Finland - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Finland’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Convergence and Digital Media;
  • Mobile subscriber and ARPU forecasts;
  • Broadband market forecasts for selective years to 2022.
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- August 2017 (16th Edition)

Executive Summary

Finland’s regulator preps for 3.5GHz auction for 5G services from 2018

Finland’s telecom market is among the more progressive in Europe, with considerable emphasis by operators to test-bed technologies, particularly in the mobile and broadband sectors. These efforts have been supported by the regulator which has provided additional spectrum for telecom services and is preparing spectrum auctions in two pioneer bands to enable mobile operators to trial 5G services from 2018.

As a result of these efforts the country enjoys among the highest broadband and mobile penetration rates in the region, with customers able to make use of the latest iterations of technologies including DOCSIS3.1, carrier aggregation with LTE-A, and GPON fibre infrastructure.

Finland has developed one of most advanced mobile markets in Europe, being among the first to launch 3G and LTE services and now in the forefront of 5G developments. The regulator in late 2016 auctioned spectrum in the 700MHz to extend the availability of LTE services nationally, while it also planned to make available to network operators spectrum in the 3.5GHz band by the end of 2018. This band is one of the pioneer bands which have been assigned for 5G across Europe. The Finnish vendor Nokia Networks is involved in trialling 5G technologies, mainly in cooperation with Elisa.

Growth in the number of mobile subscribers has slowed, in line with the high penetration, while the market has shifted to mobile data and mobile broadband. Although market competition and regulated tariffs and termination rates have put pressure on operator revenue, in June 2017 they successfully petitioned for a year’s extension to retail roaming tariffs after these were abolished across the European Union.

Finland’s high broadband penetration has been the result of astute regulatory measures which have encouraged market competition. Companies have also been keen to invest in new technologies in a bid to address demand for improved services among customers. The government has set demanding broadband delivery targets, and as of mid-2017 it was preparing targets to be achieved by 2025 and 2030. This would incorporate a mix of fixed-line and mobile technologies, with the former focussed on FttP and DOCSIS3.1 technologies and the latter on Gigabit LTE and 5G.

This report introduces the key aspects of the Finnish telecom market, providing data on the fixed network services sector together with an overview of important regulatory issues including interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. The major operators are profiled, while the telecoms infrastructure and fixed telephony services are also assessed. In addition the report covers the fixed and wireless broadband markets, together with developments in related technologies such as FttP, powerline broadband, wireless broadband, Wi-Fi and internet via satellite. It also provides broadband forecasts to 2022. Analyses of the mobile market are supported by the latest statistics, while the report also assesses the key regulatory issues and the development of emerging technologies including LTE and 5G.

Key developments:

  • Nokia launches key technologies for the Smart Tampere project;
  • Elisa expands its interest in Estonia with Starman acquisition;
  • Regulator concedes roaming charge extension to June 2018;
  • Telia expands LTE-A footprint;
  • DNA trials Gigabit LTE service using carrier aggregation technology;
  • Nokia and Telia trial NB-IoT using spectrum in the 800MHz band;
  • Nokia trialling 5G technologies;
  • Regulator prepares for 3.5GHz auction for mobile broadband use;
  • Elisa trials Nokia’s XGS-PON technology providing data at up to 10Gb/s;
  • Government prepares national broadband targets for 2025 and 2030;
  • DNA contracts Teleste to provide DOCSIS3.1 equipment;
  • Telia trials G.fast technology with Huawei;
  • DNA extends 1Gb/s fibre footprint to more than 600,000 households;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data update to December 2016, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q2 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telia Finland, Finnet Group, DNA, Elisa, TDC Finland, Tele2, Digita, Helsinki Television, Sonera Cable, Canal+, Yleisradio.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Historical overview
    • 2.2 Market analysis
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historic overview
      • 3.1.1 New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
      • 3.1.2 Revised NFR
    • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
    • 3.3 Privatisation of Telecom Finland
    • 3.4 Interconnect
    • 3.5 Access
    • 3.6 Number Portability (NP)
    • 3.7 Carrier preselection (CPS)
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Telia
    • 4.2 Finnet Group
    • 4.3 DNA
    • 4.4 Elisa Corporation
    • 4.5 TDC Finland
    • 4.6 Tele2
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 5.2 Next Generation Networks
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
    • 5.4 Smart metering
    • 5.5 Data centres
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 National Broadband Strategy
      • 6.1.3 Universal Service
      • 6.1.4 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.5 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
      • 6.2.1 DNA
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 6.3.1 Very High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
      • 6.3.2 G.fast
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • 6.5.2 Fixed wireless
  • 7. Digital media
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Business models – bundled services
    • 7.3 Digital TV
      • 7.3.1 Overview
      • 7.3.2 National licences
      • 7.3.3 Regional licences
      • 7.3.4 Digital dividend
      • 7.3.5 Videostreaming
      • 7.3.6 Cable TV
      • 7.3.7 Satellite-based digital pay-TV developments
      • 7.3.8 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
      • 7.3.9 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • 7.3.10 Interactive TV (iTV)
      • 7.3.11 Communications: VoIP, messaging, conferencing
  • 8. Mobile communications
    • 8.1 Market analysis
    • 8.2 Mobile statistics
      • 8.2.1 General statistics
      • 8.2.2 Operator market shares
      • 8.2.3 Mobile data
      • 8.2.4 Mobile broadband
      • 8.2.5 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
    • 8.3 Regulatory issues
      • 8.3.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 8.3.2 Roaming
      • 8.3.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 8.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 8.3.5 Network sharing
    • 8.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 8.4.1 Digital networks
      • 8.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
      • 8.4.3 Machine-to-Machine (M2)
      • 8.4.4 Internet of Things (IoT)
    • 8.5 Major mobile operators
      • 8.5.1 Telia
      • 8.5.2 DNA
      • 8.5.3 Elisa
      • 8.5.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 8.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 8.6.1 Location based services
      • 8.6.2 Mobile TV
      • 8.6.3 TETRA
      • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2016
      • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2016
      • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2016 (e)
      • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2016
      • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2016
      • Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
      • Table 8 – ARPU by sector – 2010 – 2015
      • Table 9 – Total telecom revenue – 2003 – 2015
      • Table 10 – Telecom service revenue by sector – 2009 – 2016
      • Table 11 – Market share telecom revenue by operator – 2012 – 2016
      • Table 12 – Telecom revenue: retail and wholesale – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 13 – Telecom investment by sector – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 14 – Telephony service price level change by sector – 2008 - 2015
      • Table 15 – Historic - Telia LLU accesses – 2006 - 2013
      • Table 16 – Average median LLU access pricing - copper – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 17 – Average median LLU access pricing - fibre pair – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 18 – Telia (Finland) revenue, EBITDA – 2012 - 2017
      • Table 19 – Telia (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 20 – Telia (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2017
      • Table 21 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 22 – DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 23 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 24 – Elisa fixed network subscribers by sector – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 25 – Elisa Group revenue by sector – 2004 – 2017
      • Table 26 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 27 – Historic - TDC Finland financial data – 2007 - 2014
      • Table 28 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2018
      • Table 29 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 - 2009
      • Table 30 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 31 – Broadband subscribers by platform; cable, DSL – 2000 - 2018
      • Table 32 – Housing corporation broadband subscribers (regulator data) – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 33 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 - 2016
      • Table 34 – Broadband connections by data rate – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 35 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 36 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 37 – Fixed broadband market share of subscribers by operator – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 38 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
      • Table 39 – DNA broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 40 – Elisa broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 41 – Telia internet and broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2017
      • Table 42 – Telia broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 43 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2018
      • Table 44 – WLAN subscribers – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 45 – Household TV reception by device – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 46 – TV and radio revenue – 2003 – 2016
      • Table 47 – IPTV subscribers – 2011 - 2018
      • Table 48 – Historic - Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 1995 - 2009
      • Table 49 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 50 – Telia cable TV subscribers – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 51 – Elisa cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 52 – DNA cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 53 – Historic - Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue – 1998 - 2009
      • Table 54 – Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 55 – Mobile network revenue – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 56 – Mobile network investment – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 57 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2009
      • Table 58 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 59 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 60 – Average mobile ARPU – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 61 – Active prepaid subscribers – 2011 - 2016
      • Table 62 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 63 – Mobile data traffic – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 64 – Annual growth in mobile data sent – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 65 – Mobile data subscriptions by type – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 66 – Proportion of mobile data subscriptions by speed (Mb/s) – 2014 - 2016
      • Table 67 – Historic - SMS messages sent and annual change – 1999 - 2009
      • Table 68 – SMS messages sent and annual change – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 69 – MMS messages sent and annual change – 2003 - 2016
      • Table 70 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 71 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
      • Table 72 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
      • Table 73 – European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 74 – Annual mobile numbers ported – 2003 - 2015
      • Table 75 – MTRs by operator – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 76 – M2M connections – 2012 - 2016
      • Table 77 – Telia Finland mobile financial data – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 78 – Telia Finland blended ARPU – 2003 - 2017
      • Table 79 – Telia Finland mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
      • Table 80 – DNA annualised monthly ARPU – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 81 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 82 – Elisa mobile financial data – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 83 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 84 – Elisa mobile operating statistics – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 85 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 - 2017
      • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue by sector – 2009 – 2016
      • Chart 2 – Telia (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2006 - 2017
      • Chart 3 – Telia (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2017
      • Chart 4 – DNA financial data – 2008 - 2017
      • Chart 5 – DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) – 2008 – 2017
      • Chart 6 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 – 2017
      • Chart 7 – Elisa cable TV and broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2017
      • Chart 8 – Elisa revenue by sector – 2004 - 2017
      • Chart 9 – Elisa Group financial data – 2008 - 2017
      • Chart 10 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 – 2018
      • Chart 11 – Internet users and penetration rate – 2003 - 2018
      • Chart 12 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rate – cable, DSL – 2002 - 2018
      • Chart 13 – Broadband market share of subscribers by operator – 2006 - 2016
      • Chart 14 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 2002 - 2018
      • Chart 15 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2018
      • Chart 16 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2018
      • Chart 17 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2016
      • Chart 18 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2017
      • Chart 19 – Elisa annualised ARPU – 2008 – 2017
      • Exhibit 1 – EU –NRF
      • Exhibit 2 – Access and the local loop
      • Exhibit 3 – Overview of digital media
      • Exhibit 4 – 700MHz auction results – 2016
      • Exhibit 5 – 2.6GHz auction results – 2009
      • Exhibit 6 – Sample 3G infrastructure suppliers in Finland

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