Kyrgyzstan - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

4G LTE network rollouts gain momentum in Kyrgyzstan

The telecommunications sector in Kyrgyzstan has been generally characterised by an open market that welcomes both foreign and domestic investors. However there also remains a culture of poor transparency in some aspects of corporate behaviour; this needs to be addressed if the telecoms market is to reach its full potential.

The number of fixed lines has been falling since 2011. The growth of the mobile market is the main driver of this fall. This decline is expected to continue over the next five years to 2022 however at a slower rate.

During 2012 to 2017 the internet penetration in Kyrgyzstan has been increasing steadily. Fixed broadband penetration continues to grow strongly but from a very small base. Moderate growth is predicted to continue over the next five years to 2022. Fixed broadband penetration rates will continue to be much lower in the long term than mobile broadband penetration rates as mobile networks will continue to dominate fixed line networks.

Although there are four mobile networks in operation, the market is dominated by the two operators – Sky Mobile (Beeline) and MegaCom – which between them continue to hold onto a major chunk of the total mobile subscriber base.

The mobile subscriber growth rate in 2017 was very low due to a mature mobile market. Further slow growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022. By that year the market will reach mobile subscriber penetration of over 130%.

Mobile broadband continues to grow strongly in Kyrgyzstan. The mobile broadband subscriber penetration has grown strongly driven by a mature mobile subscriber base and rollout of 4G LTE mobile networks. 4G networks now covers a significant proportion of the nation as the major mobile operators gain momentum in their rollout of these faster networks.

Key developments:

  • Legislation was passed mandating the launch of mobile number portability (MNP) in April 2018.
  • Internet penetration in Kyrgyzstan has been increasing steadily, reaching over 30%.
  • Mobile broadband continues to grow strongly.
  • The major mobile operators continue to rollout out 4G LTE mobile networks.
  • The number of fixed line is declining fairly quickly driven by rollout of mobile networks.
  • Table of Contents

    • 1. Executive summary
    • 2. Key Statistics
    • 3. Country overview
      • 3.1.1 Background
      • 3.1.2 Economy
      • 4. Telecommunications market
        • 4.2 Market Overview and Analysis
        • 4.3 Background
        • 4.4 Historical overview
          • 4.4.1 Government Projects
          • 4.4.2 MegaCom scandal
      • 5. Regulatory environment
        • 5.1 Regulatory authority
          • 5.1.1 Kyrgyz National Communications Agency
        • 5.2 Regulatory developments
          • 5.2.1 SIM registration
          • 5.2.2 Spectrum Auction
      • 6. Fixed network operators
        • 6.1 Kyrgyztelecom
          • 6.1.1 Privatisation of Kyrgyztelecom
        • 6.2 Others
      • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
        • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
          • 7.1.1 Fixed-line statistics
        • 7.2 International infrastructure
          • 7.2.1 Satellites
          • 7.2.2 Optical fibre cable systems
      • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
        • 8.1 Overview
        • 8.2 Internet development
        • 8.3 Internet statistics
        • 8.4 ISP market
        • 8.5 Broadband statistics
        • 8.6 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2017; 2019; 2022
          • 8.6.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
        • 8.7 Fixed-line broadband technologies
          • 8.7.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
          • 8.7.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 9. Mobile market
        • 9.1 Market Overview and Analysis
        • 9.2 Mobile statistics
        • 9.3 Mobile broadband
        • 9.4 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2017; 2019; 2022
        • 9.5 Mobile Regulatory issues
          • 9.5.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • 9.6 Digital networks
          • 9.6.1 Developments
          • 9.6.2 LTE
      • 10. Major mobile operators
        • 10.1 Operator Statistics
          • 10.1.1 MegaCom (BiMoCom Ltd)
          • 10.1.2 Sky Mobile (Beeline)
          • 10.1.3 Zheti Mobile / Aktel (background)
          • 10.1.4 Nur Telecom (O!)
          • 10.1.5 Katel
          • 10.1.6 KT Mobile
      • 11. Broadcasting
        • 11.1 Overview
        • 11.2 Broadcasting statistics
      • 12. Related reports
      • Table 1 – Country statistics Kyrgyzstan – 2017
      • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
      • Table 7 – Fixed lines in service, annual change and penetration – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 8 – Historic Fixed lines in service, annual change and penetration – 1991 - 2006
      • Table 9 – Internet users – 1998 - 2017
      • Table 10 – International internet bandwidth – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 11 – Households with internet – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 12 – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 13 – Forecast fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rates – 2012 - 2017; 2019; 2022
      • Table 14 – Historic - Cable modem subscribers – 2004 - 2015
      • Table 15 – Historic - DSL subscribers – 2003 - 2015
      • Table 16 – Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
      • Table 17 – Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration rate – 1998 - 2017
      • Table 18 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 19 – Forecast mobile subscribers and penetration rates – 2012 - 2017; 2019; 2022
      • Table 20 – Mobile operators – subscribers and market share – 2017
      • Table 21 – MegaCom subscribers – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 22 – Sky Mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 23 – Historic Sky Mobile - ARPU – 2005; 2011 - 2014
      • Table 24 – Historic - Aktel (Fonex) subscribers – 2007 – 2011; 2014
      • Table 25 – Nur Telecom (O!) - subscribers – 2013 - 2017
      • Table 26 – Key broadcasting statistics
      • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and penetration– 2007 - 2017
      • Chart 2 – Internet users – 2004 - 2017
      • Chart 3 – Forecast fixed broadband penetration rates - 2012 - 2017; 2019; 2022
      • Chart 4 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 – 2017
      • Chart 5 - Mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2017
      • Chart 6 – Forecast mobile penetration rates – 2012 - 2017; 2019; 2022
      • Chart 7 - Mobile operators – market share – 2017

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    Number of pages 39

    Status Current

    Last updated 20 Jul 2017
    Update History

    Lead Analyst: Phil Harpur

    Contributing Analysts:

    Peter Evans

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