Asia - Fixed Telecommunications Infrastructure

Publication Overview

The Asian market has been continuing its long run of overall strong growth and to support this there has obviously been a correspondingly strong development of infrastructure. This report looks at the fixed telecoms infrastructure in a broad selection of markets – both developed and developing – right across the region. Markets covered include:

Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, East Timor, Georgia, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Macau, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam.

Researcher:- Peter Evans
Current publication date:- March 2014 (17th Edition)

Executive Summary

Asia’s booming mobile and broadband sectors are quietly underpinned by the region’s all-important fixed infrastructure

The changing nature of the telecom market has had a major impact on the approach to investment in infrastructure. With shifting revenue patterns across the market segments and falling ARPUs on many services, operators became considerably more selective about what they actually invest in. Telecom operators throughout Asia have been adjusting investment levels on the back of carefully considered investment strategies. This has seen companies shifting business focus, looking for new ways to add value to existing revenue streams; it has also seen a strong desire to leverage new value from infrastructure that is already in place. This has especially been the case with mobile network moving increasingly to support mobile broadband services and newer generations of mobile technologies.

The governments of Asian nations have long recognised – some earlier than others – that there needed to be some encouragement of private sector investment to meet the demand for the all-important capital needed in the telecom sector. At the same time, it was also generally well recognised that this strategy could not rely on local investment alone, and would inevitably mean a substantial level of foreign investment. Of course, despite this recognition, there has inevitably been some resistance within some administrations to opening up the telecom sector to foreign investors and as a consequence the level of ‘encouragement’ across the region has been variable.

The initial round of substantial investment in telecom infrastructure in Asia was in fixed telephone networks. Over a number of decades the regional economies were progressively building their often quite substantial fixed-line national networks. These fixed networks were in time followed by the building of mobile networks. In many of the developing nations of the region, the building of fixed-line infrastructure was not far advanced before it was overwhelmed by the introduction of mobile infrastructure. This created the phenomenon of ‘substitution’ in many of the markets of Asia (where mobile services perform the function of the limited, or even non-existent, fixed telephone services.) Nevertheless, despite the unevenness in disposition, fixed infrastructure has been and continues to be an important component in the overall development of the region’s telecom sector. Coming into 2014 there were an estimated 500 million fixed-line subscribers in Asia; this was down from a peak of around 570 million in 2009; of course, fixed-line numbers are considerably less than the more than 3 billion mobile subscribers to be found in the region. Whilst the fixed line numbers have gone into an overall decline, in some markets the numbers have continued to increase. Overall, it is anticipated that the decline will continue for a few more years before the market ‘levels off.’

As already suggested, the focus of infrastructure building has been shifting. There has been a major push to upgrade domestic telecoms networks to Next Generation Networks (NGNs). This process has seen large scale investment by Asia’s leading telecoms markets in new-generation IP-based telecommunications networks. At the same time there has been a major surge in infrastructure building as mostly developed economies roll out National Broadband Networks (NBNs). These networks come in various ‘shapes and sizes’ as governments work with operators to tackle the strategic challenge of delivering high speed to the nation. Not surprisingly the NBNs rely heavily upon fibre; in some cases it is Fibre to the Premises (FttP), while in others it might be Fibre to the Node (FttN). And the cost varies accordingly. Those countries that have government backing for NBN roll-out are generally the ones that have been setting the pace.

In addition to the national networks, international connectivity remains central to the overall effectiveness of the region’s telecommunications services. Submarine cable routes criss-cross the Asia Pacific area, providing both intra-regional and inter-regional networks. This sector of the market has been characterised by widely fluctuating supply and demand, which in turn has seen somewhat erratic investment strategies. Submarine projects are subject to this boom and bust market phenomena, with planned projects commonly being delayed or abandoned, consortia being reshaped, etc. In fact, over-supply of capacity has been common in the Asian market. More recently investments have been less speculative and more focused on predicted growth. In the meantime, new submarine cable projects continue being proposed and the cables installed throughout the region. As Asia’s broadband usage surged, a major effort went into managing the shortfall in capacity between Asia and the US. At the same time there has been a shift away from the heavy reliance on the US as a hub for data traffic and this has inevitably resulted in a further change in focus.

As the demand for wholesale services continues to rise in Asia, still driven in the short term by voice, but rapidly being overtaken by data, there has been a boom in IP-based services, with the volume of international Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) traffic into and out of Asia having increased at a rapid rate at the expense of the traditional International Direct Dial (IDD) traffic.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table of Contents

  • 1. Statistical Overview
  • 2. Afghanistan
    • 2.1 Overview
      • 2.1.1 Background
      • 2.1.2 Post-2001
      • 2.1.3 Fixed-line statistics
      • 2.1.4 National network - background
      • 2.1.5 Local Fixed Services Plan (LFSP)
      • 2.1.6 Optical fibre backbone
      • 2.1.7 Telecommunication Development Fund (TDF)
      • 2.1.8 Satellite services
      • 2.1.9 Satellite project
    • 2.2 Infrastructure projects
      • 2.2.1 Globecomm contracts
      • 2.2.2 Noori Fiber Tech project
      • 2.2.3 AWCC’s microwave ring
  • 3. Armenia
    • 3.1 National
    • 3.2 International
  • 4. Azerbaijan
    • 4.1 National telecom network
      • 4.1.1 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 4.2 International infrastructure
      • 4.2.1 Azerbaijan’s satellites
      • 4.2.2 Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) cable network
      • 4.2.3 Europe Persia Express Gateway (EPEG)
  • 5. Bangladesh
    • 5.1 National telecom network
      • 5.1.1 Fibre optic networks
      • 5.1.2 Grameen Telecom’s Village Project
    • 5.2 International infrastructure
      • 5.2.1 International Gateways
      • 5.2.2 Satellite networks
      • 5.2.3 Submarine cable connectivity
  • 6. Bhutan
    • 6.1 National telecom network
      • 6.1.1 Overview
      • 6.1.2 Fixed-line statistics
      • 6.1.3 Universal Service Fund (USF)
      • 6.1.4 Rural communications programs
      • 6.1.5 Very Small Aperture Terminals (VSATs)
      • 6.1.6 E-Shabtog
      • 6.1.7 National optical fibre network
      • 6.1.8 Remote communities
    • 6.2 International infrastructure
  • 7. Brunei Darussalam
    • 7.1 National telecom network
      • 7.1.1 Public payphones
      • 7.1.2 GSM payphones
      • 7.1.3 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH)
    • 7.2 International infrastructure
      • 7.2.1 Trans-Borneo Optical Cable Network
      • 7.2.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 7.2.3 Satellite networks
    • 7.3 Infrastructure developments
      • 7.3.1 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
      • 7.3.2 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
  • 8. Cambodia
    • 8.1 National telecom network
    • 8.2 Optical fibre networks
    • 8.3 Mobile towers
    • 8.4 Fixed-line operators
      • 8.4.1 Telecom Cambodia
      • 8.4.2 Viettel
      • 8.4.3 Digi
    • 8.5 International infrastructure
      • 8.5.1 Greater Mekong Subregion Information Superhighway (GMS-IS)
      • 8.5.2 Cambodian-Vietnamese Super Highway Telecoms Network
      • 8.5.3 Proposed submarine cable
  • 9. China
    • 9.1 Infrastructure developments in China
    • 9.2 International infrastructure
      • 9.2.1 Terrestrial and submarine cable infrastructure
      • 9.2.2 Satellite infrastructure
    • 9.3 Smart grids
      • 9.3.1 Electricity growth projections for China
      • 9.3.2 Smart grids – China investments
      • 9.3.3 State Grid Corporation
  • 10. Georgia
    • 10.1 National telecom network
      • 10.1.1 Wireless local loop (WLL)
    • 10.2 International infrastructure
  • 11. Hong Kong
    • 11.1 National Infrastructure
      • 11.1.1 Fixed-line and mobile phones
      • 11.1.2 Fixed telecommunications services – background
      • 11.1.3 Digital 21 IT Strategy
    • 11.2 FttB/FttH building registration scheme
    • 11.3 International Infrastructure
      • 11.3.1 Submarine cable networks
  • 12. India
    • 12.1 National infrastructure
      • 12.1.1 Overview
      • 12.1.2 Statistics
      • 12.1.3 Background to network development
      • 12.1.4 Infrastructure sharing
      • 12.1.5 Rural and regional networks
      • 12.1.6 Fibre optic cable projects
      • 12.1.7 National optical fibre network
      • 12.1.8 Wireless Local Loop (WLL) - background
    • 12.2 Infrastructure developments
      • 12.2.1 IP networks
      • 12.2.2 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
    • 12.3 International infrastructure
      • 12.3.1 Background
      • 12.3.2 Interconnect agreements
      • 12.3.3 India-Pakistan
      • 12.3.4 International service disruption
      • 12.3.5 Submarine cable networks
      • 12.3.6 Satellite communications
  • 13. Indonesia
    • 13.1 National infrastructure
      • 13.1.1 Overview
      • 13.1.2 Background to development
      • 13.1.3 Fixed-line statistics
      • 13.1.4 Infrastructure development
      • 13.1.5 Joint operating service (KSO) ventures – five-zone plan
      • 13.1.6 Rural telephony
      • 13.1.7 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 13.1.8 Telecom towers
    • 13.2 International infrastructure
      • 13.2.1 International gateway exchanges
      • 13.2.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 13.2.3 Satellite networks
  • 14. Japan
    • 14.1 Infrastructure developments in Japan
      • 14.1.1 Overview
      • 14.1.2 Stimulus package for ICT infrastructure
    • 14.2 Fixed-network market
      • 14.2.1 Market background
      • 14.2.2 MYLINE Carrier Selection Service (CSS)
    • 14.3 International infrastructure
      • 14.3.1 Submarine cables
      • 14.3.2 Satellite
    • 14.4 Other infrastructure development
      • 14.4.1 Data centres
      • 14.4.2 Cloud computing
      • 14.4.3 High-speed fibre
      • 14.4.4 Smart grid
      • 14.4.5 Earthquake damage: March 2011
      • 14.4.6 Smart city project for Tsunami-effected cities in Japan
      • 14.4.7 Solar power projects
      • 14.4.8 Internet exchange points
  • 15. Kazakhstan
    • 15.1 National
      • 15.1.1 Overview
      • 15.1.2 IP-based services
      • 15.1.3 Next Generation Network (NGN) development
      • 15.1.4 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
    • 15.2 International infrastructure
      • 15.2.1 Trans Asia-Europe (TAE)
      • 15.2.2 Satellite networks
      • 15.2.3 KazSat satellite series
  • 16. Kyrgyzstan
    • 16.1 National telecom network
      • 16.1.1 Overview
      • 16.1.2 Fixed-line statistics
    • 16.2 International infrastructure
      • 16.2.1 Satellites
      • 16.2.2 Optical fibre cable systems
  • 17. Laos
    • 17.1 National telecom network
      • 17.1.1 Overview
      • 17.1.2 Fixed-line statistics
      • 17.1.3 Optical fibre network
    • 17.2 International infrastructure
      • 17.2.1 Terrestrial cable links
      • 17.2.2 Asian Development Bank Backbone Telecommunications Network
      • 17.2.3 Proposed satellite system
  • 18. Macau
    • 18.1 National Infrastructure
    • 18.2 International Infrastructure
  • 19. Malaysia
    • 19.1 Overview
    • 19.2 National telecom network development
      • 19.2.1 Fixed-line networks
      • 19.2.2 Sharing / leasing of infrastructure
      • 19.2.3 Fibre optic backbones
      • 19.2.4 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • 19.3 High-Speed Broadband (HSBB) network
      • 19.3.1 Telekom Malaysia’s HSBB project
      • 19.3.2 Other HSBB proposals
    • 19.4 International infrastructure
      • 19.4.1 International gateways
      • 19.4.2 Malaysia-Thailand
      • 19.4.3 Submarine cable networks
      • 19.4.4 Submarine system developments
      • 19.4.5 Proposed submarine cable networks
      • 19.4.6 Asia-Pacific Gateway (APG) cable
      • 19.4.7 Satellite networks
    • 19.5 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
  • 20. Maldives
    • 20.1 National telecom network
      • 20.1.1 Domestic satellite service
    • 20.2 International infrastructure
      • 20.2.1 Satellite networks
      • 20.2.2 Submarine cable networks
  • 21. Mongolia
    • 21.1 National telecom network
      • 21.1.1 Rural services
    • 21.2 Fixed-line statistics
    • 21.3 Wireless local loop statistics
    • 21.4 International infrastructure
    • 21.5 Satellite program
    • 21.6 Satellite band usage in Mongolia
    • 21.7 Chronological data of ICT developments in Mongolia
  • 22. Myanmar
    • 22.1 National infrastructure
      • 22.1.1 Background
      • 22.1.2 Fixed-line statistics
      • 22.1.3 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 22.1.4 National backbone network
    • 22.2 International infrastructure
      • 22.2.1 Overview
      • 22.2.2 Satellite networks
  • 23. Nepal
    • 23.1 National telecom network
      • 23.1.1 Overview
      • 23.1.2 Nepal East West SDH project
    • 23.2 International infrastructure
      • 23.2.1 Overview
      • 23.2.2 Proposed satellite
    • 23.3 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
  • 24. North Korea
    • 24.1 National telecom network
      • 24.1.1 North-South connections
    • 24.2 International infrastructure
      • 24.2.1 Satellite networks
    • 24.3 Kwangmyongsong 3-2 Satellite
  • 25. Pakistan
    • 25.1 National telecom network
      • 25.1.1 Overview
      • 25.1.2 Fixed line statistics
      • 25.1.3 Opening up of market
      • 25.1.4 Rural services
      • 25.1.5 Universal Service Fund (USF)
      • 25.1.6 Mobile services
      • 25.1.7 Fibre optic networks
      • 25.1.8 Broadband networks
      • 25.1.9 Payphones and Public Call Offices (PCOs)
      • 25.1.10 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 25.1.11 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
      • 25.1.12 Backhaul
    • 25.2 International infrastructure
      • 25.2.1 International gateways
      • 25.2.2 Pakistan-India link
      • 25.2.3 Submarine cable networks
      • 25.2.4 Satellite networks and systems
    • 25.3 Infrastructure developments
      • 25.3.1 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
  • 26. Philippines
    • 26.1 Philippines and Typhoon Haiyan (known locally as Typhoon Yolanda)
      • 26.1.1 The Typhoon
      • 26.1.2 Aftermath
    • 26.2 Infrastructure Overview
    • 26.3 National infrastructure
      • 26.3.1 Overview
      • 26.3.2 Fixed-line statistics
      • 26.3.3 Globe Telecom’s national fixed-line licence
    • 26.4 Background: Service Area Scheme (SAS)
    • 26.5 National fibre optic networks
      • 26.5.1 Background
      • 26.5.2 Developments – 2012 / 2013
    • 26.6 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
      • 26.6.1 PLDT
      • 26.6.2 ETPI
    • 26.7 International infrastructure
      • 26.7.1 International gateways
      • 26.7.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 26.7.3 Satellite systems
    • 26.8 Infrastructure developments
      • 26.8.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 26.8.2 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
      • 26.8.3 Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) services
  • 27. Singapore
    • 27.1 National telecom network
      • 27.1.1 Overview
      • 27.1.2 Fixed-mobile convergence (FMC)
    • 27.2 Next Generation National Infocomm Infrastructure (Next Gen NII)
    • 27.3 International infrastructure
      • 27.3.1 Submarine cable networks
      • 27.3.2 Submarine cable systems under construction
      • 27.3.3 Flag Telecom
      • 27.3.4 Satellite networks
    • 27.4 Infrastructure developments
      • 27.4.1 International services
      • 27.4.2 IP networks
  • 28. South Korea
    • 28.1 National submarine cable infrastructure
    • 28.2 International submarine cable infrastructure
    • 28.3 Satellite infrastructure
    • 28.4 Internet infrastructure
      • 28.4.1 Internet eXchange (IX)
      • 28.4.2 South Korea registered domains
      • 28.4.3 IPv6
      • 28.4.4 South Korea international internet bandwidth
    • 28.5 Smart grids
      • 28.5.1 Smart grid: new laws
      • 28.5.2 Smart grid stages: 2010 - 2030
      • 28.5.3 Five smart grid implementation areas
      • 28.5.4 Jeju Island
    • 28.6 Smart cities
      • 28.6.1 New Songdo City
      • 28.6.2 Busan
  • 29. Sri Lanka
    • 29.1 Overview
    • 29.2 National telecom network
    • 29.3 Fixed-line statistics
    • 29.4 Infrastructure development
      • 29.4.1 STL’s role
      • 29.4.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • 29.4.3 Fibre optic networks
      • 29.4.4 National Backbone Network (NBN)
      • 29.4.5 Payphones
      • 29.4.6 Numbering plan
      • 29.4.7 Internet Protocol (IP) networks
    • 29.5 International infrastructure
  • 30. Taiwan
    • 30.1 Market overview
    • 30.2 Fixed network operators’ market share
    • 30.3 Submarine cable networks
    • 30.4 Satellite networks
  • 31. Tajikistan
    • 31.1 National and international
    • 31.2 Infrastructure developments
      • 31.2.1 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
  • 32. Thailand
    • 32.1 National telecom network
      • 32.1.1 Overview
    • 32.2 Fixed-line network
      • 32.2.1 Background
      • 32.2.2 Statistics
      • 32.2.3 Public payphones
    • 32.3 Next Generation Network (NGN)
    • 32.4 International infrastructure
      • 32.4.1 Overview
      • 32.4.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 32.4.3 Submarine cable systems under construction or proposed
      • 32.4.4 Satellite networks
  • 33. Timor Leste
    • 33.1 National infrastructure
    • 33.2 International infrastructure
      • 33.2.1 Satellite networks
      • 33.2.2 Submarine cable
  • 34. Turkmenistan
    • 34.1 National and international
      • 34.1.1 Fibre optic networks
  • 35. Uzbekistan
    • 35.1 National telecom network
      • 35.1.1 Fibre optic cables
    • 35.2 Satellite communications
  • 36. Vietnam
    • 36.1 National telecom network
      • 36.1.1 Overview
      • 36.1.2 Background to development
      • 36.1.3 Payphones
      • 36.1.4 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
      • 36.1.5 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
    • 36.2 National infrastructure projects and equitisation
      • 36.2.1 SK Telecom
    • 36.3 International infrastructure
      • 36.3.1 Background to development
      • 36.3.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 36.3.3 Satellite networks
      • Table 1 – Fixed-line subscribers in Asia by country – 2009 – 2014
      • Table 2 – Fixed-line penetration in Asia by country – 2009 – 2014
      • Table 3 – Top fifteen countries in Asia by fixed-line subscription numbers – 2009 – 2014
      • Table 4 – Top fifteen countries in Asia by fixed-line penetration – 2009 – 2014
      • Table 5 – Afghanistan – Historical - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 1994; 2000 - 2004
      • Table 6 – Afghanistan – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 7 – Afghanistan – Fixed wireless (WLL) subscribers – 2011 - 2012
      • Table 8 – Afghanistan – Fixed-line subscribers – wireline and wireless - 2012
      • Table 9 – Armenia – Historical - Fixed lines in service, annual change and teledensity – 1991 - 2004
      • Table 10 – Armenia – Fixed lines in service, annual change and teledensity –2005 - 2013
      • Table 11 – Azerbaijan – Historical - Fixed lines in service, annual growth and teledensity – 1995 - 2004
      • Table 12 – Azerbaijan – Fixed lines in service, annual growth and teledensity – 2005 - 2012
      • Table 13 – Bangladesh – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 14 – Bangladesh optical fibre network - 2011
      • Table 15 – Village Phones in Bangladesh – 1998 – 2007; 2010 - 2011
      • Table 16 – Bhutan – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 17 – Brunei – Fixed line subscribers and penetration rate – 1990; 1995; 2000 - 2013
      • Table 18 – Cambodia – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 19 – China main indicators of telecommunications capacity – June 2013
      • Table 20 – Georgia – Fixed lines in service, annual change and penetration – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 21 – Georgia – Fixed subscribers – by technology type – March 2012
      • Table 22 – Hong Kong – Fixed line versus mobile subscriptions and penetration rates – 1998 - 2014
      • Table 23 – Hong Kong – Fixed-line telephony subscribers – 2000 – 2013
      • Table 24 – Hong Kong – External fixed-line telephone traffic volume in minutes – 1997 – 2012
      • Table 25 – Hong Kong – IP telephony subscribers – 2007 - 2013
      • Table 26 – Hong Kong – Digital 21 Strategy – key indicators – April 2013
      • Table 27 – External telecommunications facilities capacity of Hong Kong – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 28 – India – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 29 – India – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) – 1995 - 2005
      • Table 30 – India – Growth of VPT scheme – 2001 - 2012
      • Table 31 – India – PCOs in operation – 2003 - 2012
      • Table 32 – India – PCOs in operation and market share by operator – 2012
      • Table 33 – India – Fixed WLL subscribers (historical) – 2004 - 2006
      • Table 34 – Indonesia – Fixed-line subscribers, annual change and teledensity – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 35 – Indonesia – Fixed lines subscribers and annual change by operator – March 2013
      • Table 36 – Indonesia – Fixed wireless v. wireline subscribers – March 2013
      • Table 37 – Indonesia – Planned five-year USO deployment of lines for villages – 2006 - 2010
      • Table 38 – Indonesia – Fixed-wireless (WLL) subscribers – 2003; 2007 - 2013
      • Table 39 – Indonesia – Fixed-wireless (WLL) subscribers by operator – March 2013
      • Table 40 – Indonesia – PT Telkom’s fixed wireless subscribers – 2003 - 2013
      • Table 41 – Indonesia – PT Telkom fixed-line wireless subscribers - prepaid v. postpaid – 2012
      • Table 42 – Indonesia – PT Telkom fixed-line subscribers - wireless v. wireline – 2012
      • Table 43 – Japan – MYLINE subscribers – 2002 - 2014
      • Table 44 – Japan – MYLINE operator market share – February 2012
      • Table 45 – Japan – MYLINE operator market share – December 2013
      • Table 46 – Japan – International internet bandwidth – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 47 – Selected cloud computing investments in Asia
      • Table 48 – Cloud computing services market in Japan forecasts – 2010 - 2015
      • Table 49 – Kazakhstan – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 – 2013
      • Table 50 – Kazakhstan – Fixed-line subscribers in urban areas – 2009 – 2013
      • Table 51 – Kyrgyzstan – Fixed lines in service, annual change and teledensity – 1991 - 2013
      • Table 52 – Laos – Fixed lines in service – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 53 – Laos – WLL (fixed) subscribers – 2004 - 2012
      • Table 54 – Laos – Fibre network by operator – 2012
      • Table 55 – Macau – Fixed-lines and teledensity – 1985 - 2014
      • Table 56 – Macau – Fixed-line subscribers – residential v. business – December 2013
      • Table 57 – Malaysia – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 58 – Malaysia – Fixed-line household penetration rate – 2000 - 2013
      • Table 59 – Maldives – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 60 – Maldives – Fixed-line subscribers by region – February 2013
      • Table 61 – Mongolia – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1990, 1995 – 2013
      • Table 62 – Mongolia – Local fixed-line telephone traffic – 1997 – 2009
      • Table 63 – Mongolia – Wireless local loop (WLL) lines in service – 2003 – 2011
      • Table 64 – Mongolia – L and S band usage – July 2012
      • Table 65 – Mongolia – C band usage – July 2012
      • Table 66 – Mongolia – Ku band usage – July 2012
      • Table 67 – Myanmar – Fixed-line subscribers, penetration and annual change – 1988, 1990, 1995 - 2013
      • Table 68 – Nepal – Fixed-lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 69 – Nepal – Fixed WLL subscribers – 2006; 2008 - 2013
      • Table 70 – Nepal – Fixed-line subscribers – wireline and WLL – 2010 - 2013
      • Table 71 – North Korea – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1990; 2000; 2005; 2010
      • Table 72 – Pakistan – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1991 - 2014
      • Table 73 – Pakistan – Fixed wireline subscribers – 2004 - 2013
      • Table 74 – Pakistan – Fixed wireline v. fixed wireless (WLL) subscribers – 2004 - 2013
      • Table 75 – Pakistan – Fixed wireline subscribers by operator and market share – June 2012
      • Table 76 – Pakistan – Growth in Public Call Offices (PCOs) – 1999 - 2009
      • Table 77 – Pakistan – WLL subscribers – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 78 – Pakistan – Fixed-line (wireless) subscribers by operator – September 2012
      • Table 79 –Philippines – Historical - Fixed lines in service and penetration – 1994 - 2004
      • Table 80 – Philippines – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2005 – 2014
      • Table 81 – Philippines – Fixed lines – proportion of urban and residential subscribers – 2007 - 2012
      • Table 82 – Philippines – Historical - Fixed lines installed versus lines in operation – 1995 - 2004
      • Table 83 – Philippines – Fixed lines installed versus lines in operation – 2005 - 2013
      • Table 84 – Philippines – Fixed lines - installed and subscribers by operator - 2012
      • Table 85 – Philippines – Total lines installed by operator by SAS target date
      • Table 86 – Singapore – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 1998 - 2013
      • Table 87 – Singapore – Overview of fixed-line subscribers – June 2013
      • Table 88 – South Korea – Registered .kr domains – 1993 - 2013
      • Table 89 – South Korea – Number of IPv4 and IPv6 addresses – 1997 - 2013
      • Table 90 – South Korea – International bandwidth – 1997 - 2013
      • Table 91 – South Korea – Smart grid investment to 2015
      • Table 92 – Sri Lanka – Fixed lines in service, annual change and teledensity – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 93 – Sri Lanka – Fixed subscribers – wireline and wireless (WLL) - 2009 - 2013
      • Table 94 – Sri Lanka – WLL subscribers – 1996 - 2013
      • Table 95 – Taiwan – Fixed network operators – market share by revenue – 2012
      • Table 96 – Taiwan – Chunghwa Telecom fixed subscribers and market share – 2004 - 2012
      • Table 97 – Tajikistan – Fixed lines in service, annual growth and teledensity – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 98 – Thailand – Fixed lines and teledensity – 1995 - 2013
      • Table 99 – Thailand – Estimated fixed-line subscribers by operator – 2011
      • Table 100 – Thailand – Estimated fixed-line subscribers – metro vs provincial – 2011
      • Table 101 – Thailand – Public payphones in service – 2004 - 2012
      • Table 102 – Thailand – Public payphones by provider – 2011
      • Table 103 – Timor Leste – Fixed line subscribers, annual change and penetration – 1995; 1998 - 2000; 2003 - 2014
      • Table 104 – Turkmenistan – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1991 – 2013
      • Table 105 – Uzbekistan – Fixed lines in service, annual growth and teledensity – 1991 - 2013
      • Table 106 – Vietnam – Fixed line subscribers and penetration – 1990 – 2013
      • Chart 1 - Afghanistan – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity - 2005 - 2013
      • Chart 2 - Afghanistan – Fixed-line subscribers - wireline and wireless - 2012
      • Chart 3 – Armenia – Fixed lines in service, annual change and teledensity - 2005 - 2013
      • Chart 4 – Azerbaijan – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2001 – 2013
      • Chart 5 – Bangladesh fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2000 - 2013
      • Chart 6 - Bhutan – Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000-2013
      • Chart 7 - Brunei – Fixed line subscribers and penetration rate - 2000 – 2013
      • Chart 8 - Cambodia – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2006-2013 (e)
      • Chart 9 - Georgia – Fixed lines in service, annual change and penetration - 2007 – 2013
      • Chart 10 - Georgia – Fixed subscribers by technology type - March 2012
      • Chart 11 – Hong Kong fixed-line and mobile subscribers – 1995 - 2014
      • Chart 12 – Hong Kong fixed-line telephony subscribers – 2000 - 2013
      • Chart 13 – Hong Kong IP telephony subscribers – 2007 - 2013
      • Chart 14 - India – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2005 - 2013
      • Chart 15 - India – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) – 1995 - 2005
      • Chart 16 – India – PCOs in operation and market share by operator - 2012
      • Chart 17 - Indonesia – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2005 - 2013
      • Chart 18 – Japan – International bandwidth – 2005 – 2013
      • Chart 19 - Kazakhstan – Fixed lines in service and annual change - 2000-2013 (e)
      • Chart 20 - Kyrgyzstan – Fixed lines in service, annual change and teledensity - 2000-2013
      • Chart 21 - Laos – Fixed lines in service - 2005 - 2013
      • Chart 22: Macau – Fixed and mobile subscribers: 2000 - 2014
      • Chart 23 - Malaysia – Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 – 2013
      • Chart 24 - Maldives – Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 – 2013
      • Chart 25 - Maldives – Fixed line subscribers by region - February 2013
      • Chart 26 – Mongolia – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1998 – 2014
      • Chart 27 - Myanmar – Fixed-line subscribers and annual change - 2000 – 2013
      • Chart 28 - Nepal – Fixed lines in service and annual change 2000 - 2013
      • Chart 29 - Pakistan – Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2001-2014
      • Chart 30 - Pakistan – Fixed wireline vs. fixed wireless subscribers - 2004-2013
      • Chart 31 - Pakistan – Growth in Public Call Offices - 1999-2009
      • Chart 32 - Pakistan – WLL subscribers by operator and market share - September 2012
      • Chart 33 - Philippines – Fixed lines in service and annual change - 2005 – 2014
      • Chart 34 - Philippines – Fixed line operators - market share - 2012
      • Chart 35 - Singapore – Fixed lines in service and penetration - 2000-2013
      • Chart 36 - Sri Lanka – Fixed lines in service and annual change – 2000 - 2013(e)
      • Chart 37 - Sri Lanka – Fixed subscribers - wireline and WLL - 2009-2013
      • Chart 38 - Tajikistan – Fixed lines in service, annual growth and teledensity - 2000-2013
      • Chart 39 – Thailand – Fixed and mobile subscribers – 1999 - 2010
      • Chart 40 - Thailand – Fixed lines and teledensity - 2000-2012
      • Chart 41 - Thailand – Public payphones in service - 2004-2011
      • Chart 42 - Timor Leste – Fixed line subscribers and penetration - 2003 – 2014
      • Chart 43 - Turkmenistan – Fixed lines in service and annual change 2000-2013
      • Chart 44 - Uzbekistan – Fixed lines in service, annual growth and teledensity – 2001 - 2013
      • Chart 45 – Vietnam – Fixed line subscribers and annual change – 2005 - 2013
      • Exhibit 1 – Major submarine cables with landing points in Brunei - 2012
      • Exhibit 2 – China – Regional/international fibre optic cable networks: Augusy 2013
      • Exhibit 3 – Selected Chinese satellite service providers and satellites
      • Exhibit 4 – China Satcom satellite fleet
      • Exhibit 5 – Major submarine cables with landing points in Hong Kong – 2013
      • Exhibit 6 – International submarine cable systems with landing points in India - 2012
      • Exhibit 7 – India – ISRO satellite network – September 2012
      • Exhibit 8 – Indonesia – Palapa Ring Project – specification of rings
      • Exhibit 9 – Indonesian satellites – 2012
      • Exhibit 10 – Japan – Major members of MYLINE Carriers Association – February 2012
      • Exhibit 11 – Japan – Major global/regional submarine cables with landing point in Japan - 2014
      • Exhibit 12 – Kazakhstan – Construction of the National Information Highway (NIH) backbone
      • Exhibit 13 – International submarine cable systems with landing points in Malaysia - 2013
      • Exhibit 14 – Chronological events of ICT developments in Mongolia – 1921 – 2011
      • Exhibit 15 – Philippines – Major submarine cables with landing points in the Philippines - 2011
      • Exhibit 16 – International submarine cable systems with landing points in Singapore – 2013
      • Exhibit 17 – National submarine fibre optic cables overview in South Korea
      • Exhibit 18 – International submarine fibre optic cables overview in South Korea
      • Exhibit 19 – KOREASAT satellite status
      • Exhibit 20 – South Korea – Interconnection status by IX - 2011
      • Exhibit 21 – South Korea – Smart grid implementation areas
      • Exhibit 22 – South Korea – Phased implementation plan of Jeju Smart Grid: 2010 - 2013
      • Exhibit 23 – Major global/regional submarine cables with landing point in Taiwan – 2013
      • Exhibit 24 – Thailand – Submarine cable networks - 2012
      • Exhibit 25 – Thaicom’s satellite network – June 2013

Related Reports

Annual Publication Profile

Technologies

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Number of pages 265

Status Current

Last updated 26 Mar 2014
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Analyst: Peter Evans

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