2013 India - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media markets in India. Subjects covered include:

  • Key statistics;
  • Market and industry overviews;
  • Regulatory environment;
  • Major players (fixed and mobile);
  • Infrastructure development – national and international;
  • Digital media;
  • Mobile voice and data market;
  • Internet, including VoIP and IPTV;
  • Broadband services;
  • Regulatory environment;
  • Telecom market forecasts for selected segments/years to 2020.

Researcher:- Peter Evans
Current publication date:- August 2013 (19th Edition)

Executive Summary

India’s telecom market feels the mobile sector turmoil as the shake-out from 2G scandal continues

India’s massive mobile market entered a period of uncertainty in 2012 and this had continued into 2013. Whilst maintaining its ranking as one of the two largest telecom markets in the world (not surprisingly the other being China), India has looked anything but the strong market it was two years earlier. A number of factors have contributed to this situation. The Supreme Court decision in February 2012 that saw the large scale cancellation of operator licences and the subsequent response of the regulators to the court orders set the scene for the market uncertainty that followed. In the wake of the court decision and specifically the directive to re-auction the cancelled licences, a number of operators exited the market, whilst others were looking to rationalise their businesses. After a number of delays, the all-important re-auctioning of the cancelled 2G mobile licences took place in late 2012. This saw a disappointing outcome for the government with much of the spectrum on offer not even attracting bids, the high reserve prices clearly frightening off potential buyers. A further auction was held in March 2013 to sell off the remaining spectrum. Again the lack of bidder interest forced further postponements.

In the meantime a different kind of ‘shake-out’ was impacting on the mobile market. Operators had begun culling inactive prepaid subscribers from their customer databases; by mid-2012 this process had caused a major dislocation in the subscriber statistics and it was evident that the market would need time to adjust. The mobile sector had passed the 900 million subscriber mark by early 2012; by end-2012, however, the total subscriber numbers had fallen to around 860 million as the combined net effect of growth and culling was felt. Despite this dislocation, overall growth in the national subscriber base in the medium to long term was expected to continue at a strong rate; by mid-2013 the net subscriber numbers were increasing once more.

One of the reasons for the operators culling their databases was to lift Average Revenue Per User (ARPU). Mobile ARPU in India had been steadily declining over the years as competing operators offered cheaper tariffs; at the same time usage levels have remained reasonably high thus slowing the decline in revenues. At the same time, there had been a major push in recent years to take mobile services into the poorer and rural areas of the country; this inevitably weighed heavily on ARPU. Countering this trend, the long-awaited 3G licensing has seen networks across the country finally delivering mobile data services to customers. Although still struggling with coverage issues, 3G has started to see operators boosting revenue. By 2012 and into 2013 there were positive signs that the decline in ARPU was ‘bottoming out’ as operators began reporting increased ARPUs.

In the meantime, the fixed-line market, which had grown strongly over a number of years, began experiencing zero and then negative growth. Fixed-line subscriber numbers stood at 31 million by early 2013. With less than 3% fixed-line penetration, India has nevertheless achieved a remarkable national coverage, with 99% of the population having some form of access to a telephone. It has been the heavy investment in telecoms infrastructure over the last decade, plus a number of key regulatory initiatives that have combined to see India’s huge population delivered at least some level of telephone service.

In terms of online access, there have been a number of efforts by the government to promote broadband internet throughout the country; broadband development had long been languishing, but there was new hope for a serious expansion phase in this segment of the market. By early 2013 there were around 15 million fixed broadband subscribers – a lowly penetration (by population) of slightly more than 1%. Meanwhile, the impact of mobile broadband was finally starting to hit the market and in the medium term this was expected to lift broadband penetration significantly.

Although facing serious functional and regulatory challenges, there is much that is positive to be found in India’s telecom industry. Sweeping reforms introduced by successive governments over the last decade or so have dramatically changed the nature of telecommunications in the country. A number of factors have been responsible for the amazing growth in India’s telecom sector; apart from the obvious booming economy and the rapid expansion in the country’s middle class, the growth drivers include low tariffs, low handset prices and most notably a highly competitive market created by the government and the regulators. The government continued its commitment to opening up the market to more and more competition and investment. The launch of Mobile Number Portability (MNP) in 2011 added yet another dimension to what was already an intensely competitive market. The anticipated removal of the cap on foreign investment in the telecom sector in 2013 was yet another strong signal to the market of the government’s intentions. The government has been continuing to push on a broad front to advance the restructuring of the telecommunications regulatory regime.

Key highlights

  • The year 2012 saw a significant ‘correction’ in India’s mobile market, as operators removed inactive subscribers from their databases;
  • By end-2012 the country had 865 million mobile subscribers, for a penetration of 69%;
  • This was down from 895 million (penetration 72%) at end-2011;
  • By April 2013 there were 867 million subscribers as the market finally returned to positive growth;
  • GSM had further strengthened its position as the dominant mobile technology over CDMA with 91% of the mobile subscriber market coming into 2013;
  • The number of fixed broadband internet subscribers was steadily increasing, reaching 15 million for a penetration of just over 1% by population by the start of 2013;
  • DSL continued to hold the major portion of the local fixed broadband market: 85% by end-2012;
  • The market had witnessed a large scale roll-out of 3G networks by operators across the country following the long-delayed licensing;
  • However, 3G had not immediately delivered the expected boost to the market in terms of large scale adoption of mobile data services;
  • Nevertheless, mobile broadband was expanding rapidly and had quickly been established as a key form of broadband access;
  • Following the Supreme Court decision cancelling operator licences in February 2012, the re-auction of the vacant spectrum took place in late 2012 and early 2013;
  • The process was generally seen as a failure for the government as the auctions failed to attract the level of bids and bidders;
  • The licence cancellations and subsequent re-auctioning of spectrum had been a major upheaval for India’s telecom market place.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key Statistics
  • 2. Country overview
    • 2.1 Background
    • 2.2 Economy
    • 2.3 Analysis: India in the aftermath of the global financial crisis
    • 2.4 Red tape
    • 2.5 2G scandal
  • 3. Telecommunications Market
    • 3.1 Overview
    • 3.2 Competition
    • 3.3 Value Added Services (VAS)
    • 3.4 Third Generation (3G) auction
    • 3.5 WiMAX/wireless broadband spectrum auction
    • 3.6 Foreign investment
      • 3.6.1 Import of Chinese telecom equipment
    • 3.7 Universal service
  • 4. Regulatory Environment
    • 4.1 Telecommunications authorities
      • 4.1.1 Ministry for Communications (MoC)
      • 4.1.2 Department of Telecommunications (DoT)
      • 4.1.3 Telecom Commission
      • 4.1.4 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
      • 4.1.5 Telecom Dispute Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT)
      • 4.1.6 Telecom Sector Ombudsman (TSO)
      • 4.1.7 Communications Commission of India (CCI)
    • 4.2 Licensing circles
    • 4.3 Regulatory developments
      • 4.3.1 Overview
      • 4.3.2 Value Added Services (VAS)
      • 4.3.3 Blackberry
      • 4.3.4 Subscriber Local Dialling (SLD)
      • 4.3.5 Spectrum fees
      • 4.3.6 Spectrum sharing
      • 4.3.7 ‘Local content’ rules
      • 4.3.8 Supreme Court ruling on ‘distribution of national assets’
      • 4.3.9 Censorship issues
      • 4.3.10 New spectrum policy
      • 4.3.11 Tariffs
      • 4.3.12 Penalties for delayed roll-out
      • 4.3.13 Spectrum ‘vacation’
      • 4.3.14 Cancelled licences
      • 4.3.15 Access Deficit Charge (ADC)
      • 4.3.16 Unified Access Services Licence (UASL)
      • 4.3.17 Basic Telephone Service (BTS) licensing guidelines
      • 4.3.18 The ‘fixed’ mobile story - background
      • 4.3.19 Offshore investment
      • 4.3.20 The Blackberry privacy case
      • 4.3.21 Spectrum charges
      • 4.3.22 Spectrum in 2014
    • 4.4 National Telecom Policies
      • 4.4.1 National Telecom Policies 1999 (NTP-99)
      • 4.4.2 Addendum to NTP-99
      • 4.4.3 New National Telecom Policy
      • 4.4.4 National Broadband Policy 2004
      • 4.4.5 Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)
    • 4.5 National security
  • 5. Major Operators
    • 5.1 Major operators in India
      • 5.1.1 Market overview
      • 5.1.2 Unified Access Service Licences (UASL)
      • 5.1.3 Mergers and acquisitions
      • 5.1.4 BSNL/MTNL
    • 5.2 Operator and market statistics
      • 5.2.1 Mobile market
      • 5.2.2 Fixed-line market
    • 5.3 Aircel/Dishnet
    • 5.4 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
      • 5.4.1 Overview
      • 5.4.2 Mobile business
      • 5.4.3 Fixed-line business
      • 5.4.4 Broadband business
    • 5.5 Bharti Airtel
      • 5.5.1 Overview
      • 5.5.2 Financials
      • 5.5.3 Corporate structure
      • 5.5.4 Mobile business
      • 5.5.5 Fixed-line and broadband businesses
      • 5.5.6 International businesses
    • 5.6 Data Access
    • 5.7 Hughes Telecom
    • 5.8 Idea Cellular
      • 5.8.1 Overview
      • 5.8.2 Financials
      • 5.8.3 Background
      • 5.8.4 Corporate structure
      • 5.8.5 3G development
    • 5.9 Loop Mobile (formerly BPL Mobile)
      • 5.9.1 Overview
      • 5.9.2 Corporate structure and development
    • 5.10 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
      • 5.10.1 Overview
      • 5.10.2 Corporate structure
      • 5.10.3 Mobile business
      • 5.10.4 Fixed-line and broadband business
    • 5.11 Reliance Communications
      • 5.11.1 Overview
      • 5.11.2 Financials
      • 5.11.3 Corporate structure
      • 5.11.4 Mobile business
      • 5.11.5 Fixed-line business
      • 5.11.6 International business
    • 5.12 Sistema
      • 5.12.1 Overview
      • 5.12.2 Mobile business
      • 5.12.3 Fixed-line business
    • 5.13 Tata Teleservices
      • 5.13.1 Overview
      • 5.13.2 Corporate structure
      • 5.13.3 Mobile business
      • 5.13.4 Fixed-line business
      • 5.13.5 International business: Tata Communications
    • 5.14 Uninor
      • 5.14.1 Overview
      • 5.14.2 Problems following 2G licence cancellation
    • 5.15 Videocon
    • 5.16 Vodafone Essar
      • 5.16.1 Overview
      • 5.16.2 Corporate structure
      • 5.16.3 Tax dispute
      • 5.16.4 Background
      • 5.16.5 Strategic development
      • 5.16.6 3G plans
    • 5.17 Other operators and service providers
      • 5.17.1 Mobile operators
      • 5.17.2 Fixed network operators
      • 5.17.3 Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
    • 5.18 Former operators
      • 5.18.1 Etisalat DB Telecom (Swan Telecom)
      • 5.18.2 Spice Telecom
      • 5.18.3 S Tel
  • 6. Telecommunications Infrastructure
    • 6.1 National infrastructure
      • 6.1.1 Overview
      • 6.1.2 Statistics
      • 6.1.3 Background to network development
      • 6.1.4 Infrastructure sharing
      • 6.1.5 Rural and regional networks
      • 6.1.6 Fibre optic cable projects
      • 6.1.7 National optical fibre network
      • 6.1.8 Wireless Local Loop (WLL) - background
    • 6.2 Infrastructure developments
      • 6.2.1 IP networks
      • 6.2.2 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • 6.3 International infrastructure
      • 6.3.1 Background
      • 6.3.2 Interconnect agreements
      • 6.3.3 India-Pakistan
      • 6.3.4 International service disruption
      • 6.3.5 Submarine cable networks
      • 6.3.6 Satellite communications
  • 7. Internet Market
    • 7.1 Overview
      • 7.1.1 Internet statistics
      • 7.1.2 E-medicine
      • 7.1.3 IPv4/IPv6
      • 7.1.4 Cloud services
      • 7.1.5 Growth issues
    • 7.2 Regulatory issues
      • 7.2.1 Internet policy: background
      • 7.2.2 Internet policy: development
      • 7.2.3 National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI)
      • 7.2.4 Control of the internet in India
    • 7.3 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
      • 7.3.1 Foreign Exchange transactions
  • 8. Broadband Market
    • 8.1 Overview
      • 8.1.1 Broadband statistics
    • 8.2 National Broadband Policy
      • 8.2.1 Implementation of National Broadband Policy
    • 8.3 National Broadband Plan
    • 8.4 Broadband technologies
      • 8.4.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
      • 8.4.2 Cable modem
      • 8.4.3 Wireless broadband
      • 8.4.4 WiMAX
      • 8.4.5 WiMAX spectrum auctions
      • 8.4.6 Long Term Evolution (LTE)
      • 8.4.7 Mobile wireless
    • 8.5 Satellite
  • 9. Digital Media
    • 9.1 Broadcasting Market
      • 9.1.1 Overview
      • 9.1.2 Digital media
      • 9.1.3 Market statistics
      • 9.1.4 Regulatory issues
    • 9.2 TV and the transition to digital
      • 9.2.1 Overview
      • 9.2.2 Internet Protocol TV (IPTV)
      • 9.2.3 Pay TV
      • 9.2.4 Cable TV
      • 9.2.5 Satellite TV
      • 9.2.6 Major cable and pay TV operators
      • 9.2.7 Free-to-Air TV
  • 10. Mobile Communications
    • 10.1 Overview of India’s mobile market
    • 10.2 Dramatic drop in mobile subscribers - 2012
    • 10.3 Mobile statistics
    • 10.4 Mobile handset / smartphone market
    • 10.5 Mobile market - geographic segments
    • 10.6 Development issues
      • 10.6.1 Reporting of revenue
      • 10.6.2 Tariffs for wireless broadband
      • 10.6.3 Spectrum allocations and spectrum auctions
      • 10.6.4 Rural expansion
    • 10.7 Regulatory issues
      • 10.7.1 Background
      • 10.7.2 Merger and Acquisition (M&A) rules
      • 10.7.3 Regulatory developments in 2013
      • 10.7.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 10.7.5 Regulatory developments in 2012
      • 10.7.6 Regulatory developments in 2011
    • 10.8 2G corruption scandal
      • 10.8.1 Allegations
      • 10.8.2 Charges
      • 10.8.3 Court decision, appeal and aftermath
    • 10.9 Analysis: 2G scandal - 2011
    • 10.10 Re-auctioning of 2G spectrum
    • 10.11 Mobile technologies
      • 10.11.1 Overview of mobile technologies used in India
      • 10.11.2 GSM
      • 10.11.3 CDMA
      • 10.11.4 Third Generation (3G) mobile
      • 10.11.5 Fourth Generation (4G) / Long Term Evolution (LTE)
    • 10.12 Mobile voice services
      • 10.12.1 Prepaid
    • 10.13 Mobile data services
      • 10.13.1 Market overview
      • 10.13.2 Short Message Service (SMS)
      • 10.13.3 i-mode
      • 10.13.4 BlackBerry
      • 10.13.5 Mobile TV
      • 10.13.6 Mobile content
  • 11. Forecasts
    • 11.1 Forecasts - Fixed-line services – 2015; 2020
    • 11.2 Forecasts- Internet services – 2015; 2020
    • 11.3 Forecasts - Mobile services – 2015; 2020
    • Table 1 – Country statistics India – 2013
    • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2011
    • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – March 2013
    • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2012
    • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2012
    • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – April 2013
    • Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
    • Table 8 – India’s GDP real growth rate – 2006 - 2014
    • Table 9 – Fixed-line services versus mobile services and penetration – April 2013
    • Table 10 – Foreign Direct Investment in telecom sector – 2004 - 2012
    • Table 11 – Telephone services to villages – 2012
    • Table 12 – Number of telecom licences issued by category – 2007 - 2008
    • Table 13 – Mobile operators and subscribers – April 2013
    • Table 14 – Mobile operators and subscribers – 2012
    • Table 15 – Total mobile subscribers (GSM / CDMA) by operator and market share – April 2013
    • Table 16 – Total mobile subscribers (GSM / CDMA) by operator and market share – 2012
    • Table 17 – GSM mobile operators, subscribers and market share – June 2013
    • Table 18 – CDMA mobile operators, subscribers and market share – 2012
    • Table 19 –Overall mobile ARPU – 2005 - 2012
    • Table 20 – Mobile ARPU by technology, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2012
    • Table 21 – Mobile ARPU (blended) for selected operators – March 2013
    • Table 22 – Fixed-line subscribers by operator – 2008 - 2012
    • Table 23 – Aircel mobile subscribers – 2004 - 2013
    • Table 24 – BSNL mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 25 – BSNL fixed-line subscribers – 2002; 2012 - 2013
    • Table 26 – Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 27 – Bharti Airtel mobile ARPU – 2004 - 2005; 2007 - 2013
    • Table 28 – Bharti fixed-line subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 29 – Idea Cellular mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 30 – Idea Cellular mobile ARPU – 2007 - 2011
    • Table 31 – Loop Mobile (BPL) mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 32 – MTNL mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 33 – MTNL fixed-line subscribers – 2004; 2007; 2010 - 2013
    • Table 34 – Reliance mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 35 – Reliance mobile ARPU – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 36 – Reliance fixed-line subscribers – 2005 - 2013
    • Table 37 – Sistema mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2013
    • Table 38 – Sistema fixed-line subscribers – 2010 - 2013
    • Table 39 – Tata Teleservices mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 40 – Tata fixed-line subscribers – 2011 - 2013
    • Table 41 – Uninor mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2013
    • Table 42 – Videocon mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2013
    • Table 43 – Vodafone Essar mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2013
    • Table 44 – Vodafone Essar mobile ARPU – 2008 - 2013
    • Table 45 – Number of licensed ISPs – 2002 – 2003; 2005; 2008 - 2012
    • Table 46 – ISP market – leading operators, subscribers and market share – 2012
    • Table 47 – Etisalat mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2012
    • Table 48 – Spice Telecom mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2008
    • Table 49 – S Tel mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2012
    • Table 50 – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2005 - 2013
    • Table 51 – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) – 1995 - 2005
    • Table 52 – Growth of VPT scheme – 2001 - 2012
    • Table 53 – PCOs in operation – 2003 - 2012
    • Table 54 – PCOs in operation and market share by operator – 2012
    • Table 55 – Fixed WLL subscribers (historical) – 2004 - 2006
    • Table 56 – Internet users – 1995 - 2013
    • Table 57 – Fixed internet subscribers and penetration – 1995 - 2013
    • Table 58 – Fixed internet subscribers by access type – 2012
    • Table 59 – Dial-up internet subscribers – 2007 - 2012
    • Table 60 – Internet (dial-up) ARPU – 2005; 2007 - 2009
    • Table 61 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2012
    • Table 62 – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2013
    • Table 63 – Fixed broadband subscribers - market share by access type – 2012
    • Table 64 – Fixed broadband subscribers and households – 2012
    • Table 65 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2013
    • Table 66 – India - Broadband and internet subscriber targets – 2005; 2007; 2010
    • Table 67 – DSL subscribers – 2001 - 2012
    • Table 68 – Cable modem subscribers – 2001 - 2012
    • Table 69 – Wireless broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2012
    • Table 70 - Broadcasting market overview - 2012
    • Table 71 – Cable and TV households – 1995 - 2012
    • Table 72 – Total TV industry revenue – 2000 - 2011
    • Table 73 – Pay TV subscribers by technology – 2003- 2012
    • Table 74 – Number of channels carried by cable operators – 2010 - 2012
    • Table 75 – DTH subscribers – 2008 - 2012
    • Table 76 – Overview of India’s mobile market – 2011 - 2013
    • Table 77 – Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration – 2006 - 2013
    • Table 78 – Mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 79 – GSM mobile subscribers and annual change – 1997 - 2013
    • Table 80 – Mobile penetration urban and rural – 2007; 2009 - 2012
    • Table 81 – Mobile services revenue – 1996 - 2012
    • Table 82 – Mobile ARPU by technology, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2012
    • Table 83 – Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) – 2005 - 2012
    • Table 84 –GSM mobile subscribers by region/circle – 2012 - 2013
    • Table 85 – GSM ARPU – 2003 - 2012
    • Table 86 – GSM ARPU by region/circle, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2012
    • Table 87 – GSM mobile operators, subscribers and market share – June 2013
    • Table 88 – GSM ARPU by operator grouping, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2012
    • Table 89 – CDMA mobile operators, subscribers and market share – 2012
    • Table 90 – CDMA ARPU – 2003 - 2012
    • Table 91 – CDMA ARPU by region/circle, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2012
    • Table 92 – 3G auction (2010): Number of licences and total fees paid by operators
    • Table 93 – Prepaid mobile subscribers: share of total market – 2003 - 2012
    • Table 94 – SMS traffic by technology and subscriber – 2011 - 2012
    • Table 95 – Forecast fixed line subscribers and penetration rates – 2015; 2020
    • Table 96 – Forecast fixed internet subscribers – 2015; 2020
    • Table 97 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2015; 2020
    • Chart 1 - Mobile operators and subscribers - 2012
    • Chart 2 - Mobile operators’ market share by subscribers – 2012
    • Chart 3 – Market share of fixed-line basic services by operator – April 2013
    • Chart 4 - ISP market - leading operators, subscribers and market share - March 2012
    • Chart 5 - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2005 - 2013
    • Chart 6 - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) – 1995 - 2005
    • Chart 7 - PCOs in operation and market share by operator - 2012
    • Chart 8 – Fixed internet subscribers 2000 - 2013
    • Chart 9 - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2005-2013
    • Chart 10 - Fixed broadband market share by access type - March 2012
    • Chart 11 - DSL subscribers - 2005-2012
    • Chart 12 - Cable modem subscribers - 2001-2012
    • Chart 13 – Cable and TV households and TV industry revenue: 2000 - 2011
    • Chart 14 - Pay TV subscribers by technology 2003-2012
    • Chart 15 - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2006 - 2013
    • Chart 16 - Mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) - 2002-2013
    • Chart 17 - GSM mobile subscribers and annual change - 1997-2013
    • Chart 18 - Mobile penetration urban and rural - 2007; 2009-2012
    • Chart 19 - Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) - 2005-2012
    • Chart 20 – GSM mobile operator market share – September 2013
    • Chart 21 – CDMA mobile operator market share – 2012
    • Exhibit 1 – Overview of FDI policy for India’s telecom sector
    • Exhibit 2– Fixed-line basic services by operator – April 2013
    • Exhibit 3 – Major shareholders in Bharti Airtel – April 2012
    • Exhibit 4 – Bharti Airtel – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 5 – Idea Cellular – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 6 – Reliance Communications linked with Reliance Industries Ltd – 2013
    • Exhibit 7 – Reliance Communications – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 8 – Tata Teleservices – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 9 – Vodafone Essar – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 10 – International submarine cable systems with landing points in India - 2012
    • Exhibit 11 – ISRO satellite network – September 2012
    • Exhibit 12 – Schedule for migration to Digital Addressable Cable TV System (DAS) – 2012 - 2014
    • Exhibit 13 – Broadcasting Standard and major broadcasters
    • Exhibit 14 – Information on FTA turned Pay and New Pay Channels
    • Exhibit 15 – Overview of major channels available to consumers in India
    • Exhibit 16 – Operators issued DTH licences – March 2012
    • Exhibit 17 – Operators / licences affected by 2G licensing process cancellation – February 2012
    • Exhibit 18 – CDMA 3G commercial deployment in India
    • Exhibit 19 – 3G auction results: Service area licences by operator – May 2010

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