction results: Service area licences by operator – May 2010

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