Nepal - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

The fixed broadband market finally gains momentum in Nepal

Over the years, efforts to expand the telecom sector in Nepal have met with many challenges. The fixed line market in Nepal remains underdeveloped. A major reason for this is due to the dominance of the mobile segment.

Nepal Telecom (NT) has begun switching its existing PSTN landline service to an IP-based network in order to provide advanced voice, data and TV services over its upgraded fixed networks.

The market is predicted to increase only slightly further over the next five years to 2023 as the mobile segment continues to grow for both voice and data/broadband usage.

Fixed broadband penetration in Nepal remains very low mainly due to a limited number of fixed lines and the subsequent dominance of the mobile platform. Also, the declining number of fixed lines is restricting more widespread development of fixed broadband. However, the market has grown strongly over the past five years from a very small base. Over the next five years to 2023 strong growth is expected to continue. Fixed broadband penetration is predicted to reach 4.0% by 2023.

The local government has a vision of a digital society, whereby 90% of the population will have access to broadband services by 2020.

Nepal Telecom and China Telecom Global recently interconnected across Nepal’s northern border with Tibet via a mix of underground and all-dielectric self-supporting (ADSS) fibre-optic cabling.

Nepal’s mobile market is now relatively developed and has experienced extraordinarily strong growth over the last six years. Slower growth is predicted over the next five years to 2023. The market will be constrained from higher growth due to very strong local competition and a fast maturing market.

Nepal has seen a very rapid increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past six years driven by a rising level of 3G and 4G mobile subscribers. However, the mobile broadband market is still at an early stage of development with penetration well below most other Asian countries. Strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2023.

Key developments:

  • Nepal has seen a very rapid increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past five years.
  • Strong growth in mobile broadband is predicted over the next five years to 2022.
  • Nepal’s mobile market is now relatively developed and has experienced extraordinarily strong growth over the last six years.
  • The local government has a vision of a digital society, whereby 90% of the population will have access to broadband services by 2020.
  • Nepal Telecom (NT) has begun switching its existing PSTN landline service to an IP-based network

Companies mentioned in this report

Nepal Telecom; NDCL; United Telecom Ltd (UTL); Ncell; TeliaSonera; STM Telecom; Nepal Satellite Telecom Pvt Ltd (NSTPL); Smart Telecom Pvt Ltd (STPL).

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market overview and analysis
    • 4.2 Regional Asian Market Comparison
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Regulatory authority
      • 5.1.1 Nepal Telecommunication Authority (NTA)
    • 5.2 Telecommunications Policy 1999
      • 5.2.1 Universal service
      • 5.2.2 Rural Telecommunications Development Fund (RTDF)
    • 5.3 Telecommunications Policy 2004
    • 5.4 Telecom sector liberalisation and licensing
    • 5.5 Foreign assistance
    • 5.6 Commission for Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA)
    • 5.7 Privatisation of Nepal Telecom
    • 5.8 Broadband policy
  • 6. Fixed Network Operators
    • 6.1 Major operators
    • 6.2 Nepal Telecom
    • 6.3 United Telecom Ltd (UTL)
    • 6.4 Nepal Satellite Telecom (NSPTL)
    • 6.5 Smart Telecom (STPL)
    • 6.6 STM Telecom
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 Fixed line statistics and market forecast
    • 7.3 Fibre networks
    • 7.4 International infrastructure
      • 7.4.1 Overview
      • 7.4.2 Proposed satellite
  • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 8.1 Background
    • 8.2 ISP market
    • 8.3 Fixed Broadband statistics and Market Forecast
    • 8.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 8.4.1 Wi-Fi
      • 8.4.2 WiMAX
  • 9. Mobile market
    • 9.1 Mobile statistics and market forecast
    • 9.2 Mobile broadband and market forecast
    • 9.3 Mobile regulatory issues
      • 9.3.1 Spectrum
      • 9.3.2 Pricing
  • 10. Major mobile operators
    • 10.1 Operators
    • 10.2 Nepal Telecom (NT)
    • 10.3 Ncell
    • 10.4 Smart Telecom (SPTL)
    • 10.5 Nepal Satellite Telecom (NSPTL)
  • 11. MNVOs
  • 12. Digital economy
    • 12.1 e-Government
  • 13. Digital media
    • 13.1 Internet Protocol TV (IPTV)
    • 13.2 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
  • 14. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country Statistics, Major Operators and Telco Authorities – 2018 (e)
  • Table 2 – Top Level Country Statistics – 2018 (e)
  • Table 3 – Licences issued for telecom services - 2018
  • Table 4 – Fixed subscribers by operator – wireline and WLL – 2018
  • Table 5 – Historic - Fixed subscribers by operator – wireline and WLL – 2017
  • Table 6 – Historic - Fixed subscribers by operator – wireline and WLL – 2016
  • Table 7 – Nepal Telecom’s (NDCL) fixed subscribers – wireline and WLL – 2006; 2011 - 2018
  • Table 8 – UTL’s subscribers – limited mobility and WLL – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 9 – Smart Telecom’s (SPTL) fixed line subscribers – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 10 – STM’s subscribers – limited mobility and fixed-line – 2013 - 2018
  • Table 11 – Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 12 – Historic - fixed-lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2005
  • Table 13 – Fixed-line subscribers – wireline and WLL – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 14 – Data and Internet subscribers by technology – 2016 - 2018
  • Table 16 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 17 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers (with Forecast) – 2008 - 2023
  • Table 18 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1997 - 2011
  • Table 19 – Internet bandwidth capacity – 2001 - 2018
  • Table 20 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2008 – 2023
  • Table 21 – Historic - Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration rate – 1999 - 2011
  • Table 22 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2011 – 2023
  • Table 23 – Mobile operators and systems
  • Table 24 – Mobile operators and market share - 2018
  • Table 25 – Mobile broadband subscribers by operator, 3G 4G and EVDO – 2018
  • Table 26 – Historic - Mobile operators and market share - 2017
  • Table 27 – Historic - Mobile operators and market share - 2016
  • Table 28 – Nepal Telecom (NDCL) - mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2018
  • Table 29 – Ncell’s mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2018
  • Table 30 – Smart Telecom- mobile subscribers – 2016 - 2018
  • Table 31 – Nepal Satellite Telecom (NSPTL)- mobile subscribers – 2018
  • Chart 1 – Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration – 2018; 2023
  • Chart 2 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
  • Chart 3 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 4 –Telecoms Maturity Index – Central Asia
  • Chart 5 – Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration – 2007 - 2018
  • Chart 6 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers (with Forecast) - 2008 - 2023
  • Chart 7 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2008 - 2023
  • Chart 8 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2011 - 2023
  • Exhibit 1 – Key Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 – Central Asia -Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
  • Exhibit 3 – Level of competition by market segment

Related Reports

Purchase this Report

US$750.00

Licence Information

Focus Report Profile

Technologies

Broadband Fixed
Internet
Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure)
Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets)
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 44

Status Current

Last updated 15 Oct 2018
Update History

Analyst: Phil Harpur

Share this Report

Purchase with Confidence

Paul is a rare find in a fast paced world of technology and communications. His research and comments are well founded and well respected in Australia and around the world. I have always gained something new from our discussions about my own industries as well as others. Paul is a wealth of knowledge and can only inspire people with his enthusiasm.

Julian Carter, Founder & Strategic Advisor at Mosi Seven. Director at Monster Logic Group Pty Ltd

Special Offers

Africa - Fixed Broadband Market - Statistics and Analyses
US$1,500.00 until 14 Nov 2018
(normal price US$3,000.00)

Africa - Mobile Network Operators and MVNOs
US$1,500.00 until 14 Nov 2018
(normal price US$3,000.00)

Sample Reports

A selection of downloadable samples from our Annual Publications catalogue.


Download a Sample Report

More than 4,000 customers from 140 countries utilise BuddeComm Research

Are you interested in BuddeComm's Custom Research Service?

News & Views

Have the latest telecommunications industry news delivered to your inbox by subscribing to Paul's FREE weekly News & Views.