2014 Middle East - Mobile Voice and Mobile Operators Market

Publication Overview

This Middle East market report covers the mobile telephony and mobile data markets in each of the following countries: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.

Researcher:- Kylie Wansink
Current publication date:- March 2014 (11th Edition)

Executive Summary

Middle East mobile operators look to diversify in a challenging market

Generally across the Middle East mobile penetration levels are high; creating an environment where it is increasingly harder for operators to grow mobile voice revenue. In addition, the rise of Over-The-Top (OTT) service providers and introduction of MVNOs in some markets is creating increased competition for existing operators. To address these challenges, operators are trying different strategies such as moving into fixed services, expanding into other countries, improving mobile packages or focusing on mobile broadband services.

While the region has matured in terms of mobile subscriber penetration; this tech-savvy population has been quick to embrace smart phones, creating one of the hottest markets for smart phone growth worldwide, behind Latin America.

Looking at some of the countries individually; we can see that while Bahrain possesses one of the smallest markets in the Middle East, its telecoms market is arguably one the most developed. Early to liberalise its market, it is one of the most open in the region, underpinned by a relatively well-developed regulatory environment.

Iran’s telecoms market is one of the largest in the Middle East given the size of its population. Mobile services are widely available in Iran with services available from a total of six mobile network operators, three of which are able to offer services on a national basis. Competition has vastly improved Iran’s mobile market, which was previously characterised by the huge level of unmet demand for services. All this has now changed and Iran has seen huge growth in mobile subscriber numbers in response to competition. Current penetration levels indicate room for continued revenue growth.

Mobile services have been the big success story of telecoms in post-war Iraq. The market has grown very quickly, partly due to the lack of fixed-line service. Three mobile network operators hold national licences: Zain Iraq, Asiacell and Korek Telecom. As part of their licence conditions, the mobile network operators are obliged to launch Initial Public Offerings (IPO)s.

Israel possesses an extremely competitive market served by five mobile network operators, Partner, Cellcom, Pelephone, MIRS and Hot Mobile, as well as number of Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)s. Strong competition is evident due to the range of competing mobile products that offer unlimited voice and text, full mobile number portability and regulatory barriers that prevent operators from linking sales of handsets to services or offering discounts to customers that commit to longer periods.

An important showcase of the Middle East’s emerging ICT sector, Jordan boasts a burgeoning technology start up industry and a modern liberalised telecoms market.

Kuwait possesses a competitive mobile market as evident by current penetration levels. Services are offered by Zain, Wataniya and Viva. Penetration levels rose significantly after Viva entered the market.

Lebanon holds a unique position in the Middle East telecoms industry given the continued high level of government ownership. While most fixed line incumbents in the region are government owned, Lebanese government ownership extends to the country’s two mobile operators. Market liberalisation and privatisation is a contentious issue as revenue from the telecoms industry contributes a significant proportion of the government’s budget.

Oman’s mobile market continues its role as the most dynamic telecoms sector in the region. Mobile network operators OmanTel and Nawras compete against several MVNOs. Underpinning competition is implementation of mobile number portability, with Oman one of the first countries in the region to implement the regulatory requirement. Prepaid represents the overwhelming majority of mobile connections.

Mobile services in Qatar are offered by a duopoly comprised of Ooredoo and Vodafone Qatar. Since launching services Vodafone Qatar has managed to grab a third of the market, with its share likely to increase due to introduction of mobile number portability.

Mobile subscribers are actually declining in Saudi Arabia due to a crackdown on the number of illegal immigrant workers in the country along with new restrictions on the number of pilgrim workers allowed.

Syria’s mobile market is served by a duopoly comprised of two operators, MTN Syria and Syriatel. Both have been impacted by the ongoing civil war, with base stations taken out of commission. Mobile data services are becoming an increasingly important source of new revenue as the mobile voice market begins to mature.

Turkey’s mobile market is one of the largest in the region due to its sizeable population. Healthy infrastructure-based competition exists between three mobile network operators which have built GSM/HSPA networks.

In 2014, operators in the United Arab Emirates, similar to the rest of the world, are struggling with how to combat the impact of Over-The-Top (OTT) services - which on a global level are beginning to erode operators’ revenues. Mobile voice revenue growth is limited in the UAE due to the already high penetration levels. In contrast; mobile penetration levels are steadily increasing in Yemen and current penetration levels indicate there is much room for growth.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table of Contents

  • 1. Middle East Mobile Overview
    • 1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 1.2 Market trends
      • 1.2.1 Increasing competition
      • 1.2.2 MVNOs
      • 1.2.3 Number portability
      • 1.2.4 LTE
  • 2. Bahrain
    • 2.1 Overview of Bahrain’s mobile market
      • 2.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 2.2 Regulatory issues
      • 2.2.1 Second mobile licence
      • 2.2.2 Third mobile licence
      • 2.2.3 Prepaid subscriber registration
      • 2.2.4 Roaming tariff reduction
      • 2.2.5 Additional Spectrum
    • 2.3 Mobile technologies
      • 2.3.1 Analogue
      • 2.3.2 Digital
      • 2.3.3 Third Generation (3G)
      • 2.3.4 Long-term evolution (LTE)
    • 2.4 Major mobile operators
      • 2.4.1 Batelco
      • 2.4.2 Zain Bahrain (formerly MTC Vodafone)
      • 2.4.3 Viva Bahrain / STC Bahrain
    • 2.5 Mobile voice services
      • 2.5.1 Prepaid
      • 2.5.2 Credit transfer service
    • 2.6 Mobile broadband (access)
    • 2.7 Mobile content
      • 2.7.1 Batelco
      • 2.7.2 Zain Bahrain
      • 2.7.3 Viva Bahrain
  • 3. Iran
    • 3.1 Overview of Iran’s mobile market
      • 3.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 3.2 Regulatory issues
      • 3.2.1 Third Mobile licence – Tamin Telecom
      • 3.2.2 Second GSM licence – Irancell
    • 3.3 Mobile technologies
      • 3.3.1 Local handset manufacture
    • 3.4 Major mobile operators
      • 3.4.1 TCI/Mobile Communications Iran (MCI)
      • 3.4.2 MTN Irancell
      • 3.4.3 Tamin Telecom (Rightel)
      • 3.4.4 Taliya/Rafsanjan Industrial Complex Islamic Cooperative Company (RIC)
      • 3.4.5 Mobile Telecommunications Company of Isfahan (MTCE)
      • 3.4.6 Telecommunications Kish Company (TKC)
    • 3.5 Mobile voice services
      • 3.5.1 Prepaid
      • 3.5.2 Satellite mobile
    • 3.6 Mobile data
      • 3.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
      • 3.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
      • 3.6.3 GPRS
      • 3.6.4 Mobile broadband
    • 3.7 Mobile content and applications
  • 4. Iraq
    • 4.1 Overview of Iraq’s mobile market
      • 4.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 4.2 Mobile subscriber forecasts
      • 4.2.1 Scenario 1 – higher growth
      • 4.2.2 Scenario 2 – lower growth
    • 4.3 Regulatory issues
      • 4.3.1 Temporary mobile licences awarded in 2003
      • 4.3.2 Permanent licences awarded in 2007
      • 4.3.3 Fourth mobile licence
    • 4.4 Mobile technologies
      • 4.4.1 Asiacell
      • 4.4.2 Zain
      • 4.4.3 Korek
      • 4.4.4 Regional Telecom
    • 4.5 Major mobile operators
      • 4.5.1 Asiacell Communications
      • 4.5.2 Zain Iraq (formerly MTC Atheer)
      • 4.5.3 Korek Telecom
      • 4.5.4 Regional Telecom / Fastlink
    • 4.6 Mobile voice services
      • 4.6.1 Prepaid
      • 4.6.2 Satellite mobile
    • 4.7 Mobile data
      • 4.7.1 Mobile Messaaging
      • 4.7.2 Mobile Internet access
    • 4.8 Mobile content and applications
      • 4.8.1 Mobile TV
  • 5. Israel
    • 5.1 Overview of Israel’s mobile market
      • 5.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 5.2 Regulatory issues
      • 5.2.1 Award of 3G mobile licences
      • 5.2.2 Connection charges
      • 5.2.3 Mobile Number Portability
      • 5.2.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • 5.2.5 Roaming
      • 5.2.6 Early Termination Fee Reduction
      • 5.2.7 Mobile Termination Rates
      • 5.2.8 LTE Spectrum Allocation
    • 5.3 Mobile technologies
      • 5.3.1 Analogue
      • 5.3.2 Digital
      • 5.3.3 Integrated Digital Enhanced Network (iDEN)
      • 5.3.4 3G / HSPA
      • 5.3.5 Long Term Evolution (LTE)
    • 5.4 Major mobile operators
      • 5.4.1 Pelephone Communications Ltd
      • 5.4.2 Cellcom
      • 5.4.3 Partner Communications Company Ltd (Orange)
      • 5.4.4 Golan Telecom
      • 5.4.5 Hot Mobile (MIRS)
      • 5.4.6 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 5.5 Mobile data services
    • 5.6 Mobile broadband
    • 5.7 Mobile content and applications
      • 5.7.1 Mobile TV
  • 6. Jordan
    • 6.1 Overview of Jordan’s mobile market
      • 6.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 6.2 Regulatory issues
      • 6.2.1 Third GSM licence
      • 6.2.2 MVNOs
      • 6.2.3 3G licences
      • 6.2.4 4G spectrum
      • 6.2.5 SIM card registration
      • 6.2.6 Mobile Termination Rates (MTR)
    • 6.3 Mobile technologies
      • 6.3.1 GSM
      • 6.3.2 Integrated Digital Enhanced Network (iDEN)
      • 6.3.3 3G / HSPA
      • 6.3.4 Long Term Evolution (LTE)
    • 6.4 Major mobile operators
      • 6.4.1 Jordan Mobile Telephone Services/Zain Jordan
      • 6.4.2 Orange
      • 6.4.3 XPress Telecommunications
      • 6.4.4 Umniah
      • 6.4.5 MVNOs
    • 6.5 Mobile voice services
      • 6.5.1 Prepaid
      • 6.5.2 Satellite mobile
    • 6.6 Mobile messaging
      • 6.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS) / Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
    • 6.7 Mobile Broadband
    • 6.8 Mobile content and applications
      • 6.8.1 Mobile payments / Mobile banking
  • 7. Kuwait
    • 7.1 Overview of Kuwait’s mobile market
      • 7.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 7.2 Regulatory issues
      • 7.2.1 Third mobile operator
      • 7.2.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 7.2.3 Roaming tariff reduction
      • 7.2.4 Spectrum refarming for LTE
    • 7.3 Mobile technologies
      • 7.3.1 Analogue
      • 7.3.2 2G / GSM
      • 7.3.3 3G / HSPA
      • 7.3.4 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE)
    • 7.4 Major mobile operators
      • 7.4.1 Mobile Telecommunications Co (MTC) / Zain
      • 7.4.2 National Mobile Telecommunication Co (NMT)/Wataniya Telecom
      • 7.4.3 Kuwait Telecom Company (KTC)/Viva
    • 7.5 Mobile voice services
      • 7.5.1 Prepaid
      • 7.5.2 Satellite mobile
    • 7.6 Mobile data
      • 7.6.1 Mobile messaging
      • 7.6.2 Mobile broadband
    • 7.7 Mobile content and applications
      • 7.7.1 Zain
      • 7.7.2 Wataniya
      • 7.7.3 Viva
      • 7.7.4 Mobile TV
  • 8. Lebanon
    • 8.1 Overview of Lebanon’s mobile market
      • 8.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 8.2 Regulatory issues
      • 8.2.1 Overview
      • 8.2.2 Lebanon’s current mobile contracts
      • 8.2.3 2007 sale plans
      • 8.2.4 2004 management contracts
      • 8.2.5 Background – original BOT contracts
    • 8.3 Mobile technologies
      • 8.3.1 GSM
      • 8.3.2 3G
      • 8.3.3 Long Term Evolution (LTE)
    • 8.4 Major mobile operators
      • 8.4.1 Touch (MTC Touch)
      • 8.4.2 Alfa
    • 8.5 Mobile voice services
      • 8.5.1 Prepaid
      • 8.5.2 Satellite mobile
    • 8.6 Mobile messaging
      • 8.6.1 Mobiles at war
    • 8.7 Mobile data
      • 8.7.1 Mobile Broadband
    • 8.8 Mobile content and applications
  • 9. Oman
    • 9.1 Overview of Oman’s mobile market
      • 9.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 9.2 Regulatory issues
      • 9.2.1 Second mobile licence
      • 9.2.2 Third mobile licence
      • 9.2.3 Reseller/MVNO licences
      • 9.2.4 Roaming tariff reduction
    • 9.3 Mobile technologies
      • 9.3.1 Analogue
      • 9.3.2 Digital
      • 9.3.3 Third generation (3G)
      • 9.3.4 Long-term evolution (LTE)
    • 9.4 Major mobile operators
      • 9.4.1 Oman Mobile Telecommunications (OMTC)
      • 9.4.2 Nawras Telecom (Omani-Qatari Telecommunications Company)
    • 9.5 MVNO operators
      • 9.5.1 Connect Arabia/FRiENDi Teleco/Halafoni
      • 9.5.2 Majan Telecom/Renna
      • 9.5.3 Mazoon Mobile
      • 9.5.4 Injaz International Telecommunications / Apna Mobile
      • 9.5.5 Samatel
    • 9.6 Mobile voice services
      • 9.6.1 Prepaid
      • 9.6.2 Satellite mobile
    • 9.7 Mobile messaging
      • 9.7.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
      • 9.7.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
    • 9.8 Mobile broadband
    • 9.9 Mobile content and applications
      • 9.9.1 Mobile TV
  • 10. Qatar
    • 10.1 Overview of Qatar’s mobile market
      • 10.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 10.2 Regulatory issues
      • 10.2.1 Second mobile licence
      • 10.2.2 Mobile virtual network operator (MVNO)
      • 10.2.3 Roaming tariff reduction
      • 10.2.4 Mobile Number Portability
    • 10.3 Mobile technologies
      • 10.3.1 Analogue
      • 10.3.2 Digital
      • 10.3.3 Third generation (3G) mobile
      • 10.3.4 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE)
    • 10.4 Major mobile operators
      • 10.4.1 Qtel / Ooredoo
      • 10.4.2 Vodafone Qatar
    • 10.5 Mobile voice services
      • 10.5.1 Prepaid
      • 10.5.2 Satellite mobile
    • 10.6 Mobile messaging
      • 10.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
      • 10.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
    • 10.7 Mobile broadband
    • 10.8 Mobile content and applications
      • 10.8.1 Mobile TV
  • 11. Saudi Arabia
    • 11.1 Overview of Saudi Arabia’s mobile market
    • 11.2 Regulatory issues
      • 11.2.1 Award of second GSM mobile licence
      • 11.2.2 iDEN contract awarded
      • 11.2.3 Award of Third Generation (3G) licences
      • 11.2.4 Award of third mobile licence
      • 11.2.5 Roaming
      • 11.2.6 Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO)
    • 11.3 Mobile technologies
      • 11.3.1 Analogue
      • 11.3.2 Digital
      • 11.3.3 3G/HSPA
      • 11.3.4 LTE/4G
    • 11.4 Major mobile operators
      • 11.4.1 Saudi Telecom Company (STC)/Jawal
      • 11.4.2 Ettihad Etisalat (Mobily)
      • 11.4.3 Historical - Public Telecommunications Company (Bravo) – acquired by STC
      • 11.4.4 Zain Saudi Arabia
    • 11.5 Mobile voice services
      • 11.5.1 Prepaid
      • 11.5.2 Satellite mobile
    • 11.6 Mobile broadband
  • 12. Syria
    • 12.1 Overview of Syria’s mobile market
      • 12.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 12.2 Regulatory issues
      • 12.2.1 Third mobile licence
      • 12.2.2 Current BOT contracts
    • 12.3 Mobile technologies
    • 12.4 Major mobile operators
      • 12.4.1 Syriatel
      • 12.4.2 MTN Syria
    • 12.5 Mobile voice services
      • 12.5.1 Prepaid
      • 12.5.2 Satellite mobile
    • 12.6 Mobile data
      • 12.6.1 Mobile broadband
      • 12.6.2 Mobile content and applications
  • 13. Turkey
    • 13.1 Overview of Turkey’s mobile market
      • 13.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 13.2 Regulatory issues
      • 13.2.1 Third Generation (3G) licences
      • 13.2.2 Third and fourth GSM licences
      • 13.2.3 Significant market power (SMP)
      • 13.2.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 13.2.5 Telsim privatisation
    • 13.3 Mobile technologies
      • 13.3.1 Analogue
      • 13.3.2 Digital
      • 13.3.3 3G
      • 13.3.4 Long Term Evolution (LTE)
    • 13.4 Major mobile operators
      • 13.4.1 Turkcell
      • 13.4.2 Vodafone (Telsim)
      • 13.4.3 Avea
    • 13.5 Mobile voice services
      • 13.5.1 Prepaid
    • 13.6 Mobile data
      • 13.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS) and Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
      • 13.6.2 Mobile broadband (Access)
    • 13.7 Mobile content and applications
      • 13.7.1 Mobile TV
      • 13.7.2 Mobile advertising
      • 13.7.3 Mobile payments
  • 14. United Arab Emirates
    • 14.1 Overview of UAE’s mobile market
      • 14.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 14.2 Regulatory issues
      • 14.2.1 Overview
      • 14.2.2 Mobile number portability
      • 14.2.3 Roaming tariff reduction
    • 14.3 Mobile technologies
      • 14.3.1 Analogue and digital
      • 14.3.2 Third generation mobile
      • 14.3.3 Long Term Evolution (LTE)
    • 14.4 Major mobile operators
      • 14.4.1 Etisalat
      • 14.4.2 Emirates Integrated Telecommunications Company/du
    • 14.5 Mobile voice services
      • 14.5.1 Prepaid
      • 14.5.2 Satellite mobile
    • 14.6 Mobile messaging
      • 14.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS) and Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
    • 14.7 Mobile broadband
    • 14.8 Mobile content and applications
      • 14.8.1 Etisalat
      • 14.8.2 du
      • 14.8.3 Mobile TV
      • 14.8.4 M-commerce
  • 15. Yemen
    • 15.1 Overview of Yemen’s mobile market
      • 15.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 15.2 Regulatory issues
      • 15.2.1 GSM licences awarded
      • 15.2.2 Third GSM licence
    • 15.3 Major mobile operators
      • 15.3.1 TeleYemen/Yemen Mobile
      • 15.3.2 SabaFon
      • 15.3.3 MTN Yemen
      • 15.3.4 HiTS Unitel/Y Telecom
    • 15.4 Mobile voice services
      • 15.4.1 Prepaid
      • 15.4.2 Satellite mobile
    • 15.5 Mobile Data
      • 15.5.1 Mobile Messaging
      • 15.5.2 Mobile broadband
      • Table 1 – Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration in the Middle East – 2013
      • Table 2 – Bahrain – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
      • Table 3 – Bahrain – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2014
      • Table 4 – Bahrain – Mobile market revenue – 2007 – 2012
      • Table 5 – Bahrain – Mobile monthly ARPU – 2008 - 2012
      • Table 6 – Bahrain – Accepted mobile number portability requests – 2011 – 2012
      • Table 7 – Batelco Bahrain mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2013
      • Table 8 – Zain Bahrain – Revenue, EBITDA, CAPEX and ARPU - 2005 - 2012
      • Table 9 – Zain Bahrain – Active Subscribers – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 10 – Bahrain – Prepaid mobile subscribers - 1999 - 2013
      • Table 11 – Zain Bahrain prepaid subscribers - 2004 - 2013
      • Table 12 – Bahrain – Zain – Total daily data volume – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 13 – Bahrain – Blackberry subscribers – 2009 – 2012
      • Table 14 – Bahrain – SMS message sent – 2008 – 2012
      • Table 15 – Iran – Mobile subscribers and penetration – 1995 - 2014
      • Table 16 – Iran – MTN Irancell – Revenue and CAPEX – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 17 – Iran – MTN Irancell – Subscribers, ARPU and MOU – 2006 - 2012
      • Table 18 – Iran – MTN Irancell non-SMS data revenue – 2009 - 2012
      • Table 19 – Iraq – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2014
      • Table 20 – Iraq – Mobile operator market shares – 2004 - 2013
      • Table 21 – Iraq – Major mobile operators ARPU – 2004 - 2013
      • Table 22 – Iraq – Forecast mobile penetration in Iraq – higher growth scenario – 2018; 2023
      • Table 23 – Iraq – Forecast mobile penetration in Iraq – lower growth scenario – 2018; 2023
      • Table 24 – Iraq – Asiacell financial data – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 25 – Iraq – Asiacell subscribers – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 26 – Iraq – Asiacell ARPU – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 27 – Zain Iraq financial data – 2006 – 2013
      • Table 28 – Zain Iraq – Active Subscribers – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 29 – Iraq – Korek Telecom Subscribers – 2011 - 2013
      • Table 30 – Zain Iraq prepaid subscribers – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 31 – Iraq – Zain – Total daily data volume – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 32 – Israel – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2014
      • Table 33 – Israel – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – September 2013
      • Table 34 – Israel – Mobile operator market share – 2011 - 2013
      • Table 35 – Israel – Pelephone – Revenue and Operating Profit – 2003 - 2013
      • Table 36 – Israel – Pelephone – Subscribers, MOU and ARPU – 2003 - 2013
      • Table 37 – Israel – Cellcom Revenue and Operating Profit – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 38 – Israel – Cellcom MOU, Churn and ARPU – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 39 – Israel – Cellcom subscribers – 2011 - 2013
      • Table 40 – Israel – Partner Communications – revenue, profit, monthly MOU, churn, monthly ARPU – 2002 - 2012
      • Table 41 – Israel – Partner Communications – subscribers – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 42 – Israel – Hot Mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2013
      • Table 43 – Israel – Mobile operators – data and content revenue as a percentage of total revenue – 2003 - 2012
      • Table 44 – Israel – Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 45 – Jordon – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2014
      • Table 46 – Jordon – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – December 2012
      • Table 47 – Jordon – Mobile operators’ market share – 2004 - 2012
      • Table 48 – Jordon – Mobile Termination Rates – 2010 - 2014
      • Table 49 – Zain Jordan ARPU, revenue, EBITDA and CAPEX – 2005 - 2012
      • Table 50 – Zain Jordan – Active Subscribers – 2006 - 2012
      • Table 51 – Orange Jordan Subscribers & ARPU – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 52 – Zain Jordan prepaid and postpaid subscribers – 2005 - 2012
      • Table 53 – Zain Jordan – Total daily data volume – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 54 – Kuwait – Mobile subscribers and penetration rates – 1994 - 2014
      • Table 55 – Kuwait – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – June 2013
      • Table 56 – Kuwait – Mobile operators’ subscribers and market share – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 57 – Kuwait – Zain Group subscribers, revenue and profit – 2002 - 2013
      • Table 58 – Zain Kuwait revenue, income, ARPU and active customers – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 59 – Kuwait – Wataniya Group subscribers, revenue and profit – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 60 – Wataniya Kuwait financial data – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 61 – Wataniya Kuwait subscribers - 2006 - 2013
      • Table 62 – Wataniya Kuwait quarterly ARPU – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 63 – Kuwait – Zain pre and postpaid subscribers – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 64 – Kuwait – Wataniya pre and postpaid subscribers – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 65 – Kuwait – Zain’s consumer market mobile broadband offerings – August 2013
      • Table 66 – Kuwait – Zain – Total daily data volume – 2010 - 2012
      • Table 67 – Kuwait – Viva’s consumer market mobile broadband offerings – August 2013
      • Table 68 – Lebanon – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 – 2013
      • Table 69 – Lebanon – Zain – Active Subscribers – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 70 – Lebanon – Zain prepaid and postpaid subscribers – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 71 – Lebanon – Touch’s consumer market mobile broadband offerings – July 2013
      • Table 72 – Lebanon – Alfa’s consumer market mobile broadband offerings – July 2013
      • Table 73 – Oman – Mobile subscribers and penetration – 1994 - 2014
      • Table 74 – Oman – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – June 2013
      • Table 75 – Oman – Mobile sector total ARPU – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 76 – Oman – Mobile operator and MVNO market share – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 77 – Oman – Mobile ARPU – 2002 - 2003; 2005 - 2013
      • Table 78 – Oman – Nawras subscribers – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 79 – Oman – Nawras financial data – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 80 – Oman – Nawras pre and postpaid ARPU – 2007 – 2013
      • Table 81 – Oman – Total prepaid and postpaid subscribers – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 82 – Oman – Nawras prepaid and postpaid subscribers – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 83 – Oman – Omantel prepaid and postpaid subscribers – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 84 – Oman – SMS messages sent – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 85 – Oman – MMS messages sent – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 86 – Oman – Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 87 – Oman – Omantel mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 88 – Oman – Nawras mobile broadband subscribers & ARPU – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 89 – Qatar – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2014
      • Table 90 – Qatar – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – June 2013
      • Table 91 – Qatar – Mobile operators’ market share – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 92 – Qatar – Qtel mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 93 – Qatar – Qtel mobile postpaid and prepaid ARPU – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 94 – Vodafone Qatar – financial data – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 95 –Vodafone Qatar Subscribers and ARPU –2009 - 2013
      • Table 96 – Qatar – Qtel prepaid subscribers – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 97 – Qatar – Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 98 – Qatar – Qtel wireless broadband subscribers & ARPU – 2010 – 2013
      • Table 99 – Saudi Arabia – mobile subscribers and penetration – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 100 – Saudi Arabia – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – September 2012
      • Table 101 – Saudi Arabia – Major mobile operators’ market shares – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 102 – Saudi Arabia – Mobily revenue and profit – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 103 – Saudi Arabia – Bravo historical financial data – 2007 - 2012
      • Table 104 – Saudi Arabia – Bravo historical subscribers and ARPU – 2007 – 2012
      • Table 105 – Zain Saudi Arabia - revenue– 2008 – 2013
      • Table 106 – Zain Saudi Arabia – Active Subscribers – 2008 - 2013
      • Table 107 – Saudi Arabia - prepaid subscribers – 2002 - 2013
      • Table 108 – Saudi Arabia – Zain prepaid subscribers – 2008 - 2012
      • Table 109 – Saudi Arabia - total Mobile Internet and Mobile broadband subscriptions – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 110 – Saudi Arabia - mobile Internet and Mobile broadband subscriptions – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 111 – Syria – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2014
      • Table 112 – Syriatel – Revenue and Net Profit – 2005 - 2012
      • Table 113 – MTN Syria Revenue – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 114 – Syria – Active Mobile Broadband Subscriptions – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 115 – Turkey – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2014
      • Table 116 – Turkey – 2G and 3G subscribers – 2009 – 2013
      • Table 117 – Turkey – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – June 2013
      • Table 118 – Turkey – Mobile subscribers by operator – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 119 – Turkey – Mobile operators’ market share – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 120 – Turkey – Mobile Telecom revenue and investment – 2004 - 2012
      • Table 121 – Turkey – ARPU levels per operator – 2011 - 2013
      • Table 122 – Turkey – Mobile revenue per service type per operator – March – June 2013
      • Table 123 – Turkcell group financial data – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 124 – Turkcell Turkey average monthly ARPU – pre and postpaid – 2001 - 2013
      • Table 125 – Turkcell Turkey average monthly MOU and churn – 2001 - 2013
      • Table 126 – Turkcell smartphone penetration – 2013
      • Table 127 – Vodafone Turkey financial data – 2008 - 2012
      • Table 128 – Vodafone Turkey pre and postpaid ARPU – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 129 – Vodafone Turkey smartphone penetration – 2011 - 2013
      • Table 130 – Turkey – Avea revenue and EBITDA – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 131 – Turkey – Avea prepaid, postpaid and blended ARPU and blended MOU – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 132 – Turkey – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 133 – Turkcell prepaid subscribers – 2001 - 2013
      • Table 134 – Turkey – Vodafone prepaid subscribers – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 135 – Turkey – Avea prepaid subscribers – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 136 – Turkey – Numbers of SMS and MMS sent – 2004 - 2012
      • Table 137 – Turkey – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2013
      • Table 138 – Turkey – Mobile Internet subscribers and usage – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 139 – Turkcell mobile broadband revenue – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 140 – Turkey – Vodafone data usage – 2012 – 2013
      • Table 141 – UAE - popular mobile handset manufacturers – December 2013
      • Table 142 – UAE - popular mobile operating systems – May 2013
      • Table 143 – UAE - mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2014
      • Table 144 – UAE - mobile operators’ market share – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 145 – UAE - total mobile revenue and average monthly ARPU – 2007 - 2012
      • Table 146 – UAE - prepaid vs postpaid revenue – 2008 – 2012
      • Table 147 – UAE - total mobile voice minutes and Monthly MOU – 2008 – 2012
      • Table 148 – UAE - total annual mobile voice minutes breakdown – 2008 - 2012
      • Table 149 – UAE - mobile services usage by frequency of use – October 2012
      • Table 150 – UAE - average monthly spend on mobile services – October 2012
      • Table 151 – UAE – Multiple SIM card ownership reasons – October 2012
      • Table 152 – UAE – Reasons for having a postpaid mobile connection – October 2012
      • Table 153 – UAE – Etisalat mobile subscribers and Blended ARPU – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 154 – UAE – du Mobile financial data – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 155 - UAE – du Mobile subscribers and ARPU – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 156 – UAE – du Mobile minutes of use (MOU) – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 157 – UAE – du Mobile data revenue – 2011 - 2013
      • Table 158 – UAE – Prepaid subscribers – 2005 - 2014
      • Table 159 – UAE – Etisalat prepaid subscribers – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 160 – UAE – Numbers of SMS and MMS sent – 2007 - 2012
      • Table 161– UAE – Etisalat consumer market mobile broadband offerings – January 2013
      • Table 162 – UAE – du consumer market mobile broadband offerings – January 2013
      • Table 163 – UAE – Mobile application usage – 2012
      • Table 164 – Yemen – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 - 2014
      • Table 165 – Yemen – SabaFon subscribers – 2004 - 2013
      • Table 166 – Yemen – Prepaid subscribers – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 167 – Yemen – Total SMS messages sent – 2007 - 2012
      • Table 168 – Yemen – Active Mobile Broadband Subscriptions – 2011 - 2014

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