Iraq - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Mobile sector opportunities exist in Iraq

In 2019 Iraq is generally considered to be showing signs of tentative civil stability and efforts to rebuild and restore Iraq are largely underway and it is hoped that regional tensions will not undermine this progress. From a telecoms industry perspective, these signs of stability allow for the mobile and fixed sectors to again rebuild and restore services. If the situation can be maintained, then the largely populated Iraqi market offers substantial opportunities for future telecoms growth.

There are three major operators in the mobile sector, including Zain Iraq, Asiacell and Korek Telecom, which is currently experiencing an ownership dispute. These operators can potentially take advantage of developments relating to mobile infrastructure, with signs the operators are preparing their mobile networks for 4G and even 5G technologies.

In recent years, the operators have been focusing on restoration work with their focus directed towards fixing and replacing networks which had been damaged or destroyed by civil war. These restoration efforts have partly led to a growth in mobile data usage and rising mobile data revenue. Fixed broadband networks are in deployment and repair work is underway to fixed damaged fibre-optic cables.

This BuddeComm report provides key telecoms industry information and statistics for Iraq. It provides information on existing telecoms infrastructure, the regulatory environment, fixed and mobile subscriber statistics and information on the major operators.

Key developments:

  • Iraq offer potential for telecoms infrastructure development with many under-served areas requiring better coverage and/or reconstruction.
  • The most popular mobile plans are pre-paid.
  • Operators have faced serious security concerns for both personnel, equipment and infrastructure due to the civil unrest.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Iraqi Telephone and Postal Company (ITPC), Newroz Telecom, Asiacell, Zain Iraq, Korek Telecom, Regional Telecom, Communication and Media Commission (CMC), ScopeSky Communications.

Please note: Due to civil unrest in Iraq, current and detailed information on the telecoms sector can at times be difficult to obtain.

Table of Contents

  • Key statistics

  • Country overview

  • Telecommunications market

    • Historical overview
    • Market overview
  • Regulatory environment

    • Historic overview
    • Regulatory authority
    • Telecom sector liberalisation in Iraq
      • Wireless Local Loop licences
  • Fixed network operator in Iraq

    • Iraqi Telephone and Postal Company (ITPC)
  • Telecommunications infrastructure

    • Overview of the national telecom network
    • Historical overview
    • International infrastructure
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
  • Broadband access market

    • Overview
      • Internet and fixed broadband statistics
    • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
      • Historical overview
      • Recent developments
    • Other fixed broadband services
      • WiMAX/TD-LTE
  • Digital economy

    • e-Commerce
    • e-Banking
    • Digital media
  • Mobile communications

    • Historical overview
    • Market analysis
      • Mobile statistics
    • Mobile broadband statistics
    • Regulatory issues
      • Temporary mobile licences awarded in 2003
      • Permanent licences awarded in 2007
      • Fourth mobile licence
    • Mobile infrastructure
      • 3G
      • 4G LTE
      • 5G
      • Satellite mobile
    • Major mobile operators
      • Asiacell Communications (Oooredoo)
      • Zain Iraq (formerly MTC Atheer)
      • Korek Telecom
      • Kurdistan operators
    • Mobile content and applications
      • M-banking and m-payments
  • Appendix – historic data

  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Iraq – 2019 (e)
  • Table 2 – Iraq – GDP and inflation – 2014 – 2019
  • Table 3 – Iraq – fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2009 – 2019
  • Table 4 – Iraq - Internet user penetration and estimates – 2008 – 2018
  • Table 5 – Iraq - fixed broadband subscribers – 2017 - 2019
  • Table 6 – Iraq - fixed and mobile Internet traffic – 2017; 2018
  • Table 7 – Iraq - mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 8 – Iraq - active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2014 – 2024
  • Table 9 – Iraq - mobile operator market shares – 2004 – 2018
  • Table 10 – Asiacell revenue and EBITDA – 2016 – 1H 2019
  • Table 11 – Asiacell subscribers – 2006 – 1H 2019
  • Table 12 – Zain Iraq financial data – 2008 – 1H 2019
  • Table 13 – Zain Iraq mobile subscribers – 2006 – 1H 2019
  • Table 14 – Zain Iraq – market share of prepaid subscribers – 2009 – 1H 2019
  • Table 15 – Korek Telecom subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Table 16 – Historic - Iraq – fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1990 – 2008
  • Table 17 – Historic - Iraq - Internet user penetration and estimates – 2001 – 2008
  • Table 18 – Historic – Iraq - mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 – 2008

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Iraq – growth of mobile subscriptions and penetration – 2019 – 2024

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Background information - Orascom Telecom Iraq Corporation/Iraqna

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