India - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

India’s mobile market has experienced very strong growth over the last six years. The market remains highly competitive, but rather than a focus only on growth in subscribers the market is shifting to value-added. The roll-out of 4G / LTE services is driving significant shift to mobile data services across the country.

Particularly strong growth was seen in the 2016-2018 as newcomer Reliance Jio aggressively entered the market. With its totally 4G offering, Reliance Jio has evolved to become a nationwide mobile operator focused heavily on data, with voice and data services at half the average market rates. This has seen a sharp drop in ARPU amongst most mobile operators and a sharp loss of subscribers by some operators. Operations of smaller-scale mobile operators is becoming increasingly unviable, forcing them to or merge/be acquired by larger providers or exit the market entirely.

Slower growth is predicted over the next five years to 2023. The market will be constrained from higher growth due to very strong local competition and an increasingly saturated mobile market.

Mobile broadband penetration has grown strongly in India over the past few years driven by a strong and growing mobile subscriber base and strong adoption of 4G LTE services. Further strong growth is predicted over the few years, driven by further adoption of 4G and eventually 5G services particularly as the penetration rate is well below a number of other nations.

Increasing affordability of handsets along with better data supporting specifications such as carrier aggregation and enhanced resolution will further boost data consumption per subscriber.

Uptake of next generation technologies such as Internet-of-things (IoT), and evolving trends such as smart cities, and new devices offering virtual reality experiences will all enhance data usage going forward. Operators will increasingly focus on infrastructure investments such as optical fibre and small cells for expanding 4G coverage and capacity. India has taken initial steps towards the eventual rollout of 5G services.

Key developments:

  • India has taken initial steps towards the eventual rollout of 5G services.
  • Led by Reliance Jio, India's service providers are becoming increasingly adopting voice-over-LTE (VoLTE) technology.
  • Mobile broadband penetration has grown strongly in India.
  • Market competition is intensifying in the mobile sector, significant market consolidation amongst the mobile operators is underway.

Companies covered in this report include:

Aircel, Bharti Airtel, Quadrant (HFCL), Idea, Reliance Communications, Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJI), Tata Teleservices, Vodafone Essar, Videocon, Reliance Infocomm, Tata Teleservices, Sistema, Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd (VSNL), Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd (MTNL), Videocon.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Market Overview and Analysis
    • 2.1 Geographic segments
    • 2.2 Rural expansion
  • 3. Mobile statistics
    • 3.1 Mobile statistics and Forecast
    • 3.2 Mobile Broadband Statistics and forecast
  • 4. Regulatory issues
    • 4.1 Spectrum
      • 4.1.1 Overview
      • 4.1.2 Spectrum auctions - 2018
      • 4.1.3 Spectrum auctions - 2016
      • 4.1.4 Spectrum auctions - 2015
      • 4.1.5 Spectrum Agreements - 2016
      • 4.1.6 Spectrum trading rules
    • 4.2 Mobile Subscriber Verification
    • 4.3 Call drop investigation
    • 4.4 Operators directed to issue data usage messages
    • 4.5 Interconnection
    • 4.6 Roaming
    • 4.7 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • 4.8 Network sharing
  • 5. Mobile infrastructure
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 GSM
    • 5.3 CDMA
    • 5.4 3G
    • 5.5 4G / LTE
      • 5.5.1 Overview
    • 5.6 5G Developments
    • 5.7 Other infrastructure developments
      • 5.7.1 VoLTE
      • 5.7.2 Google - Project Loon
  • 6. Major mobile operators
    • 6.1 Subscribers by Operator
    • 6.2 Merger Activities – 2016 – 2018
      • 6.2.1 Idea - Vodafone merger
      • 6.2.2 RCOM / Aircel Merger
      • 6.2.3 RCOM / SSTL Merger
      • 6.2.4 Telenor / Bharti Airtel merger
    • 6.3 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
      • 6.3.1 Overview
      • 6.3.2 Network development
      • 6.3.3 3G development
      • 6.3.4 4G/5G
    • 6.4 Bharti Airtel
      • 6.4.1 Overview
      • 6.4.2 3G
      • 6.4.3 4G / LTE
      • 6.4.4 Telenor
    • 6.5 Idea Cellular
      • 6.5.1 Overview
      • 6.5.2 3G
      • 6.5.3 4G / LTE
    • 6.6 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
    • 6.7 Quadrant
    • 6.8 Reliance Communications (RCOM)
      • 6.8.1 SSTL (Sistema)
    • 6.9 Aircel
    • 6.10 Reliance Jio Infocomm (Jio)
    • 6.11 Tata Teleservices
    • 6.12 Vodafone
      • 6.12.1 Overview
      • 6.12.2 3G
      • 6.12.3 4G Network
    • 6.13 Reach mobile
    • 6.14 MVNOs
  • 7. Mobile content and applications
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 m-banking (payments/loans)
    • 7.3 m-TV
    • 7.4 m-Health
    • 7.5 Apps
  • 8. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2008 - 2023
  • Table 2 – Historic - Mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) – 2002 - 2018
  • Table 3 – Mobile penetration in urban and rural areas – 2007; 2009 - 2018
  • Table 4 – Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 5 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2010 - 2023
  • Table 6 – Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
  • Table 7 – GSM ARPU – 2003 - 2018
  • Table 8 – CDMA ARPU – 2003 - 2018
  • Table 9 –Mobile subscribers and market share – 2017 - 2018
  • Table 10 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and market share – 2017
  • Table 11 – Historic - Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (wireless) – 2015 - 2016
  • Table 12 – Historic - Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (fixed and wireless) – 2016 - 2017
  • Table 13 – Historic - Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (fixed and wireless) – 2015 - 2016
  • Table 14– Mobile operators – Systems and Launch
  • Table 15 – BSNL mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
  • Table 16 – Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
  • Table 17 – Bharti Airtel mobile ARPU – 2004 - 2005; 2007 - 2018
  • Table 18 – Historic - Telenor mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2017
  • Table 19 – Idea Cellular mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
  • Table 20 – Idea Cellular mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2011; 2013 - 2018
  • Table 21 – MTNL mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
  • Table 22 – Historic - Quadrant mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 23 – Reliance mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
  • Table 24 – Reliance mobile ARPU – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 25 – Historic - Sistema mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 26 – Aircel mobile subscribers – 2004 - 2018
  • Table 27 – Reliance Jio mobile subscribers – 2017 - 2018
  • Table 28 – Reliance mobile ARPU – 2018
  • Table 29 – Tata Teleservices mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
  • Table 30 – Vodafone mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2018
  • Table 31 – Vodafone - mobile ARPU – 2008 - 2018
  • Chart 1 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2008 - 2023
  • Chart 2 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2009 - 2023
  • Exhibit 1 – CDMA 3G commercial deployment in India

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