Lithuania - Telecoms Mobile Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Lithuania’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Convergence and Digital Media;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- August 2016 (15th Edition)

Executive Summary

Fibre accounting for two-thirds of broadband lines in Lithuania

Lithuania’s small telecoms market is among the more developed in Europe. A number of alternative operators offer services although the incumbent TEO, owed by TeliaSonera, remains the dominant operator in the fixed-line and broadband sectors. The number of fixed-line voice subscribers is in steady decline, attributed to fixed-to-mobile substitution.

The cable and DSL broadband sectors remain vibrant, offering effective competition in urban areas, though the focus among telcos as well as the government has been on investing in fibre networks, with an emphasis on delivering gigabyte data speeds. By early 2016 fibre accounted for the majority of new broadband connections. As a result of these efforts, Lithuania has one of the highest fibre broadband penetration rates globally. Regulatory measures have ensured that there is effective competition to TEO, while the government has also committed to providing €1 billion for fibre-based national broadband infrastructure. Widespread internet usage has also resulted in a fast-emerging internet society, with a range of ICT services improving social and economic development, and with various e-commerce, e-government, e-education and e-health services increasingly available and used.

A burgeoning digital TV market is evident as a consequence of the transition to digital-only broadcasting. TEO is well positioned to develop the sector due to the company’s involvement in both videostreaming services and digital terrestrial TV.

The mobile market is served by Omnitel, Bité and Tele2, as well as by a number of MVNOs. In addition, the state-owned broadcaster Telecentras has become the fourth mobile operator, with an extensive LTE infrastructure using spectrum formerly assigned to its WiMAX offering.

SIM card penetration is high for the region, and while the prepaid sector accounts for the majority of subscribers the proportion of postpaid services is increasing. With dwindling new subscriber acquisition opportunities, mobile operators are heavily marketing mobile broadband services, made possible from past investments in 3G and HSPA networks and ongoing upgrades with LTE technology. By early 2016 services based on LTE networks were available to more than 90% of the population.

The recent acquisition by TEO of the remaining shares in Omnitel, the second largest player in the mobile market, has also provided the company with a secure presence in the market for convergent services and bundled offerings.

This report provides an overview of Lithuania’s telecom sector. It includes a variety of statistics from the regulator and the main players, as well as an overview of regulatory developments, and telecommunications network infrastructure. The report also reviews Lithuania’s highly-developed mobile market, covering the major operators, regulatory developments, mobile technologies, mobile data services and the development of 5G which is expected to be commercialised by 2018. In addition, the report offers a wide range of statistical data on the fixed and wireless broadband markets, including forecasts to 2020, as well as an overview of the videostreaming and digital TV sectors.

Key developments:

  • TEO and Omnitel merge;
  • JV created by Bité, Omnitel, Tele2 and TEO begins administering number portability;
  • Regulator removes obligations on TEO relating to fixed access market;
  • Lithuanian FttP penetration ranked among highest in the world; Government develops RAIN project extending fibre backbone to rural areas;
  • TEO fibre networks reach three-quarters of the population;
  • Regulator prepares auction for 900MHz and 1800MHz spectrum, licences to be held to 2032;
  • Tele2 launches tri-band carrier aggregation technology to provide data at up to 300Mb/s;
  • Mid Europa Partners agrees to sell Bité Lithuania;
  • Telecentras contracts Huawei to upgrade its mobile network with LTE;
  • Bité Lithuania expands LTE-A services delver data at up to 300Mb/s;
  • TeliaSonera partners with Ericsson to develop 5G services by 2018;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to September 2015, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q4 2015, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

TEO, CSC Telecom, Telekomunikaciju grupa, Cubio, Eurocom SIP, Nacionalinis telekomunikacij tinklas, Norby Telecom, Vinita, Balticum TV, Omnitel, Bité Lithuania, Tele2 Lithuania.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Overview
    • 2.2 Revenues, investments and ARPU
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historical overview
    • 3.2 EU regulatory framework
    • 3.3 Revised NFR
    • 3.4 Regulatory authority
    • 3.5 Telecom sector liberalisation
    • 3.6 Privatisation
    • 3.7 Interconnect
    • 3.8 Access
    • 3.9 Carrier selection and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
    • 3.10 Number Portability (NP)
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Lietuvos Telekomas (TEO)
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
      • 5.1.1 TEO
      • 5.1.2 Alternative operators
    • 5.2 International infrastructure
    • 5.3 Wholesaling
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Broadband statistics
    • 6.2 Forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
      • 6.2.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
    • 6.3 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 6.4 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 6.5 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • 6.5.1 Infrastructure sharing
    • 6.6 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.6.1 Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
  • 7. Digital media
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Bundled services
    • 7.3 Videostreaming
    • 7.4 Cable TV (CATV)
    • 7.5 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
    • 7.6 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
  • 8. Digital economy
    • 8.1 E-government
    • 8.2 Infrastructure
    • 8.3 E-health
  • 9. Mobile communications
    • 9.1 Market analysis
    • 9.2 Mobile statistics
      • 9.2.1 General statistics
      • 9.2.2 Mobile data
      • 9.2.3 Mobile broadband
    • 9.3 Regulatory issues
      • 9.3.1 GSM licences
      • 9.3.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 9.3.3 2.6GHz spectrum
      • 9.3.4 Spectrum auction 2013
      • 9.3.5 Spectrum auction 2016
      • 9.3.6 Significant Market Power (SMP)
      • 9.3.7 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 9.3.8 Roaming
    • 9.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 9.4.1 Digital networks
      • 9.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
    • 9.5 Major mobile operators
      • 9.5.1 Omnitel
      • 9.5.2 Bité
      • 9.5.3 Tele2
      • 9.5.4 MVNOs
    • 9.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 9.6.1 Portals
      • 9.6.2 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
      • 9.6.3 Mobile TV
    • Table 1 – Country statistics Lithuania – 2016 (e)
    • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2015
    • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2016 (Mar)
    • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table 5 – Fixed broadband statistics – 2016 (Mar)
    • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table 7 – National telecommunications authority
    • Table 8 – Telecom revenue (€) and annual change – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 9 – Telecom revenue by service (€) – 2004 - 2016
    • Table 10 – Fixed-line voice revenue (€) – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 11 – Telecom investment annual growth (LTL) – 2006 - 2014
    • Table 12 – Telecom investment (€) – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 13 – ARPU per service (€) – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 14 – Telecom revenue market share by operator – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 15 – Telecom revenue market share by major sector – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 16 – Traffic in mobile and fixed-line networks – 2003 - 2015
    • Table 17 – Interconnection revenue – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 18 – Wholesale access lines by type – 2006 - 2015
    • Table 19 – CS and CPS lines – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 20 – Cumulative fixed numbers ported – 2004 – 2016
    • Table 21 – Market share of fixed-lines and revenue, alternative operators – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 22 – Fixed-lines by operator – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 23 – Fixed-telephony revenue – 2004 - 2016
    • Table 24 – TEO Group revenue (LTL) – 2009 - 2014
    • Table 25 – TEO Group financial data (LTL) – 2006 - 2014
    • Table 26 – TEO Group financial data (€) – 2007 - 2016
    • Table 27 – TEO – fixed-line financial data – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 28 – TEO investments – 2011 - 2015
    • Table 29 – TEO Group revenue by sector (LTL) – 2009 - 2014
    • Table 30 – TEO Group fixed-line subscribers by sector – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 31 – Historical – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2009
    • Table 32 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 33 – TEO – fixed-line subscribers – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 34 – Total international internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2016
    • Table 35 – Dark fibre lines – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 36 – Historic – Internet users and penetration rates – 1999 - 2009
    • Table 37 – Internet users and penetration rates – 2010 - 2016
    • Table 38 – Proportion of fixed-line broadband connections by access type – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 39 – ISP market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 40 – Retail internet services market revenue – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 41 – Internet market revenue share by platform – 2015 - 2016
    • Table 42 – Internet access market share by access type – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 43 – Internet subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 44 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2001 - 2017
    • Table 45 – Fixed broadband subscriber net additions per year – 2007 - 2015
    • Table 46 – Internet ARPU – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 47 – Broadband data rates as proportion of subscribers – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 48 – Super-fast broadband connections by type – 2010 - 2016
    • Table 49 – Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
    • Table 50 – Cable broadband share by operator – 2014 - 2016
    • Table 51 – Cable broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 52 – TEO fixed broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 53 – DSL subscribers – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 54 – Wholesale DSL lines – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 55 – FttP/FttB subscribers – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 56 – TEO FttX subscribers – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 57 – TEO investment in FttX infrastructure – 2010 - 2016
    • Table 58 – FttX market share by operator – 2014 - 2016
    • Table 59 – TEO Wi-Fi subscribers – 2007 - 2015
    • Table 60 – Wi-Fi subscribers – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 61 – Wi-Fi hotspots – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 62 – Fixed-wireless broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2015
    • Table 63 – WiMAX subscribers – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 64 – WiMAX base stations in service – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 65 – Broadcasting revenue by platform (€) – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 66 – TV and radio revenue (€) – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 67 – Pay TV providers by platform – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 68 – Pay TV subscribers – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 69 – Pay TV market share of subscribers by platform – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 70 – Digital TV subscribers by access method – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 71 – Digital TV market share by access method – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 72 – Subscribers to bundled services, by offer – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 73 – Subscribers to double and triple play services – 2010 - 2016
    • Table 74 – IPTV subscribers – 2014 - 2016
    • Table 75 – TEO IPTV subscribers – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 76 – Historic - Cable TV and MMDS subscribers – 1997 - 2009
    • Table 77 – Cable TV and MMDS subscribers – 2010 - 2016
    • Table 78 – DTTV revenue – 2010 - 2016
    • Table 79 – DTTV subscribers – 2010 - 2016
    • Table 80 – TEO DTTV subscribers – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 81 – Historical - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 - 2009
    • Table 82 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 83 – Proportion of mobile market revenue by service – 2010 – 2016
    • Table 84 – Revenue from roaming services – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 85 – Mobile market revenue, MNOs and resellers (LTL) – 2006 - 2014
    • Table 86 – Mobile market revenue, MNOs and resellers (€) – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 87 – MVNO share of subscribers and revenue – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 88 – Proportion of mobile service revenue to total telecom sector revenue – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 89 – 3G/4G subscriber market share per operator – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 90 – Number of 3G/4G subscribers – 2007 - 2016
    • Table 91 – Market share of revenue by operator – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 92 – Market share per operator by subscribers – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 93 – Base stations in use – 2006 – 2016
    • Table 94 – Mobile ARPU – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 95 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2002 - 2016
    • Table 96 – Prepaid subscribers – 2010 - 2016
    • Table 97 – Mobile data sent on mobile networks (quarterly comparison) – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 98 – Mobile data subscriber market share per operator – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 99 – Mobile data revenue – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 100 – Average mobile data speed by operator – 2013 - 2014
    • Table 101 – Total SMS messages sent – 2004 - 2016
    • Table 102 – SMS revenue and share of mobile market – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 103 – Total MMS messages sent – 2004 - 2016
    • Table 104 – Mobile broadband share of subscribers by operators – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 105 – Mobile broadband subscribers, penetration – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 106 – Cumulative mobile number portings – 2004 - 2015
    • Table 107 – Mobile interconnection revenue – 2007 - 2015
    • Table 108 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
    • Table 109 – European roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 110 – LTE subscriber market share by operator – 2015 - 2016
    • Table 111 – LTE base stations in service – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 112 – LTE subscribers – 2015 - 2016
    • Table 113 – HSPA subscribers (historic) – 2007 - 2012
    • Table 114 – Omnitel mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2016
    • Table 115 – Omnitel annualised ARPU (LTL) – 2005 - 2014
    • Table 116 – Omnitel ARPU (€) – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 117 – Omnitel MOU and churn – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 118 – Omnitel mobile revenue – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 119 – Bité mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2015
    • Table 120 – Bité Lithuania mobile blended ARPU – 2010 – 2015
    • Table 121 – Bité Lithuania financial data – 2009 - 2015
    • Table 122 – Tele2 mobile financial data – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 123 – Tele2 mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2016
    • Table 124 – MVNO subscribers – 2007 - 2015
    • Table 125 – M2M connections – 2012 - 2016
    • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue market share by major sector – 2011 – 2016
    • Chart 2 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 – 2017
    • Chart 3 – Internet access market share by access type – 2006 - 2016
    • Chart 4 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2017
    • Chart 5 – Broadband data rates as proportion of subscribers – 2009 – 2016
    • Chart 6 – TEO fixed broadband subscribers, total and DSL – 2005 - 2016
    • Chart 7 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2017
    • Chart 8 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2002 - 2016
    • Chart 9 – Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2006 - 2017
    • Chart 10 – Bité Lithuania financial data – 2009 - 2015
    • Chart 11 – Tele2 mobile financial data – 2008 - 2016
    • Exhibit 1 – EU – The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
    • Exhibit 2 – Access, the local loop and unbundling – an overview
    • Exhibit 3 – The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) annual E-readiness criteria
    • Exhibit 4 – 2G spectrum award
    • Exhibit 5 – 4G spectrum awarded – 800MHz band

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