Nepal - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Nepal’s mobile market sees extraordinary growth over five years

Over the years, efforts to expand the telecom sector in Nepal have met with many challenges. Nepal’s mountainous topography has made it extremely difficult to develop its telecommunications infrastructure. Furthermore, Nepal had been struggling under an adverse economic situation caused largely by political instability.

The fixed line market in Nepal remains underdeveloped. A major reason for this is due to the dominance of the mobile segment. Overall penetration increased slightly from 2012 to 2017. The market is predicted to increase only slightly further over the next five years to 2022 as the mobile segment continues to grow for both voice and data/broadband usage.

In mid 2017 Nepal Telecom (NT) was speeding up work to extend its coverage to 175 new locations nationwide, while network extension platforms will be shared with other phone companies. The expansion is in line with its aim to connect the remote belt of the country with the telecom network.

The penetration of Internet users in Nepal remains very low by international standards however has grown very strongly over the past five years driven by strong growth in mobile broadband.

Fixed broadband penetration in Nepal remains very low mainly due to a limited number of fixed lines and the subsequent dominance of the mobile platform. Also the declining number of fixed lines is restricting more widespread development of fixed broadband. Over the next five years to 2022 strong growth is expected to continue.

Nepal’s mobile market is now relatively developed and has experienced extraordinarily strong growth over the last five years. Moderate growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022. The market will be constrained from higher growth due to very strong local competition and a maturing market.

Key developments:

  • Nepal has seen a very rapid increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past five years.
  • Strong growth in mobile broadband is predicted over the next five years to 2022.
  • The penetration of Internet users in Nepal remains very low by international standards.
  • Nepal’s mobile market is now relatively developed and has experienced extraordinarily strong growth over the last five years.

Companies mentioned in this report

Nepal Telecom; NDCL; United Telecom Ltd (UTL); Ncell; TeliaSonera; STM Telecom Sanchar Pvt Ltd; Nepal Satellite Telecom Pvt Ltd (NSTPL); Smart Telecom Pvt Ltd (STPL).

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market Overview and Analysis
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Regulatory authority
      • 5.1.1 Nepal Telecommunication Authority (NTA)
    • 5.2 Telecommunications Policy 1999
      • 5.2.1 Universal service
      • 5.2.2 Rural Telecommunications Development Fund (RTDF)
    • 5.3 Telecommunications Policy 2004
    • 5.4 Telecom sector liberalisation and licensing
    • 5.5 Foreign assistance
    • 5.6 Commission for Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA)
    • 5.7 Privatisation of Nepal Telecom
    • 5.8 Broadband policy
    • 5.9 Regulatory developments
      • 5.9.1 Infrastructure sharing
  • 6. Fixed Network Operators
    • 6.1 Major Operators
    • 6.2 Nepal Telecom
    • 6.3 United Telecom Ltd (UTL)
    • 6.4 Nepal Satellite Telecom (NST)
    • 6.5 Smart Telecom (STPL)
    • 6.6 STM Telecom
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 Fixed Line Statistics and Market Forecast
    • 7.3 Fibre Networks
    • 7.4 International infrastructure
      • 7.4.1 Overview
      • 7.4.2 Proposed satellite
  • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 8.1 Background
    • 8.2 ISP market
    • 8.3 Fixed Broadband statistics and Market Forecast
    • 8.4 Internet Statistics and Market Forecast
    • 8.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 8.5.1 Wi-Fi
      • 8.5.2 WiMAX
  • 9. Mobile Market
    • 9.1 Mobile Statistics and Market Forecast
    • 9.2 Mobile Broadband and market forecast
    • 9.3 Mobile Regulatory issues
      • 9.3.1 Spectrum
      • 9.3.2 Pricing
  • 10. Major mobile operators
    • 10.1 Operators
    • 10.2 Nepal Telecom (NT)
    • 10.3 Ncell
    • 10.4 Smart Telecom
  • 11. Mobile content and applications
    • 11.1 m-commerce
  • 12. Digital Media
    • 12.1 Internet Protocol TV (IPTV)
    • 12.2 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
  • 13. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Nepal – 2017
  • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 7 – Nepal’s GDP real growth rate – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 8 – Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
  • Table 9 – Key Metrics - Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) - 2017 - 2022
  • Table 10 – Licences issued for telecom services
  • Table 11 – Fixed subscribers by operator – wireline and WLL – 2017
  • Table 12 – Historic - Fixed subscribers by operator – wireline and WLL – 2016
  • Table 13 – Nepal Telecom’s fixed subscribers – wireline and WLL – 2006; 2011 - 2017
  • Table 14 – UTL’s subscribers – limited mobility and WLL – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 15 – Smart Telecom’s subscribers – limited mobility and fixed-line – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 16 – STM’s subscribers – limited mobility and fixed-line – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 17 – Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Table 18 – Historical - fixed-lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2005
  • Table 19 – Fixed-line subscribers – wireline and WLL – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 20 – Data and Internet subscribers by technology – 2016 - 2017
  • Table 21 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2017
  • Table 22 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Table 23 – Internet Users and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Table 24 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1997 - 2011
  • Table 25 – Internet bandwidth capacity – 2001 - 2017
  • Table 26 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Table 27 – Historic - Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration rate – 1999 - 2011
  • Table 28 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2011 - 2022
  • Table 29 – Mobile operators and systems
  • Table 30 – Mobile operators and market share - 2017
  • Table 31 – Historic - Mobile operators and market share - 2016
  • Table 32 – Nepal Telecom (NDCL) - mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 33 – Ncell’s mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 34 – Smart Telecom- mobile subscribers – 2016 - 2017
  • Chart 1– Fixed Line & Mobile Penetration – 2017; 2022
  • Chart 2 – Internet, Fixed Broadband & Mobile Broadband Penetration – 2017; 2022
  • Chart 3 – Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Chart 4 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers (with Forecast) - 2007 - 2022
  • Chart 5 – Internet Users and Penetration (with Forecast) - 2007 - 2022
  • Chart 6 – Percentage of Households with Internet Access at Home (with Forecast) - 2007 - 2022
  • Chart 7 – Percentage of Households with a Computer (with Forecast) - 2007 - 2022
  • Chart 8 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
  • Chart 9 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2009 - 2022
  • Chart 10 – Mobile operators and market share - 2017
  • Exhibit 1 – Level of competition by market segment

Related Reports

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Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets)
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Number of pages 36

Status Current

Last updated 13 Sep 2017
Update History

Analyst: Phil Harpur

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