India - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

India’s mobile market dominates the local telecom sector with its large subscriber base and revenue numbers, as well as the huge capital investment by operators. It has continued to be a highly competitive market in which a large number of providers have been battling to increase market share.

India’s mobile market has experienced very strong growth over the last five years. Market penetration is expected to reach over 90% by 2022.

Rather than a focus only on growth in subscribers the market is shifting to value-added. The roll-out of 4G / LTE services is driving significant shift to mobile data services across the country.

Market competition is intensifying in the mobile sector. Significant market consolidation amongst the mobile operators was underway in 2017 and 2018:

There was a very significant drop in ARPU due to the entry of Jio into the mobile market. The subsequent price war has been intensifying in the mobile sector. A shake-out of the Indian mobile market is inevitable.

Mobile broadband penetration has grown strongly in India over the past few years, driven by a strong and growing mobile subscriber base. Going forward, the adoption of mobile broadband is expected to grow strongly as constraints in India around availability of network, ecosystem and affordability are addressed.

Increasing affordability of handsets along with better data supporting specifications such as carrier aggregation and enhanced resolution will further boost data consumption per subscriber.

Key developments:

  • The Indian government announced plans to establish a dedicated 5G committee to develop a roadmap for the rollout of the technology by 2020.
  • Led by Reliance Jio, India's service providers are becoming increasingly adopting voice-over-LTE (VoLTE) technology.
  • Mobile broadband penetration has grown strongly in India.
  • Market competition is intensifying in the mobile sector, significant market consolidation amongst the mobile operators is underway.

Companies covered in this report include:

Aircel, Bharti Airtel, Quadrant (HFCL), Idea, Reliance Communications, Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJI), Tata Teleservices, Vodafone Essar, Telewings (Uninor), Videocon, S Tel, Bharti Telenet, Reliance Infocomm, Tata Teleservices, Sistema (Shyam Telelink), Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd (VSNL), Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd (MTNL), Videocon

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Market Overview and Analysis
    • 2.1 Geographic segments
    • 2.2 Rural expansion
  • 3. Mobile statistics
    • 3.1 General statistics
    • 3.2 Mobile Broadband
      • 3.2.1 Mobile broadband statistics
    • 3.3 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2017; 2019; 2022
      • 3.3.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
  • 4. Regulatory issues
    • 4.1 Spectrum
      • 4.1.1 Overview
      • 4.1.2 Spectrum auctions - 2018
      • 4.1.3 Spectrum auctions - 2016
      • 4.1.4 Spectrum auctions - 2015
      • 4.1.5 Spectrum Agreements - 2016
      • 4.1.6 Spectrum trading rules
    • 4.2 Mobile Subscriber Verification
    • 4.3 Call drop investigation
    • 4.4 Operators directed to issue data usage messages
    • 4.5 Interconnection
    • 4.6 Roaming
    • 4.7 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • 4.8 Network sharing
  • 5. Mobile infrastructure
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 GSM
    • 5.3 CDMA
    • 5.4 3G
    • 5.5 4G / LTE
      • 5.5.1 Overview
    • 5.6 5G Developments
    • 5.7 Other infrastructure developments
      • 5.7.1 VoLTE
      • 5.7.2 Google - Project Loon
  • 6. Major mobile operators
    • 6.1 Subscribers by Operator
    • 6.2 Merger Activities – 2016 - 2018
      • 6.2.1 RCOM / Aircel Merger
      • 6.2.2 RCOM / SSTL Merger
      • 6.2.3 Telenor / Bharti Airtel merger
      • 6.2.4 Idea - Vodafone merger
    • 6.3 Aircel
    • 6.4 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
      • 6.4.1 Overview
      • 6.4.2 Network development
      • 6.4.3 3G development
      • 6.4.4 4G/LTE
    • 6.5 Bharti Airtel
      • 6.5.1 Overview
      • 6.5.2 3G
      • 6.5.3 4G / LTE
    • 6.6 Idea Cellular
      • 6.6.1 Overview
      • 6.6.2 3G
      • 6.6.3 4G / LTE
    • 6.7 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
    • 6.8 Quadrant
    • 6.9 Reliance Communications (RCOM)
    • 6.10 Reliance Jio Infocomm (Jio)
    • 6.11 SSTL (Sistema)
    • 6.12 Tata Teleservices
    • 6.13 Telenor
    • 6.14 Vodafone
      • 6.14.1 Overview
      • 6.14.2 3G
      • 6.14.3 4G Network
    • 6.15 Fixed-line business
    • 6.16 Reach mobile
    • 6.17 MVNOs
  • 7. Mobile content and applications
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 m-banking (payments/loans)
    • 7.3 m-TV
    • 7.4 m-Health
    • 7.5 Apps
  • 8. Mobile handsets
  • 9. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 2 – Mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) – 2002 - 2017
  • Table 3 – Mobile penetration in urban and rural areas – 2007; 2009 - 2017
  • Table 4 – Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) – 2005 - 2017
  • Table 5 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2017
  • Table 6 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2017; 2019; 2022
  • Table 7 – GSM ARPU – 2003 - 2017
  • Table 8 – GSM ARPU by region/circle, prepaid/postpaid/blended – March 2017
  • Table 9 – GSM ARPU by region/circle, prepaid/postpaid/blended – March 2016
  • Table 10 – CDMA ARPU – 2003 - 2017
  • Table 11 – Mobile subscribers and market share (wireless) – 2017
  • Table 12 – Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (wireless) – 2015 - 2016
  • Table 13 – Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (fixed and wireless) – 2016 - 2017
  • Table 14 – Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (fixed and wireless) – 2015 - 2016
  • Table 15– Mobile operators – Systems and Launch
  • Table 16 – Aircel mobile subscribers – 2004 - 2017
  • Table 17 – BSNL mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
  • Table 18 – Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
  • Table 19 – Bharti Airtel mobile ARPU – 2004 - 2005; 2007 - 2017
  • Table 20 – Idea Cellular mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
  • Table 21 – Idea Cellular mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2011; 2013 - 2017
  • Table 22 – MTNL mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
  • Table 23 – Quadrant mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 24 – Reliance mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
  • Table 25 – Reliance mobile ARPU – 2007 - 2017
  • Table 26 – Sistema mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 27 – Tata Teleservices mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
  • Table 28 – Telenor mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2017
  • Table 29 – Vodafone mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2017
  • Table 30 – Vodafone - mobile ARPU – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 31 – Vodafone fixed-line subscribers – 2011 - 2017
  • Chart 1 - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2006 - 2017
  • Chart 2 - Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 - 2017
  • Chart 3 - Forecast mobile penetration – 2017; 2019; 2022
  • Chart 4 - Mobile subscribers and market share (wireless) – 2017
  • Exhibit 1 – CDMA 3G commercial deployment in India

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