Vietnam - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

As a communist state and a centrally planned economy Vietnam has undergone significant structural change over the years. The government has progressively introduced some competition into the market place, building what it describes as ‘a socialist oriented market economy. The government set ambitious targets early on in the telecom sector, especially for the expansion of infrastructure. But initially it fell well short of these targets. This began to change, however, mainly on the back of an increasingly competitive mobile sector. After a period of strong growth over the last decade, the mobile market stalled in 2013 and suffered a major correction in that year. By 2017 growth had returned but was generally slower.

After peaking in 2009 the fixed line market in Vietnam has seen a significant decline. Market penetration has fallen from 20.1% in 2009 to 10.5% in 2012 and 5.7% in 2016.

In the meantime, having come late to the internet, Vietnam is finally embracing the higher access speeds offered by the various broadband platforms. Although there has been a surge in subscriber numbers, fixed broadband remains a relatively small but expanding market segment. Most significantly, the arrival of mobile broadband has seen widespread access to faster internet speeds.

This report presents an overview of Vietnam’s telecom market, providing information on telecom infrastructure, operators and the regulatory environment. It includes a set of the most currently available key statistics. There is also some analysis of aspects of the country’s telecoms sector.

Key developments:

  • the fixed-line market continues to be in decline, having dropped by 70% from its 2009 peak;
  • Market penetration has fallen from 20.1% in 2009 to 10.5% in 2012 and 5.7% in 2016.
  • Vietnam’s broadband market is growing strongly, on the back of the mobile broadband sector;
  • Thuraya Telecommunications signed an agreement with VNPT-Vinaphone for the establishment of mobile satellite and maritime communication services in Vietnam.
  • A revamped VNPT-Vinaphone operation was formally launched.
  • fibre-based broadband subscribers continue to grow strongly.
  • The MIC has set 2017 as the target date for introducing Mobile Number Portability (MNP).
  • Companies mentioned in this report:

VNPT; Vinaphone; Mobifone; Viettel; S-Fone; EVN Telecom; Vietnamobile, GMobile/GTel.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country Overview
    • 3.1 Background
    • 3.2 World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Recent developments
    • 4.2 Historical Overview
    • 4.3 Market analysis
      • 4.3.1 Mobile operators
      • 4.3.2 Foreign investment
      • 4.3.3 The government’s role
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historical overview
    • 5.2 Regulatory authority
      • 5.2.1 Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC)
      • 5.2.2 Viet Nam Telecommunications Authority (VNTA)
    • 5.3 Government policies
      • 5.3.1 Liberalisation
      • 5.3.2 Privatisation of state-owned enterprises: VNPT
      • 5.3.3 Decree limiting shares in telecom companies
    • 5.4 Telecom licences
    • 5.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
  • 6. Fixed-line operators
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Vietnam Post & Telecommunications (VNPT)
      • 6.2.1 Overview
      • 6.2.2 Statistics
    • 6.3 Viettel
    • 6.4 FPT Telecom
    • 6.5 GTel
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 National telecom network
      • 7.1.1 Overview
      • 7.1.2 Statistics
      • 7.1.3 Forecasts – fixed-line subscribers – 2016; 2017; 2020
    • 7.2 New developments
      • 7.2.1 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
      • 7.2.2 Proposed Samsung investment
    • 7.3 International infrastructure
      • 7.3.1 Background to development
      • 7.3.2 Statistics
      • 7.3.3 Submarine cable networks
      • 7.3.4 Satellite networks
  • 8. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Vietnam – 2016
  • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2016
  • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2016
  • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2016
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2016
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 7 – Historical - Fixed-line subscribers and market share by operator – 2011
  • Table 8 – Historical - VNPT fixed-line subscribers and penetration – 2000 – 2005
  • Table 9 – VNPT fixed-line subscribers and penetration – 2006 – 2016
  • Table 10 – Historical - Fixed line subscribers, annual change and penetration – 1990 – 2004
  • Table 11 – Fixed line subscribers, annual change and penetration – 2005 – 2016
  • Table 12 – Forecast fixed line subscribers and penetration rates – 2016 - 2017; 2020
  • Table 13 – Total international internet bandwidth – 2003 - 2016
  • Chart 1 - Fixed line subscribers and penetration - 2005 - 2016
  • Exhibit 1 – Vietnam - ICT Development Index
  • Exhibit 2 –MIC’s assigned policy and regulatory responsibilities

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Number of pages 34

Status Current

Last updated 21 Mar 2017
Update History

Analyst: Phil Harpur

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