China - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in China’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the Telecoms Infrastructure, mobile, fixed broadband, Digital Media and Digital Economy sectors. Subjects include:
Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
Facts, figures and statistics;
Industry and regulatory issues;
Major players, revenues, subscribers, ARPU;
Broadband, VoIP, IPTV;
Mobile voice and data markets;
Broadband (FttH, DSL, wireless);
Digital Economy and Digital Media sectors eg e-Commerce and e-Payments;
Mobile and fixed broadband forecasts to 2022.
Researcher:- Phil Harpur Current publication date:- July 2017 (23rd Edition)
China moves towards a 5G future
The Chinese telecom market is the largest in the world in terms of subscribers and is undergoing transition. Mobile subscriptions outnumber fixed voice connections and voice is giving way to data as the primary revenue generator. China’s telecom market is served by three operators; China Telecom, China Unicom and China Mobile. All three are integrated providers of telecom services although China Mobile is the largest in the crucial mobile market.
China’s fixed-line market is in decline due to voice mobile substitution although the two main fixed-line operators of China Telecom and China Unicom have aggressively deployed and marketed fibre broadband to increase the value of maintaining a fixed-line. Fixed line penetration has dropped significantly over the past five years. This trend is predicted to continue over the next five years to 2022 driven by the growing adoption of mobile broadband.
China's telecommunications development has generally been driven by investments from government-allied entities. However, the Chinese government has chosen a minimal intervention approach in broadband development.
Although some government funding is spent on universal service, a major strategy of the Chinese government has been to create a competitive market structure by restructuring the telecommunications sector.
China possesses the largest broadband subscriber base in the world, with the majority of users accessing the Internet through mobile devices. Broadband makes up the majority of fixed Internet connections given dial-up comprises less than 2% of total fixed Internet connections.
Unlike the US market, where cable internet access plays a prominent role in developing the fixed broadband market, DSL was the initial driving force behind fixed broadband growth in China, followed later by EPON fibre and now GPON fibre.
The government's Broadband China Plan aims to provide nationwide broadband access with speeds of at least 50 Mbps in urban areas and 12 Mbps in rural areas by 2020. Fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) coverage is close to 90% in cities in most provinces. Moderate fixed broadband growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022. Fibre broadband adoption will continue to dominate the market.
China’s online audience is growing wealthier due to ongoing urbanisation. As a consequence China’s online audience is increasingly willing to spend online, a trend encouraged by the government as it seeks to balance the economy away from an overreliance on building infrastructure and exporting goods towards domestic consumption.
Although China boasts the largest mobile market in the world, there is still much room for growth given the relatively recent focus on large scale LTE investment. All three mobile network operators are focused on deploying LTE networks and monetizing such investments by enticing end users to upgrade to higher ARPU LTE products such as mobile broadband.
Mobile broadband has seen very strong growth in China over the past five years. Slower growth is predicted for the next five years to 2022 in a fast maturing market. China has emerged as one of the most aggressive countries promoting 5G. The major Chinese internet companies will lead the way in introducing advanced consumer services based on 4K and 8K videos, as well as augmented and virtual reality technologies, on the new 5G networks.
Fixed line penetration has dropped significantly over the past five years.
China’s government strengthens IOT policies to boost economic growth.
China’s government further opens the telecom market to private companies.
China possesses the world’s largest M2M market.
Broadband has become the key revenue generator for China’s three telcos.
Fibre has overtaken DSL to become the key fixed broadband technology platform.
Mobile is the most popular Internet access method in China.
Increasing focus on mobile apps by China’s digital media giants.
China has emerged as one of the most aggressive countries promoting 5G.
Key companies mentioned in this report:
China Mobile; China Telecom; China Unicom, Apple, Alibaba, JD.com, Baidu, Tencent, SINA, Weibo, Sohu, Xiaomi, Meilishuo, Mogujie, RenRen, V.QQ.com, BesTV
Table of Contents
1. Key statistics
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Market overview and analysis
2.2 Historical overview
2.2.1 Background of China’s telecom market – 1980s and 1990s
2.2.2 Background of China’s telecom market – 2000-2007
2.2.3 Overview of China’s telecom market – 2008-2012
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 Historic overview
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.2.1 Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)
3.2.2 China Internet Network Information Centre
3.3 Government policies
3.3.1 Private investment in state-controlled industries
3.3.2 Broadband China
3.3.3 Three-network Convergence Policy
3.3.4 Internet Plus
3.3.5 IOT / M2M
3.4 Telecommunications Regulations
3.6.1 Local calls and domestic long distance calls
3.6.2 International long distance calls
3.6.3 Internet backbone networks
3.7 Tariff Setting
3.8 Universal Service Obligation
4. Competition issues
4.1 New Telecommunications Licenses
5. Fixed network operators
5.2 China Telecom
5.2.1 Company overview
5.2.2 China Telecom: Financial statistics
5.2.3 China Telecom: Operations statistics
5.3 China Unicom
5.3.1 Company overview
5.3.2 China Unicom: Financial statistics
5.3.3 China Unicom: Operations statistics
5.4 China Mobile
5.5 China Tower
5.6 CITIC Networks
6. Telecommunications infrastructure
6.1 Overview of the national telecom network
6.2 New developments
6.3 International infrastructure (satellite, submarine)
6.3.1 Terrestrial and submarine cable infrastructure
6.3.2 Satellite infrastructure
6.3.3 International Internet bandwidth
6.4 Specific IT developments (data centres, cloud computing)
As you know, I have resigned from the Labor Ministry and have decided not to re-contest the seat of Charlton at the next election – both for personal reasons.
Before leaving Parliament, I particularly wish to record my thanks to you for your generous and constructive participation in the deliberations that generated significant economic policy reforms for the Australian community. Continuous economic transformation is a key challenge that faces all Governments.
The development of sound public policy should always be contestable. Ultimately, good and equitable outcomes are not concessions to any particular interest group, but the careful balancing of interests to create the greatest possible benefit for the nation. You have contributed to that, and I sincerely thank you for it.
Greg Combet, Former Minister for Climate Change, Industry and Innovation