Turkey has been identified as one of the key markets for mobile subscriber growth through to 2025 in the MENA region. Turkey’s telecoms sector continues to demonstrate keen growth. In particular, Turkey is making great strides with its 5G evolution and operators have conducted significant 5G trials during the year, supported by Ericsson and Huawei. Mobile subscribers, data usage and uptake of bundled packages have also grown for the mobile sector.
4G LTE networks are well established across Turkey and are providing network coverage to over 93% of the population. The market remains competitive with Vodafone Turkey recently capturing more market share of mobile subscriptions, while both Turkcell and Turk Telekom experienced slight declines.
Significant investments in expanding fibre-optic broadband networks are continuing in Turkey and overall it offers substantial opportunities for fixed broadband growth considering its current penetration is only around 16%. xDSL services are still the leading fixed broadband access method in 2019, with over 9 million subscribers.
A project is also underway in Turkey which is using the Universal Services Fund to supply mobile infrastructure to over 1,400 areas which are lacking.
The Ministry of Treasury and Finance approved the acquisition of a 55% share of Turk Telekom by a group of creditor banks in August 2018. In September 2019 the banks further announced they had appointed Morgan and Banks to sell their majority share.
While mobile broadband becomes increasingly popular in Turkey - the fixed broadband network is also progressing sharply with a clear direction towards fibre broadband.
Turkey has excellent international telecoms infrastructure with links to many cable networks due to its geographic location between Europe and Asia.
Companies mentioned in this report include:
Turk Telekom, Turkcell, Vodafone Turkey, Turksat, Superonline, Millenicom.
Table of Contents
Electronic Communications Law 2008
Information and Communications Technologies Authority (ICTA)
Telecom sector liberalisation in Turkey
The 2005 privatisation
Number Portability (NP)
Fixed network operators
Overview of the national telecom network
International infrastructure (satellite, submarine)
Terrestrial cable networks
Fixed broadband Market
Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
Mobile broadband statistics
Overview (recent general laws and regulations)
Third Generation (3G) licences
Third and fourth GSM licences
Significant market power (SMP)
Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
Major mobile operators
Mobile content and applications
Appendix – Historic data
List of Tables
Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Turkey – 2019
Table 2 – Turkey – GDP and inflation – 2014 – 2019
Table 3 – Turk Telekom – Revenue, profit, EBITDA and CAPEX – 2007 – Q2 2019
Table 4 – Turk Telecom – subscribers and market share by service – 2016; Q2 2019
Table 5 – Turk Telekom – PSTN, Broadband and blended mobile ARPU- 2012 – 2018
Table 6 – Superonline financial data – 2009 – 2018
Table 7 – Turkey - fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
Table 8 – Fibre optic cable lengths for Turk Telekom – 2011 – Q2 2019
Table 9 – Fibre broadband subscribers - Turk Telekom and Superonline – 2015 – Q2 2019
Table 10 – Turkey – fixed and mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
Table 11 - Average monthly data usage per Turk Telekom broadband subscriber – 2011; 2013; 2015; 2017- 2019
Table 12 – Turkey - International Internet Bandwidth – 2003 – 2018
As you know, I have resigned from the Labor Ministry and have decided not to re-contest the seat of Charlton at the next election – both for personal reasons.
Before leaving Parliament, I particularly wish to record my thanks to you for your generous and constructive participation in the deliberations that generated significant economic policy reforms for the Australian community. Continuous economic transformation is a key challenge that faces all Governments.
The development of sound public policy should always be contestable. Ultimately, good and equitable outcomes are not concessions to any particular interest group, but the careful balancing of interests to create the greatest possible benefit for the nation. You have contributed to that, and I sincerely thank you for it.
Greg Combet, Former Minister for Climate Change, Industry and Innovation