Tajikistan - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Slower growth in Tajikistan’s mobile market and fixed broadband penetration remains very low

Of all the former Soviet republics, Tajikistan’s telecommunications infrastructure was arguably the least developed. With a telecom network that was near total collapse, the government has had the daunting task of bringing it up to modern standards. Telecommunications has become one of the most dynamically developing sectors within the Tajikistan economy.

Tajikistan’s mobile sector has been on a strong growth path for over a decade. It continues to be the standout feature of the country’s telecom industry. Tajikstan’s mobile market has experienced relatively strong growth over the last five years. However as the market has moved closer to a saturation phase there has been an inevitable slowing in the growth rate. Market penetration reached 100% in 2016. Market penetration is to grow at a slower rate over the next five years to 2021. There are five major operators in the market: Tcell, Babilon Mobile, MegaFon, Tacom / Beeline and TK Mobile. Tcell has the largest overall market share with over 30%

Despite the recent launch of 4G/LTE services, the overall the telecom sector has continued to struggle. Tajikistan has one of the lowest fixed-line teledensities in the region and one of the lowest broadband levels of broadband penetration. Internet penetration stood at around 21% in Tajikistan by 2016, increasing from 17.5% in 2014 and 19% in 2015. Fixed line penetration in Tajikistan remains low at around 5.3%. It has been growing at a very slow rate over the past few years due to the dominance of wireless markets.

Fixed broadband subscriptions in Tajikistan stood at a lowly 0.07% penetration by 2016 increasing only marginally from 0.06% in 2011. Further slow growth in anticipated over the next five years as 4G rollouts continue and there is an increased dependence by consumers on wireless networks. Market penetration is predicted to remain low over the next five years to 2021.

Note: It is pointed out that there are considerable inconsistencies with the market statistics available for Tajikistan as well as the total absence of statistics for some indicators

Key developments:

  • Telia signed an agreement to sell its 60% holding in Tcell to the Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED).
  • Babilon-Mobile informed its customers that it will begin re-registering all existing SIM cards on its network. All other cellcos in the country are expected to follow suit.
  • VimpelCom Ltd partnered with ZTE Corporation to build a complete virtual network infrastructure providing 4G/3G/2G mobile data services to customers across five markets.
  • Babilon-M expanded the coverage of its LTE network outside of capital city Dushanbe. New cities covered by the expansion include Khujand, Qurghonteppa and Kulob.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Overview and Analysis
    • 4.2 Historical overview
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historical overview
      • 5.1.1 Law on Electrical Communication
      • 5.1.2 Privatisation of Tajiktelecom
      • 5.1.3 Censorship
    • 5.2 Law on Electrical Communication
    • 5.3 Regulatory authority
    • 5.4 Interconnect
    • 5.5 Access
    • 5.6 SIM Registration
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Tajiktelecom
    • 6.2 Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 7.3 International infrastructure (satellite, submarine)
  • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 8.1 Market Overview and analysis
    • 8.2 Broadband statistics
    • 8.3 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
      • 8.3.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
    • 8.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 8.4.1 WiMAX
  • 9. Mobile Market
    • 9.1 Market Overview and Analysis
    • 9.2 Mobile statistics
      • 9.2.1 General statistics
    • 9.3 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
  • 10. Mobile infrastructure
    • 10.1 Digital networks
      • 10.1.1 3G
      • 10.1.2 4G / LTE
  • 11. Major mobile operators
    • 11.1 Operator Statistics
    • 11.2 Babilon Mobile
    • 11.3 Tcell (Indigo-Somoncom)
      • 11.3.1 Indigo Tajikistan
      • 11.3.2 Somoncom
    • 11.4 Tacom / Beeline
    • 11.5 TK Mobile
    • 11.6 MegaFon
    • 11.7 M-Teko
    • 11.8 Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) service
  • 12. Digital economy
    • 12.1 e-Government
      • 12.1.1 Introduction
      • 12.1.2 Local Developments
    • 12.2 e-Education
      • 12.2.1 Introduction
      • 12.2.2 Local Developments
  • 13. Digital media
    • 13.1 Communications: VoIP, messaging, conferencing
      • 13.1.1 VoIP
    • 13.2 Music
      • 13.2.1 Introduction
      • 13.2.2 Local Developments
  • 14. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Tajikistan – 2016 (e)
  • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 7 – Tajikistan’s GDP real growth rate – 2003 - 2016
  • Table 8 – Fixed lines in service, annual growth and teledensity – 1995 - 2016
  • Table 9 – International internet bandwidth – 2005 - 2016
  • Table 10 – Fixed broadband subscribers and Penetration – 2007 - 2016
  • Table 11 – Internet users and Penetration – 2008 - 2016
  • Table 12 – Households with internet access – 2005 - 2016
  • Table 13 – Forecast broadband subscribers and penetration rates – 2016; 2018; 2021
  • Table 14 – Mobile subscribers and annual change – 1996 - 2016
  • Table 15 – Forecast mobile subscribers and penetration rates – 2016; 2018; 2021
  • Table 16 – Historical 3G mobile subscribers by operator – 2009
  • Table 17 – Mobile operators – systems and launch dates
  • Table 18 – Mobile subscribers by operator and market share – 2016
  • Table 19 – Historic - Babilon Mobile subscribers – 2009; 2011 - 2012
  • Table 20 – Indigo-Somoncom (Tcell) mobile subscribers – 2009; 2011 - 2016
  • Table 21 – Tacom (Beeline) mobile subscribers – 2009; 2011 - 2016
  • Table 22 – Tacom (Beeline) - mobile ARPU – 2011 - 2015
  • Table 23 – Tacom (Beeline) - mobile broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2015
  • Chart 1 - Fixed lines in service, annual growth and teledensity – 2000 - 2016
  • Chart 2 - Fixed broadband subscribers and annual change – 2000 - 2016
  • Chart 3 - Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration – 2004 - 2016

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Number of pages 29

Status Current

Last updated 15 Feb 2017
Update History

Analyst: Phil Harpur

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