Brazil - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Brazil’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- December 2018 (17th Edition)

Executive Summary

Brazil gains further increases in bandwidth

The Brazilian fixed-line market in recent years has been adversely affected by consumers substituting services for mobile and VoIP solutions. The number of fixed lines continues to fall slowly, despite gains in the VoIP sector. Internet connectivity in Brazil is provided by a number of submarine cables to the USA, Central and South America, Africa and the Caribbean. New cable systems are due to come into service which will increase bandwidth and push down broadband prices for end-users. Investments are ongoing into extensive terrestrial cables between Brazil, Argentina and Chile which will connect to the EllaLink cable and provide a link between Sao Paulo and both Lisbon and Madrid.

The bulk of the telecom market is divided between a few key operators, including Telefónica Brasil, América Móvil’s local unit Claro, and Oi. Operators have had to contend with a harsh economic environment which has reduced consumer discretionary spend.

Brazil has one of the largest mobile markets in Latin America. All four major mobile operators (Telefónica’s Vivo, Claro Brasil, TIM Brasil and Oi) are expanding their LTE networks to capitalise on consumer demand for mobile data services. LTE by late 2018 provided near universal pop coverage. Investment is ongoing in 5G, while the government has also made available spectrum in the 700MHz band (previously allocated to TV broadcasters) for mobile broadband. About 70% of this spectrum had been released by broadcasters by late 2018.

The mobile subscriber base grew rapidly for a number of years, in line with the increasing footprint of mobile networks, but since late 2015 the subscriber base has fallen steadily. This has partly been due to operators cancelling dormant SIM cards, as also to pricing competition which eroded the need among some consumers to hold SIM cards from different providers so take advantage of cheaper on-net offers.

Brazil also has one of the largest broadband markets in the region, though broadband penetration is average. Oi is the leading broadband network operator, closely followed by Net and Vivo. The fibre segment has shown the strongest growth during the last two years, reflecting efforts among providers to extend their networks. Telefónica in particular has an extensive investment program and is exploiting its experience in developing fibre infrastructure in Spain.

This report provides a review of Brazil’s telecom market including infrastructure and the regulatory environment. It also profiles the main fixed-line operators and provides relevant statistics and analyses. The report in addition reviews the fixed and fixed-wireless broadband segments, accompanied by market statistics, analyses and subscriber forecasts. The mobile voice and data markets are also examined, including assessments on operator strategies and the development of emerging technologies.

Key developments:

  • TIM Brasil acquires the MVNO Porto Seguro Conecta;
  • Nextel closes down its iDEN network;
  • Algar Telecom launches LTE-A services;
  • Vodafone Brazil rebrands as ARQIA;
  • EU and Brazil sign cooperation agreement to develop 5G technologies;
  • GlobeNet and Facebook start laying the 2,500km Malbec cable;
  • SAIL submarine cable running between Brazil and Cameroon completed;
  • Government approves an additional R$15.1 billion for National Broadband Plan;
  • Oi to invest R$24 billion through to 2019 in LTE and fibre infrastructure;
  • Net Serviços launches a 500Mb/s service for the residential market;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to September 2018, operator data to Q3 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telefônica Brasil/Vivo, TIM Brasil, Claro, Oi, Nextel Brasil, CTBC/Algar Telecom,; Sercomtel Celular, Vodafone Brazil/ARQIA, Embratel, GVT, Universo Online (UOL), Net Serviços de Comunicação, Intelig, Neovia, Eletropaulo Telecom, Copel, BuscaPé, Global Crossing, Star One, TelesatBrasil, Hispamar, Telebrás, Intelig.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Historical overview
    • 2.2 Market analysis
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Regulatory developments
    • 3.2 General Plan for Updating Telecom Regulations (PGR)
    • 3.3 Regulatory authority
      • 3.3.1 Anatel
    • 3.4 Privatisation of Telebrás
    • 3.5 Telecom sector liberalisation in Brazil
    • 3.6 General Competition Plan
    • 3.7 Concessions and authorisations
    • 3.8 Mirror companies
    • 3.9 Universal service goals
    • 3.10 Government telecom funds (Fust, Fistel, and Funttel)
    • 3.11 Number Portability (NP)
    • 3.12 Access
    • 3.13 Interconnection
    • 3.14 Fixed-line contract renewal – 2006
    • 3.15 Fixed-line contract renewal – 2011
  • 4. Fixed network operators
    • 4.1 Overview of fixed network market
    • 4.2 Oi (Telemar)
    • 4.3 Vivo (Telefônica Brasil)
    • 4.4 Embratel (Claro)
    • 4.5 Global Village Telecom (GVT)
    • 4.6 TIM Brasil
    • 4.7 CTBC/Algar Telecom
    • 4.8 Sercomtel
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 National telecom network
      • 5.1.1 Fixed-line statistics
    • 5.2 International infrastructure
      • 5.2.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 5.2.2 Satellite networks
    • 5.3 Infrastructure developments
      • 5.3.1 Amazon cable
      • 5.3.2 Very small aperture terminal (VSAT) networks
    • 5.4 Smart infrastructure
      • 5.4.1 Smart meters/smart grids
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.3 Forecasts – fixed broadband market 2018; 2020; 2022
      • 6.1.4 Digital inclusion and GESAC
      • 6.1.5 National broadband plan
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Fixed wireless
  • 7. Mobile communications
    • 7.1 Market analysis
    • 7.2 Mobile statistics
      • 7.2.1 General statistics
      • 7.2.2 Mobile data
      • 7.2.3 Mobile broadband
      • 7.2.4 Forecasts – mobile market - 2018; 2020; 2022
    • 7.3 Regulatory issues
      • 7.3.1 Mobile spectrum allocation and concession areas
      • 7.3.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 7.3.3 Roaming
      • 7.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 7.3.5 Network sharing
      • 7.3.6 Tower infrastructure
    • 7.4 Mobile infrastructure
      • 7.4.1 Analogue networks
      • 7.4.2 Digital networks
      • 7.4.3 Other infrastructure developments
    • 7.5 Mobile Network Operators (MNOs)
      • 7.5.1 Introduction
      • 7.5.2 Vivo (Telefónica Brasil)
      • 7.5.3 TIM Brasil
      • 7.5.4 Claro Brazil
      • 7.5.5 Oi
      • 7.5.6 Nextel Brasil
      • 7.5.7 CTBC/Algar Telecom
      • 7.5.8 Sercomtel Celular
      • 7.5.9 Unicel/Aeiou (defunct)
      • 7.5.10 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 7.6 Mobile content and applications
      • 7.6.1 M-commerce
      • 7.6.2 M-banking
    • 7.7 Mobile handsets
    • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Brazil – 2018 (e)
    • Table 2 – Evolution of GDP in Brazil – 2000 - 2018
    • Table 3 – Telecommunications revenue – 2000 - 2018
    • Table 4 – Proportion of telecom revenue by segment – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 5 – Telecom revenue by segment – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 6 – Telecommunications investment – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 7 – Proportion of telecom investment by segment – 2000 - 2014
    • Table 8 – Fixed lines in service – operators’ market share – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 9 – Oi revenue by service – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 10 – Oi EBITDA, capex (Brazil) – 2012- 2018
    • Table 11 – Oi – fixed lines in service – 1999 - 2018
    • Table 12 – Vivo – fixed lines in service – 1999 - 2018
    • Table 13 – Claro Brazil – fixed lines in service – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 14 – Claro Brazil – fixed-line RGUs – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 15 – Claro Brazil – fixed-line revenue – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 16 – Vivo (GVT) financial data (historic) – 2012 - 2014
    • Table 17 – Vivo (GVT) revenue by service (historic) – 2012 - 2013
    • Table 18 – Vivo (GVT) – fixed lines in service (historic) – 2006 - 2015
    • Table 19 – TIM Brasil – fixed lines in service – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 20 – Algar Telecom – fixed lines in service – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 21 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2009
    • Table 22 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 23 – International internet bandwidth – 2004 - 2016
    • Table 24 – Historic - Internet users and penetration – 1998 - 2009
    • Table 25 – Internet users and penetration – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 26 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 - 2018
    • Table 27 – Internet access market share by platform – 2005 - 2015
    • Table 28 – Share of fixed/fixed wireless broadband subscriptions by platform – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 29 – Broadband operators’ market share – 2003 - 2018
    • Table 30 – Fixed broadband connections by speed – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 31 – Forecast broadband subscribers –2019; 2021, 2023
    • Table 32 – Average broadband access speed (download) – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 33 – Cable modem subscribers and penetration – 2001 - 2018
    • Table 34 – DSL subscribers and penetration – 2001 - 2018
    • Table 35 – Oi – broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2018
    • Table 36 – Net – broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2018
    • Table 37 – Vivo – broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2018
    • Table 38 – GVT – broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2015
    • Table 39 – TIM Brazil broadband subscribers – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 40 – Algar Telecom broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2018
    • Table 41 – Telefónica/Vivo FttP homes passed and connected – 2008 - 2015
    • Table 42 – Telefónica/Vivo FttP/C connections – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 43 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2018
    • Table 44 – Wi-Fi hotspots in service – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 45 – Satelite broadband connections – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 46 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1997 - 2009
    • Table 47 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010- 2018
    • Table 48 – Mobile prepaid/postpaid ratio – 2003 - 2018
    • Table 49 – Evolution of mobile ARPU in Brazil – major operators – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 50 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2018
    • Table 51 – Average mobile broadband speed – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 52 – Mobile broadband accesses by major operator – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 53 – Mobile broadband accesses by minor operator – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 54 – Mobile broadband market share by operator – 2009 – 2018
    • Table 55 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • Table 56 – Annual mobile numbers ported – 2008 - 2016
    • Table 57 – Mobile market share by technology – 2004 - 2018
    • Table 58 – LTE subscribers – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 59 – LTE subscribers by operator – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 60 – LTE subscriber market share by operator – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 61 – LTE geographic and population coverage by operator – 2017
    • Table 62 – Vivo LTE subscribers and penetration – 2015 - 2018
    • Table 63 – Vivo mobile data traffic – 2015 - 2018
    • Table 64 – 3G municipal coverage – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 65 – 3G subscribers and market share of all mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2018
    • Table 66 – GSM subscribers – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 67 – M2M terminals – 2008 – 2018
    • Table 68 – Mobile operators’ market share of subscribers – 2002 - 2018
    • Table 69 – LTE subscriber market share by operator – 2014 – 2017
    • Table 70 – Vivo mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
    • Table 71 – Vivo/Telemig– mobile subscribers (historic) – 2002 - 2007
    • Table 72 – Historic - Vivo mobile revenue (R$) – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 73 – Vivo financial data (€) – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 74 – TIM Brasil – mobile financial data – 2009 - 2018
    • Table 75 – TIM Brasil – mobile financial data (€) – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 76 – TIM Brasil – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
    • Table 77 – Claro Brazil mobile revenue – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 78 – Claro Brazil – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
    • Table 79 – Oi mobile revenue – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 80 – Oi – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
    • Table 81 – Oi/Amazônia/BrT – mobile subscribers –2002 - 2008 (historic)
    • Table 82 – NII Holdings mobile revenue (R$) – 2011 - 2015
    • Table 83 – Nextel Brazil revenue ($) – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 84 – Nextel Brazil – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2018
    • Table 85 – Nextel Brazil – mobile subscribers by type – 2015 - 2018
    • Table 86 – Algar Telecom mobile revenue – 2009 - 2018
    • Table 87 – Algar Telecom mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2018
    • Table 88 – Sercomtel – mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2018
    • Table 89 – MVNO subscribers – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 90 – Port Seguro mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 91 – ARQIA mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 92 – Handset and smartphones sales – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 93 – Domestic mobile handset production – 2003 – 2014
    • Chart 1 – Evolution of telecom revenue in Brazil – 2010 - 2018
    • Chart 2 – Telecom revenue by segment – 2005 – 2017
    • Chart 3 – Oi revenue by service – 2012 - 2018
    • Chart 4 – Evolution of fixed lines in service – 2005 - 2018
    • Chart 5 – Internet users and penetration – 2005 – 2018
    • Chart 6 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2005 – 2018
    • Chart 7 – Broadband market share at a glance – 2003 - 2018
    • Chart 8 – Cable modem subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2018
    • Chart 9 – DSL subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2018
    • Chart 10 – Evolution of Brazil’s mobile subscriber base – 2005 - 2018
    • Chart 11 – Evolution of mobile ARPU in Brazil – major operators – 2009 – 2017
    • Chart 12 – Mobile operators’ market share of subscribers – 2002 – 2018
    • Chart 13 – Vivo financial data (€) – 2013 – 2018
    • Chart 14 – TIM Brasil – mobile financial data – 2009 – 2018
    • Exhibit 1 – Map of Brazil
    • Exhibit 2 – Regions and states of Brazil
    • Exhibit 3 – Regions and states of Brazil
    • Exhibit 4 – Regions and States of Brazil
    • Exhibit 5 – Atlantic Cable System – planned
    • Exhibit 6 – Geostationary satellites operating in Brazil
    • Exhibit 7 – Regions and states of Brazil
    • Exhibit 8 – Subdivision of Brazil into regions and areas
    • Exhibit 9 – H-band for 3G services – lots, areas, and spectrum winners
    • Exhibit 10 – Bands for 4G services – blocks, winners, and price/MHz/population
    • Exhibit 11 – LTE TDD deployments
    • Exhibit 12 – LTE deployments
    • Exhibit 13 – 700MHz auction results - 2014
    • Exhibit 14 – 1800MHz, 1900MHz, 2.5GHz auction bids – December 2015
    • Exhibit 15 – 3G network launches by operator – 2007 - 2008
    • Exhibit 16 – Subdivision of Brazil into regions and areas for mobile licensing
    • Exhibit 17 – Vivo – concessions
    • Exhibit 18 – TIM Brasil – concession awards for frequency bands A, B, D, E
    • Exhibit 19 – Claro Brazil – concessions
    • Exhibit 20 – Oi – concession awards for frequency bands A, D, E, M

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