2012 Asia - Fixed Telecommunications Infrastructure

Publication Overview

The Asian market has been continuing its long run of overall strong growth and to support this there has obviously been a correspondingly strong development of infrastructure. This report looks at the fixed telecoms infrastructure in a broad selection of markets – both developed and developing – right across the region. Markets covered include:

Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, East Timor, Georgia, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Macau, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam.

Researcher:- Peter Evans
Current publication date:- August 2012 (16th Edition)

Executive Summary

Asia’s fixed infrastructure underpins its booming mobile and broadband sectors

The governments of Asian nations have long recognised – some earlier than others – that there needed to be some encouragement of private sector investment to meet the demand for the all-important capital needed in the telecom sector. At the same time, it was also generally well recognised that this strategy could not rely on local investment alone, and would inevitably mean a substantial level of foreign investment. Of course, despite this recognition, there has inevitably been some resistance within governments to opening up the telecom sector to foreign investors and as a consequence the level of ‘encouragement’ has been variable.

The changing nature of the telecom market has also had a major impact on the approach to investment in infrastructure. With shifting revenue patterns across the market segments and falling ARPUs on many services, operators have been more selective about what they actually invest in. Telecom operators throughout Asia have been increasing investment levels on the back of carefully considered investment strategies. This has seen companies shifting business focus, looking for new ways to add value to existing revenue streams; it has also seen a strong desire to leverage new value from infrastructure that is already in place. This has especially been the case with mobile network moving increasingly to support mobile broadband services and newer generations of mobile technologies.

The initial round of substantial investment in telecom infrastructure in Asia was in fixed telephone networks. Over a number of decades the regional economies were progressively building their often quite substantial fixed-line national networks. These fixed networks were in time followed by the building of mobile networks. In many of the developing nations of the region, the building of fixed-line infrastructure was not far advanced before it was overwhelmed by the introduction of mobile infrastructure. This created the phenomenon of ‘substitution’ in many of the markets of Asia (where mobile services perform the function of the non-existent fixed services.) Nevertheless, despite the unevenness in disposition, fixed infrastructure remained an important component in the overall development of the region’s telecom sector. Coming into 2012 there were around 580 million fixed-line subscribers in Asia; this compared with close to 3 billion mobile subscribers. Most importantly, the fixed-line numbers have only been increasing marginally in recent years, with a significant number of countries in Asia starting to see a decline in fixed-line numbers.

The focus of infrastructure building has been shifting. There has been a major push to upgrade domestic telecoms networks to Next Generation Networks (NGNs). This process is seeing large scale investment by Asia’s leading telecoms markets in new-generation IP-based telecommunications networks. At the same time there has been a major surge in infrastructure building as mostly developed economies roll out National Broadband Networks (NBNs). These networks come in various ‘shapes and sizes’ as governments work with operators to tackle the strategic challenge of delivering high speed to the nation. Not surprisingly the NBNs rely heavily upon fibre; in some cases it is Fibre to the Premises (FttP), while in others it might be Fibre to the Node (FttN). And the cost varies accordingly. Those countries that have government backing for NBN roll-out are the ones that are setting the pace.

In addition to the national networks, international connectivity remains central to the overall effectiveness of the region’s telecommunications services. Submarine cable routes criss-cross the Asia Pacific area, providing both intra-regional and inter-regional networks. This sector of the market has been characterised by widely fluctuating supply and demand, which in turn has seen somewhat erratic investment strategies. . Submarine projects are subject to this boom and bust market phenomena, with planned projects commonly being delayed or abandoned, consortia being reshaped, etc. In fact, over-supply of capacity has been common in the Asian market. More recently investments have been less speculative and more focused on predicted growth. In the meantime, new submarine cable projects continue being proposed and the cables installed throughout the region. As Asia’s broadband usage surged, a major effort has gone into managing the shortfall in capacity between Asia and the US.

As the demand for wholesale services continues to rise in Asia, still driven in the short term by voice, but in the longer term by data, there has been a boom in IP-based services, with the volume of international Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) traffic into and out of Asia having increased at a rapid rate at the expense of the traditional International Direct Dial (IDD) traffic. The industry will watch closely to see how this settles into a pattern of more predictable growth in demand.

Asia – key developments in infrastructure

  • Asia’s networks and infrastructure supported a total of more than 3.5 billion telephone subscribers coming into 2012; of these, an estimated 580 million were fixed-line subscribers and 2.9 billion were mobile subscribers;
  • Asia’s developed markets had built or were building their NGNs, with IP shaping as the primary delivery platform for telecom services across the region;
  • After annual growth of 20%-30% in the region’s mobile market during the 2005/2010 period, 2011 saw growth fall to around 10%, with looking likely to continue for the next few years;
  • Most tellingly, coming into 2012 Asia claimed 49% of the world’s total mobile subscriber base;
  • In the meantime, the operators were expanding infrastructure to support their still growing subscriber bases and usage patterns, and especially the push into mobile broadband;
  • By early 2012 Asia had a mobile broadband penetration of 11%; this represented 460 million mobile broadband subscribers in the region;
  • Two of Asia’s markets – South Korea and Singapore – had more mobile broadband subscribers than population by end 2011; Japan was not far behind on 90% mobile broadband penetration at the time;
  • While mobile broadband was expanding rapidly, fixed (wired) broadband remained a key component of the infrastructure in Asia; in 2011 30 million fixed (wired) broadband subscriptions were added in China alone, this being about half of total such subscribers added worldwide;
  • Asia’s all-important submarine cable market continues to attract interest from investors anticipating an increased demand for bandwidth that will put pressure on capacity;
  • With a series of system outages drawing attention to the highly vulnerable nature of these key systems, redundancy has become a critical issue for submarine cable systems in the region and provides further incentive for investment in this type of infrastructure;
  • The region continues to see a steady run of new satellite launches with further such launches already scheduled for the coming year or two. 

Asia: - Key telecom indicators – 2011 – 2012 

Category

2011

2012 (e)

Fixed-line services:

 

 

Total No. of subscribers

580 million

590 million

Fixed broadband services:

 

 

Total No. of subscribers

270 million

315 million

Mobile services:

   

Total No. of subscribers

2.9 billion

3.2 billion

Mobile broadband services:

 

 

Total No. of subscribers

460 million

550 million

(Source: BuddeComm)

Table of Contents

  • 1. Afghanistan
    • 1.1 Infrastructure overview
      • 1.1.1 Background
      • 1.1.2 Post-2001
    • 1.2 National infrastructure network
      • 1.2.1 Forecasts – fixed-line market – 2015; 2020
      • 1.2.2 Local Fixed Services Plan (LFSP)
      • 1.2.3 Optical fibre backbone
      • 1.2.4 Satellite services
      • 1.2.5 Infrastructure projects
  • 2. Armenia
    • 2.1 National infrastructure
    • 2.2 International infrastructure
  • 3. Azerbaijan
    • 3.1 National infrastructure
      • 3.1.1 Overview
      • 3.1.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
      • 3.1.3 Forecasts – fixed-line market – 2015; 2020
    • 3.2 International infrastructure
      • 3.2.1 Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) cable network
      • 3.2.2 Europe Persia Express Gateway (EPEG)
  • 4. Bangladesh
    • 4.1 National infrastructure
      • 4.1.1 Overview
      • 4.1.2 Fibre optic networks
      • 4.1.3 Grameen Telecom’s Village Project
      • 4.1.4 Forecasts – fixed-line market – 2015; 2020
    • 4.2 International infrastructure
      • 4.2.1 International Gateways
      • 4.2.2 Satellite networks
      • 4.2.3 Submarine cable connectivity
  • 5. Bhutan
    • 5.1 National infrastructure
      • 5.1.1 Overview
      • 5.1.2 E-Shabtog
      • 5.1.3 Remote communities
      • 5.1.4 Optical fibre network
    • 5.2 International infrastructure
      • 5.2.1 Overview
      • 5.2.2 Very Small Aperture Terminals (VSATs)
  • 6. Brunei Darussalam
    • 6.1 National infrastructure
      • 6.1.1 Overview
      • 6.1.2 Telecommunications development project
      • 6.1.3 Public payphones
      • 6.1.4 GSM payphones
      • 6.1.5 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
      • 6.1.6 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • 6.2 International infrastructure
      • 6.2.1 Trans-Borneo Optical Cable Network
      • 6.2.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 6.2.3 Satellite networks
  • 7. Cambodia
    • 7.1 National infrastructure
      • 7.1.1 Overview
      • 7.1.2 Forecasts – fixed-line market – 2015; 2020
      • 7.1.3 Telecom Cambodia
    • 7.2 International infrastructure
      • 7.2.1 Overview
      • 7.2.2 Greater Mekong Subregion Information Superhighway (GMS-IS)
  • 8. China
    • 8.1 National infrastructure
      • 8.1.1 Overview
      • 8.1.2 Internet networks
      • 8.1.3 Fibre-to-the-home (FttH)
    • 8.2 International infrastructure
      • 8.2.1 Terrestrial and submarine cable infrastructure
      • 8.2.2 China-USA undersea cable link
      • 8.2.3 China-Vietnam undersea cable link
      • 8.2.4 China-Taiwan undersea cable link
      • 8.2.5 China-India terrestrial cable link
      • 8.2.6 Satellite infrastructure
  • 9. Georgia
    • 9.1 National infrastructure
      • 9.1.1 Overview
      • 9.1.2 Wireless local loop (WLL)
      • 9.1.3 Forecasts – fixed-line subscribers – 2015; 2020
    • 9.2 International infrastructure
      • 9.2.1 Satellites
  • 10. Hong Kong
    • 10.1 National infrastructure
      • 10.1.1 Digital 21 IT Strategy
      • 10.1.2 FttB/FttH building registration scheme
    • 10.2 International infrastructure
      • 10.2.1 Submarine cable networks
  • 11. India
    • 11.1 National infrastructure
      • 11.1.1 Overview
      • 11.1.2 Statistics
      • 11.1.3 Forecasts - fixed-line services – 2015; 2020
      • 11.1.4 Network development
      • 11.1.5 Infrastructure sharing
      • 11.1.6 Rural and regional networks
      • 11.1.7 Fibre optic cable projects
      • 11.1.8 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 11.1.9 IP networks
      • 11.1.10 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • 11.2 International infrastructure
      • 11.2.1 Background
      • 11.2.2 Interconnect agreements
      • 11.2.3 India-Pakistan
      • 11.2.4 International service disruption
      • 11.2.5 Submarine cable networks
      • 11.2.6 Satellite communications
  • 12. Indonesia
    • 12.1 National infrastructure
      • 12.1.1 Overview
      • 12.1.2 Background to development
      • 12.1.3 Fixed-line statistics
      • 12.1.4 Forecasts – fixed-line market: 2015; 2020
      • 12.1.5 Infrastructure development
      • 12.1.6 Joint operating service (KSO) ventures – five-zone plan
      • 12.1.7 Rural telephony
      • 12.1.8 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 12.1.9 Telecom towers
    • 12.2 International infrastructure
      • 12.2.1 International gateway exchanges
      • 12.2.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 12.2.3 Satellite networks
  • 13. Japan
    • 13.1 National infrastructure
      • 13.1.1 Overview
      • 13.1.2 Stimulus package for ICT infrastructure
      • 13.1.3 Fixed-network market
      • 13.1.4 High-speed fibre
      • 13.1.5 Earthquake damage: March 2011
      • 13.1.6 Internet exchange points
    • 13.2 International infrastructure
      • 13.2.1 Overview
      • 13.2.2 Submarine cables
      • 13.2.3 Satellite
  • 14. Kazakhstan
    • 14.1 National infrastructure
      • 14.1.1 Overview
      • 14.1.2 Forecasts – fixed-line market – 2015; 2020
      • 14.1.3 IP-based services
      • 14.1.4 Next Generation Network (NGN) development
      • 14.1.5 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
    • 14.2 International infrastructure
      • 14.2.1 Trans Asia-Europe (TAE)
      • 14.2.2 Satellite networks
      • 14.2.3 KazSat satellite series
  • 15. Kyrgyzstan
    • 15.1 National infrastructure
      • 15.1.1 Overview
    • 15.2 International infrastructure
      • 15.2.1 Satellites
      • 15.2.2 Optical fibre cable systems
  • 16. Laos
    • 16.1 National infrastructure
      • 16.1.1 Overview
      • 16.1.2 Fixed-line statistics
      • 16.1.3 Forecasts – fixed-line market - 2015; 2020
    • 16.2 International infrastructure
      • 16.2.1 Terrestrial cable links
      • 16.2.2 Asian Development Bank Backbone Telecommunications Network
      • 16.2.3 Proposed satellite system
  • 17. Macau
    • 17.1 National and international infrastructure
  • 18. Malaysia
    • 18.1 National infrastructure
      • 18.1.1 Overview
      • 18.1.2 Fixed-line networks
      • 18.1.3 Forecasts – fixed-line subscribers – 2015; 2020
      • 18.1.4 Sharing of infrastructure
      • 18.1.5 Fibre optic backbones
      • 18.1.6 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
      • 18.1.7 High-Speed Broadband (HSBB) network
    • 18.2 International infrastructure
      • 18.2.1 International gateways
      • 18.2.2 Malaysia-Thailand
      • 18.2.3 Submarine cable networks
      • 18.2.4 Proposed submarine cable networks
      • 18.2.5 Satellite networks
  • 19. Maldives
    • 19.1 National infrastructure
      • 19.1.1 Overview
      • 19.1.2 Domestic satellite service
    • 19.2 International infrastructure
      • 19.2.1 Satellite networks
      • 19.2.2 Submarine cable networks
  • 20. Mongolia
    • 20.1 National infrastructure
      • 20.1.1 Overview
      • 20.1.2 Rural services
    • 20.2 International infrastructure
      • 20.2.1 Overview
      • 20.2.2 Satellite program
      • 20.2.3 Chronological data of ICT developments in Mongolia
  • 21. Myanmar (Burma)
    • 21.1 National infrastructure
      • 21.1.1 Overview
      • 21.1.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
    • 21.2 International infrastructure
      • 21.2.1 Overview
      • 21.2.2 Satellite networks
  • 22. Nepal
    • 22.1 National infrastructure
      • 22.1.1 Overview
      • 22.1.2 Forecasts – fixed-line market – 2015; 2020
      • 22.1.3 Nepal East West SDH project
      • 22.1.4 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
    • 22.2 International infrastructure
      • 22.2.1 Overview
  • 23. North Korea
    • 23.1 National infrastructure
      • 23.1.1 Overview
      • 23.1.2 North-South connections
    • 23.2 International infrastructure
      • 23.2.1 Overview
      • 23.2.2 Satellite networks
  • 24. Pakistan
    • 24.1 National infrastructure
      • 24.1.1 Overview
      • 24.1.2 Fixed line statistics
      • 24.1.3 Forecast – fixed line market – 2015; 2020
      • 24.1.4 Opening up of market
      • 24.1.5 Rural services
      • 24.1.6 Universal Service Fund (USF)
      • 24.1.7 Fibre optic networks
      • 24.1.8 Broadband networks
      • 24.1.9 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 24.1.10 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
      • 24.1.11 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
    • 24.2 International infrastructure
      • 24.2.1 International gateways
      • 24.2.2 Pakistan-India link
      • 24.2.3 Submarine cable networks
      • 24.2.4 Satellite networks and systems
  • 25. Philippines
    • 25.1 National infrastructure
      • 25.1.1 Overview
      • 25.1.2 Fixed-line statistics
      • 25.1.3 Forecasts – fixed-line market – 2015; 2020
      • 25.1.4 Globe Telecom’s national fixed-line licence
      • 25.1.5 Background: Service Area Scheme (SAS)
      • 25.1.6 National fibre optic networks
      • 25.1.7 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
      • 25.1.8 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 25.1.9 Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) services
    • 25.2 International infrastructure
      • 25.2.1 International gateways
      • 25.2.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 25.2.3 Satellite systems
  • 26. Singapore
    • 26.1 National infrastructure
      • 26.1.1 Overview
      • 26.1.2 Fixed-mobile convergence (FMC)
      • 26.1.3 Next Generation National Infocomm Infrastructure (Next Gen NII)
      • 26.1.4 Analysis – Singapore’s national broadband network
      • 26.1.5 Infrastructure developments
    • 26.2 International infrastructure
      • 26.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 26.2.2 Submarine cable systems under construction
      • 26.2.3 Satellite networks
  • 27. South Korea
    • 27.1 National infrastructure
      • 27.1.1 National submarine cable infrastructure
      • 27.1.2 National satellite infrastructure
      • 27.1.3 Internet infrastructure
      • 27.1.4 Smart cities
    • 27.2 International infrastructure
      • 27.2.1 Submarine cable infrastructure
  • 28. Sri Lanka
    • 28.1 National infrastructure
      • 28.1.1 Fixed infrastructure
      • 28.1.2 Overview
      • 28.1.3 Forecasts – fixed-line market – 2015; 2020
      • 28.1.4 Infrastructure development
      • 28.1.5 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 28.1.6 Fibre optic networks
      • 28.1.7 National Backbone Network (NBN)
      • 28.1.8 Payphones
      • 28.1.9 Numbering plan
      • 28.1.10 Internet Protocol (IP) networks
      • 28.1.11 Rural communications
    • 28.2 International infrastructure
      • 28.2.1 Submarine cables
  • 29. Taiwan
    • 29.1 National infrastructure
      • 29.1.1 Government initiatives for broadband and m-Taiwan
      • 29.1.2 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH)
    • 29.2 International infrastructure
      • 29.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 29.2.2 Satellite networks
  • 30. Tajikistan
    • 30.1 National and international infrastructure
      • 30.1.1 Overview
      • 30.1.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
  • 31. Thailand
    • 31.1 National infrastructure
      • 31.1.1 Overview
      • 31.1.2 Background
      • 31.1.3 Forecasts – fixed-line subscribers – 2015; 2020
      • 31.1.4 Public payphones
      • 31.1.5 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 31.2 International infrastructure
      • 31.2.1 Overview
      • 31.2.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 31.2.3 Submarine cable systems under construction or proposed
      • 31.2.4 Submarine cable outages
      • 31.2.5 Satellite networks
  • 32. Timor Leste
    • 32.1 National infrastructure
      • 32.1.1 Overview
    • 32.2 International infrastructure
      • 32.2.1 Overview
      • 32.2.2 Satellite networks
      • 32.2.3 Submarine cable
  • 33. Turkmenistan
    • 33.1 National and international infrastructure
      • 33.1.1 Overview
      • 33.1.2 Fibre optic networks
  • 34. Uzbekistan
    • 34.1 National infrastructure
      • 34.1.1 Overview
      • 34.1.2 Forecasts – fixed-line market – 2015; 2020
      • 34.1.3 Fibre optic cables
    • 34.2 International infrastructure
      • 34.2.1 Satellite communications
  • 35. Vietnam
    • 35.1 National infrastructure
      • 35.1.1 Overview
      • 35.1.2 Background to development
      • 35.1.3 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
      • 35.1.4 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 35.1.5 Forecasts – fixed-line market – 2015; 2020
      • 35.1.6 National infrastructure projects and equitisation
    • 35.2 International infrastructure
      • 35.2.1 Background to development
      • 35.2.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 35.2.3 Satellite networks
  • 36. Glossary of Abbreviations
  • Table 1 – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 1994; 2000 - 2012
  • Table 2 – Fixed-line subscribers - 2011
  • Table 3 – Forecast fixed-line subscribers – 2015; 2020
  • Table 4 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1991 - 2012
  • Table 5 – Fixed lines in service, annual growth and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 6 – Forecast fixed-line subscribers – 2015; 2020
  • Table 7 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 8 – Bangladesh optical fibre network - 2011
  • Table 9 – Village Phones in Bangladesh – 1998 – 2007; 2010 - 2011
  • Table 10 – Forecast fixed line subscribers – 2015; 2020
  • Table 11 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 12 – Fixed line subscribers and penetration rate – 1990; 1995; 2000 - 2012
  • Table 13 – Fixed lines in service – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 14 – Forecast fixed-line growth – 2015; 2020
  • Table 15 – China main indicators of telecommunications capacity – 2009 - 2011
  • Table 16 – China total international outlet bandwidth: 2006 - 2011
  • Table 17 – International outlet bandwidth for key networks – 2004 – 2011
  • Table 18 – IPv4 address resources in China and annual change – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 19 – Total domain names in China and annual change – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 20 – Classified domain names in China – 2009; 2011
  • Table 21 – Classified .cn domain names – 2009 - 2010
  • Table 22 – Growth of websites in China and annual change – 2002 – 2011
  • Table 23 – Growth of web pages in China and annual change – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 24 – FttX subscribers – 2006 - 2012
  • Table 25 – Fixed lines in service, annual change and penetration – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 26 – Fixed-line operators – subscribers and market share – 2010
  • Table 27 – Forecast fixed line subscribers – 2015; 2020
  • Table 28 – Digital 21 Strategy – key indicators – June 2012
  • Table 29 – External telecommunications facilities capacity of Hong Kong – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 30 – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2005 - 2012
  • Table 31 – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) – 1995 - 2005
  • Table 32 – Forecast fixed line subscribers and penetration rates – 2015; 2020
  • Table 33 – Growth of VPT scheme – 2001 - 2011
  • Table 34 – PCOs in operation – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 35 – PCOs in operation and market share by operator – September 2011
  • Table 36 – Fixed WLL subscribers (historical) – 2004 - 2006
  • Table 37 – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 38 – Fixed lines subscribers and annual change by operator – 2011
  • Table 39 – Fixed wireless v. wireline subscribers – 2011
  • Table 40 – Forecast of fixed line subscribers and penetration rates – 2015; 2020
  • Table 41 – Planned five-year USO deployment of lines for villages – 2006 - 2010
  • Table 42 – Fixed-wireless (WLL) subscribers – 2003; 2007 - 2011
  • Table 43 – Fixed-wireless (WLL) subscribers by operator – 2011
  • Table 44 – PT Telkom’s fixed wireless subscribers – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 45 – PT Telkom – fixed wireless subscribers – 2010
  • Table 46 – MYLINE subscribers – 2002 - 2012
  • Table 47 – MYLINE operator market share – February 2012
  • Table 48 – International internet bandwidth – 1995 - 2010
  • Table 49 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 50 – Forecast fixed line subscribers and penetration rates – 2015; 2020
  • Table 51 – Fixed lines in service, annual change and teledensity – 1991 - 2012
  • Table 52 – Fixed lines in service – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 53 – WLL (fixed) subscribers – 2004 - 2012
  • Table 54 – Forecast fixed line subscribers and penetration rates – 2015; 2020
  • Table 55 – Fixed-lines and teledensity – 1985 - 2013
  • Table 56 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 57 – Fixed-line household penetration rate – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 58 – Forecast fixed-line subscribers – 2015; 2020
  • Table 59 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 60 – Fixed-line subscribers by region – September 2011
  • Table 61 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1990, 1995 – 2013
  • Table 62 – Local fixed-line telephone traffic – 1997 – 2009
  • Table 63 – Wireless local loop (WLL) lines in service – 2003 – 2011
  • Table 64 – L and S band usage – July 2012
  • Table 65 – C band usage – July 2012
  • Table 66 – Ku band usage – July 2012
  • Table 67 – Fixed lines in service – 1988, 1990, 1995 - 2012
  • Table 68 – Fixed-lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 69 – Fixed WLL subscribers – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 70 – Forecast fixed line subscribers – 2015; 2020
  • Table 71 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1990; 2000; 2005; 2010
  • Table 72 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1991 - 2012
  • Table 73 – Fixed wireline subscribers – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 74 – Fixed wireline v. fixed wireless (WLL) subscribers – 2004 - 2012
  • Table 75 – Fixed wireline subscribers by operator and market share –2011
  • Table 76 – Forecast fixed line subscribers – 2015; 2020
  • Table 77 – WLL subscribers – 2005 - 2012
  • Table 78 – WLL subscribers by operator and market share – March 2012
  • Table 79 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 1994 - 2012
  • Table 80 – Fixed lines – proportion of urban and residential subscribers – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 81 – Fixed lines installed versus lines in operation – 1995 - 2011
  • Table 82 – Total SAS lines installed by operators by target date
  • Table 83 – Forecast fixed line subscribers – 2015; 2020
  • Table 84 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 1998 - 2012
  • Table 85 – Overview of fixed-line subscribers – 2011
  • Table 86 – Registered .kr domains – 1993 - 2012
  • Table 87 – Number of IPv4 and IPv6 addresses – 1997 - 2012
  • Table 88 – International bandwidth – 1997 - 2010
  • Table 89 – Fixed lines in service, annual change and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 90 – Forecast fixed line subscribers and penetration rate – 2015; 2020
  • Table 91 – WLL subscribers – 1996 - 2012
  • Table 92 – Fixed lines in service, annual growth and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 93 – Fixed lines and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 94 – Estimated fixed-line subscribers by operator – 2011
  • Table 95 – Estimated fixed-line subscribers – metro vs provincial – 2011
  • Table 96 – Forecast fixed-line subscribers and penetration rate – 2015; 2020
  • Table 97 – Public payphones in service – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 98 – Public payphones by provider – 2011
  • Table 99 – Fixed line subscribers, annual change and penetration – 1995; 1998 - 2000; 2003 - 2012
  • Table 100 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1991 - 2012
  • Table 101 – Fixed lines in service, annual growth and teledensity – 1991 - 2012
  • Table 102 – Forecast fixed-line subscribers and penetration rates – 2015; 2020
  • Table 103 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1990 - 2012
  • Table 104 – Forecast fixed line subscribers and penetration rates – 2015; 2020
  • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2001 - 2012
  • Chart 2 – Bangladesh fixed-line subscribers and penetration - 2001 - 2012
  • Chart 3 – China total international outlet bandwidth – 2006 - 2011
  • Chart 4 – IPv4 address resources in China and annual change– 2006 - 2011
  • Chart 5 – Websites in China and annual change– 2002 - 2011
  • Chart 6 – Web pages in China and annual change– 2006 - 2011
  • Chart 7 – Fixed and mobile subscribers in Georgia – 2000 - 2011
  • Chart 8 - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2005 - 2012
  • Chart 9 - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) – 1995 - 2005
  • Chart 10 - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 1995 - 2012
  • Chart 11 – International bandwidth – 2005 - 2010
  • Chart 12: Fixed and mobile subscribers: 2000 - 2013
  • Chart 13 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 – 2012(e)
  • Chart 14 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity- 1998 – 2013
  • Chart 15 – Fixed and mobile subscribers – 1999 - 2010
  • Chart 16 - Fixed lines in service, annual growth and teledensity – 2001 - 2012
  • Chart 17 – Fixed line subscribers and annual change – 2001 - 2012
  • Exhibit 1 – Major submarine cables with landing points in Brunei - 2011
  • Exhibit 2 – Regional/international fibre optic cable networks
  • Exhibit 3 – Selected Chinese satellite service providers and satellites
  • Exhibit 4 – China Satcom satellite fleet
  • Exhibit 5 – Major submarine cables with landing points in Hong Kong – 2012
  • Exhibit 6 – International submarine cable systems with landing points in India - 2011
  • Exhibit 7 – ISRO satellite network – May 2011
  • Exhibit 8 – Palapa Ring Project – specification of rings
  • Exhibit 9 – Indonesian satellites – 2011
  • Exhibit 10 – Major members of MYLINE Carriers Association – February 2012
  • Exhibit 11 – Major global/regional submarine cables with landing point in Japan - 2010
  • Exhibit 12 – Construction of the National Information Highway (NIH) backbone
  • Exhibit 13 – International submarine cable systems with landing points in Malaysia - 2011
  • Exhibit 14 – Chronological events of ICT developments in Mongolia: 1921 – 2011
  • Exhibit 15 – Major submarine cables with landing points in the Philippines - 2011
  • Exhibit 16 – Structure of National Broadband Network
  • Exhibit 17 – International submarine cable systems with landing points in Singapore – 2011
  • Exhibit 18 – National submarine fibre optic cables overview in South Korea
  • Exhibit 19 – KOREASAT satellite status
  • Exhibit 20 – Interconnection status by IX - 2011
  • Exhibit 21 – International submarine fibre optic cables overview in South Korea
  • Exhibit 22 – Major global/regional submarine cables with landing point in Taiwan – 2011
  • Exhibit 23 – Submarine cable networks - 2011
  • Exhibit 24 – Thaicom’s satellite network – 2011

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Annual Publication Profile

Technologies

Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 252

Status Archived

Last updated 28 Aug 2012
Update History

Analyst: Peter Evans

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