Cambodia - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

The mobile sector gains momentum in Cambodia

Despite its status as a lesser developed country and remaining one of the poorer countries in Southeast Asia, Cambodia’s efforts to expand and upgrade its telecom infrastructure are bearing fruit.

There were previously between eight and ten mobile operators vigorously competing with each other in a market segment that was growing at a rapid rate. A process of rationalisation followed, reducing the number of operators to six.

The mobile subscriber market peaked in 2015 with mobile subscriber penetration of 133%, however since then has seen penetration fall due to maturing market as well as market consolidation amongst the mobile operators. Over the next five years to 2022 the market will gain momentum again but at a relatively slow rate.

Limited fixed-line growth that had come about in Cambodia earlier on had mainly been through investment under foreign assistance plans, focusing on the capital Phnom Penh. Subsequently, geographical coverage did not increase significantly for a decade or more.

The number of fixed telephone lines in Cambodia is slowly declining from a very small base as the mobile segment continues to expand and fixed broadband penetration remains extremely low and under-developed. Penetration is predicted to drop further by 2019.

In 2017 Telecom Cambodia has inaugurated its Greater Mekong Telecom Backbone Network project, which included the installation of a 467km fibre-optic cable connection between Sihanoukville and Kampong Cham.

The fixed broadband market remains highly under-developed in Cambodia. Over the past five years fixed broadband penetration has increased moderately from a very small base.

Mobile broadband has seen very strong growth over the past five years from a small base driven by mature mobile market. Penetration is predicted to continue to grow strongly over the next two years to 2019.

Key Developments:

  • Telecom Cambodia has inaugurated its Greater Mekong Telecom Backbone Network project.
  • Mobile broadband has seen very strong growth over the past five years.
  • Fixed broadband penetration is predicted to reach over 2% by 2022.
  • Over the next five years to 2022 the mobile market will grow again but at a relatively slow rate.
  • The number of fixed telephone lines in Cambodia is slowly declining.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
    • 3.1 Background
    • 3.2 Economy
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market Overview and Analysis
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Regulatory authority
      • 5.1.1 Ministry of Posts & Telecommunications (MPTC)
      • 5.1.2 Telecommunications Regulator of Cambodia (TRC)
      • 5.1.3 Draft law tabled by MPTC
      • 5.1.4 Huawei – government business partner
    • 5.2 Regulatory developments
      • 5.2.1 New Draft Telecommunications Law
      • 5.2.2 Agreement with Chinese Government
      • 5.2.3 VoIP
      • 5.2.4 Dispute: Smart Axiata v. CadComms
      • 5.2.5 Inactive licences
      • 5.2.6 National broadband policy
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Telecom Cambodia
    • 6.2 Viettel
    • 6.3 Digi
    • 6.4 Kingtel (Emaxx)
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 Optical fibre networks
    • 7.3 Mobile towers
    • 7.4 International infrastructure
      • 7.4.1 Introduction
      • 7.4.2 Greater Mekong Subregion Information Superhighway (GMS-IS)
      • 7.4.3 Cambodian-Vietnamese Super Highway Telecoms Network
      • 7.4.4 Submarine cable
    • 7.5 Specific IT developments
      • 7.5.1 Cloud Computing
  • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Background
    • 8.3 Broadband and Internet statistics
    • 8.4 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2017; 2019; 2022
      • 8.4.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
    • 8.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 8.5.1 WiMAX
  • 9. Mobile market
    • 9.1 Background
    • 9.2 Mobile statistics
    • 9.3 Mobile broadband
    • 9.4 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2017; 2019; 2022
    • 9.5 Mobile Regulatory issues
      • 9.5.1 Spectrum Auctions
      • 9.5.2 SIM Registration
  • 10. Mobile infrastructure
    • 10.1 4G LTE
      • 10.1.1 Digital Star
      • 10.1.2 Southeast Asia Telecommunications
      • 10.1.3 Smart Axiata
  • 11. Major mobile operators
    • 11.1 Operator statistics
    • 11.2 CamGSM
    • 11.3 Mfone (CamShin)
    • 11.4 Smart Axiata
    • 11.5 Metfone (Viettel)
    • 11.6 CadComms (QB)
    • 11.7 Smart Mobile
    • 11.8 Beeline Cambodia (Sotelco)
    • 11.9 CooTel (Xinwei)
    • 11.10 SEATEL
    • 11.11 GT-Tell (Excell)
  • 12. Digital Media
    • 12.1 Broadcasting
    • 12.2 Cable TV
    • 12.3 Satellite TV
  • 13. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Cambodia – 2017
  • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 3 – Broadband and Internet statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 4 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 5 – National telecommunications authority
  • Table 6 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 1995 - 2019
  • Table 7 – Internet penetration – 2007 - 2019
  • Table 8 – Historic - Internet users, annual change and penetration – 1997 - 2016
  • Table 9 – Internet household penetration – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 11 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2017
  • Table 12 – Total international internet bandwidth – 1999 - 2017
  • Table 13 – Forecast Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2017; 2019; 2022
  • Table 14 – Mobile subscribers, annual growth and penetration – 1993 - 2017
  • Table 15 – Historic - Mobile services sector estimated ARPU – 1998 - 2012
  • Table 16 – Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
  • Table 17 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2019
  • Table 18 – Forecast mobile subscribers and penetration – 2012 - 2017; 2019; 2022
  • Table 19 – Mobile subscribers and market share by operator - 2017
  • Table 20 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and market share by operator – 2013
  • Table 21 – Historic - Mobile Operators and Systems
  • Table 22 –MobiTel (CamGSM) mobile subscribers – 1998 - 2017
  • Table 23 – Historic - MobiTel: 3G subscribers – 2006 - 2013
  • Table 24 – Historic - Mfone (CamShin) mobile subscribers – 1998 - 2012
  • Table 25 – Smart Axiata: mobile subscribers – 1998 - 2017
  • Table 26 –Metfone (Viettel) mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2017
  • Table 27 – Cadcomms mobile (3G) subscribers – 2008 - 2016
  • Table 28 – Historic- Smart Mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2012
  • Table 29 – Historic - Beeline Cambodia subscribers – 2009 - 2013
  • Table 30 – Key broadcasting statistics
  • Chart 1 - Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2006 - 2019
  • Chart 2 - Internet penetration – 2007 - 2019
  • Chart 3 – Forecast Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2017; 2019; 2022
  • Chart 4- Mobile market – subscribers and penetration – 2007 - 2017
  • Chart 5 - Mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2019
  • Chart 6 - Forecast mobile penetration – 2012 - 2017; 2019; 2022
  • Chart 7 - Mobile subscribers and market share by operator - 2017

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