2008 Middle Eastern - Fixed Telecoms Market Overview

Publication Overview

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the regulatory background and fixed-line markets in the Middle East. Subjects covered include:

·         Fixed line statistics and trends;

·         National telecom networks and infrastructure;

·         International submarine cables;

·         Infrastructure developments;

·         Brief overviews of all major Middle Eastern fixed-line telecom operators.

 

Researcher:- Tine Lewis

Current publication date:- August 2008 (7th Edition)

Next publication date:- October 2009

Executive Summary

This Middle East market report gives an overview of the fixed-line segment of the telecoms markets of the region. It also details the major operators and infrastructure in each of the following countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, UAE and Yemen. The region’s markets include:

 

Bahrain

From 1 July 2004 all sectors of the Bahraini communications market were liberalised. There are now 16 operators, including seven fixed-line local voice service providers and 15 international voice service providers. The TRA claims that international call charges fell by 56% over the three years to 2008. Much of this change has been caused by the growth of VoIP-based calling cards, driven particularly by the large expat population.

 

Incumbent Batelco expects to complete the migration of all services from its original network to an NGN by the end of 2008.

 

Israel

While incumbent Bezeq still has a big majority of the domestic fixed-line market, its share has fallen rapidly since the introduction of number portability in December 2007 and by mid-2008 was down to 85%. VoIP operators and cable company HOT are the beneficiaries.

 

The international fixed-line market has been very competitive for many years. Three operators dominate the market with roughly equal shares. All are keen to move into providing domestic call services and the three already share the majority of the ISP market.

 

This market is particularly interesting as these players, together with the three mobile operators, jostle for position. Significant investments are being made in NGN infrastructure.

 

Jordan

Jordan has one of the most open telecom markets in the Middle East and an independent regulator. The fixed-line sector was liberalised on 1 January 2005 with the market open to full competition. Incumbent operator Jordan Telecom has been fully privatised.

 

Instead of full Local Loop Unbundling, the TRC introduced cost-based bit-stream unbundling. Jordan Telecom introduced a wholesale pricing structure, with discounts for alternative licensed operators and ISPs, in May 2004, but alternative operators have continually complained that wholesale rates are too high. The TRC is now planning to introduce LLU in some form and in early 2008 conducted a consultation process in preparation.

 

Faced with the unavoidable prospect of losing voice market share to alternative operators, Jordan Telecom has increased its focus on broadband services. Alternative operators mostly offer VoIP services and compete in the long-distance voice markets.

 

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabian fixed-line teledensity (and broadband penetration) are low. Competition has been introduced into the fixed-line market with hope that it will lead to similar extensive development as has happened in the mobile market with increased competition. Three companies were awarded licences –Batelco/Atheeb, US consortia MCI International/Verizon and Hong Kong-based PCCW. Data communication provision licences were also awarded to two companies – ITC and Bayanat Al Oula. Bayanat has since been acquired by mobile operator Mobily, a subsidiary of UAE incumbent Etisalat, which could result in a serious competitor for STC.

 

All licence winners, together with incumbent STC, are making substantial investments in infrastructure and intend to make extensive use of WiMAX.

 

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

 

For those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the regulatory structure and fixed-line markets in the Middle East, this report is essential reading and gives further information on:

·         The increasing competition in the fixed-line sector;

·         Developments and investment in fixed-line infrastructure;

·         Increasing international submarine cable capacity;

·         Operator acquisition activity both in the region and beyond.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Telecommunications Overview
    • 1.1 Market overview
    • 1.2 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 1.2.1 National networks
      • 1.2.2 New developments
      • 1.2.3 International submarine cable networks
  • 2. Bahrain
    • 2.1 Overview of Bahrain’s telecom market
    • 2.2 Fixed network operators in Bahrain
      • 2.2.1 Bahrain telecommunications company (Batelco)
      • 2.2.2 Alternative operators
    • 2.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 2.3.1 National telecom network
      • 2.3.2 International infrastructure
    • 2.4 Wholesaling
      • 2.4.1 Overview
  • 3. Egypt
    • 3.1 Overview of Egypt’s telecom market
    • 3.2 Fixed network operators in Egypt
      • 3.2.1 Telecom Egypt
      • 3.2.2 Orascom Telecom
    • 3.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 3.3.1 National telecom network
      • 3.3.2 International infrastructure
    • 3.4 Fixed voice market
      • 3.4.1 National and international call traffic
  • 4. Iran
    • 4.1 Overview of Iran’s telecom market
    • 4.2 Fixed network operator in Iran
      • 4.2.1 Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI)
    • 4.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 4.3.1 National telecom network
      • 4.3.2 International infrastructure
  • 5. Iraq
    • 5.1 Overview of Iraq’s telecom market
    • 5.2 Fixed network operators in Iraq
      • 5.2.1 Iraqi Telephone and Postal Company (ITPC)
      • 5.2.2 Wireless Local Loop operators
    • 5.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 5.3.1 National telephone network
      • 5.3.2 International infrastructure
  • 6. Israel
    • 6.1 Overview of Israel’s telecom market
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis – 2008
    • 6.2 Fixed network operators in Israel
      • 6.2.1 Overview of operators
      • 6.2.2 Bezeq
      • 6.2.3 Bezeq International
      • 6.2.4 HOT Cable Systems Media
      • 6.2.5 NetVision 013 Barak
      • 6.2.6 012 Smile.Communications (Internet Gold Golden Lines) / Eurocom
      • 6.2.7 Xfone 018
    • 6.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 6.3.1 National telecom network
      • 6.3.2 International infrastructure
      • 6.3.3 Infrastructure developments
    • 6.4 Wholesaling
      • 6.4.1 Overview
  • 7. Jordan
    • 7.1 Overview of Jordan’s telecom market
    • 7.2 Fixed network operators in Jordan
      • 7.2.1 Jordan Telecom Group
    • 7.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 7.3.1 National telecom network
      • 7.3.2 International infrastructure
    • 7.4 Wholesaling
      • 7.4.1 Access
      • 7.4.2 JTG’s pricing structure
  • 8. Kuwait
    • 8.1 Overview of Kuwait’s telecom market
    • 8.2 Fixed network operator in Kuwait
      • 8.2.1 Ministry of Communications
    • 8.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 8.3.1 National telecom network
      • 8.3.2 International infrastructure
  • 9. Lebanon
    • 9.1 Overview of Lebanon’s telecom market
      • 9.1.1 InvestCom
      • 9.1.2 Saudi Oger / Oger Telecom
    • 9.2 Fixed network operator in Lebanon
      • 9.2.1 Ogero Telecom
    • 9.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 9.3.1 National telecom network
      • 9.3.2 International infrastructure
  • 10. Oman
    • 10.1 Overview of Oman’s telecom market
    • 10.2 Fixed network operator in Oman
      • 10.2.1 Oman Telecommunications Company (Omantel)
    • 10.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 10.3.1 National telecom network
      • 10.3.2 International infrastructure
  • 11. Qatar
    • 11.1 Overview of Qatar’s telecom market
    • 11.2 Fixed network operator in Qatar
      • 11.2.1 Qtel
    • 11.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 11.3.1 National telecom network
      • 11.3.2 International infrastructure
  • 12. Saudi Arabia
    • 12.1 Overview of Saudi Arabia’s telecom market
    • 12.2 Fixed network operators in Saudi Arabia
      • 12.2.1 Saudi Telecom Company (STC)
      • 12.2.2 ITC
      • 12.2.3 Bayanat Al-Oula
      • 12.2.4 Saudi Oger/Oger Telecom
      • 12.2.5 Hits Telecom
    • 12.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 12.3.1 National telecom network
      • 12.3.2 International infrastructure
  • 13. Syria
    • 13.1 Overview of Syria’s telecom market
    • 13.2 Fixed network operator in Syria
      • 13.2.1 Syrian Telecommunication Establishment (STE)
    • 13.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 13.3.1 National telecom network
      • 13.3.2 International infrastructure
  • 14. Turkey
    • 14.1 Overview of Turkey’s telecom market
    • 14.2 Fixed network operators in Turkey
      • 14.2.1 Turk Telekom
      • 14.2.2 Turksat
    • 14.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 14.3.1 National telecom network
      • 14.3.2 International infrastructure
  • 15. United Arab Emirates
    • 15.1 Overview of UAE’s telecom market
      • 15.1.1 Market analysis – 2008
    • 15.2 Telecom operators in UAE
      • 15.2.1 Emirates Telecommunications Corporation (Etisalat)
      • 15.2.2 Emirates Integrated Telecommunications Company/du
      • 15.2.3 TECOM Investments/Dubai Holding/Emirates International Telecommunications (EIT)
      • 15.2.4 UAE investment companies owning telcos outside the UAE
    • 15.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 15.3.1 National telecom networks
      • 15.3.2 Infrastructure developments
      • 15.3.3 International infrastructure
  • 16. Yemen
    • 16.1 Overview of Yemen’s telecom market
    • 16.2 Fixed network operators in Yemen
      • 16.2.1 TeleYemen/Yemen International Telecommunication Company
      • 16.2.2 Public Telecommunications Corporation (PTC)
    • 16.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 16.3.1 National telecom network
      • 16.3.2 International infrastructure
  • 17. Glossary of Abbreviations
  • Table 1 – Middle East economic statistics – 2007
  • Table 2 – Fixed-line teledensity by country – 2002; 2007
  • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics in Bahrain – June 2008
  • Table 4 – Batelco revenue and profit – Bahrain and other MENA - 2005 - 2008
  • Table 5 – Batelco revenue by division - 2005 - 2007
  • Table 6 – Batelco total group mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2008
  • Table 7 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bahrain - 1995 - 2008
  • Table 9 – Telecom Egypt key performance indicators – 2003 - 2007
  • Table 10 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 1995 - 2008
  • Table 11 – Public payphones per operator in Egypt – 2002 - 2008
  • Table 12 – Telephone network statistics in Iran – June 2007
  • Table 13 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Iran – 1995 - 2007
  • Table 14 – Telephone network statistics in Iraq – 2007
  • Table 15 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Iraq - 1990 - 2007
  • Table 16 – Telephone network statistics in Israel – 2007
  • Table 17 – International call operators market shares in Israel – 2007
  • Table 18 – Bezeq divisional revenues – 2005 - 2008
  • Table 19 – Active Bezeq fixed-line subscriber lines, MOU, monthly ARPL – 2003 - 2008
  • Table 20 – Bezeq International outgoing calls market share – 2005 - 2007
  • Table 21 – HOT divisional revenue – 2006 - 2007
  • Table 22 – HOT domestic telephony subscribers – 2005 - 2007
  • Table 23 – NetVision 013 Barak Revenue and Profit – 2006 - 2008
  • Table 24 – 012 Smile.Communications revenue and profit – 2005 - 2008
  • Table 25 – Xfone revenue and profit – 2006 - 2008
  • Table 26 – Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Israel – 1995 - 2007
  • Table 27 – Telephone network statistics in Jordan – 2007
  • Table 28 – Jordan Telecom Group profit and revenue by sector – 2004 - 2007
  • Table 29 – Jordan Telecom Group divisional subscribers – 2005 - 2007
  • Table 30 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Jordan – 1995 - 2007
  • Table 31 – Telephone network statistics in Kuwait – 2007
  • Table 32 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Kuwait - 1995 - 2007
  • Table 33 – Telephone network statistics in Lebanon – June 2007
  • Table 34 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Lebanon - 1996 - 2007
  • Table 35 – Telephone network statistics in Oman – May 2008
  • Table 36 – Omantel revenue and profit – 2003 - 2008
  • Table 37 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Oman - 1995 - 2008
  • Table 38 – Telephone network statistics in Qatar – 2007
  • Table 39 – Qtel revenue and net profit – 2005 - 2008
  • Table 40 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Qatar - 1995 - 2007
  • Table 41 – Fixed-line household penetration in Qatar - 2001 - 2007
  • Table 42 – Mobile and fixed-line services revenue in Saudi Arabia – 2001 - 2007
  • Table 43 – Telecom revenue statistics in Saudi Arabia – 2007
  • Table 44 – Telephone network statistics in Saudi Arabia – 2007
  • Table 45 – STC revenue and profit – 2005 - 2007
  • Table 46 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Saudi Arabia - 1994 - 2007
  • Table 47 – STE Revenue by sector – 2005 - 2007
  • Table 48 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Syria – 1995 - 2007
  • Table 49 – Unbundled loops and access lines in Turkey – 2006 - 2007
  • Table 50 – Telephone network statistics in Turkey – 2007
  • Table 51 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Turkey – 1995 - 2007
  • Table 52 – Telephone network statistics in UAE – 2007
  • Table 53 – Etisalat group revenues and divisional representation - 2005 - 2008
  • Table 54 – du revenue and profit/loss – 2006 - 2008
  • Table 55 – Fixed lines in service, teledensity and subscriber totals in UAE - 1995 - 2008
  • Table 56 – Telephone network statistics in Yemen – 2007
  • Table 57 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Yemen – 1995 - 2007
  • Exhibit 1 – Liberalisation overview of telecom services in Middle East countries – June 2007
  • Exhibit 2 – Major fixed-line operators by country – June 2007
  • Exhibit 3 – Major submarine cable networks in the Arab Middle East
  • Exhibit 4 – National and regional fibre networks in Egypt

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Number of pages 99

Status Archived

Last updated 20 Aug 2008
Update History

Analyst: Stephen McNamara

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