Colombia - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

Colombia’s telecom infrastructure is reasonably well developed in the main business centres, where service availability is relatively high by regional standards. However, infrastructure remains poor in small urban centres and rural areas. The government has endeavoured to address this with a number of public programs, and has facilitated the entry of operators to the mobile market in a bid to improve competition and extend the availability of mobile broadband services nationally.

The main regulatory instruments in the telecom sector are the Convergence Decree and the ICT Law. The first sets out the rules attached to the Convergence Licence. It also requires telcos with dominant market position to provide wholesale services and unbundling. The second promotes universal access, ensures free competition and the efficient use of infrastructure and spectrum, and above all, it strengthens consumer protection.

The fastest growing sector is in mobile broadband based on LTE infrastructure, as well as fixed broadband in the cable and fibre markets. Fixed-line teledensity in Colombia is well below the Latin American average.

Colombia has about 20 local telephony providers, operating municipally, regionally, or nationally. Many of these started as private companies, but later became public concerns owned by their respective municipalities. The number of lines in service continues to fall steadily, with customers abandoning traditional phones in favour of mobile handsets. As in other Latin American countries, most of the existing fixed telephone lines are concentrated in the larger cities, leaving the rest of the population under-serviced.

This report provides an overview of Colombia’s telecom infrastructure and regulatory environment, together with profiles of the major fixed-line operators and a range of market statistics and analyses.

Key developments:

Bogotá’s plans to sell its 86.3% interest in the local telco ETB halted by a local court; Level 3 Communications announces plans for a new 400Gb/s spur to the SAC cable; Azteca completes 20,500km terrestrial cable connecting 80% of the country; new rules from the Communication Regulation Commission prevent telcos signing exclusive use agreements on infrastructure in buildings; América Móvil makes commercial use of its AMX-1 submarine cable; report update includes the regulator’s market data to March 2017, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Movistar/Telefónica, Claro (Telmex/Comcel), UNE-EPM, Emcali, Tigo, Avantel, Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Santa Fe de Bogotá (ETB), Emcali, Telebucaramanga, Telefónica de Pereira, Edatel.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Historical overview
    • 4.2 Market analysis
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historical overview
    • 5.2 Regulatory authorities
      • 5.2.1 Communications Regulations Commission (CRC, previously CRT)
      • 5.2.2 ANTV
    • 5.3 Convergence Decree
    • 5.4 The ICT Law of 2009
    • 5.5 Privatisation
    • 5.6 Telecom sector liberalisation
    • 5.7 Universal Service Fund
    • 5.8 Licensing
    • 5.9 Foreign investment
    • 5.10 Interconnect
    • 5.11 Access
    • 5.12 Number Portability (NP)
    • 5.13 Multicarrier system/Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
    • 5.14 Per-minute billing
    • 5.15 Subsidies
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 ETB
      • 6.2.1 Privatisation and merger plans
    • 6.3 Movistar (Telefónica Telecom/Colombia Telecom)
    • 6.4 UNE-EPM Telecomunicaciones
      • 6.4.1 Previous subsidiaries
      • 6.4.2 Edatel
      • 6.4.3 Telefónica de Pereira
    • 6.5 Claro (Telmex Colombia/América Móvil)
    • 6.6 Emcali
    • 6.7 Telebucaramanga
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 International infrastructure
      • 7.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 7.2.2 Satellite networks
      • 7.2.3 Terrestrial links
  • 8. Wholesale
  • 9. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Colombia – 2017 (e)
  • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2017 (Mar)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 6 – Regulatory authorities
  • Table 7 – Evolution of GDP in Colombia – 2000 - 2017
  • Table 8 – Historic - Fixed and mobile market share – 1998 - 2009
  • Table 9 – Fixed and mobile market share – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 10 – Telcom market revenue (COP) – 2000 - 2015
  • Table 11 – Telcom market revenue (US$ billion) – 2000 - 2015
  • Table 12 – Share of fixed lines in service (major operators) – 2000 - 2015
  • Table 13 – ETB share of subscriptions by services (Bogota) – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 14 – ETB – lines in service – 2000 - 2017
  • Table 15 – ETB revenue by service – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 16 – Movistar – fixed lines in service – 2000 - 2017
  • Table 17 – UNE – lines in service – 2000 - 2017
  • Table 18 – UNE – EPM financial data – 2015 - 2017
  • Table 19 – Claro fixed lines in service – 2000 - 2017
  • Table 20 – Claro revenue by sector – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 21 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1996 - 2009
  • Table 22 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
  • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service – market evolution at a glance – 2005 - 2018
  • Exhibit 1 – Map of Colombia

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Number of pages 33

Status Current

Last updated 30 Aug 2017
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

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Paul, Many thanks for your inputs yesterday. You provided a compelling different perspective to our traditional infrastructure focus and this is valuable for our future planning. I also had very favourable feedback from our participants on your involvement.

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