France - Fixed Broadband Market - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

France has one of the largest broadband subscriber bases in Europe. Growth in recent years has been bolstered by demand for high bandwidth services, which has prompted considerable investment in fibre infrastructure among telcos and regional governments. This has been supported by regulatory measures which have promoted access to Orange’s copper and fibre infrastructure for new entrants, as well as a national broadband program which involves an investment of more than €20 billion.

DSL still dominates the broadband market in terms of access lines, though the number of DSL lines is falling as customers are migrated to fibre infrastructure. Fibre deployments have grown substantially in recent years, with all of the major ISPs concentrating their investments in the platform with a view to promoting 1Gb/s services. There efforts have been encouraged by the regulator which is keen to see effective competition in fibre access. By June 2019 there were 5.8 million fibre connections, and fibre accounted for 57.7% of all superfast broadband connections nationally.

Although the cable footprint only reaches about 40% of the population, the dominant cableco Altice has upgraded its network to compete with DSL and has itself entered the DSL and fibre markets. Altice intends to provide national fibre coverage by 2025.

This report assesses France’s fixed broadband market, focussing on cable, DSL and the fast-developing FttP/C sectors. It reviews the strategies of the principal providers such as Orange, Iliad and Altice (SFR Group), and considers the regulatory status of LLU and access to fibre infrastructure.

Key developments:

  • Government proposes new measures to fill gaps in broadband availability;
  • Altice increases footprint of its 1Gb/s FttP service;
  • DSL subscriber base continues to fall;
  • Success of fibre co-investment deals among operators;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to June 2019, operator data to Q2 2019, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Orange, Iliad (Free), Altice (SFR Group), Bouygues Telecom

Table of Contents

  • Introduction and statistical overview

    • Market analysis
    • Broadband statistics
    • Regulatory issues
      • Government support
  • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks

  • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

  • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks

    • Introduction
    • Statistics
    • Orange
    • Iliad (Free)
    • SFR Group
    • Bouygues Telecom
    • Municipal projects
    • Fibre network sharing
  • Other fixed broadband services

    • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
    • Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
      • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • WiMAX
      • WLAN/Wi-Fi
      • Internet via satellite
  • Appendix – Historic data

  • Related reports


List of Tables

  • Table 1 – Change in the number of broadband subscribers by platform – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 2 – Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Table 3 – Growth in the number of superfast broadband connections – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 4 – Increase in the number of superfast broadband connections (>100Mb/s) by platform – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 5 – Change in broadband penetration by technology – 2007 – 2018
  • Table 6 – Change in the number of superfast cable broadband subscriptions – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 7 – Decline in the number of DSL subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 8 – Drop in the number of Orange’s DSL subscriptions – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 9 – Development of Free’s broadband revenue – 2006 – 2019
  • Table 10 – Growth in the number of Free’s broadband subscriber base – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 11 – Free broadband subscriber ARPU – 2013 – 2019
  • Table 12 – Growth in the number of SFR’s broadband subscriber base, by type – 2005 – 2019
  • Table 13 – Increase in the number of SFR broadband homes passed – 2009 – 2019
  • Table 14 – Increase in the number of FttP equipped and passed buildings – 2008 – 2019
  • Table 15 – Increase in the number of FttP subscribers – 2011 – 2019
  • Table 16 – Increase in the number of Orange’s fibre subscribers and connected premises– 2006 – 2019
  • Table 17 – Increase in the number of Free’s fibre subscribers – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 18 – Increase in the number of Bouygues Telecom’s broadband and fibre subscribers – 2010 – 2019
  • Table 19 – FttP subscriptions via shared networks – 2015 – 2019
  • Table 20 – Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers – 2005 – 2015
  • Table 21 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 – 2015
  • Table 22 – Historic - Dial-up internet traffic – 2004 – 2014
  • Table 23 – Historic - Cable broadband subscribers – 2000 – 2017
  • Table 24 – Historic - DSL subscribers – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 25 – Historic - Broadband subscribers by platform – 2000 – 2009
  • Table 26 – Historic - Proportion of premises covered by superfast broadband networks – 2012 – 2017

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 – Change in the number of broadband subscribers by platform – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 2 – Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Chart 3 – Growth in the number of superfast broadband connections – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 4 – Increase in the number of superfast broadband connections (>100Mb/s) by platform – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 5 – Change in broadband penetration by technology – 2007 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Change in the number of superfast cable broadband subscriptions – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 7 – Decline in the number of DSL subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 8 – Drop in the number of Orange’s DSL subscriptions – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 9 – Development of Free’s broadband revenue – 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 10 – Growth in the number of Free’s broadband subscriber base – 2005 – 2019
  • Chart 11 – Growth in the number of SFR’s broadband subscriber base, by type – 2013 – 2019
  • Chart 12 – Increase in the number of SFR broadband homes passed – 2009 – 2019
  • Chart 13 – Increase in the number of FttP equipped and passed buildings – 2008 – 2019
  • Chart 14 – Increase in the number of FttP subscribers – 2011 – 2019
  • Chart 15 – Increase in the number of Orange’s fibre subscribers and connected premises– 2006 – 2019
  • Chart 16 – Increase in the number of Free’s fibre subscribers – 2015 – 2019
  • Chart 17 – Increase in the number of Bouygues Telecom’s broadband and fibre subscribers – 2010 – 2019

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 – Principal FttP and FttC (FttLA) deployments

Related Reports

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Licence Information

Focus Report Profile

Technologies

Broadband Fixed
Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 62

Status Current

Last updated 25 Oct 2019
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

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