Egypt - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Egypt’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major players, revenue, subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Internet, VoIP, videostreaming;
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Convergence and Digital Media;
  • Mobile subscriber forecasts;
  • Mobile market forecasts for selective years to 2021.
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- October 2016 (15th Edition)

Executive Summary

Egypt’s regulator issues two unified licenses, prepping for LTE services

Supported by a population of more than 88 million, Egypt has one of the largest fixed-line and internet markets in Africa and the Arab region. There is also a large mobile market, with mobile penetration having reached 112% by late 2016. Although there is effective competition in most markets, the licensing regime still requires for development. One key development is the award of unified licences to allow operators to offer services in the fixed-line and mobile sectors. The incumbent telco Telecom Egypt, still majority owned by the State, secured one of the licenses on offer in August 2016 which allows it to offer LTE services. The three mobile network operators initially failed to bid for the remaining three licenses, which would have enabled them to enter the fixed-line market and provide fully convergent service offerings. This prompted the government to consider opening the bidding process to international operators, but shortly afterwards Orange Egypt secured a licence after having renegotiated its terms.

The country’s political crisis following the ‘Arab Spring’ revolution which began in 2011 adversely affected the telecom sector. Although revenue has remained stable, profit margins and capital expenditure have fallen due to a weaker local currency, especially since the beginning of 2013, and international investors have shown considerable caution. The government in recent months has endeavoured to secure billions of dollars in funding to develop technology parks and to extend broadband availability, and in the process to create jobs in ICT and rekindle international investor interest.

Efforts are underway to roll out next-generation networks, offering converged IP-based voice, data and entertainment services. Egypt is well connected by several international submarine fibre optic cables, while it also has an extensive national fibre backbone and some of Africa’s most vibrant FttP deployments.

Although Egypt was among the first countries in the region to launch 3G services, the development of LTE has suffered from delays. Nevertheless, Telecom Egypt in August 2016 received the country’s first unified services licence, which allows it to offer LTE services. A commercial launch is expected in the first quarter of 2017. Competition will be provided by Orange Egypt, while Vodafone Egypt and Etisalat Misr may also secured licences on more favourable terms.

The country’s extensive international bandwidth, together with considerable market competition, has meant that Egypt offers some of the lowest prices for DSL services on the continent. The three mobile network operators also offer mobile internet while each also hold stakes in local ISPs. The launch of LTE services will greatly enhance the capabilities of mobile broadband services in coming years.

This report outlines the major developments in the Egyptian telecom sector, including updated statistics and profiles of the operators, a review of regulatory measures, spectrum assignments and licensing. It also assesses market structure and competition issues, as well as the deployment of emerging technologies.

Key developments:

  • Telecom Egypt and Orange Egypt receive Unified Telecom Licence;
  • Orange Egypt, Vodafone, Telecom Egypt sign $2 billion infrastructure sharing deal;
  • Consortium signs contract to build the EA-ME-WE 5 cable;
  • Orange Egypt contracts NEC Corporation to provide microwave radio system for LTE traffic;
  • Vodafone sees subscriber recovery into 2016;
  • Telecom Egypt extends the reach of its fibre networks;
  • Continuing strong growth of DSL and mobile broadband;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to July 2016, telcos’ operational and financial data to Q2 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telecom Egypt., Orascom Telecom, Menatel, NilePhone, Raya Telecom, Zhone Technologies, NEC, Nortel Networks; Qualcomm, ZTE, Huawei Technologies, Orange Egypt (Mobinil, ECMS, Global Telecom Holding), Vodafone Egypt, Etisalat Misr, Thuraya, Iridium, Inmarsat, Alkan Communications, EgyptSat, MobiServe, Ericsson, Nokia Networks, Alcatel-Lucent, TE Data, EgyNet, LINKdotNET, Nile Online, Yalla, Equant, Noor, Vodafone Data (Raya Telecom), Menanet, Batelco, Soficom, Egypt Network, Internet Egypt, MenaNet, MenaSat, iSkySat, StormSat Egypt, PLC International, JumpTV.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Historical overview
    • 2.2 Market analysis
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historical overview
    • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
      • 3.2.1 Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
    • 3.3 New Regulatory Framework
    • 3.4 Telecommunications Master Plan
    • 3.5 Legislative reform
    • 3.6 Unified Telecom License (UTL)
    • 3.7 Telecom sector liberalisation
      • 3.7.1 International gateway licences
      • 3.7.2 International submarine cable licence
    • 3.8 Interconnection
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Telecom Egypt
      • 4.1.1 Privatisation of Telekom Egypt
      • 4.1.2 Network infrastructure
      • 4.1.3 Wireless local loop (WLL)
      • 4.1.4 Services
      • 4.1.5 Financial results
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 5.2 Public payphones
    • 5.3 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • 5.4 International infrastructure
      • 5.4.1 Terrestrial
      • 5.4.2 Submarine fibre
      • 5.4.3 Satellite
    • 5.5 IT developments
      • 5.5.1 Data service providers
      • 5.5.2 Data centres
      • 5.5.3 Internet gateways
      • 5.5.4 Cairo Regional Internet Exchange (CRIX)
      • 5.5.5 VSAT networks
    • 5.6 Smart infrastructure
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Free Internet project
      • 6.1.3 National Broadband Plan
      • 6.1.4 Public internet access locations
      • 6.1.5 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.6 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
    • 6.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 6.2.1 Vodafone Egypt
      • 6.2.2 EgyNet
      • 6.2.3 LINKdotNET
      • 6.2.4 Nile Online (NOL)
      • 6.2.5 TE Data
      • 6.2.6 Other ISPs
    • 6.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 6.4 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.4.1 Wireless broadband
      • 6.4.2 Broadband via satellite
      • 6.4.3 Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
  • 7. Digital media
    • 7.1 Videostreaming
    • 7.2 Communications
      • 7.2.1 VoIP
  • 8. Digital economy
    • 8.1 E-commerce
      • 8.1.1 E-commerce initiatives
    • 8.2 Information Highway Project
    • 8.3 E-government
    • 8.4 E-learning
    • 8.5 GLORIAD (Academic sector)
  • 9. Mobile communications
    • 9.1 Market analysis
    • 9.2 Mobile statistics
      • 9.2.1 General statistics
      • 9.2.2 Mobile data
      • 9.2.3 Mobile broadband
      • 9.2.4 Forecasts – mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • 9.3 Regulatory issues
      • 9.3.1 Third mobile licence
      • 9.3.2 Fourth mobile licence
      • 9.3.3 International gateways
      • 9.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTR)
      • 9.3.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 9.3.6 SIM card registration
      • 9.3.7 Infrastructure sharing
    • 9.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 9.4.1 Digital networks
      • 9.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
    • 9.5 Major mobile operators
      • 9.5.1 Orange Egypt (Mobinil, ECMS)
      • 9.5.2 Vodafone Egypt
      • 9.5.3 Etisalat Misr
    • 9.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 9.6.1 m-banking
    • 9.7 Mobile handsets
    • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2016
    • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table 7 – National telecommunications authorities
    • Table 8 – Average price for telecom services in Egypt – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 9 – Telecom Egypt fixed-line subscribers – 2014 - 2016
    • Table 10 – Telecom Egypt financial data – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 11 – Telecom Egypt fixed voice vs. data ARPU – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 12 – Telecom Egypt fixed line ARPU by sector – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 13 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 1995 - 2009
    • Table 14 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 15 – Public payphones by operator in Egypt – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 16 – International bandwidth in Egypt – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 17 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration in Egypt – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 18 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Egypt – 1999 - 2009
    • Table 19 – Internet users and penetration rate in Egypt – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 20 – Proportion of internet users by access technology in Egypt – 2009 - 2014
    • Table 21 – Dial-up internet subscribers in Egypt – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 22 – Fixed-line internet subscribers and penetration in Egypt – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 23 – Forecast broadband subscribers in Egypt – 2016; 2018; 2021
    • Table 24 – DSL subscribers in Egypt, total vs TE – 2002 - 2016
    • Table 25 – Vodafone Egypt broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 26 – Mobinil broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 27 – TE DSL subscribers – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 28 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 29 – Mobile market share of subscribers – 2014 - 2016
    • Table 30 – Mobile internet and USB internet connections (regulator data) – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 31 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 32 – Dedicated mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 - 2015
    • Table 33 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Egypt – 2016; 2018; 2021
    • Table 34 – Mobile numbers ported – 2008 - 2014
    • Table 35 – Mobinil subscribers – 2000 - 2016
    • Table 36 – Mobinil financial results (EGP) – 2002 - 2016
    • Table 37 – Mobinil financial results (€) – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 38 – Mobinil blended monthly ARPU (€) – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 39 – Vodafone Egypt financials (£) – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 40 – Vodafone Egypt financials (EGP) – 2015 - 2016
    • Table 41 – Vodafone Egypt mobile data traffic – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 42 – Vodafone Egypt subscribers – 2000 - 2016
    • Table 43 – Vodafone Egypt blended monthly ARPU – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 44 – Etisalat Misr financial data – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 45 – Etisalat Misr mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2016
    • Chart 1 – Telecom Egypt key performance indicators – 2003 – 2016
    • Chart 2 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt – 2005 - 2017
    • Chart 3 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration in Egypt – 2002 – 2017
    • Chart 4 – Internet users and penetration rate in Egypt – 2005 - 2017
    • Chart 5 – Fixed-line internet subscribers and penetration in Egypt – 2003 – 2017
    • Chart 6 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2017
    • Chart 7 – Mobinil financial results (EGP) – 2002 – 2016
    • Exhibit 1 – Major licences issued in Egypt – 2013
    • Exhibit 3 – Telecom Egypt’s mobile business: In and out and in again
    • Exhibit 4 – An analysis of Egypt’s third mobile licence valuation

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