Macedonia - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Macedonia’s market consolidation leaves only two MNOs

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Macedonia) has been a European Union (EU) candidate country since 2005. As part of the EU pre-accession process, the country has built closer economic ties with the Union: the EU accounts for 60% of Macedonia’s exports and about half of its imports. Closer regulatory and administrative ties with European Commission (EC) institutions have done much to develop the telecom sector and prepare the market for the competitive environment encouraged in the EU.

As part of EU integration legislation has implemented the principles of the EU’s regulatory framework for communications, established an independent regulator and set out a number of provisions to provide for a competitive telecom market, including wholesale access to the incumbent’s fixed-line network. Although the fixed telephony market has been liberalised, the incumbent MakTel continues to dominate the sector. Broadband services are widely available, with effective competition between DSL and cable platforms complemented by wireless broadband and a fast developing fibre sector. Into 2016 the number of DSL subscribers has continue to fall as customers are migrated to fibre networks.

Macedonia’s mobile market is now served by only two mobile network operators, MakTel and Vip, the latter being formed by the merger of the local business units of Telekom Slovenije and Telekom Austria. Vip in May 2016 was also merged with its sister company Blizoo, and so has been able to provide a full suite of converged services. Mobile data services are becoming increasingly important following investments in LTE network rollouts and in upgrades to LTE-A technology.

Key developments:

Regulator planning to develop market conditions to promote more MVNOs; Blizoo acquires Skopje-based cablecos; Blizoo merges with Vip, which is rebranded as Vip; Makedonski Telekom completes PSTN migration to an all-IP network; MakTel signs managed services agreement with its vendor partner Ericsson; Lycamobile Macedonia launches services; regulator auctions 4G licences in the 800MHz and 1800MHz bands; report update includes the regulator’s market data updates to Q4 2015, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2016, recent market developments.

Market penetration rates in Macedonia’s telecoms sector – 2016 (e)

Subscriber penetration rate: Penetration
Fixed-line telephony 17.2%
Fixed broadband 23%
Mobile SIM (population) 100%

(Source: BuddeComm)

Companies mentioned in this report:

Makedonski Telekom, ONE, Vip, Blizoo (formerly CableTel), Telekom Slovenije, T-Mobile Macedonia.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market analysis
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Regulatory authority
    • 5.2 Market liberalisation
    • 5.3 Privatisation
    • 5.4 Interconnect
    • 5.5 Access
    • 5.6 Carrier Selection (CS) and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
    • 5.7 Number Portability (NP)
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Makedonski Telekom
    • 6.2 ONE
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 International infrastructure
  • 8. Broadband market
    • 8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 8.1.1 Market analysis
      • 8.1.2 Broadband statistics
    • 8.2 Forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
      • 8.2.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
    • 8.3 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 8.4 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 8.5 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 8.6 Other fixed-line broadband services
      • 8.6.1 Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
  • 9. Digital economy
  • 10. Digital media
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Digital TV
      • 10.2.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • 10.2.2 Cable TV (CATV)
      • 10.2.3 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
      • 10.2.4 Bundled services
    • 10.3 Videostreaming
  • 11. Mobile market
    • 11.1 Market analysis
    • 11.2 Mobile statistics
    • 11.3 Mobile data
      • 11.3.1 Short Message Service (SMS)/Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
    • 11.4 Mobile broadband
    • 11.5 Regulatory issues
      • 11.5.1 Third GSM licence
      • 11.5.2 3G licence
      • 11.5.3 4G licence
      • 11.5.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 11.5.5 Roaming
    • 11.6 Mobile infrastructure
      • 11.6.1 Digital networks
    • 11.7 Other infrastructure developments
      • 11.7.1 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
      • 11.7.2 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
    • 11.8 Major mobile operators
      • 11.8.1 MakTel
      • 11.8.2 ONE
      • 11.8.3 Vip (Vip Operator)
      • 11.8.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 11.9 Mobile content and applications
  • 12. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Macedonia – 2016 (e)
  • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 4 – Broadband subscribers – 2016 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
  • Table 7 – Mobile termination rates – 2015 - 2017
  • Table 8 – CS and CPS lines –2010 - 2015
  • Table 9 – Fixed-lines ported –2008 - 2015
  • Table 10 – Fixed-line market share by key operators –2009 - 2015
  • Table 11 – Makedonski Telekom revenue (HUF) – 2009 - 2016
  • Table 12 – Historic - Makedonski Telekom financial data (MKD) – 2009 - 2012
  • Table 13 – Makedonski Telekom fixed-voice subscribers – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 14 – ONE financial data – 2010 - 2015
  • Table 15 – ONE mobile and broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2015
  • Table 16 – Telephony-lines by type –2009 - 2015
  • Table 17 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2009
  • Table 18 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 19 – Wholesale leased lines in service, by type – 2010 - 2015
  • Table 20 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rates – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 21 – Internet users and penetration rates – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 22 – Household internet penetration – 2011- 2016
  • Table 23 – Business internet penetration – 2011- 2016
  • Table 24 – Proportion of households with computer/internet use – 2010 - 2015
  • Table 25 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2017
  • Table 26 – Market share of internet subscribers by operator – 2013 - 2015
  • Table 27 – Internet subscribers by access type: dial-up, mobile, other – 2009 - 2015
  • Table 28 – Fixed-line broadband connections by access speed – 2014 - 2015
  • Table 29 – Broadband market share of subscribers by platform – 2010 - 2015
  • Table 30 – Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
  • Table 31 – Cable broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2016
  • Table 32 – Makedonski Telekom retail and wholesale DSL subscribers – 2008 - 2016
  • Table 33 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2016
  • Table 34 – ONE broadband subscribers – 2011 – 2014
  • Table 35 – FttP subscribers – 2009 - 2016
  • Table 36 – Uptake of e-government services by individuals – 2008 - 2015
  • Table 37 – Uptake of e-government services by businesses – 2006 - 2016
  • Table 38 – Proportion of business engaged in e-commerce – 2006 - 2015
  • Table 39 – Market share of TV subscribers by platform – 2007 - 2015
  • Table 40 – Market share of TV subscribers by operator – 2010 - 2015
  • Table 41 – Total TV subscribers – 2010 – 2015
  • Table 42 – DVB-T subscribers – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 43 – Cable TV subscribers – 2005; 2009 – 2016
  • Table 44 – Satellite TV subscribers – 2009 - 2016
  • Table 45 – Subscribers to bundled services by type – 2012 - 2015
  • Table 46 – Market share of double-play services by operator – 2013 - 2015
  • Table 47 – Market share of double-play services by operator – 2013 - 2015
  • Table 48 – Makedonski Telekom IPTV subscribers – 2008 - 2016
  • Table 49 –IPTV subscribers – 2010 - 2016
  • Table 50 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 51 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 52 – Mobile network operator market share by subscribers – 2007 - 2015
  • Table 53 – Mobile traffic – 2009 - 2015
  • Table 54 – Ratio of prepaid to contract subscribers – 2005 - 2015
  • Table 55 – MakTel prepaid subscribers – 2004 - 2016
  • Table 56 – SMS messages sent – 2005 - 2015
  • Table 57 – MMS messages sent – 2009 – 2014\5
  • Table 58 – 2G and 3G mobile internet subscribers – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 59 – Cumulative mobile-lines ported –2008 – 2015
  • Table 60 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
  • Table 61 – European roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
  • Table 62 – MakTel mobile subscribers – 2004 - 2016
  • Table 63 – MakTel mobile ARPU – 2004 - 2016
  • Table 64 – MakTel mobile ARPU (€) – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 65 – MakTel mobile ARPU (HUF) – 2012 - 2016
  • Table 66 – ONE mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2015
  • Table 67 – Vip financial data – 2007 - 2016
  • Table 68 – Vip subscribers – 2007 - 2016
  • Chart 1 – Makedonski Telekom revenue data – 2009 – 2016
  • Chart 2 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 – 2017
  • Chart 3 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – 2017
  • Chart 4 – Makedonski Telekom retail and wholesale DSL subscribers – 2008 – 2016
  • Chart 5 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 – 2017
  • Chart 6 – Mobile network operator market share by subscribers – 2007 – 2015
  • Chart 7 – Vip financial data – 2007 – 2016
  • Exhibit 1 – EU – The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
  • Exhibit 2 – Frequency bands and allocations
  • Exhibit 3 – Frequency bands – expressions of interest – 2007

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