India - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

India continues to be one of the fastest growing major telecom markets in the world. It is also one of the largest. Sweeping reforms introduced by successive Indian governments over the last two decades have dramatically changed the nature of telecommunications in the country. The Indian government has been proactive in its efforts to transform India into a global telecommunication hub.

The mobile market continues to be the main focus of the Indian telecom sector. India’s mobile market continues to get the bulk of local capital expenditure as the operators expand their infrastructure.

India has a huge national telecommunications network. A strong increase in telecom subscribers base has necessitated network expansion covering a wider area, thereby creating a need for significant investment in telecom infrastructure.

India's telecom industry is expected to see a major expansion of its network infrastructure during the 2018 to 2020 period. Each of the top three mobile operators: Reliance Jio, Airtel and Vodafone-Idea are now planning to extend coverage to address a surge in data consumption.

The fixed line market in India remains highly underdeveloped due to the dominance of the mobile segment. Further, the number of fixed telephone lines is slowly declining as the mobile segment continues to expand.

As well as its huge national network, India’s investment in telecommunications infrastructure over the last decade has extended to a heavy involvement in the international market. Under the leadership of international operator VSNL/Tata Indicom the country has been assembling an extensive infrastructure of gateways, satellite earth stations and fibre optic submarine cables.

Key developments:

  • The adoption of the Internet of Things (IoT) in India has been advancing slowly with Indian enterprises.
  • The mobile market continues to be the main focus of the Indian telecom sector;
  • India's telecom industry is expected to see a major expansion of its network infrastructure during the 2018 to 2020 period

Companies mentioned in this report:

Aircel, Bharti Airtel, Loop Mobile (BPL Mobile), Idea, Reliance Communications, Tata Teleservices, Videocon, S Tel, Bharti Telenet, Reliance Infocomm, Tata Teleservices, Sistema (Shyam Telelink), Swan Telecom, Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd (VSNL), Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd (MTNL), Videocon.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Telecommunications market
    • 3.1 Market Overview and Analysis
    • 3.2 Regional Asian Market Comparison
    • 3.3 Background
    • 3.4 Telecommunications Investment
      • 3.4.1 Infrastructure Projects – 2018 - 2020
      • 3.4.2 Investment in Digital Projects
      • 3.4.3 Rural Projects
      • 3.4.4 2018-19 Telecoms Projects
  • 4. Regulatory environment
    • 4.1 Overview
    • 4.2 Regulatory authorities
      • 4.2.1 Ministry for Communications (MoC)
      • 4.2.2 Department of Telecommunications (DoT)
      • 4.2.3 Telecom Commission
      • 4.2.4 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
      • 4.2.5 Telecom Dispute Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT)
      • 4.2.6 Communications Commission of India (CCI)
      • 4.2.7 Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY)
    • 4.3 Licensing circles
    • 4.4 Licensing – VNO’s
    • 4.5 Net Neutrality
    • 4.6 Access
    • 4.7 Fibre Access
    • 4.8 Interconnect
    • 4.9 Regulatory developments
      • 4.9.1 Regulatory developments - 2015
      • 4.9.2 Regulatory developments - 2014
    • 4.10 Government policies
      • 4.10.1 12th Five Year Plan (2012 – 2017)
  • 5. Fixed network operators
    • 5.1 Fixed-line statistics by Operator
    • 5.2 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
    • 5.3 Bharti Airtel
    • 5.4 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
    • 5.5 Quadrant
    • 5.6 Reliance Communications
      • 5.6.1 SSTL (Sistema)
    • 5.7 Tata Teleservices
    • 5.8 Videocon
    • 5.9 Vodafone
    • 5.10 NTT
  • 6. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 6.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 6.2 Statistics
    • 6.3 Telecom towers
      • 6.3.1 Overview
      • 6.3.2 Developments
    • 6.4 Rural and regional networks
      • 6.4.1 Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)
      • 6.4.2 Public Call Offices (PCOs)
    • 6.5 BharatNet / National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN)
    • 6.6 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • 6.7 International infrastructure
      • 6.7.1 Background
    • 6.8 Satellite communications
      • 6.8.1 INSAT
      • 6.8.2 Intelsat
      • 6.8.3 Thaicom (formerly ShinSat)
    • 6.9 Submarine cable networks
      • 6.9.1 FLAG
      • 6.9.2 Network i2i
      • 6.9.3 Tata-Indicom cable
      • 6.9.4 SEA-ME-WE 4
      • 6.9.5 Bharat Lanka cable
      • 6.9.6 India, Middle East, Western Europe (I-ME-WE) cable
      • 6.9.7 Europe India Gateway (EIG) cable
      • 6.9.8 Southeast Asia Japan Cable System (SJC)
      • 6.9.9 Submarine cable developments
    • 6.10 Specific IT developments
      • 6.10.1 Data Centres
      • 6.10.2 Cloud Computing
  • 7. Smart infrastructure
    • 7.1 Internet-of-Things (IoT)
    • 7.2 Smart cities
    • 7.3 Artificial Intelligence
  • 8. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country Statistics, Major Operators and Telco Authorities – 2018 (e)
  • Table 2 – Top Level Country Statistics – 2018 (e)
  • Table 3 – Telephone services to villages (Universal Services) – 2016
  • Table 4 – Fixed-line subscribers (millions) by operator – 2010 – 2014; 2016 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Fixed Line Service Provider by Rural, Urban Segment – 2018
  • Table 6 – Historic - Fixed Line Service Provider by Rural, Urban Segment – 2017
  • Table 7 – BSNL fixed-line subscribers – 2002; 2012 - 2018
  • Table 8 – Bharti fixed-line subscribers – 2002 - 2018
  • Table 9 – MTNL fixed-line subscribers – 2004; 2007; 2010 - 2018
  • Table 10 – Quadrant fixed-line subscribers – 2012 - 2018
  • Table 11 – Reliance fixed-line subscribers – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 12 – Historic - Sistema fixed-line subscribers – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 13 – Tata fixed-line subscribers – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 14 – Historic - Videocon mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2015
  • Table 15 – Vodafone Fixed Line subscribers – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 16 – Fixed-line subscribers and penetration – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 17 – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) – 1995 - 2005
  • Table 18 – PCOs in operation – 2003 – 2004; 2007 - 2018
  • Chart 1 – Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration – 2018; 2023
  • Chart 2 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
  • Chart 3 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 4 –Telecoms Maturity Index – Central Asia
  • Chart 5 - Fixed-line subscribers and penetration – 2007 - 2018
  • Exhibit 1 – Key Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – Central Asia -Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
  • Exhibit 3 – Major shareholders in Bharti Airtel
  • Exhibit 4 – ISRO satellite network
  • Exhibit 5 – International submarine cable systems with landing points in India

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Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 50

Status Current

Last updated 4 Oct 2018
Update History

Analyst: Phil Harpur

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