Turkey - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Turkey’s telecoms sector offers growth opportunities

Turkey has been identified as one of the key markets for mobile subscriber growth through to 2025 in the MENA region. Turkey’s telecoms sector continues to demonstrate keen growth. In particular, Turkey is making great strides with its 5G evolution and operators have conducted significant 5G trials during the year, supported by Ericsson and Huawei. Mobile subscribers, data usage and uptake of bundled packages have also grown for the mobile sector.

4G LTE networks are well established across Turkey and are providing network coverage to over 93% of the population. The market remains competitive with Vodafone Turkey recently capturing more market share of mobile subscriptions, while both Turkcell and Turk Telekom experienced slight declines.

Significant investments in expanding fibre-optic broadband networks are continuing in Turkey and overall it offers substantial opportunities for fixed broadband growth considering its current penetration is only around 16%. xDSL services are still the leading fixed broadband access method in 2019, with over 9 million subscribers.

A project is also underway in Turkey which is using the Universal Services Fund to supply mobile infrastructure to over 1,400 areas which are lacking.

Key developments:

  • The Ministry of Treasury and Finance approved the acquisition of a 55% share of Turk Telekom by a group of creditor banks in August 2018. In September 2019 the banks further announced they had appointed Morgan and Banks to sell their majority share.
  • While mobile broadband becomes increasingly popular in Turkey - the fixed broadband network is also progressing sharply with a clear direction towards fibre broadband.
  • Turkey has excellent international telecoms infrastructure with links to many cable networks due to its geographic location between Europe and Asia.

Companies mentioned in this report include:

Turk Telekom, Turkcell, Vodafone Turkey, Turksat, Superonline, Millenicom.

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

    • Market history
    • Market analysis
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historic overview
      • Electronic Communications Law 2008
    • Regulatory authority
      • Information and Communications Technologies Authority (ICTA)
    • Telecom sector liberalisation in Turkey
    • Privatisation
      • The 2005 privatisation
      • Privatisation background
    • Interconnect
    • Access
    • Number Portability (NP)
    • Universal services
    • Tax levies
  • Fixed network operators

    • Introduction
    • Turk Telekom
    • Turksat
    • Superonline
    • Millenicom
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
      • Historical overview
      • Market insights
    • International infrastructure (satellite, submarine)
      • Terrestrial cable networks
      • Communication Satellites
    • Smart infrastructure
      • M2M
  • Fixed broadband Market

    • Market analysis
    • Broadband statistics
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • Cable internet
  • Mobile Market

    • Market analysis
    • Mobile statistics
      • General statistics
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile broadband statistics
    • Regulatory issues
      • Overview (recent general laws and regulations)
      • Third Generation (3G) licences
      • Third and fourth GSM licences
      • Significant market power (SMP)
      • MTRs
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Telsim privatisation
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • 5G
      • 4G, LTE
    • Major mobile operators
      • Turkcell
      • Vodafone Turkey
      • Turk Telekom
    • Mobile content and applications
      • Mobile payments
  • Appendix – Historic data


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Turkey – 2019
  • Table 2 – Turkey – GDP and inflation – 2014 – 2019
  • Table 3 – Turk Telekom – Revenue, profit, EBITDA and CAPEX – 2007 – Q2 2019
  • Table 4 – Turk Telecom – subscribers and market share by service – 2016; Q2 2019
  • Table 5 – Turk Telekom – PSTN, Broadband and blended mobile ARPU- 2012 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Superonline financial data – 2009 – 2018
  • Table 7 – Turkey - fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 8 – Fibre optic cable lengths for Turk Telekom – 2011 – Q2 2019
  • Table 9 – Fibre broadband subscribers - Turk Telekom and Superonline – 2015 – Q2 2019
  • Table 10 – Turkey – fixed and mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 11 - Average monthly data usage per Turk Telekom broadband subscriber – 2011; 2013; 2015; 2017- 2019
  • Table 12 – Turkey - International Internet Bandwidth – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 13 – Turkey - xDSL subscriptions – 2015 – Q2 2019
  • Table 14 – Turkey - cable internet subscriptions – 2015 - Q1 2018
  • Table 15 – Turkey - mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 16 – Turkey - ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2008 – Q1 2018
  • Table 17 – Turkey - active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 18 – Turkey - 2G; 3G; 4G subscribers – 2009 – Q3 2017
  • Table 19 – Turkey - mobile operators’ spectrum market share - 2018
  • Table 20 – Turkey - mobile operators’ revenue market share by service – Q3 2017
  • Table 21 – Turkey - mobile operators’ market share by subscribers – 2009 – Q2 2019
  • Table 22 – Turkcell Turkey subscribers – 2016 - Q2 2019
  • Table 23 – Turkcell group financial data – 2012 – Q2 2019
  • Table 24 – Turkcell Turkey average monthly blended mobile ARPU – 2008 – Q2 2019
  • Table 25 – Turkcell Turkey average monthly MOU and mobile churn – 2009 – Q2 2019
  • Table 26 – Turkcell smartphone penetration – 2012 – Q2 2019
  • Table 27 – Vodafone Turkey financial and subscriber data – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 28 – Turk Telekom Group - key financial data – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 29 – Turk Telekom Group - prepaid, post-paid subscribers and blended ARPU – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 30 – Historic – Turkey - fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 – 2008
  • Table 31 – Historic – Turkey - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 – 2008
  • Table 32 – Historical - Turkey - breakdown of mobile revenue – 2008 – Q1 2016
  • Table 33 – Historical - Turkey - ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2000 – 2007
  • Table 34 – Historic - Turkey - mobile operators’ market share by subscribers – 2007; 2008
  • Table 35 – Historic - Turkey - mobile operators’ market share by revenue – Q3 2017
  • Table 36 – Historical - Vodafone Turkey pre and post-paid ARPU – 2006 – 2014
  • Table 37 – Historical - Vodafone Turkey smartphone penetration – 2011 – 2015
  • Table 38 – Historic - Turkcell Turkey average monthly MOU and mobile churn – 2001 – 2008

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Growth of fixed-lines in Turkey – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 2 – Growth of mobile subscriptions in Turkey
  • Chart 3 – Turkcell Turkey – Average monthly blended mobile ARPU growth – 2008 - 2018

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