Supported by a large population, Poland retains one of Eastern Europe’s more significant markets for digital media services. Strong competition exists both between platforms as well as between operators. The number of operators suggests that further market consolidation is inevitable: the merger between Cyfra+ and n is indicative of continuing market dynamics. This report profiles Poland’s digital economy and digital TV market, covering market developments and major companies in the broadband, cable, terrestrial and satellite pay TV sectors.
Cyfrowy Polsat acquires a majority stake in Polkomtel; bundled services taken by 2.4 million customers; Orange Poland sells EmiTel for PLN1.7 billion; Netia buys Aster’s former infrastructure from UPC Poland; Orange Poland launches multi-platform TV service; National Broadcasting Council awards licences for the final four channels on the first multiplex; Aster merges with UPC Poland; Cyfra+ merges with digital TV platform ITI Neovision; Multimedia Polska cancels proposed sale; incumbent predicts phase-out of single-play fixed-line telephony by 2015; first analogue TV transmitters switched off; TVP begins DVB-T2 trial; report update includes the regulator’s 2014 market data report, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q4 2015, recent market developments.
Companies mentioned in this report:
UPC Polska, Vectra, Multimedia Polska, Aster, Cyfra+, Cyfrowy Polsat, N/TNK, Orange Poland (Telekomunikacja Polska), TVP.
Poland has taken steps to develop a knowledge-based society. Both businesses and governments have been instrumental in creating the online content and services that make up the internet economy.
Legislation enacted to support the internet economy has mostly been done so to implement EU directives, and includes:
- Act on Computerisation of the Operations of the Entities Performing Public Tasks;
- Act on Access to Public Information;
- Act on the Protection of Personal Data (transposes EU Directive 95/46/EC);
- Act on Providing Services by Electronic Means (transposes EU Directive 2000/31/EC);
- Act on the Protection of Certain Services Provided by Electronic Means based on, or relying on, conditional access (transposes EU Directive 98/84/EC);
- Act on Electronic Payment Instruments (transposes EU Directive 2000/46/EC);
- Act on Electronic Signatures (transposes EU Directive 1999/93/EC);
- Public Procurement Law (transposes EU Directives 2004/17/EC and 2004/18/EC);
- Act on Access to Public Information (transposes EU Directive 2003/98/EC).
One of the earliest online initiatives, e-commerce has evolved in line with rising broadband usage. A growing trend is the rise of auction portals, which account for approximately 60% of all internet sales. Major online auctions portals include Allegro.pl, Swistak.pl and eBay.
The rise in e-commerce has created demand for online payment systems. Available online payment platforms include PayPal, DotPay, Platnosci.pl, Przelewy24 and PayU.
In 2012 the regulator signed an agreement on co-financing the ‘Construction of the e-Services platform’ project with the Implementing Authority for European Programmes. The project is budgeted at PLN24 million.
Government initiatives for the internet economy have been focused on providing services to citizens, businesses, and other government organisations online in the hope of capturing benefits such as improved efficiency, convenience, and better accessibility of public services.
National e-government policy/strategy development and coordination is the responsibility of the Polish Ministry of Interior and Administration, the Council of Ministers' Committee for Computerisation and Communications, and the Council for Computerisation. National e-government policy/strategy implementation is the responsibility of the Polish Ministry of Interior and Administration as well as the Ministry of Infrastructure.
Development of e-government in Poland is centred on three projects, Electronic Platform of Public Administration Services (ePUAP), PESEL and PL.ID. Launched in early 2008 on a trial basis, ePUAP is designed to integrate all public registers and offer an interactive services platform, enabling government authorities to deliver their services online without having to develop their own infrastructure. Conceived as Poland’s first practical accomplishment of recommendations stated in EU program eEurope 2005, the project is expected to cost approximately PLN26 million, of which PLN19 million is financed by EU funds.
The PESEL2 Register integrates existing state registers and is designed to streamline the provision of eServices to Polish citizens and businesses by allowing online access to data contained in the PESEL system registers.
The PL.ID Project aims to introduce a biometric ID based on existing identification numbers and reference databases (PESEL for individuals and REGON for business) by 2013.
Central government departments, offices, agencies and local government are linked via the Secure Network for Public Administration (STAP).
Online public procurement is facilitated by three privately-managed platforms:
- Polish Procurement Platform (PPP), managed by Polish Securities Manufactory S.A.;
- Electronic Procurement Platform e-przetarg.pl (EPP), managed by Company SOLDEA; and
- Electronic Procurements (PE), managed by eTender Polska Company Ltd.
E-health relates to the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) as a means of supporting health and health-related fields, with a particular emphasis on the use of high-speed networks. Other terms for e-health include tele-health, telemedicine and health informatics. For a general overview of the major e-health sectors and for more information on international developments, see the separate report Digital Economy – E-Health.
National-level health strategies have been devised but not implemented due to the long-term nature of the projects and lack of political will. Studies have been conducted on the potential economic benefits of e-health initiatives in Poland. E-health strategy document ‘The Strategy of using information sources by the NHF and directions of developing the informatics system in the years 2007-2010’ devised four main IT projects, one of which is a health services register based on electronic health cards. The strategy estimated the health services register, designed to store data describing each contact between a patient with a health service provider of a certain specialisation to allow for objective assessment of healthcare processes, will cost PLN400 million. Economic benefits are sourced from eliminating mismanagement, fraud and waste, estimated at 10% of the health system budget, or some PLN4 billion per year.
An electronic health card system has been operational since 1999.