2012 Hong Kong - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts

Publication Overview

Hong Kong has a sophisticated telecommunications infrastructure. The report covers trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, Internet, broadband, and converging media including VoIP and IPTV developments. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure;
  • Major players, revenues, subscribers, ARPU;
  • Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Broadband (FttX, DSL, cable TV, wireless);
  • Convergence and digital media
  • Forecasts

Researcher:- Derrick Dekker
Current publication date:- July 2012 (18th Edition)

Executive Summary

Accelerated LTE and FttX deployments in Hong Kong fuel a rising demand for data

Hong Kong, a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China, has built one of the most sophisticated and dynamic telecommunications markets in the world. Hong Kong’s regulator, the Office of the Communications Authority (OFCA), has played a major role in developing the telecom sector. The country has put in place substantial infrastructure which supports one of the world’s highest penetrations of mobile and fixed telephone services at around 210% and 50% respectively. In addition to Hong Kong’s strong technology edge, its close geographical proximity to mainland China makes it a key gateway for all foreign telecom companies and equipment vendors. Hong Kong is also a key regional telecommunications hub and is the landing point for a significant number of strategically important submarine cables.

Hong Kong provides 85% of all households with access to broadband connectivity. The number of broadband subscribers represents about 75% of the total internet subscriber base, supported by a large number of ISPs. The extensive FttX, DSL and cable coverage coupled with a large fibre optic footprint has driven the market for triple play services and IPTV.

The mobile market continues to evolve as operators ready themselves for deploying LTE services. The market shows few signs of cooling and the cycle of a new technology and the subsequent battle for market share is about to begin again, even while 3G deployment has yet to reach its peak.

Key Highlights:

  • In a densely packed market that has over 2 million TV households, there were over 1.3 million IPTV subscribers and over 1.1 million cable TV subscribers in Hong Kong going into 2012
  • 3G/4Gsubscriptions continue to grow in a competitive market and consisted of over 50% of total mobile subscribers.
  • A continued boom in mobile communications, in particular in mobile data is driving the need for additional spectrum. Total mobile data usage has witnessed an explosive growth with a year-on-year increase of 189% and on average each 2.5G and 3G subscriber sends 400Mbytes per month.
  • Fibre deployments continue to expand to over 60% of all broadband subscriptions and has resulted in Hong Kong becoming a world leader in terms of its broadband connection speed and competitive pricing.

Hong Kong – Key performance indicators – 2010 - 2012

Sector

2010

2012 (e)

Internet subscribers (million)

Internet users

5.60

5.90

Internet subscribers

2.87

3.03

Broadband subscribers (million)

Total

2.12

2.35

FttX

1.10

1.50

Subscribers to Telecoms Services

Fixed-line telephone subscribers (million)

3.68

3.52

Mobile phone subscribers (million)

13.40

16.00

3G market share of mobile base

39%

56%

(Source: BuddeComm)

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key Statistics
  • 2. Country Overview
    • 2.1 Background
    • 2.2 Hong Kong’s economy
  • 3. Telecommunications Market
    • 3.1 Overview of Hong Kong’s telecom market
    • 3.2 Competition in the market
    • 3.3 Market pricing
      • 3.3.1 2008
      • 3.3.2 2011
    • 3.4 Focus on innovation in a mature market
    • 3.5 Telecommunications market sectors
      • 3.5.1 Fixed-line and mobile phones
      • 3.5.2 Fixed telecommunications services – background
      • 3.5.3 Internet and broadband
      • 3.5.4 Submarine cable networks
  • 4. Regulatory Environment
    • 4.1 Overview
    • 4.2 OFCA (Office of the Communications Authority)
      • 4.2.1 OFTA (Office of the Telecommunications Authority)
    • 4.3 Regulatory developments – 2000-2012
  • 5. Major Operators
    • 5.1 Pacific Century CyberWorks (PCCW)
      • 5.1.1 Company overview
      • 5.1.2 Company background
      • 5.1.3 Financial statistics
      • 5.1.4 Operations statistics
    • 5.2 City Telecom (HK) Ltd (HKBN)
      • 5.2.1 Company overview
      • 5.2.2 Company background
    • 5.3 Hutchison Telecom Hong Kong Holdings (HTHKH)
      • 5.3.1 Company overview
      • 5.3.2 Company background
      • 5.3.3 Financial statistics
      • 5.3.4 Operational statistics
    • 5.4 Wharf T&T Hong Kong (i-Cable)
      • 5.4.1 Company overview
      • 5.4.2 Company background
      • 5.4.3 Financial statistics
      • 5.4.4 Operational statistics
    • 5.5 New World Telecommunications Ltd
      • 5.5.1 Company overview
      • 5.5.2 Company background
      • 5.5.3 Operational statistics
    • 5.6 Peoples (China Resources Peoples Telephone Co Ltd)
    • 5.7 SmarTone-Vodafone
      • 5.7.1 Company overview
      • 5.7.2 Company background
      • 5.7.3 Financial statistics
      • 5.7.4 Operational statistics
  • 6. Internet Market
    • 6.1 Overview
    • 6.2 Internet statistics
    • 6.3 Internet traffic volume
    • 6.4 Domain names
    • 6.5 Internet contribution to GDP
  • 7. Broadband Market
    • 7.1 Background
    • 7.2 Overview
    • 7.3 Broadband statistics
    • 7.4 Broadband performance pledges
    • 7.5 Digital 21 IT Strategy
    • 7.6 Broadband Survey results
      • 7.6.1 Saïd Business School
      • 7.6.2 Akamai Technologies
    • 7.7 FttB/FttH building registration scheme
    • 7.8 Broadband technologies
      • 7.8.1 Overview
      • 7.8.2 Cable modems
      • 7.8.3 Digital subscriber line (DSL)
      • 7.8.4 Fibre to the home (FttH)
      • 7.8.5 Wireless access
    • 7.9 Major broadband operators
      • 7.9.1 i-Cable Communications (Hong Kong Cable Television Ltd)
      • 7.9.2 Hong Kong Broadband Network Services (City Telecom - CTInets)
      • 7.9.3 PCCW
      • 7.9.4 SmarTone Broadband Services
    • 7.10 Broadband television in Hong Kong
      • 7.10.1 Internet protocol TV (IPTV)
      • 7.10.2 Cable television (CATV)
  • 8. Broadcasting
    • 8.1 Overview
    • 8.2 Transmission modes
      • 8.2.1 Analogue transmission
      • 8.2.2 Digital terrestrial transmission
      • 8.2.3 Hybrid fibre coax cable (HFC) and microwave multipoint distribution system (MMDS)
      • 8.2.4 Satellite transmission
      • 8.2.5 Broadband transmission
    • 8.3 Pay TV
    • 8.4 Free-to-air (FTA) television
      • 8.4.1 Television Broadcasts Ltd (TVB)
      • 8.4.2 Asia Television Ltd (ATV)
  • 9. Mobile Communications
    • 9.1 Overview
    • 9.2 Market status 2012
    • 9.3 Mobile statistics
      • 9.3.1 Mobile subscribers 1984-2012
      • 9.3.2 Mobile prepaid cards 1997-2012
      • 9.3.3 Mobile subscribers by operator
    • 9.4 Regulatory issues
      • 9.4.1 Mobile number portability (MNP)
      • 9.4.2 Spectrum licensing
    • 9.5 Mobile technologies
      • 9.5.1 Analogue
      • 9.5.2 Telepoint CT-2
      • 9.5.3 GSM/2G
      • 9.5.4 Personal communications services (PCS)/2G
      • 9.5.5 High-speed circuit-switched data (HSCSD)
      • 9.5.6 General packet radio service (GPRS)
      • 9.5.7 Enhanced data for GSM evolution (EDGE)
      • 9.5.8 High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA)
      • 9.5.9 CDMA
      • 9.5.10 CDMA2000
      • 9.5.11 Third Generation (3G) mobile
      • 9.5.12 LTE (Long-term evolution)/4G
    • 9.6 Mobile virtual network operators (MVNO)
    • 9.7 Mobile services
      • 9.7.1 Short message service (SMS)
      • 9.7.2 Mobile data usage
    • 9.8 Mobile content
      • 9.8.1 Background
      • 9.8.2 Mobile phone versus smartphone usage
      • 9.8.3 Smartphones and tablets
      • 9.8.4 Mobile TV
      • 9.8.5 Mobile music
      • 9.8.6 Stock trading
  • 10. Forecasts
    • 10.1 Forecast fixed line subscribers – 2011-2013; 2017
    • 10.2 Forecast broadband subscribers: 2012-2013; 2017
    • 10.3 Forecast total mobile and 3G subscribers – 2012-2013; 2017
  • 11. Glossary of Abbreviations
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Hong Kong – 2012
  • Table 2 – Telecommunications revenue and investment – 2011
  • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – March 2012
  • Table 4 – Internet statistics – March 2012
  • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – March 2012
  • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – March 2012
  • Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 8 – Hong Kong telecoms service revenue and capex – 1994 – 2011
  • Table 9 – Number of telecoms operators by category – May 2012
  • Table 10 – Fixed line versus mobile subscriptions and penetration rates – 1998 - 2013
  • Table 11 – Fixed-line telephony subscribers – 2000 – 2012
  • Table 12 – External fixed-line telephone traffic volume in minutes – 1997 – 2011
  • Table 13 – IP telephony subscribers – 2007 - 2012
  • Table 14 – External telecommunications facilities capacity of Hong Kong – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 15 – PCCW consolidated revenue, EBITDA and profit US$ – 2001 - 2011
  • Table 16 – PCCW core revenue US$ – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 17 – PCCW TSS revenue US$ – 2008 - 2011
  • Table 18 – PCCW exchange lines in service – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 19 – PCCW 2G and 3G subscribers – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 20 – PCCW 3G and blended ARPU – 2007 – 2011
  • Table 21 – City Telecom revenue and profit – 2001 – 2011
  • Table 22 – HTHKH revenue and profit – 2006 – 2011
  • Table 23 – HTHKH mobile service revenue for data, voice, roaming – 2009 – 2011
  • Table 24 – Hutchison mobile subscribers and annual change – 1998 – 2011
  • Table 25 – Hutchison 3G mobile subscribers and annual change – 2004 - 2008
  • Table 26 – HTHKH mobile subscribers 2G and 3G postpaid and total - 2008 - 2011
  • Table 27 – Hutchison postpaid ARPU – 2010 - 2011
  • Table 28 – i-Cable revenue and profit – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 29 – Wharf T&T fixed-line, i-Cable broadband and pay TV subscribers – 2001 - 2011
  • Table 30 – Hong Kong CSL subscribers and annual change – 1998 - 2005
  • Table 31 – New World Mobility subscribers and annual change – 1998 - 2005
  • Table 32 – CSL New World subscribers and annual change – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 33 – Peoples (China Mobile Hong Kong) subscribers and annual change – 1998 - 2011
  • Table 34 – SmarTone revenue and profit – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 35 – SmarTone - ARPU and data contribution – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 36 – SmarTone subscribers and annual change – 1998 - 2011
  • Table 37 – SmarTone - 3G subscribers – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 38 – Internet users and subscribers – 1996 - 2013
  • Table 39 – Internet traffic volume (PSTN and broadband) – 1997 – 2011
  • Table 40 – Use of international private leased circuits (IPLCs) – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 41 – Registered domain names – 2004 – 2012
  • Table 42 – Broadband internet access subscribers – 2000 - 2013
  • Table 43 – Narrowband internet access subscribers – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 44 – Prepaid and leased line internet access subscribers – 2000 – 2012
  • Table 45 – Broadband subscribers and households – March 2012
  • Table 46 – Broadband internet traffic volume – 2000 – 2011
  • Table 47 – Broadband performance pledges – Q1 2011
  • Table 48 – Digital 21 Strategy – key indicators – June 2012
  • Table 49 – Broadband ranking evolution top 10 countries – 2008 - 2010
  • Table 50 – Broadband subscribers by operator – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 51 – Cable modem internet subscribers – 2000 - 2013
  • Table 52 – DSL subscribers – 1999 - 2013
  • Table 53 – FttX subscribers – 2007 - 2013
  • Table 54 – i-Cable broadband and VoIP subscribers and penetration – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 55 – i-Cable cable TV subscribers, penetration and ARPU – 1995 - 2011
  • Table 56 – HKBN triple play subscribers, ARPU and IDD traffic volume – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 57 – PCCW broadband subscribers – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 58 – PCCW NOW TV subscribers and ARPU – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 59 – IPTV subscribers – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 60 – Cable television subscribers – 2000 - 2010
  • Table 61 – Broadcasting service statistics – December 2011
  • Table 62 – TV household penetration by licence type – March 2012
  • Table 63 – TV channels provided by all TV licensees in Hong Kong – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 64 – Hong Kong households’ TV coverage by transmission modes – December 2009
  • Table 65 – Digital terrestrial television population coverage – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 66 – Pay TV subscribers – 2000 - 2010
  • Table 67 – Mobile subscribers and annual change – 1984 - 2013
  • Table 68 – Prepaid and activated SIM cards – 1997 – 2012
  • Table 69 – Mobile operators, technology, subscribers and annual change – March 2009
  • Table 70 – Selected mobile operator subscribers and market share – December 2011
  • Table 71 – Operator market share by subscribers – 2003 – 2011
  • Table 72 – Total mobile numbers ported – 1999 – 2011
  • Table 73 – Analogue subscribers and annual change – 1984 - 1997
  • Table 74 – GSM 2G subscribers and annual change – 1993 - 2011
  • Table 75 – PCS subscribers and annual change – 1997 - 2008
  • Table 76 – 2.5G subscribers – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 77 – 3G mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 78 – MVNO subscribers – 2005 – 2012
  • Table 79 – SMS messages sent and received – 2002 – 2011
  • Table 80 – SMS statistics for Christmas Day and New Years Day – 2005 - 2012
  • Table 81 – SMS statistics for Valentine’s Day and Chinese New Year Day – 2006 - 2012
  • Table 82 – Mobile data usage – 2002 – 2012
  • Table 83 – Forecast fixed-line subscribers and penetration - higher band – 2011 - 2013; 2017
  • Table 84 – Forecast fixed-line subscribers and penetration - lower band – 2011 - 2013; 2017
  • Table 85 – Forecast broadband subscribers and penetration - higher band: 2012 - 2013; 2017
  • Table 86 – Forecast broadband subscribers and penetration - lower band: 2012 - 2013; 2017
  • Table 87 – Forecast mobile subscribers and penetration higher band forecast – 2012 - 2013; 2017
  • Table 88 – Forecast mobile subscribers and penetration lower band forecast – 2012 - 2013; 2017
  • Chart 1 – Hong Kong service revenue and capex – 1995 - 2011
  • Chart 2 – Hong Kong fixed-line and mobile subscribers – 1995 - 2013
  • Chart 3 – Hong Kong fixed-line telephony subscribers – 2000 - 2012
  • Chart 4 – Hong Kong IP telephony subscribers – 2007 - 2012
  • Chart 5 – PCCW revenue, capex, ARPU – 2006 - 2011
  • Chart 6 – Hong Kong internet users, subscribers and user penetration – 1997 - 2011
  • Chart 7 – Hong Kong international capacity and broadband traffic volume – 2002 - 2011
  • Chart 8 – Hong Kong broadband internet subscribers and population penetration – 2000 - 2013
  • Chart 9 – Hong Kong internet subscribers by type – 2000 - 2011
  • Chart 10 – Hong Kong broadband internet subscribers by access type – 2000 - 2012
  • Chart 11 – Hong Kong cable modem internet subscribers – 2000 - 2011
  • Chart 12 – Hong Kong DSL internet subscribers – 2000 - 2011
  • Chart 13 – Hong Kong cable FttX subscribers – 2007 - 2011
  • Chart 14 – Hong Kong mobile subscriber growth, population penetration – 1995 - 2011
  • Chart 15 – Hong Kong mobile operator market share – December 2011
  • Chart 16 – Hong Kong technology market share – 1990 - 2011
  • Chart 17 – Hong Kong 3G/4G mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2011
  • Chart 18 – Quality profile of smartphone users – end 2010
  • Exhibit 1 – Map of Hong Kong
  • Exhibit 2 – Licensees and issue dates – May 2011
  • Exhibit 3 – Major operators by service type - 2011
  • Exhibit 4 – Major submarine cables with landing points in Hong Kong – 2012
  • Exhibit 5 – The ‘original’ PCCW deal
  • Exhibit 6 – HTHKH frequency allocations – 2012
  • Exhibit 7 –TV broadcasting licensees – June 2012
  • Exhibit 8 – Transmission modes employed by TV licensees
  • Exhibit 9 – Mobile virtual network operator licensees – May 2011
  • Exhibit 10 – Top 10 activities on mobile phones versus smartphones – 2010

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