Israel - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Mobile broadband penetration reaches a milestone in Israel

Israel’s mobile broadband penetration recently reached a milestone when it crossed over the 100% mark for population penetration. This reflects the highly competitive mobile sector which exists in Israel; with several operators all competing for customers who enjoy cheap 3G mobile services. While 4G coverage in Israel is significant, the adoption of such services remains low and this has been partly attributed to the prohibitive cost of services and devices.

The operators are feeling the impact of the high level of competition, particularly in the mobile sector. Mobile ARPUs have declined for all the major operators and in 2018 the competitive environment increased even further with the launch of a sixth mobile operator, 018 Xfone.

Israel has a very high household internet penetration rate, almost all of which are broadband connections. There are various competing broadband platforms – the DSL and fibre network of fixed-line incumbent Bezeq, the HFC network of HOT and the fibre network from Partner. Bezeq and HOT are both subject to broadband universal service obligations which has resulted in fixed broadband being available to 99% of all households.

Interest in the high-tech sector is still a key growth area for Israel with the US and China, in particular, setting up and investing in various research labs and solutions. Recently Israel turned its attention towards the opportunities presented by the growing cyber-security sector.

Key developments:

  • In 2018 Israel gained a new mobile operator with 018 Xfone launching 4G mobile services under the We4G brand.
  • There are concerns being raised that telecoms infrastructure investment is falling behind in Israel.
  • In 2018 Bezeq was directed by the Ministry of Communications to begin offering wholesale telephony services.
  • The regulator recently approved a network sharing and hosting deal between Cellcom and Electra (which acquired Golan Telecom).

Companies mentioned in this report include:

Bezeq, Bezeq International, Pelephone, HOT Telecom, HOT Mobile, Cellcom, 013 NetVision, Partner (Formerly Orange), 012 Smile, Xfone, Golan Telecom (Electra Communications), Israel Broadband Company (IBC); Remi Levy, Mobile 019.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Overview
    • 4.2 Market analysis
    • 4.3 Key recent developments
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historic overview
    • 5.2 Regulatory authority
    • 5.3 Privatisation of Bezeq
      • 5.3.1 Earlier privatisation attempts
    • 5.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Israel
      • 5.4.1 Liberalisation begins
      • 5.4.2 Early moves towards fixed-line market liberalisation
      • 5.4.3 Kroll Committee
      • 5.4.4 Licences awarded to cable TV companies
      • 5.4.5 Further competition in the international calls market
      • 5.4.6 New domestic voice service licences and Bezeq’s reaction
      • 5.4.7 Licensing of VoIP/VOB
      • 5.4.8 Interconnect
      • 5.4.9 Gronau Commission
      • 5.4.10 Hayek Commission
      • 5.4.11 Alternative fibre network operator
    • 5.5 Number Portability (NP)
    • 5.6 Net Neutrality
    • 5.7 Wholesale
      • 5.7.1 Overview
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Bezeq
    • 6.3 HOT Telecom
    • 6.4 013 NetVision (Cellcom)
    • 6.5 012 Smile Telecom (Partner)
    • 6.6 Xfone 018/Marathon Telecommunications
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 National telecom network
    • 7.2 International infrastructure
      • 7.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 7.2.2 Satellite networks
    • 7.3 Smart infrastructure
      • 7.3.1 M2M/IoT
      • 7.3.2 Smart grids
      • 7.3.3 Smart cities
  • 8. Fixed broadband market
    • 8.1 Market analysis
    • 8.2 Broadband statistics
    • 8.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 8.4 Fibre networks
      • 8.4.1 Unlimited (Israel Broadband Company)
      • 8.4.2 Fixed wireless (WiFi)
  • 9. Digital economy
    • 9.1 Introduction
      • 9.1.1 Start-ups
    • 9.2 e-Banking
  • 10. Digital media
    • 10.1 Videostreaming
    • 10.2 VoIP
  • 11. Mobile market
    • 11.1 Market analysis
    • 11.2 Mobile statistics
      • 11.2.1 General statistics
      • 11.2.2 Mobile broadband statistics
    • 11.3 Mobile infrastructure
      • 11.3.1 Brief intro analogue networks
      • 11.3.2 Digital networks
    • 11.4 Regulatory issues
      • 11.4.1 Connection charges
      • 11.4.2 Licensing
      • 11.4.3 LTE Spectrum
      • 11.4.4 Roaming
      • 11.4.5 MTRs
      • 11.4.6 Early termination fee reduction
      • 11.4.7 MNP
      • 11.4.8 Network sharing
    • 11.5 Major mobile operators
      • 11.5.1 Cellcom
      • 11.5.2 Partner Communications Company (formerly Orange)
      • 11.5.3 Pelephone (Bezeq)
      • 11.5.4 HOT Mobile
      • 11.5.5 Golan Telecom (acquired by Electra in 2017)
    • 11.6 MVNOs
      • 11.6.1 Historical background
      • 11.6.2 Recent developments
    • 11.7 Mobile handsets
  • 12. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Israel – 2018
  • Table 2 – Evolution of GDP and inflation in Israel – 2012 - 2018
  • Table 3 – Bezeq revenue and EBITDA – 2008 – Q2 2018
  • Table 4 –Bezeq fixed access lines and monthly ARPL – 2003 – Q2 2018
  • Table 5 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2018
  • Table 6 – Internet users and penetration – 1995 - 2018
  • Table 7 – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2018
  • Table 8 – Bezeq fixed broadband subscribers – 2005 – Q2 2018
  • Table 9 – Average broadband speed per retail Bezeq customer – 2007 - 2017
  • Table 10 – PC penetration – 2002 - 2018
  • Table 11 – International internet bandwidth – 2005 - 2016
  • Table 12 – Fixed broadband subscribers – Cable, DSL and FttH/B - 2010 - 2016
  • Table 13 – Major mobile operators’ monthly mobile ARPU – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 14 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
  • Table 15 – Israel - mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2023
  • Table 16 – Major mobile operators’ market share by subscribers – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 17 – Major mobile operators’ subscribers – 2017
  • Table 18 – Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 19 – 4G LTE adoption- 2016; 1H 2018
  • Table 20 – Cellcom – consolidated revenue and operating profit – 2005 – 2017
  • Table 21 – Cellcom – mobile subscribers and ARPU – 2005 – 2017
  • Table 22 – Partner – revenue and operating profit – 2005 – 2017
  • Table 23 – Partner – mobile subscribers and monthly ARPU – 2005 – 2017
  • Table 24 – Pelephone – revenue and operating profit – 2003 – 2017
  • Table 25 – Pelephone – mobile subscribers and monthly ARPU – 2005 – 2017
  • Table 26 – HOT Mobile – revenue, EBITDA, CAPEX – Q3 2016; Q3 2017; Q2 2018
  • Table 27 – HOT Mobile – mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2017
  • Chart 1 – Major mobile operators – monthly mobile ARPU decline – 2013 - 2017

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Licence Information

Focus Report Profile

Technologies

Broadband Fixed
Digital Economy
Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media
Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure)
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 58

Status Current

Last updated 21 Sep 2018
Update History

Analyst: Kylie Wansink

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