Vietnam - Mobile Infrastructure - Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Synopsis

As competition presents more challenging market conditions, Vietnam’s mobile operators are steadily building their subscriber bases. Into 2016 the once ‘hot’ Vietnam mobile market had cooled somewhat and the rate of subscriber growth had eased considerably. The exact disposition of the market was not totally clear as the authorities and other sources issued a range of conflicting statistics. In early 2016, based on the best data, the reported number of mobile subscribers had passed 137 million.

Vietnam’s mobile market has grown strongly over the last decade, evidence that the competition model the government has put in place, although with some limitations, has been working. At the same time, demand for new mobile services appeared to have dropped and growth had generally slowed. There has been a gradual shift to value added services, with the arrival of 3G and 3G+ and ahead of the launch of 4G.

The highly competitive nature of Vietnam’s mobile segment is due in no small part to it being opened up to new players, importantly including some with no involvement of the state-owned VNPT. With the operators very keen to remain competitive and at least maintain market share, the overcrowded market will inevitably rationalise; that process has begun with the takeover of EVN Telecom by Viettel and the cancellation of S-Fone’s telco licence. As with most other Asian mobile markets, growth in Vietnam was boosted by the early introduction of prepaid mobile services and prepaid remains a vital component of the business today.

In this report we provide an overview of the country’s mobile market and the major operators; the report also includes a range of relevant statistics plus scenario forecasts for mobile subscriber growth.

Key developments:

  • Vietnam’s mobile market is still growing, but at a more modest rate than a few years back;
  • although the 3G network rollout had been successfully implemented, subscriber numbers were substantially lower than expected;
  • the regulator had authorised operators to launch trial 4G/LTE networks and that was happening;
  • the MIC was preparing to licence 4G/LTE services in 2016 with operators expecting to launch 4G in early 2017;
  • MobiFone had been hived off from VNPT and was operating independently;
  • Vinaphone has been relaunched as a fresh subsidiary of VNPT and was taking an aggressive position in the market;
  • the MIC had revoked the licences of service providers for failure to roll out networks in time;
  • Viettel was continuing to expand its overseas ventures, with some ambitious plans announced.

Companies mentioned in this report:

VNPT; Vinaphone; Mobifone; Viettel; S-Fone; EVN Telecom (acquired by Viettel); Vietnamobile (Hanoi Telecom); Gmobile (formerly Beeline).

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Market overview and analysis
  • 3. Mobile Statistics
    • 3.1 General statistics
      • 3.1.1 Operational
      • 3.1.2 Operators
      • 3.1.3 Financials
    • 3.2 Forecasts – mobile services – 2016; 2017; 2020
      • 3.2.1 Scenario forecasts
      • 3.2.2 Notes on scenario forecasts
    • 3.3 Mobile Data
      • 3.3.1 Overview
      • 3.3.2 SMS and MMS
    • 3.4 Mobile Broadband Statistics
  • 4. Regulatory Issues
    • 4.1 Numbering
    • 4.2 Registration of prepaid services/SIM cards
    • 4.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
  • 5. Mobile infrastructure
    • 5.1 Digital networks
      • 5.1.1 GSM and CDMA
      • 5.1.2 3G
      • 5.1.3 4G / LTE
  • 6. Major Mobile Operators
    • 6.1 Operators
      • 6.1.1 Overview
      • 6.1.2 International
    • 6.2 VNPT
      • 6.2.1 Overview
      • 6.2.2 Restructure
    • 6.3 MobiFone
      • 6.3.1 Overview
      • 6.3.2 Proposed IPO
      • 6.3.3 Development of 3G
      • 6.3.4 Preparing for 4G
    • 6.4 VNPT-Vinaphone
      • 6.4.1 Overview
      • 6.4.2 Development of 3G
      • 6.4.3 Preparing for 4G
    • 6.5 Viettel
      • 6.5.1 Overview
      • 6.5.2 Development of 3G
      • 6.5.3 Preparing for 4G
      • 6.5.4 International business
    • 6.6 Vietnamobile (formerly Hutchison Vietnam/HT Mobile)
      • 6.6.1 Overview
      • 6.6.2 Transition from CDMA to GSM
      • 6.6.3 Operational statistics
    • 6.7 Gmobile (formerly Beeline)
      • 6.7.1 Vimpelcom’s exit
    • 6.8 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
  • 7. Mobile Content and Applications
    • 7.1 M-Commerce
    • 7.2 M-Banking
      • 7.2.1 Overview
      • 7.2.2 International remittances
    • 7.3 Mobile Apps
    • 7.4 Other m-content
  • 8. Mobile Handsets
    • 8.1.1 Handset market
    • 9. Related reports
    • Table 1 – Historical - mobile subscribers – 1995 - 2005
    • Table 2 – Mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2016
    • Table 3 – Mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2015 (alternative version)
    • Table 6 – Mobile operators – networks and total subscribers – 2014
    • Table 7 – Mobile operators – networks and total subscribers – 2015
    • Table 8 – Mobile subscribers and market share by operator - 2014
    • Table 9 – Mobile subscribers and market share by operator - 2015
    • Table 10 – Mobile services revenue – 2003 - 2015
    • Table 11 – Mobile services sector estimated ARPU – 1998 - 2015
    • Table 12 – Forecast mobile subscribers and penetration rates – 2016; 2017; 2020
    • Table 13 – Total international internet bandwidth – 2003 - 2015
    • Table 15 – Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 17 – 3G mobile subscribers by operator – 2014
    • Table 18 – Historical - VNPT subscribers – 1998 – 2014
    • Table 19 – MobiFone subscribers – 1998 - 2015
    • Table 20 – MobiFone’s 3G subscribers – 2012 - 2015
    • Table 21 – Vinaphone subscribers – 1998 - 2015
    • Table 22 – Vinaphone: 3G subscribers – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 23 – Viettel subscribers – 2004 - 2015
    • Table 24 – Viettel’s 3G subscribers – 2012 - 2015
    • Table 25 – Historical - HT Mobile (CDMA) subscribers – 2006 - 2009
    • Table 26 – Vietnamobile (GSM) subscribers – 2009 - 2015
    • Table 27 –Vietnamobile’s 3G subscribers – 2012 - 2015
    • Table 28 – Gmobile (Beeline) subscribers – 2009 - 2015
    • Chart 1 – Mobile subscribers and annual change – 2006 - 2016
    • Chart 2 – Mobile market share by operator – 2015
    • Chart 3 – Mobile services revenue – 2003 - 2015
    • Chart 4 – VNPT subscribers – 2005 - 2014

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