2013 Global Smart Infrastructure - A Future of Smart Cities and Artificial Intelligence
This annual report is a valuable resource of information on the global development of smart cities and societies and incorporates key insights, statistics, examples and trends. It provides BuddeComm’s insights into the overarching importance of developing intelligent communities to pave the way for the future. It examines the sectors of Smart Transport, Home Area Networks and Artificial Intelligence. The report includes examples of smart community development from selected countries across Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Europe.
Key insights into the importance of Smart Cities and Communities ;
Key insights into Smart Home Area Network developments;
Key insights into Smart Transport developments;
Artificial Intelligence in the context of the next stage of global development;
Selected country examples of smart community development from Asia-Pacific; Middle East and Europe.
Researchers:- Kylie Wansink, Paul Budde, Lucia Bibolini, Peter Evans, Paul Kwon, Henry Lancaster, Peter Lange. Current publication date:- September 2013 (2nd Edition)
A global transformation of our society is underway based on smart infrastructure
Smart cities are going to be amazing community hubs which will be more sustainable, efficient and supportive of citizens. The concept of smart communities is based on intelligent infrastructure such as broadband (fibre and wireless) and smart grids, which will create connected and sustainable communities. Around the world there are already examples of smart cities emerging and many countries have developed plans for smart infrastructure. However before these smart communities can be built properly; trans-sector policies and holistic strategies should be carefully considered and developed.
The infrastructure systems used in cities around the world to manage water, energy, food supply, transport, communication, economic and social structures are faltering. Cities are the major polluters as they generate the vast bulk of CO2 emissions. Half of the world’s population are already city-dwellers, and this trend towards increased urbanization is accelerating rapidly. The future of the majority of the world’s citizens is undeniably urban – 70% will live in cities by 2050. But how exactly that city of tomorrow will look and how smart living is implemented and experienced remains largely uncertain and will most likely vary around the world.
Due to the many global economic, social and environmental issues – it has become imperative that we must now look at every opportunity to build smarter communities. These should incorporate cross-sector public safety, carbon neutral, state of the art communications networks - linked to a new generation of social services provided by government, such as e-government, e-health and e-education.
Leadership from the top is needed if this is to be achieved. It is called the trans-sector approach and ICT is the glue needed to build more horizontal collaborative structures. Whether we are talking about smart cities, smart transport, smart grids, smart buildings or e-health – what is needed is useful data that can be analysed in real time, allowing people and/or machines to make instant decisions in relation to energy efficiency, traffic situations, weather activities, and personal health issues - as well as commercial decisions. Smart infrastructure and the development of machine-to-machine (M2M) is what is needed to link these sectors together in a dynamic way.
It is becoming clearer that we may have reached a ceiling in our intellectual ability to address the complex issues that society is facing. Society lacks the capacity that is required to address the holistic nature of the current challenges. Without that analytic capacity it will be impossible to come up with the right answers. We have arrived at times like this before in our history and they typically led to collapses of civilisations and the arrival of serious declines in living standards. If we are to avoid similar calamities, we need to break through that ceiling and find new tools to help us to create a smarter society – and developments in Artificial intelligence (AI) may assist this.
BuddeComm’s new report, Global Smart Infrastructure – A Future of Smart Cities and Artificial Intelligence, provides important insights into why smart communities and smart cities are the way forward and will play an important role in the world’s future. This unique report also includes information on smart transport, home area networks and artificial intelligence. In addition it includes valuable examples of smart city developments from selected countries across Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Europe.
Examples of key insights:
The world is facing a significant number of challenges. The key problem associated with these challenges is a lack of smart government policies that are based on integrated solutions crossing sector boundaries. Political leadership is needed to address these issues.
It has become increasingly clear that smart grids are able to transform the energy industry, and that a much broader group of industries are also affected by this including IT, telecoms, white goods, renewables, storage, transport.
‘Smart’ means communication and many countries are currently addressing their broadband infrastructure. Of course, a smart thing to do would be to roll out fast broadband infrastructure in combination with smart grids and, wherever applicable, other smart infrastructure – leading to the creation of the right environment for the smart societies of the future.
Ever since cities started to emerge it became apparent that such social hubs are the centre of knowledge, innovation and social and economic interaction. Large cities contain a vast pool of human capital that can be tapped into for solutions and the world is just at the tip of the iceberg on capitalising upon the potential of smart cities.
There are already billions of dollars being invested each year in smart city technology and infrastructure - and this is expected to continue to rise significantly.
Broadband infrastructure and technology advancements are leading to intelligent home area networks that can assist in controlling indoor climates and monitoring energy use.
Across Europe in 2013; governments and telcos are cooperating to create smart cities in a bid to give urban development an economic competitive advantage.
The eyes of the telecommunication and digital economy world are on Australia where a large-scale integrated national broadband infrastructure is being deployed. This is directed, not solely at supplying high-speed internet access, but primarily at facilitating trans-sector policies aimed at developing smart communities.
Singapore has made great strides with its ‘intelligent nation’ strategy.
There are numerous examples of smart infrastructure deployment in the United Arab Emirates.
Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year
Table of Contents
1. Smart Cities - A Global Transformation
1.1 Broadband Infrastructure and ICT are Key Components for Transformation
1.1.1 Economic prosperity depends on digital productivity
1.1.2 ICT industry has the driver’s seat
1.1.3 Transformation requires open ICT infrastructure
1.1.4 Brief insights into ICT infrastructure developments
1.1.5 Comprehensive infrastructure policies are needed
1.1.6 Collaborative trans-sector policies
1.1.7 Case Study – Australia
1.1.8 The issue is Industry Transformation, not Broadband – analysis
1.2 A Future of Smart Cities and Communities
1.2.1 Smart cities: sustainable engines for growth
1.2.2 Digital cities: digital dreams?
1.2.3 Building smart cities to ease the stress
1.2.4 Key components of smart cities
2. Smart Home Automation
2.1 Home Area Networks
2.1.1 Internal network connectivity
2.1.2 Network devices
2.1.3 The smart home
2.1.4 Steady growth ahead
3. Smart Transport
3.1 Smart Transport - A Key Development
3.2 Electric Vehicles (EV)
3.2.2 Vehicle to Grid (V2G)
3.3 Dedicated Short-Range Communications
3.3.1 Overview of developments
3.4 Case study – ITS in Australia
3.4.1 Overview of ITS activities
3.4.2 ITS Australia
3.5 Other examples
3.5.1 Connected vehicle cloud
3.5.2 Smart parking - SFpark
3.5.3 Google Traffic
3.5.4 Vehicle telematics
4. Artificial Intelligence
4.1 Smart Societies based on Artificial Intelligence
4.1.1 The proposition
4.1.2 Philosophy and science
4.1.3 Social and economic developments
4.1.4 Are we reaching another breaking point?
4.1.5 Solutions by using information technology to increase our intelligence
4.1.6 Examples of recent developments
5. Selected Case Studies
5.1.1 Update mid 2013
5.1.2 Project led by Ausgrid
5.1.3 Update 2012
5.1.4 Retail Trial
5.1.5 Background information
5.1.6 The other Smart Grid-Smart City contenders (Historic)
5.2.3 South Korea
5.4 Middle East
5.4.2 United Arab Emirates
Table 1 – Worldwide Wi-Fi households – 2011; 2016
Table 2 – Global - IPTV subscribers – 2010 - 2013
Table 3 - Selection of predictions in BT’s timeline
Table 4 – Comparison between the use of an iMiEV and a VW Polo Diesel over a 10 year lifecycle.
Table 5 – Singapore - fixed-line versus mobile growth – subscribers and penetration – 1998 - 2013
Chart 1 – Singapore - fixed and mobile subscribers – 2001 - 2012
Exhibit 1 - Transformation – business case examples
Exhibit 2 - Global developments that are forcing transformation
Exhibit 3 - Regulatory system needs to support transformation
Exhibit 4 - Smart communities
Exhibit 5- Internet of Things – the next infrastructure inflection point
Exhibit 6- Trans-sector vs. Cross-sector
Exhibit 7 - Australia – National Broadband Network in 2013
Exhibit 8 - Broadband Commission for Digital Development
Exhibit 9 - Key applications of a digital economy
Exhibit 10 – Smart City Operating System (OS)
Exhibit 11 – The Intelligent Communities Forum
Exhibit 12 – Smart Homes
Exhibit 13 – Examples of HAN technology options
Exhibit 14 – Set-Top Boxes (STBs)
Exhibit 15 - Learning from e-cars
Exhibit 16 – Intelligent transport systems today
Exhibit 17 – USA – The I-80 Integrated Corridor Mobility Project
Exhibit 18 – Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Exhibit 19 – Watson in healthcare
Exhibit 20- Newcastle
Exhibit 21 – Singapore - a snapshot of the Intelligent Nation 2015 (iN2015) project
Exhibit 22 – Smart energy project in Amsterdam 2011
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