Any review of the telecoms market in Vietnam must take into account the nature and structure of the government. Whilst nominally a communist state and therefore a centrally planned economy, it has undergone significant structural change over the years. After revising its attitude to the market economy and the role of the private sector, the government has progressively introduced some competition into the market place, building what it describes as ‘a socialist oriented market economy.’ There is no doubt that this change of policy and outlook resulted in a fresh growth momentum within the nation. Nevertheless it remains a one-party system, moving slowing in the implementing of social and economic reform and simply avoiding some reforms altogether.
The government set ambitious targets early on in the telecom sector, especially for the expansion of infrastructure. But initially it fell well short of these targets. This began to change, however, mainly on the back of an increasingly competitive mobile sector. After a period of strong growth over the last decade, the mobile market stalled in 2013 and suffered a major correction in that year. By 2015 growth had returned but was generally slower.
In the meantime, having come late to the internet, Vietnam is finally embracing the higher access speeds offered by the various broadband platforms. Although there has been a surge in subscriber numbers, fixed broadband remains a relatively small but expanding market segment. Most significantly, the arrival of mobile broadband has seen widespread access to faster internet speeds.
The significant presence of fixed-line services throughout the country had been against the global trend for a developing economy (a high point of 20% penetration in 2009); however, fixed-line numbers have declined dramatically in recent years and by 2015 penetration had fallen to slightly more than 5%.
This report presents an overview of Vietnam’s telecom market, providing information on telecom infrastructure, operators and the regulatory environment. It includes a set of the most currently available key statistics. There is also some analysis of aspects of the country’s telecoms sector.
VNPT; Vinaphone; Mobifone; Viettel; S-Fone; EVN Telecom; Vietnamobile (Hanoi Telecom); GMobile/GTel.
Number of pages 25
Last updated 15 Nov 2016
Analyst: Phil Harpur
Paul has been a relentless advocate and tireless activist for making the world a more connected place.
His passion for broadband and his firm belief in its transformational impact on societies across the globe is unrivalled.
I am honoured to call Paul a friend and I trust he will keep up the fight for better broadband and better access to broadband for all people, wherever they live and whatever their background, into the future.
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