Global Smart Infrastructure - Paving the Way for Smart Nations

Publication Overview

This report provides valuable insights into the Smart and Connected cities which are slowly emerging around the world. Smart cities require many components working in unison and the ICT sector is at the forefront of the innovative developments emerging to support our future cities and Smart communities. This BuddeComm report examines the core components of Smart cities, supported by statistics and examples. Subjects include:

  • Analysis of the Smart City transformation;
  • Smart Energy developments including Smart Grids and Smart Meters;
  • Intelligent Transport;
  • Artificial Intelligence;
  • IoT and M2M.

Researchers:- Kylie Wansink, Paul Budde.
Current publication date:- August 2017 (6th Edition)

Executive Summary

Various drivers are propelling Smart City developments

The impetuous towards developing Smart Cities can be driven by a number of factors. It may be that citizens, who have increasingly becoming accustomed to the convenience of services being made available through the internet and through apps on their smart phones and tablets become frustrated when ICT services and infrastructure aren’t keeping up. This in turn places pressure on Governments and operators to improve the situation which leads to looking at the infrastructure issues of a community from a holistic view.

The economy is another driver of Smart City initiatives. In many areas the cost of running the society and the economy has risen to unsustainable levels. At the same time, modern technology can reduce these costs and the organisations, companies and cities that are harnessing this are able to be far more competitive. On a city level, cities will need to be able to facilitate this in order to attract new investments, new jobs, new citizens and new developments. Modern technology provides citizens, companies and investors with far greater flexibility to choose between cities, both nationally and internationally. We see what can be achieved – for instance, in Glasgow in the UK and Newcastle in Australia.

Perhaps the best illustration of a Society being the main driver is China, where there is enormous investment in smart cities occurring; simply because many of these cities are perceived by their citizens to be unacceptable places to live. The increase in health costs and economic losses is now such that smart city developments are at the head of the list of most of the top 100 cities in that country.

Social, technological and economic developments have accelerated over the last 200 years to such an extent that they are moving faster than the ‘normal evolutionary processes’. Technological advances in M2M, IoT and data analytics are perhaps the only developments that will be able to keep pace with these changes, creating a world with more intelligent and smarter communities.

Key developments:

  • There is a growing trend towards Urbanisation and in 2017 there are now more citizens living in cities than in rural areas.
  • The home is considered by many as the next battlefield for technology companies, where all home devices would connect in an Internet-of-Things controlled by a smartphone or tablet.
  • M2M connections linked to Smart/connected cities will have one of the fastest growths (CAGR) through to 2021.
  • With energy consumption expected to grow worldwide by more than 40% over the next 25 years, demand in some parts of the world could exceed 100% in that time. This will produce an increase in competition for resources, resulting in higher costs. In an environment such as this; energy efficiency will become even more important and there will be a growing urgency for Smart Energy development.
  • Development of Smart Transport technologies and strategies is well underway in many parts of the world. Smart vehicles in particular have become a very popular sector for innovation with not only the large car companies having a hand in this; but also, the Internet technology enterprises like Google.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Smart infrastructure transformation
    • 1.1 Cities and Communities Undergo Transformation
      • 1.1.1 Defining smart cities
      • 1.1.2 Smart city challenges becoming clearer
      • 1.1.3 PPPPs – cities collaborating with citizens and private enterprise
      • 1.1.4 The drivers behind smart cities
      • 1.1.5 Published smart city statistics
      • 1.1.6 Smart city apps
      • 1.1.7 The use of telecommunications in smart cities
      • 1.1.8 Smart buildings
      • 1.1.9 Smart Cities and the open data dilemma
      • 1.1.10 Connected homes still have a way to go
      • 1.1.11 Alphabet, Microsoft, Samsung and Apple target smart Home market
      • 1.1.12 Standards
      • 1.1.13 Smart Cities, Smart Councils
      • 1.1.14 Rhineland economic model is closest to smart city developments
      • 1.1.15 Leading smart cites and communities
      • 1.1.16 A great city is much more than a smart city
  • 2. Smart energy
    • 2.1 Smart Grids and Smart Meters Trends and Analysis
      • 2.1.1 Introduction
      • 2.1.2 Radical changes for electricity utilities
      • 2.1.3 The future of the electricity industry
      • 2.1.4 Market analysis 2017
      • 2.1.5 The second phase: Smart Grid 2.0
      • 2.1.6 Key trends and Developments
      • 2.1.7 Strategic mistakes from governments and the energy industry
      • 2.1.8 Where are the government leaders?
      • 2.1.9 Smart energy for the future
      • 2.1.10 Smart grid vision
      • 2.1.11 Smart grid benefits and challenges
      • 2.1.12 Global smart meter market
      • 2.1.13 A concept, not a single technology
      • 2.1.14 M2M is a key component
  • 3. Intelligent transport systems and drones
    • 3.1 Smart Transport Trends and Analysis
    • 3.2 Smart transport – introduction
    • 3.3 Smart vehicles
    • 3.4 Autonomous car market
      • 3.4.1 Market statistics
      • 3.4.2 Regulatory development
      • 3.4.3 Autonomous driving available in some new car models
      • 3.4.4 IoT and autonomous cars
      • 3.4.5 Personal Rapid Transit (PRT)
    • 3.5 Electric vehicles
      • 3.5.1 NASA’s autonomous EV
      • 3.5.2 Wireless charging
      • 3.5.3 Connected car market
      • 3.5.4 The upcoming electric vehicle tsunami
    • 3.6 Dedicated Short-Range Communications
    • 3.7 Freight in the digital age
    • 3.8 Further smart transport project examples
      • 3.8.1 The highway of the future – Oss, The Netherlands
      • 3.8.2 Smart streetlights: gateway to smart cities
      • 3.8.3 Smart parking - SFpark
      • 3.8.4 Google Traffic
      • 3.8.5 Vehicle telematics
      • 3.8.6 e-Call
    • 3.9 Drones and Unmanned Aircraft
      • 3.9.1 Drone companies become hot property
      • 3.9.2 Facebook testing internet delivery drone
    • 3.10 Examples of applications for drones
      • 3.10.1 Drones for Wind Turbine Inspection
      • 3.10.2 Mobile network testing using drones
      • 3.10.3 Drones used for reforestation
      • 3.10.4 The ambulance drone
      • 3.10.5 Drones trialled in fighting bushfires
      • 3.10.6 Google Titan Drones and Loon Balloons
      • 3.10.7 Drones delivering medicines in PNG
  • 4. Artificial intelligence
    • 4.1 Smart Societies based on Artificial Intelligence
      • 4.1.1 The proposition
      • 4.1.2 Philosophy and science
      • 4.1.3 Social and economic developments
      • 4.1.4 Are we reaching another breaking point?
      • 4.1.5 Solutions by using information technology to increase our intelligence
      • 4.1.6 Examples of developments
      • 4.1.7 Robots vs the sharing economy
      • 4.1.8 Conclusion
  • 5. M2M and IoT
    • 5.1 Internet of Everything and Machine-to-Machine Trends and Analysis
      • 5.1.1 Analysis of the M2M and IoT market
      • 5.1.2 OECD report on internet of things and M2M
      • 5.1.3 Global M2M market
      • 5.1.4 Internet of ‘Things’ (IoT)
      • 5.1.5 IoT standardisation developments
      • 5.1.6 Telcos and the science of Big Data
      • 5.1.7 Sensors
      • 5.1.8 Radio-frequency identification (RFID)
      • 5.1.9 Application examples
      • 5.1.10 Conclusion: Connected lifestyle
      • Table 1 – Examples of analysts’ estimates on world Smart City investments
      • Table 2 - Consumers rank the most useful mobile app categories by country
      • Table 3 - Consumers rank the most useful mobile app categories by age
      • Table 4 – Leading smart cities by region - 2017
      • Table 5 - International electricity price table comparison – 2015
      • Table 6 – Global smart meter shipments – 2013 - 2016
      • Table 7 - Selection of predictions in BT’s timeline
      • Table 8 - Machine-to-machine applications and technologies, by dispersion and mobility
      • Table 9 – Global M2M module shipments – 2015; 2020
      • Table 10 – Global RFID market value – 2013-2015; 2020
      • Table 11 – Global RFID tag sales – 2013-2016
      • Exhibit 1 – Statistical overview
      • Exhibit 2 - Design principles of industry 4.0
      • Exhibit 3 – The Intelligent Communities Forum
      • Exhibit 4 – Are Blockchains the Solution to financing Smart Cities
      • Exhibit 5 – Examples of HAN technology options
      • Exhibit 6 – Key smart home players
      • Exhibit 7 - International Smart Grid Action Network
      • Exhibit 8 - ITU approves smart grid standards
      • Exhibit 9 – Smart grid applications
      • Exhibit 10 – Global Smart Grid Federation (GSGF)
      • Exhibit 11 – Challenges smart grids can address
      • Exhibit 12 – Examples of leading smart meter players
      • Exhibit 13 – Replacing old electricity meters
      • Exhibit 14 - Smart grid as a cloud service
      • Exhibit 15 - Weightless SIG
      • Exhibit 16 – Examples of PRT/GRT systems
      • Exhibit 17 - Learning from e-cars
      • Exhibit 18 – Intelligent transport systems today
      • Exhibit 19 – USA – The I-80 Integrated Corridor Mobility Project
      • Exhibit 20 – In-car information
      • Exhibit 21 – From data analytics to Artificial Intelligence (AI)
      • Exhibit 22 – Watson in healthcare
      • Exhibit 23 – Harvesting energy from radio frequency
      • Exhibit 24 – Weightless SIG
      • Exhibit 25 – The first major M2M alliances
      • Exhibit 26 – Amazon Dash Button
      • Exhibit 27 – RFID spectrum frequencies and application examples
      • Exhibit 28 – Lifetime customer relationships

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Broadband Fixed
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Smart Infrastructure

Number of pages 129

Status Current

Last updated 14 Aug 2017
Update History

Lead Analyst: Kylie Wansink

Contributing Analysts:

Paul Budde

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