Tajikistan - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Tajikistan's telco sector continues to face strong challenges

Of all the former Soviet republics, Tajikistan’s telecommunications infrastructure was arguably the least developed. With a telecom network that was near total collapse, the government had the daunting task of bringing it up to modern standards. Despite the launch of 4G/LTE services, the overall the telecom sector has continued to struggle. Tajikistan still has one of the lowest fixed-line penetrations in the Asian region and one of the lowest broadband levels of broadband penetration.

Tajikistan’s mobile sector has been on a strong growth path for over a decade. It continues to be the standout feature of the country’s telecom industry. However, as the market has moved closer to a saturation phase there has been an inevitable slowing in the growth rate. By the end of 2018 Tcell claimed to have the widest 4G coverage in Tajikistan, having reached seven major cities plus several other towns by the end of 2017. Moderate growth is predicted over the next five years to 2023. The market will be constrained from higher growth due to strong local competition and a further maturing market.

There are five major operators in the market: Tcell, Babilon Mobile, MegaFon, Tacom / Beeline and TK Mobile. Tcell has the largest overall market share, followed by Babilon Mobile, Megafon, Tacom / Beeline and TK Mobile.

VEON completed the sale of Tacom, to its local investment partner ZET Mobile Ltd. VEON had been looking at an exit from Tajikistan’s mobile sector since for some time over concerns at the country’s erratic taxation system, which had badly impacted on profitability in prior recent years.

Fixed broadband penetration in Tajikistan remains extremely low mainly due to a limited number of fixed lines as well as the dominance of the mobile platform. Market penetration has only grown marginally over the last five years from a very small base. Over the next five years to 2023 growth is expected to continue but overall market penetration will remain extremely low.

Tajikistan has seen a strong increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past four years however the mobile broadband market is still at an early stage of development and penetration remains relatively low compared to other Asian nations. Very strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2023. The mobile broadband market will be driven by a rising level of mobile subscribers, increasingly faster speeds offered by the mobile operators as they roll out their 4G networks and improving tariffs due to strong competition.

Tajikistan is ranked 30th out of 34 with a Telecoms Maturity Index score of 9. This ranks Tajikistan fifth last in the “Market Laggards” category. (BuddeComm’s “Asian Telecoms Maturity Index”, is an index (on a scale between 0 and 100) that measures and ranks the relative maturity of the telecoms industry in all of the 34 countries in Asia). Compared to other Asian nations, Tajikistan has low to moderate mobile penetration and very low mobile broadband and fixed broadband penetration.

Key developments:

  • Tcell claimed to have the widest 4G coverage in Tajikistan.
  • VEON completed the sale of Tacom, to its local investment partner ZET Mobile Ltd.
  • Despite the launch of 4G/LTE services, the overall the telecom sector has continued to struggle.
  • Fixed broadband penetration in Tajikistan remains extremely low.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market overview and analysis
    • 4.2 Regional market comparison
    • 4.3 Historical overview
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historical overview
      • 5.1.1 Law on Electrical Communication
      • 5.1.2 Privatisation of Tajiktelecom
      • 5.1.3 Censorship
    • 5.2 Law on Electrical Communication
    • 5.3 Regulatory authority
    • 5.4 Interconnect
    • 5.5 Access
    • 5.6 SIM Registration
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Tajiktelecom
    • 6.2 Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Fixed line statistics
    • 7.3 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 7.4 International infrastructure
  • 8. Fixed broadband market
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Fixed broadband statistics and forecast
    • 8.3 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 8.3.1 WiMAX
  • 9. Mobile market
    • 9.1 Background
    • 9.2 Mobile statistics and forecast
    • 9.3 Mobile broadband statistics and forecast
  • 10. Mobile infrastructure
    • 10.1 Digital networks
      • 10.1.1 3G
      • 10.1.2 4G / LTE
  • 11. Major mobile operators
    • 11.1 Operator statistics
    • 11.2 Babilon Mobile
    • 11.3 Tcell (Indigo-Somoncom)
      • 11.3.1 Indigo Tajikistan
      • 11.3.2 Somoncom
    • 11.4 Tacom / Beeline
    • 11.5 TK Mobile
    • 11.6 MegaFon
    • 11.7 M-Teko
    • 11.8 Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) service
  • 12. Digital economy
    • 12.1 e-Government
      • 12.1.1 Introduction
      • 12.1.2 Local Developments
    • 12.2 e-Education
      • 12.2.1 Introduction
      • 12.2.2 Local Developments
  • 13. Digital media
    • 13.1 Communications: VoIP, messaging, conferencing
      • 13.1.1 VoIP
    • 13.2 Music
      • 13.2.1 Introduction
      • 13.2.2 Local Developments
  • 14. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country Statistics, Major Operators and Telco Authorities – 2018 (e)
  • Table 2 – Top Level Country Statistics – 2018 (e)
  • Table 3 – Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration – 1995 - 2018
  • Table 4 – International internet bandwidth – 2005 - 2017
  • Table 5 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2008 - 2023
  • Table 6 – Internet users and Penetration – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 7 – Households with internet access – 2005 - 2017
  • Table 8 – Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
  • Table 9 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2008 - 2023
  • Table 10 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and annual change – 1996 - 2009
  • Table 11 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2012 – 2023
  • Table 12 – Historical - 3G mobile subscribers by operator – 2009
  • Table 13 – Mobile operators – systems and launch dates
  • Table 14 – Mobile subscribers by operator and market share – 2018
  • Table 15 – Mobile subscribers by operator and market share – 2017
  • Table 16 – Historic - Babilon Mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2012
  • Table 17 – Tcell mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2018
  • Table 18 – Tacom (Beeline) mobile subscribers – 2009; 2011 - 2018
  • Table 19 – Historic - Tacom (Beeline) - mobile ARPU – 2011 - 2015
  • Table 20 – Historic - Tacom (Beeline) - mobile broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2015
  • Chart 1 – Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration – 2018; 2023
  • Chart 2 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
  • Chart 3 –Telecoms Maturity Index – Central Asia
  • Chart 4 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 5 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2008 - 2023
  • Chart 6 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2008 - 2023
  • Chart 7 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2012 - 2023
  • Exhibit 1 – Central Asia -Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
  • Exhibit 2 – Examples of common web based e-government applications

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Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure)
Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets)
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Number of pages 41

Status Current

Last updated 27 Nov 2018
Update History

Analyst: Phil Harpur

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