Turkey - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Turkey’s operators look firmly towards developing 5G

Turkey is proving to be one of the more progressive mobile markets in the Middle East with revenue from mobile data services growing quickly. This has not gone unnoticed by the operators, with Turk Telekom, Turkcell and Vodafone Turkey all looking towards a future where 5G will become increasingly important. In preparation, the operators have formed various partnerships with solution providers and in 2017 Turk Telekom established a 5G Centre of Excellence which will focus on the research and development of 5G in Turkey.

Interestingly, because of the three major mobile operators all launching 4G LTE services in April 2016; Turkey has witnessed a dramatic decline in 3G mobile subscriptions. In contrast, subscriptions to 4G services have risen quickly. The operators are forging ahead and developing additional solutions for the LTE network, with for example, Vodafone Turkey creating a Licensed-Assisted Access (LAA) network in early 2017, in conjunction with Huawei and Qualcomm.

While mobile broadband becomes increasingly popular in Turkey – the fixed broadband network is also progressing sharply with a clear direction now towards fibre broadband. While Turk Telekom continues to dominate this sector, Turkcell’s Superonline is also growing its fibre broadband customer base. By Q1 2017 it had increased its fibre broadband customers by 16%, year-on-year. In total there are now around 300 kilometres of fibre length deployed throughout Turkey, covering more than 80 cities.

Turkey also has excellent international infrastructure with links to many of international cable networks due to its geographic location between Europe and Asia. While the civil upheaval in the region has impacted upon Turkey’s economy and stability; in 2017 the telecoms sector is still showing promising signs of progress.

Key developments:

  • Turkey is producing its own domestic communication satellite with qualification testing expected to begin in 2018.
  • Pre-paid mobile subscriptions are in decline while post-paid are growing.
  • Millions of homes have now been passed by the fibre broadband network in Turkey.
  • Mobile penetration in Turkey was close to reaching 100% in 2017.
  • Turkey is positioning itself as an important node for data traffic on a global scale.
  • Turkey is very proactive in the development e-government services and solutions.

Companies mentioned in this report include:

Turk Telekom (formerly Avea), Turkcell, Vodafone Turkey, Turksat, Superonline.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market overview
    • 4.2 Market analysis
    • 4.3 Recent developments
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historic overview
      • 5.1.1 Electronic Communications Law 2008
    • 5.2 Regulatory authority
      • 5.2.1 Information and Communications Technologies Authority (ICTA)
    • 5.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Turkey
    • 5.4 Privatisation
      • 5.4.1 The 2005 privatisation
      • 5.4.2 Privatisation background
    • 5.5 Interconnect
    • 5.6 Access
    • 5.7 Number Portability (NP)
    • 5.8 Universal services
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Turk Telekom
    • 6.3 Turksat
    • 6.4 Superonline
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 Fibre networks
    • 7.3 International infrastructure (satellite, submarine)
      • 7.3.1 Terrestrial cable networks
      • 7.3.2 Communication Satellites
    • 7.4 Smart infrastructure
      • 7.4.1 M2M
  • 8. Fixed broadband Market
    • 8.1 Market analysis
    • 8.2 Broadband statistics
    • 8.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 8.4 Cable internet
    • 8.5 Fibre-to-the-Cabinet (FttC) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
      • 8.5.1 Turk Telekom
  • 9. Digital Economy
    • 9.1 e-Banking
    • 9.2 e-Government
    • 9.3 e-Health
    • 9.4 e-Education
  • 10. Digital media
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Video streaming and Broadband TV (IPTV)
    • 10.3 Social media
    • 10.4 VoIP
    • 10.5 Music
    • 10.6 On line gambling
    • 10.7 Newspaper and book publishers
  • 11. Mobile Market
    • 11.1 Market analysis
    • 11.2 Mobile statistics
      • 11.2.1 General statistics
      • 11.2.2 Mobile voice
      • 11.2.3 SMS and MMS
      • 11.2.4 Mobile broadband statistics
    • 11.3 Regulatory issues
      • 11.3.1 Overview (recent general laws and regulations)
      • 11.3.2 Third Generation (3G) licences
      • 11.3.3 Third and fourth GSM licences
      • 11.3.4 Significant market power (SMP)
      • 11.3.5 MTRs
      • 11.3.6 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 11.3.7 Telsim privatisation
    • 11.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 11.4.1 4G, LTE
      • 11.4.2 5G
    • 11.5 Major mobile operators
      • 11.5.1 Turkcell
      • 11.5.2 Vodafone Turkey
      • 11.5.3 Turk Telekom (Avea)
      • Table 1 – Country statistics Turkey – 2017
      • Table 2 – Telecom net sales and investment statistics – 2016
      • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2017
      • Table 4 – Broadband internet subscriber statistics – Q1 2017
      • Table 5 – Fixed broadband subscriber statistics – Q1 2017
      • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2018
      • Table 7 – National telecommunications authority
      • Table 8 – Turkey – GDP and inflation – 2012 - 2018
      • Table 9 – Turk Telekom – Revenue, profit, EBITDA and CAPEX – 2007 – 2016
      • Table 10 – Turk Telecom – subscriber market share by service - 2016
      • Table 11 – Turk Telekom – PSTN, Broadband and blended mobile ARPU- 2012 – 2016
      • Table 12 – Superonline financial data – 2009 – Q1 2015
      • Table 13 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2017
      • Table 14 – Fibre optic cable lengths for Turk Telekom – 2011 – Q1 2017
      • Table 15 – Fibre optic cable lengths for Alternative operators – 2011 – Q1 2017
      • Table 16 – Fibre broadband subscribers – Turk Telekom, Superonline, Vodafone Turkey – 2015 – Q1 2017
      • Table 17 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2008 – 2017
      • Table 18 – ISP market share based on subscribers Q2 2013; Q2 2015; Q1 2016
      • Table 19 - Average monthly data usage per Turk Telekom broadband subscriber – 2010 – 2015
      • Table 20 – International Internet Bandwidth – 2003 - 2016
      • Table 21 – xDSL subscriptions – 2015; 2016
      • Table 22 – Cable internet subscriptions – 2015; 2016
      • Table 23 – Turk Telekom fibre subscribers – 2013; Q1 2017
      • Table 24 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
      • Table 25 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
      • Table 26 – Breakdown of mobile revenue – 2008 – Q1 2016
      • Table 27 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2000 – Q3 2017
      • Table 28 – Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2008 – 2017
      • Table 29 – 2G; 3G; 4G subscribers – 2009 – Q3 2017
      • Table 30 – Mobile operators’ revenue market share by service – Q3 2017
      • Table 31 – Mobile operators’ market share by subscribers – 2007 – Q3 2017
      • Table 32 – Mobile operators’ market share by revenue – Q3 2017
      • Table 33 – Turkcell group financial data – 2012 – 2017
      • Table 34 – Turkcell Turkey average monthly blended ARPU – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 35 – Turkcell Turkey average monthly MOU and mobile churn – 2001 – 2016
      • Table 36 – Turkcell smartphone penetration – 2012 – 2016
      • Table 37 – Vodafone Turkey financial data – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 38 – Historical - Vodafone Turkey pre and post-paid ARPU – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 39 – Vodafone Turkey smartphone penetration – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 40 – Turk Telekom mobile revenue – 2007 – Q2 2017
      • Table 41 – Turk Telekom prepaid, post-paid subscribers and blended ARPU – Q2 2013 - 2017
      • Chart 1 – Mobile operator market share by subscribers – Q3 2017
      • Chart 2 – mobile operators’ market share by revenue – Q3 2017

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