Latvia - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Latvian mobile operators begin the transition to 5G

Latvia’s telecom market has been shaped by the European Union, with the EU’s 2002 regulatory policies and the revised 2009 New Regulatory Framework being adopted as core components of the sector’s regulatory measures. The country is as also a member of the Economic and Monetary Union of the EU, and has adopted the euro as its national currency. It became a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD in June 2016.

Latvia’s broadband market continues to suffer from inadequate progress on local loop unbundling, though the government has stepped up its efforts to build a national fibre broadband network, part-funded by the European Commission (EC).

Four mobile network operators compete in the market. LTE services have been launched commercially, while operators including Tele2 have expanded the reach of their LTE-A services, adopting carrier aggregation technologies to boost data speeds. Operators such as Bité Latvia have also begun the process of transitioning their networks to support services and applications based on 5G. To this end there has been greater development of technologies to develop IoT (Internet of Things) applications, initially in Riga.

Key developments:

Regulator considers spectrum licences in the 3.4GHz and 3.7GHz bands; Tele2 Latvia extends 3C LTE-A coverage to 70% of the population; Bité Latvia begins migration path to 5G; Telekom Baltija secures ten-year extension for its spectrum concessions; Vodafone Group signs deal to provide support and network services to Tele2 Latvia; government rejects TeliaSonera’s proposal to merge LMT with Lattelecom; regulator reports on mobile broadband quality of service; Mid Europa sells Bité Group to Providence Equity Partners; MNOs expand LTE-A deployments; Lattelecom launches VDSL vectoring program; fibre rollouts providing broadband access at up to 600Mb/s; report update includes the regulator’s market data, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q1 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Lattelecom, Baltcom TV, Izzi, Viasat, Latvia Mobilais Telefons, Bité, Telekom Baltija, Zetcom, Tele2, Latvenergo.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Market analysis
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Regulatory authority
      • 5.1.1 Public Utilities Commission (PUC)
    • 5.2 Revised NFR
    • 5.3 Market liberalisation
    • 5.4 Privatisation
    • 5.5 Interconnect
    • 5.6 Access
    • 5.7 Carrier selection (CS) and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
    • 5.8 Number Portability (NP)
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Lattelecom
    • 6.2 Norby Telecom
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 National telecom network
    • 7.2 Telecoms and IT
  • 8. Broadband market
    • 8.1 Market analysis and statistical overview
    • 8.2 Government support
    • 8.3 Broadband statistics
    • 8.4 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
      • 8.4.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
  • 9. Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 9.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 9.1.1 ADSL2+
      • 9.1.2 VDSL
    • 9.2 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 9.3 Other fixed-line broadband services
      • 9.3.1 Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
      • 9.3.2 EV-DO
  • 10. Digital economy
    • 10.1 E-government
    • 10.2 E-education
  • 11. Digital media
    • 11.1 Introduction
      • 11.1.1 Baltcom
      • 11.1.2 Izzi
    • 11.2 Satellite-based digital pay TV
    • 11.3 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
    • 11.4 Videostreaming
  • 12. Mobile market
    • 12.1 Market analysis
    • 12.2 Mobile statistics
    • 12.3 Mobile data
      • 12.3.1 Short Message Service (SMS) and Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
    • 12.4 Mobile broadband
    • 12.5 Regulatory issues
      • 12.5.1 CDMA licence awarded
      • 12.5.2 900MHz spectrum
      • 12.5.3 2.3GHz spectrum
      • 12.5.4 2.6GHz spectrum
      • 12.5.5 700MHz spectrum
      • 12.5.6 Third Generation (3G) licences
      • 12.5.7 3.4GHz
      • 12.5.8 EU roaming tariffs
      • 12.5.9 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 12.5.10 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • 12.6 Mobile infrastructure
      • 12.6.1 Digital networks
    • 12.7 Other infrastructure developments
      • 12.7.1 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
      • 12.7.2 Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
    • 12.8 Internet of Things (IoT)
    • 12.9 Major mobile operators
      • 12.9.1 Latvia Mobilais Telefons (LMT)
      • 12.9.2 Tele2 Latvia
      • 12.9.3 Telekom Baltija/Triatel
      • 12.9.4 Bité Latvia
      • 12.9.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • 12.9.6 Mobile TV
    • 12.10 Mobile content and applications
      • 12.10.1 QR code readers
  • 13. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Latvia – 2016 (e)
  • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2016 (e)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
  • Table 7 – Fixed-line market revenue (LVL) – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 8 – Telecom market revenue ($) – 2006 - 2016
  • Table 9 – Lattelecom Group financial data (€) – 2004 - 2015
  • Table 10 – Lattelecom Group revenue by service (€) – 2013 - 2015
  • Table 11 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 12 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 13 – International bandwidth – 2008 - 2015
  • Table 14 – Internet bandwidth per subscriber – 2008 - 2015
  • Table 15 – Proportion of connections by broadband data speed/operator – 2013
  • Table 16 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 17 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 18 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2001 - 2018
  • Table 19 – Lattelecom fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2012
  • Table 20 – Forecast broadband subscribers – higher market growth scenario – 2018; 2020; 2022
  • Table 21 – Cable broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2016
  • Table 22 – DSL subscribers – 2001- 2017
  • Table 23 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2007- 2017
  • Table 24 – Wireless broadband subscribers and penetration – 2007 - 2014
  • Table 25 – Lattelecom IPTV subscribers – 2007 - 2012
  • Table 26 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 27 – Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 28 – LMT prepaid subscribers – 2002 - 2017
  • Table 29 – SMS traffic – 2013 - 2016
  • Table 30 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2015
  • Table 31 – 2.6GHz spectrum auction results – January 2012
  • Table 32 – 700MHz spectrum auction results – 2013
  • Table 35 – Cumulative mobile numbers ported – 2007 - 2014
  • Table 36 – LMT mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2017
  • Table 37 – Historic - LMT mobile ARPU (LVL) – 2006 - 2012
  • Table 38 – LMT mobile ARPU (€) – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 39 – LMT financial data – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 40 – LMT mobile services revenue – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 41 – Tele2 mobile financial data – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 42 – Tele2 mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 43 – Bité financial data – 2012 - 2015
  • Chart 1 – Lattelecom Group financial data – 2004 - 2015
  • Chart 2 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 - 2018
  • Chart 3 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2002 - 2018
  • Chart 4 – Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2018
  • Chart 5 – LMT prepaid subscribers – 2002 - 2017
  • Chart 6 – LMT mobile financial data – 2008 - 2017
  • Chart 7 – Tele2 mobile financial data – 2008 - 2017
  • Exhibit 1 – EU regulatory framework for communications
  • Exhibit 2 – Overview of access, the local loop and unbundling
  • Exhibit 3 – Overview of Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection
  • Exhibit 4 – Number portability defined
  • Exhibit 5 – The Economist Intelligence Unit annual e-readiness criteria

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Number of pages 44

Status Current

Last updated 12 Sep 2017
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

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