India - Major Telecommunications Operators

Synopsis

The dynamic Indian telecommunications market has one particularly compelling feature – the large number of significant operators. As the market constantly adjusts to the changing pressures and demands, takeovers and mergers ensure that some level of equilibrium is maintained. In the meantime, we have seen significant shifts in market share among the players. Of course it is the country’s booming mobile segment in which the major battles are being fought. Three major private players – Bharti, Reliance and Vodafone - with a formidable 54% share of the market between them, lead a large field of mobile operators. State-owned enterprises –BSNL and MTNL – have also been making their presence felt with a combined market share of 12%. (It should be noted though that BSNL and MTNL have major financial issues to address.) Although the fixed-line telephony market in India has seen little growth of late (and is in fact shrinking), it remains an important segment of the overall market; the two state-owned operators deliver the overwhelming majority of fixed-line services. This report provides details of the many players in India’s telecommunications market. The information offered includes comprehensive set of statistics covering the key areas in which the various telcos operate.

Key developments:

  • despite strong competition, the leading mobile operators have managed to hold market share and rankings;
  • in the aftermath of the 2G scandal a number of operators exited the market;
  • licence cancellations and other issues in 2012/2013 effectively reduced India’s 15-strong mobile sector to around seven main players;
  • further rationalisation of the market is anticipated;
  • the regulators held a successful re-auction of 2G spectrum in early 2014, after two unsuccessful attempts;
  • a large drop in mobile subscribers occurred in the second half of 2012, as operators removed inactive subscribers from their databases;
  • the government agreed to conciliation talks with Vodafone in their ongoing tax dispute;
  • however, by early 2014 Vodafone was moving to seek international arbitration on the dispute;
  • a group of ministers was appointed to look at assistance for struggling operators BSNL and MTNL;
  • Uninor contracted Alcatel-Lucent to provide managed services for its relaunch as Telewings Communications;
  • new player Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJI) was set for the launch of its 4G service in late 2014;
  • Aircel became the first of India’s mobile operators to receive approval to use spectrum as collateral for local and overseas loans.

Companies covered in this report include:

Aircel/Dishnet, Bharti Airtel, Loop Mobile (BPL Mobile), Quadrant (HFCL), Idea/Spice, Reliance Communications, Tata Teleservices, Vodafone Essar, Telewings (Uninor), Videocon, S Tel, Bharti Telenet, Reliance Infocomm, Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJI), Tata Teleservices, Sistema (Shyam Telelink), Swan Telecom, Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd (VSNL), Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd (MTNL), Data Access, Hughes Telecom, Videocon, AT&T, France Telecom, Tulip Telecom, SingTel, Hathway Cable, Datacom.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Synopsis
  • 2. Major operators in India
    • 2.1 Market overview
    • 2.2 Unified Access Service Licences (UASL)
    • 2.3 Mergers and acquisitions
    • 2.4 BSNL/MTNL
  • 3. Operator and market statistics
    • 3.1 Mobile market
    • 3.2 Fixed-line market
  • 4. Aircel
    • 4.1.1 Overview
    • 4.1.2 Corporate structure
    • 4.1.3 Background
    • 4.1.4 3G development
    • 5. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
      • 5.2 Overview
      • 5.3 Mobile business
        • 5.3.1 Overview
        • 5.3.2 Background
        • 5.3.3 Network development
        • 5.3.4 3G development
      • 5.4 Fixed-line business
        • 5.4.1 Overview
        • 5.4.2 Network development
        • 5.4.3 Operational development
      • 5.5 Broadband business
        • 5.5.1 Wireless broadband
    • 6. Bharti Airtel
      • 6.1 Overview
      • 6.2 Financials
      • 6.3 Corporate structure
      • 6.4 Mobile business
        • 6.4.1 Overview
        • 6.4.2 Background
        • 6.4.3 3G development
        • 6.4.4 4G / Long Term Evolution (TD-LTE)
      • 6.5 Fixed-line and broadband businesses
        • 6.5.1 Background
      • 6.6 International businesses
        • 6.6.1 Submarine cable operations
        • 6.6.2 Mobile operations
    • 7. Data Access
    • 8. Hughes Telecom
    • 9. Idea Cellular
      • 9.1 Overview
      • 9.2 Financials
      • 9.3 Background
      • 9.4 Corporate structure
      • 9.5 3G development
    • 10. Loop Mobile (formerly BPL Mobile)
      • 10.1 Overview
      • 10.2 Background
    • 11. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
      • 11.1 Overview
      • 11.2 Corporate structure
      • 11.3 Mobile business
        • 11.3.1 Overview
        • 11.3.2 Background
        • 11.3.3 3G development
      • 11.4 Fixed-line and broadband business
    • 12. Quadrant
    • 13. Reliance Communications
      • 13.1 Overview
      • 13.2 Financials
      • 13.3 Corporate structure
      • 13.4 Mobile business
        • 13.4.1 Overview
        • 13.4.2 Background
        • 13.4.3 Strategic development
        • 13.4.4 3G development
      • 13.5 Fixed-line business
      • 13.6 International business
    • 14. Reliance Jio Infocomm
    • 15. Sistema
      • 15.1 Overview
      • 15.2 Mobile business
      • 15.3 Fixed-line business
    • 16. Tata Teleservices
      • 16.1 Overview
      • 16.2 Corporate structure
      • 16.3 Mobile business
        • 16.3.1 Overview and statistics
        • 16.3.2 Background
        • 16.3.3 3G plans
      • 16.4 Fixed-line business
        • 16.4.1 Overview
        • 16.4.2 Network development
      • 16.5 International business: Tata Communications
        • 16.5.1 Overview
        • 16.5.2 Strategic development
        • 16.5.3 Operational development
    • 17. Telewings (formerly Uninor)
      • 17.1 Overview
      • 17.2 Problems following 2G licence cancellation
    • 18. Videocon
    • 19. Vodafone
      • 19.1 Overview
      • 19.2 Corporate structure
      • 19.3 Tax dispute
      • 19.4 Background
      • 19.5 Strategic development
      • 19.6 3G plans
    • 20. Other operators and service providers
      • 20.1 Mobile operators
        • 20.1.1 Virgin Mobile
      • 20.2 Fixed network operators
        • 20.2.1 AT&T
        • 20.2.2 France Telecom
        • 20.2.3 Tulip Telecom
        • 20.2.4 SingTel
      • 20.3 Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
        • 20.3.1 Major ISPs
        • 20.3.2 Internet telephony licences
      • 20.4 Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT)
    • 21. Former operators
      • 21.1 Etisalat DB Telecom (Swan Telecom)
      • 21.2 Spice Telecom
        • 21.2.1 Overview
        • 21.2.2 Corporate structure
        • 21.2.3 Historical development
      • 21.3 S Tel
        • 21.3.1 Overview
        • 21.3.2 3G plans
    • 22. Related reports
    • Table 1 – Mobile operators and subscribers – 2013
    • Table 2 – Mobile operators and subscribers – 2012
    • Table 3 – Total mobile subscribers (GSM / CDMA) by operator and market share – 2013
    • Table 4 – GSM mobile operators, subscribers and market share – 2013
    • Table 5 – CDMA mobile operators, subscribers and market share – 2013
    • Table 6 –Overall mobile ARPU – 2005 - 2012
    • Table 7 – Mobile ARPU by technology, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2012
    • Table 8 – Mobile ARPU by technology, prepaid/postpaid/blended – 2013
    • Table 9 – Mobile ARPU (blended) for selected operators – March 2013
    • Table 10 – Fixed-line subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2013
    • Table 11 – Aircel mobile subscribers – 2004 - 2014
    • Table 12 – BSNL mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 13 – BSNL fixed-line subscribers – 2002; 2012 - 2013
    • Table 14 – Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 15 – Bharti Airtel mobile ARPU – 2004 - 2005; 2007 - 2014
    • Table 16 – Bharti fixed-line subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 17 – Idea Cellular mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 18 – Idea Cellular 3G mobile subscribers – 2013
    • Table 19 – Idea Cellular mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2011; 2013
    • Table 20 – Loop Mobile (BPL) mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 21 – MTNL mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2014
    • Table 22 – MTNL fixed-line subscribers – 2004; 2007; 2010 - 2013
    • Table 23 – Quadrant mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2013
    • Table 24 – Quadrant fixed-line subscribers – 2012 - 2013
    • Table 25 – Reliance mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 26 – Reliance mobile ARPU – 2007 - 2013
    • Table 27 – Reliance fixed-line subscribers – 2005 - 2013
    • Table 28 – Sistema mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2013
    • Table 29 – Sistema fixed-line subscribers – 2010 - 2013
    • Table 30 – Tata Teleservices mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
    • Table 31 – Tata fixed-line subscribers – 2011 - 2013
    • Table 32 – Telewings (formerly Uninor) mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2014
    • Table 33 – Videocon mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2014
    • Table 34 – Vodafone Essar mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2014
    • Table 35 – Vodafone Essar mobile ARPU – 2008 - 2013
    • Table 36 – Number of licensed ISPs – 2002 – 2003; 2005; 2008 - 2013
    • Table 37 – ISP market – leading operators, subscribers and market share – 2012
    • Table 38 – ISP market – top 10 operators, subscribers and market share – 2013
    • Table 39 – VSAT service providers, subscribers and market share – 2013
    • Table 40 – Etisalat mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2012
    • Table 41 – Spice Telecom mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2008
    • Table 42 – S Tel mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2012
    • Chart 1 - Mobile operators and subscribers - 2013
    • Chart 2 - Mobile operators’ market share by subscribers – 2013
    • Chart 3 – Market share of fixed-line basic services by operator – 2013
    • Chart 4 - ISP market - leading operators, subscribers and market share - 2013
    • Exhibit 1– Fixed-line basic services by operator – 2013
    • Exhibit 2 – Major shareholders in Bharti Airtel – April 2012
    • Exhibit 3 – Bharti Airtel – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 4 – Idea Cellular – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 5 – Reliance Communications linked with Reliance Industries Ltd – 2013
    • Exhibit 6 – Reliance Communications – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 7 – Tata Teleservices – mobile operations - key statistics
    • Exhibit 8 – Vodafone Essar – mobile operations - key statistics

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