Pakistan - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Pakistan’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the Telecoms Infrastructure, mobile, fixed broadband, and Digital Economy sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure;
  • Major players, revenues, subscribers
  • Broadband, VoIP
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Broadband (FttH, DSL, wireless);
  • Mobile, internet, fixed broadband and fixed line forecasts to 2022

Researcher:- Phil Harpur
Current publication date:- September 2017 (23rd Edition)

Executive Summary

Mobile Broadband sees rapid growth in Pakistan

Pakistan’s telecom market had been struggling for a long time with the transition from a regulated state-owned monopoly to a deregulated competitive structure. As well as capital input from the government, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) have been active in providing capital for country’s telecom sector.

The fixed line market in Pakistan remains underdeveloped due to the dominance of the mobile segment. Further, the number of fixed telephone lines is slowly declining as the mobile segment continues to expand. Overall penetration dropped from 2.6% in 2014 to 1.9% in 2015 and 1.5% in 2017. The market is predicted to decline further over the next five years to 2022 as the mobile segment continues to grow for both voice and data/broadband usage.

The country’s mobile operators are all fighting for a larger share of the market, forcing down prices and subsequently Average Revenue Per Unit (ARPU). The operators have been shifting their focus to Value Added Services (VAS) in order to improve revenues.

In 2017 Mobilink and Warid merged their operations into a single brand, Jazz, which saw the number of mobile operators reduce from six to five. Further market consolidation is predicted over the next five years as the operating margins of the major operators come under further pressure.

Two main challenges facing mobile operators in Pakistan remain: a largely rural population with up to 70% of the population live in rural areas and difficulty serving those areas of the country that are politically unstable.

4G network rollouts continue across the country. By 2017 over 30% of Pakistan population was covered by a 4G network.

Pakistan has seen a dramatic increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past five years with market penetration increasing from below 1% in 2012 to 24% in 2017. However the mobile broadband market is still at an early stage of development with penetration well below most other Asian countries. Strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022.

Fixed broadband penetration is Pakistan remains very low mainly due to the dominance of the mobile platform. Also, the limited and declining number of fixed lines in Bhutan is restricting more widespread development of fixed broadband. Over the next five years to 2022 low to moderate growth is expected from a small base.

DSL dominates the fixed broadband market. Its market share has been rising over the past five years whereas HFC and FTTH each constitute for a very low market share of the overall fixed broadband market.

Increased smartphone adoption, internet penetration, and digital awareness due to adoption of 3G and 4G services are drivers for e-commerce adoption. However there still are a number of factors are inhibiting adoption including lack of awareness in both consumers and merchants and issues with customer fulfillment.

Key developments:

  • Rapid roll out of the 3G and 4G networks has seen strong uptake of mobile broadband.
  • The fixed line market remains underdeveloped due to the dominance of the mobile segment.
  • This market is predicted to decline further over the next five years to 2022.
  • Fixed broadband penetration is Pakistan remains very low mainly due to the dominance of the mobile platform.
  • mobile broadband services have totally overwhelmed the fixed broadband sector of the market;
  • E-commerce in Pakistan will be a US$1 billion market by 2020.
  • 4G network rollouts continue across the country.
  • Mobilink and Warid merged their operations into a single brand, Jazz.

Key companies mentioned in this report:

Pakistan Telecommunication Co Ltd (PTCL); Mobilink (PMCL); Ufone (PTML, PTCL’s subsidiary); Telenor Pakistan; Warid Telecom; Zong; WorldCall; TeleCard; Instaphone, PakNet; Wateen Telecom (subsidiary of Warid Telecom)

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Market Overview and Analysis
      • 2.1.1 Background
    • 2.2 Revenue and investment levels
    • 2.3 Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Overview
    • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
      • 3.2.1 Ministry of Information Technology (MoIT)
      • 3.2.2 Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA)
      • 3.2.3 National Telecommunications Corp (NTC)
      • 3.2.4 North Waziristan Agency (NWA)
      • 3.2.5 Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
    • 3.3 Government policies
    • 3.4 Access
    • 3.5 Universal Service Fund (USF)
    • 3.6 Regulatory developments
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Fixed Network Subscribers by Operator
    • 4.2 Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL)
    • 4.3 WorldCall group
    • 4.4 TeleCard
    • 4.5 Wateen Telecom
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 5.2 Fixed line statistics
      • 5.2.1 Payphones and Public Call Offices (PCOs)
    • 5.3 New developments
      • 5.3.1 Fibre Networks
      • 5.3.2 USF Telecentre Project
    • 5.4 International infrastructure
      • 5.4.1 Satellite Networks
      • 5.4.2 Submarine Cable Networks
      • 5.4.3 International gateways
    • 5.5 Smart Infrastructure
      • 5.5.1 Smart Grids
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market Overview and analysis
      • 6.1.2 ISP market
      • 6.1.3 Internet Statistics and Market Forecast
      • 6.1.4 Broadband Statistics and Market Forecast
    • 6.2 Fixed Broadband Service Providers
      • 6.2.1 Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL)
    • 6.3 Fixed Broadband Technologies
      • 6.3.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • 6.3.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 6.3.3 Fibre-To-The-Home (FTTH)
      • 6.3.4 Fixed wireless
      • 6.3.5 Other fixed broadband services
  • 7. Digital media
    • 7.1 Broadcasting
    • 7.2 Videostreaming
      • 7.2.1 IPTV
    • 7.3 Communications: VoIP, messaging, conferencing
      • 7.3.1 VoIP
  • 8. Digital economy
    • 8.1 e-Commerce
      • 8.1.1 Overview
      • 8.1.2 Background
    • 8.2 e-Government
    • 8.3 e-Education
  • 9. Mobile communications
    • 9.1 Market Overview and Analysis
    • 9.2 Mobile Statistics
      • 9.2.1 General Statistics and Market Forecast
      • 9.2.2 Mobile voice
      • 9.2.3 Mobile broadband statistics and Market Forecast
    • 9.3 Regulatory issues
      • 9.3.1 Spectrum Auctions – 2014 - 2017
      • 9.3.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 9.3.3 Other Developments
    • 9.4 Major mobile operators
      • 9.4.1 Statistics by Operators
      • 9.4.2 PMCL (Jazz)
      • 9.4.3 Ufone (PTCL)
      • 9.4.4 Telenor Pakistan
      • 9.4.5 Zong
      • 9.4.6 Historic - Instaphone (Pakcom)
      • 9.4.7 MVNOs
    • 9.5 Mobile content and applications
      • 9.5.1 m-commerce / m-banking
      • 9.5.2 m-TV
      • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2017
      • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2017
      • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2017
      • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2017
      • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2017
      • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2017
      • Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
      • Table 8 – Pakistan’s real GDP growth rate – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 9 – Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) - Key Metrics - 2017 - 2022
      • Table 10 – Pakistan’s total telecom revenue – 2004 – 2016
      • Table 11 – Pakistan’s telecom investment – total and mobile - 2004 - 2016
      • Table 12 – Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in telecom sector – 2002 - 2016
      • Table 13 – ‘Fixed-line’ licences issued by PTA
      • Table 14 –Fixed local line subscribers by operator– 2017
      • Table 15 – Fixed-line (WLL) subscribers by operator – 2017
      • Table 16 – Historic - Fixed-line (wireless) subscribers by operator – 2015
      • Table 17 – PTCL fixed wireline subscribers – 2000 - 2017
      • Table 18 – PTCL WLL (fixed wireless) subscribers – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 19 – Historic – fixed-line subscribers and penetration – 1991 - 2006
      • Table 20 – Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
      • Table 21 – Fixed wireline subscribers – 2004 – 2017
      • Table 22 – Fixed wireless (WLL) subscribers – 2004 – 2017
      • Table 23 – Public Call Offices (PCOs) – 1999 – 2016
      • Table 24 – Historical - internet users – 1995 - 2005
      • Table 25 – Internet Users and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
      • Table 26 – Historic - dial-up internet subscribers – 2005 - 2011
      • Table 27 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
      • Table 28 – Fixed Broadband subscribers by access type – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 29 – Fixed Broadband market share by access type – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 30 – Fixed Broadband market annual growth by access type – 2013 - 2017
      • Table 31 – Total international internet bandwidth – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 32 – PTCL broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 33 – Cable modem subscribers – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 34 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 35 – FTTH subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 36 – WiMAX subscribers – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 37 – Historic - Key broadcasting statistics
      • Table 38 – Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
      • Table 39 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
      • Table 40 – Historic - mobile subscribers – 1995 - 2005
      • Table 41 – Mobile services revenue – 1998 - 2016
      • Table 42 – Mobile services revenue – 2011 - 2016
      • Table 43 – Historical - overall ARPU across all mobile operators – 2002; 2004 - 2009
      • Table 44 – Proportion of prepaid mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 45 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2009 - 2022
      • Table 46 – Mobile operators and systems
      • Table 47 –Mobile subscribers (millions) by operator – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 48 –Mobile subscriber market share by operator – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 49 –Mobile subscribers by operator, annual change – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 50 –Mobile subscribers (millions) by operator and 3G, 4G – 2017
      • Table 51 – Historic - 3G, 4G and LTE mobile subscribers by operator – 2016
      • Table 52 – Historic - 3G, 4G and LTE mobile subscribers by operator – 2015
      • Table 53 – Mobilink mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2017
      • Table 54 – Warid Telecom subscribers – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 55 – Ufone (PTCL) subscribers – 2001 - 2017
      • Table 56 – Telenor Pakistan subscribers – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 57 – Historic - Telenor Pakistan - ARPU – 2009 - 2014
      • Table 58 – CMPak (Zong) mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2017
      • Table 59 – Historical - Instaphone (Pakcom) subscribers – 2000 - 2010
      • Chart 1 – Fixed Line and Mobile Penetration – 2017; 2022
      • Chart 2 - Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
      • Chart 3 – Internet, Fixed Broadband, Mobile Broadband Penetration – 2017; 2022
      • Chart 4 – Internet Users and Penetration (with Forecast) - 2007 - 2022
      • Chart 5 - Percentage of Households with Internet Access at home (with Forecast) - 2007 - 2022
      • Chart 6 - Percentage of Households with a Computer (with Forecast) - 2007 - 2022
      • Chart 7 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers (with Forecast) - 2007 - 2022
      • Chart 8 – Total international internet bandwidth – 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 9 - Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
      • Chart 10 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers, Penetration and Annual Growth (with Forecast) – 2007 – 2022

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