Mongolia - Telecoms, Mobile and Internet

Executive summary

Growing 3G penetration transforms Mongolia’s broadband market

Mongolia possesses a liberalised and competitive telecoms market served by multiple competing players and an incumbent operator that no longer holds a dominant share of its market.

Operators have focused on expanding network reach and capacity to support the growing popularity of fixed and mobile broadband services, doubling the amount of fibre optic cable in Mongolia within the past five years alone and extending into Mongolia’s sparsely populated rural regions.

The growing popularity of mobile broadband has underpinned overall broadband growth and coincided with a contraction in fibre subscriptions, suggesting some end users are migrating from fibre to mobile. Broadband growth in 2016 will continue to be underpinned by mobile, consolidating Mongolia’s position as a “mobile first” telecoms market and shaping the future direction of Mongolia’s developing digital economy.

High mobile penetration levels in Mongolia are indicative of healthy competition although the market is undergoing transition. Overall mobile penetration levels as well as mobile voice traffic is contracting while 3G accounts for an increasing proportion of total subscriptions, with the total number of 3G subscriptions expected to overtake 2G subscriptions by 2017.

Key Developments:

  • Mongolia Telecom no longer holds the largest market share in the fixed line market
  • Operators are investing in fibre to support future broadband growth
  • Total mobile voice minutes contracted for the first time in 2015
  • Mobile represents the dominant share of total broadband subscriptions
  • Mongolia has emerged as a “mobile first” country
  • 3G subscriptions expected to overtake 2G by 2017

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
    • 3.1 Background
    • 3.2 Mongolia’s economy
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Overview of Mongolia’s telecom market
    • 4.2 Mongolia’s telecom market – financial statistics
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historic overview
    • 5.2 Regulatory authority
      • 5.2.1 Communications Regulatory Commission (CRC)
      • 5.2.2 Information Technology, Post and Telecommunications Authority of Mongolia (ITPTA)
    • 5.3 Government policies
      • 5.3.1 Mongolia Telecom Company privatisation
      • 5.3.2 Structural separation
      • 5.3.3 ICT Vision 2021
      • 5.3.4 ICT development white paper 2013
      • 5.3.5 E-Mongolia 2012
      • 5.3.6 National broadband program of Mongolia
    • 5.4 Interconnect
    • 5.5 Law on unfair competition
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Mongolia Telecom Company
    • 6.3 Mongolian Railways Communications
    • 6.4 Ulusnet (Mobinet)
    • 6.5 Univision (Unitel)
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
      • 7.1.1 Rural services
    • 7.2 Fixed-line statistics
    • 7.3 International infrastructure (satellite, submarine)
      • 7.3.1 Terrestrial cable
      • 7.3.2 Satellite
      • 7.3.3 Satellite program
    • 7.4 Specific IT developments (data centres, cloud computing)
      • 7.4.1 National data centre
      • 7.4.2 National information technology park
      • 7.4.3 Mongolia internet Exchange (MIX)
  • 8. Fixed Broadband
    • 8.1 Overview
      • 8.1.1 Market analysis
      • 8.1.2 Broadband statistics
      • 8.1.3 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2020
  • 9. Digital economy
    • 9.1 Introduction
    • 9.2 National ICT Committee
    • 9.3 CIO Council
    • 9.4 e-commerce
    • 9.5 e-Government
      • 9.5.1 E-government master plan 2005
      • 9.5.2 E-Signatures
      • 9.5.3 Electronic ID card
    • 9.6 e-education
    • 9.7 e-Health
  • 10. Digital media
    • 10.1 Cable, DTH and MMDS television services
    • 10.2 Digital TV
    • 10.3 IPTV
    • 10.4 Mobile Broadcast TV
  • 11. Mobile Market
    • 11.1 Mobile statistics
      • 11.1.1 General statistics
      • 11.1.2 Mobile voice
      • 11.1.3 Mobile data
      • 11.1.4 3G Services
    • 11.2 Major mobile operators
      • 11.2.1 MobiCom
      • 11.2.2 SkyTel
      • 11.2.3 Unitel
      • 11.2.4 G-Mobile
    • 11.3 Mobile content and applications
  • 12. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Mongolia – 2015
  • Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – January – June 2015
  • Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2016
  • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2016
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2016
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 7 – GDP and foreign direct investment: 2003 – 2018
  • Table 8 – Total revenue and investment of ICT sector and tax contribution – 2005 – 2015
  • Table 9 – ICT sector revenue breakdown – June 2015
  • Table 10 – ICT employees – 2008 - 2015
  • Table 11 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1990, 1995 – 2017
  • Table 12 – Total fixed network traffic – 2008 – 2015
  • Table 13 – Mongolia fibre cable deployed – June 2015
  • Table 14 –Internet subscribers – 2001 – 2015
  • Table 15 – Broadband subscribers per platform – 2012 - 2015
  • Table 16 – Broadband subscribers by location – June 2015
  • Table 17 – Internet users and penetration – 1995 – 2017
  • Table 18 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 – 2015
  • Table 19 – International and domestic Internet bandwidth by ISP – June 2015
  • Table 20 – Mongolia - Forecast broadband subscribers and penetration - higher band: 2016, 2018; 2020
  • Table 21 – Mongolia - Forecast broadband subscribers and penetration - lower band: 2016, 2018; 2020
  • Table 22 – Cable, DTH and MMDS TV subscribers – 2004 - 2015
  • Table 23 – IPTV, double play and triple play subscribers – June 2015
  • Table 24 – Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration – 2007 - 2017
  • Table 25 – Historical - Mobile subscribers, total v. prepaid, annual change and penetration – 1996 - 2010
  • Table 26 – Prepaid subscribers – 2012 - 2017
  • Table 27 – Mobile operators and subscribers – June 2015
  • Table 28 – Total outgoing mobile telephone traffic – 1999 - 2015
  • Table 29 – SMS traffic – 2000 – 2009; 2012 – 2015
  • Table 30 – 3G subscribers – 2009 - 2015
  • Table 31 – MobiCom subscribers and market share – 2006 - 2015
  • Table 32 – SkyTel subscribers and market share – 2006 - 2015
  • Table 33 – Unitel subscribers and market share – 2006 - 2015
  • Table 34 – G-Mobile subscribers and market share – 2007 - 2015
  • Table 35 – Operating Systems – June 2015
  • Chart 1 – Total revenue and investment of ICT sector – 2005 – 2015
  • Chart 2 – ICT sector revenue breakdown – June 2015
  • Chart 3 – Mongolia fixed network operator market share – June 2015
  • Chart 4 – Fixed lines in service, teledensity and annual growth – 2003 – 2017
  • Chart 5 – Types of access to the internet – June 2015
  • Chart 6 – Cable TV subscribers per TV platform – 2004 - 2015
  • Chart 7 – Mobile subscribers annual change and penetration – 2007 - 2017
  • Chart 8 – Mobile operator market share – June 2015
  • Exhibit 1 – Map of Mongolia

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