The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Macedonia) has been a European Union (EU) candidate country since 2005. As part of the EU pre-accession process, the country has built closer economic ties with the Union which accounts for 60% of Macedonia’s exports and about half of its imports. Closer regulatory and administrative ties with European Commission (EC) institutions have done much to develop the telecom sector and prepare the market for the competitive environment encouraged in the EU. Accession to the EU, stalled due to opposition from Greece, could proceed if both countries accept a mid-2018 proposal to rename the country as the Republic of Severna (Northern) Macedonia.
As part of EU integration legislation has implemented the principles of the EU’s regulatory framework for communications, established an independent regulator and set out several provisions to provide for a competitive telecom market, including wholesale access to the incumbent’s fixed-line network. Although the fixed telephony market has been liberalised, the incumbent MakTel continues to dominate the sector. Broadband services are widely available, with effective competition between DSL and cable platforms complemented by wireless broadband and a developing fibre sector. The number of DSL subscribers has continued to fall in recent years as customers are migrated to fibre networks.
Macedonia’s mobile market is served by only two mobile network operators, MakTel and One.VIP, the latter being formed by the merger of the local business units of Telekom Slovenije and Telekom Austria. One.VIP in May 2016 was also merged with its sister company Blizoo, and so has been able to provide a full suite of converged services. Mobile data services are becoming increasingly important following investments in LTE network rollouts and in upgrades to LTE-A technology.
Makedonski Telekom, ONE, VIP Operator, One.VIP, Blizoo (formerly CableTel), Telekom Slovenije.
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Last updated 6 Aug 2018
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