Turkey - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Turkey demonstrates progress for both mobile and fixed broadband sectors

While a number of political events led to the Turkish currency taking a slide in mid 2018; the telecoms sector itself has demonstrated keen growth over the past year or so with a rise in subscribers, data usage and uptake of bundled packages.

Significant investments in expanding fibre-optic broadband networks are continuing while DSL retains it status of having the largest market share of all the fixed broadband access technologies. Turkey offers substantial opportunities for fixed broadband growth considering its current penetration is only around 15%.

4G LTE networks are well established across Turkey and are providing network coverage to around 87% of the population. In 2018 Turkcell, Turk Telekom and Vodafone Turkey continue to progress with their 5G developments.

A project is also underway in Turkey which is using the Universal Services Fund to supply mobile infrastructure to over 1,400 areas which are lacking.

Key developments:

  • Trade tensions with the USA led to Turkey placing a higher tariff on some imported goods coming from the USA, including a boycott on iPhones.
  • Turkey is proving to be one of the more progressive mobile markets in the Middle East with revenue from mobile data services growing quickly.
  • Interestingly, because of the three major mobile operators all launching 4G LTE services in April 2016; Turkey has witnessed a dramatic decline in 3G mobile subscriptions.
  • While mobile broadband becomes increasingly popular in Turkey – the fixed broadband network is also progressing sharply with a clear direction now towards fibre broadband.
  • Turkey also has excellent international infrastructure with links to many of international cable networks due to its geographic location between Europe and Asia.

Companies mentioned in this report include:

Turk Telekom (formerly Avea), Turkcell, Vodafone Turkey, Turksat, Superonline.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market history
    • 4.2 Market analysis
    • 4.3 Recent developments
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historic overview
    • 5.2 Recent developments
      • 5.2.1 Electronic Communications Law 2008
    • 5.3 Regulatory authority
      • 5.3.1 Information and Communications Technologies Authority (ICTA)
    • 5.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Turkey
    • 5.5 Privatisation
      • 5.5.1 The 2005 privatisation
      • 5.5.2 Privatisation background
    • 5.6 Interconnect
    • 5.7 Access
    • 5.8 Number Portability (NP)
    • 5.9 Universal services
    • 5.10 Tax levies
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Turk Telekom
    • 6.3 Turksat
    • 6.4 Superonline
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 Fibre networks
    • 7.3 International infrastructure (satellite, submarine)
      • 7.3.1 Terrestrial cable networks
      • 7.3.2 Communication Satellites
    • 7.4 Smart infrastructure
      • 7.4.1 M2M
  • 8. Fixed broadband Market
    • 8.1 Market analysis
    • 8.2 Broadband statistics
    • 8.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 8.4 Cable internet
    • 8.5 Fibre broadband
  • 9. Digital Economy
    • 9.1 e-Banking
    • 9.2 e-Health
  • 10. Digital media
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Video streaming and Broadband TV (IPTV)
    • 10.3 VoIP
    • 10.4 Music
  • 11. Mobile Market
    • 11.1 Market analysis
    • 11.2 Mobile statistics
      • 11.2.1 General statistics
      • 11.2.2 Mobile voice
      • 11.2.3 SMS and MMS
      • 11.2.4 Mobile broadband statistics
    • 11.3 Regulatory issues
      • 11.3.1 Overview (recent general laws and regulations)
      • 11.3.2 Third Generation (3G) licences
      • 11.3.3 Third and fourth GSM licences
      • 11.3.4 Significant market power (SMP)
      • 11.3.5 MTRs
      • 11.3.6 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 11.3.7 Telsim privatisation
    • 11.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 11.4.1 5G
      • 11.4.2 4G, LTE
    • 11.5 Major mobile operators
      • 11.5.1 Turkcell
      • 11.5.2 Vodafone Turkey
      • 11.5.3 Turk Telekom (Avea)
      • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Turkey – 2018
      • Table 2 – Turkey – GDP and inflation – 2012 - 2018
      • Table 3 – Turk Telekom – Revenue, profit, EBITDA and CAPEX – 2007 – Q2 2018
      • Table 4 – Turk Telecom – subscribers and market share by service – 2016; Q1 2018
      • Table 5 – Turk Telekom – PSTN, Broadband and blended mobile ARPU- 2012 – 2017
      • Table 6 – Superonline financial data – 2009 – 2018
      • Table 7 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 – Q1 2018
      • Table 8 – Fibre optic cable lengths for Turk Telekom – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 9 – Fibre optic cable lengths for Alternative operators – 2011 – Q1 2017
      • Table 10 – Fibre broadband subscribers - Turk Telekom, Superonline, Vodafone Turkey – 2015 - Q1 2017
      • Table 11 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2008 – Q1 2018
      • Table 12 - Average monthly data usage per Turk Telekom broadband subscriber – 2011; 2013; 2015; 2017
      • Table 13 – International Internet Bandwidth – 2003 - 2016
      • Table 14 – Turkey - xDSL subscriptions – 2015 - Q1 2018
      • Table 15 – Turkey - cable internet subscriptions – 2015 - Q1 2018
      • Table 16 – Turkey - fibre broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2017
      • Table 17 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
      • Table 18 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – Q1 2018
      • Table 19 – Historical - breakdown of mobile revenue – 2008 – Q1 2016
      • Table 20 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2000 – Q1 2018
      • Table 21 – Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2009 – Q1 2018
      • Table 22 – 2G; 3G; 4G subscribers – 2009 – Q3 2017
      • Table 23 – Mobile operators’ revenue market share by service – Q3 2017
      • Table 24 – Mobile operators’ market share by subscribers – 2007 – Q3 2017
      • Table 25 – Mobile operators’ market share by revenue – Q3 2017
      • Table 26 – Turkcell Turkey subscribers – 2016; Q2 2018
      • Table 27 – Turkcell Turkey revenue – Q2 2017; Q2 2018
      • Table 28 – Turkcell group financial data – 2012 – Q2 2018
      • Table 29 – Turkcell Turkey average monthly blended mobile ARPU – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 30 – Turkcell Turkey average monthly MOU and mobile churn – 2001 – 2017
      • Table 31 – Turkcell smartphone penetration – 2012 – 2017
      • Table 32 – Vodafone Turkey financial data – 2008 - 2018
      • Table 33 – Historical - Vodafone Turkey pre and post-paid ARPU – 2006 - 2014
      • Table 34 – Historical - Vodafone Turkey smartphone penetration – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 35 – Turk Telekom Group - mobile revenue – 2007 – 2017
      • Table 36 – Turk Telekom Group - prepaid, post-paid subscribers and blended ARPU – Q2 2013 - 2017
      • Chart 1 – Major operators - market share of fibre broadband subscribers – Q1 2018
      • Chart 2 – Mobile operator market share by subscribers – Q3 2017
      • Chart 3 – mobile operators’ market share by revenue – Q3 2017

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Paul owns and manages the world's largest online Telecommunications Consultancy and is very active on the international telecommunication scene. A very hard worker who is extremely well informed and well connected with all tiers of the ICT industry. He is the force behind the NBN project implementation and a catalyst for the progress of the Digital Economy between the Industry and the powers that be, in the government

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